STRESS MGMT - HOW TO CONTROL IT

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Information about STRESS MGMT - HOW TO CONTROL IT
Education

Published on September 9, 2008

Author: lipcysingh

Source: authorstream.com

STRESS MANAGEMENT:  STRESS MANAGEMENT WHAT IS STRESS ?:  WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is the reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed upon them. It arises when they worry that they can’t cope. HELP ME! WHAT IS STRESS ?:  WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is the “wear and tear” our minds and bodies experience as we attempt to cope with our continually changing environment I HATE YOU DEFINITION:  DEFINITION S = P > R Stress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource STRESS FEELINGS:  STRESS FEELINGS Worry Tense Tired Frightened Elated Depressed Anxious Anger TYPES OF STRESSORS:  TYPES OF STRESSORS External Internal EXTERNAL STRESSORS:  EXTERNAL STRESSORS Physical Environment Social Interaction Organisational Major Life Events Daily Hassles PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT:  PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT Noise Bright Lights Heat Confined Spaces SOCIAL INTERACTION:  SOCIAL INTERACTION Rudeness Bossiness Aggressiveness by others Bullying ORGANISATIONAL:  ORGANISATIONAL Rules Regulations “Red - Tape” Deadlines INTERNAL STRESSORS:  INTERNAL STRESSORS Lifestyle choices Negative self - talk Mind traps Personality traits NEGATIVE SELF - TALK:  NEGATIVE SELF - TALK Pessimistic thinking Self criticism Over analysing TYPES OF STRESS:  TYPES OF STRESS Negative stress Positive stress NEGATIVE STRESS:  NEGATIVE STRESS It is a contributory factor in minor conditions, such as headaches, digestive problems, skin complaints, insomnia and ulcers. Excessive, prolonged and unrelieved stress can have a harmful effect on mental, physical and spiritual health. POSITIVE STRESS:  POSITIVE STRESS Stress can also have a positive effect, spurring motivation and awareness, providing the stimulation to cope with challenging situations. Stress also provides the sense of urgency and alertness needed for survival when confronting threatening situations. SYMPTOMS OF STRESS:  SYMPTOMS OF STRESS Physical symptoms Mental symptoms Behavioural symptoms Emotional symptoms PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS:  PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS Sleep pattern changes Fatigue Digestion changes Loss of sexual drive Headaches Aches and pains Infections Indigestion Dizziness Fainting Sweating & trembling Tingling hands & feet Breathlessness Palpitations Missed heartbeats MENTAL SYMPTOMS:  MENTAL SYMPTOMS Lack of concentration Memory lapses Difficulty in making decisions Confusion Disorientation Panic attacks BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS:  BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS Appetite changes - too much or too little Eating disorders - anorexia, bulimia Increased intake of alcohol & other drugs Increased smoking Restlessness Fidgeting Nail biting Hypochondria EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS:  EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS Bouts of depression Impatience Fits of rage Tearfulness Deterioration of personal hygiene and appearance STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES:  STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; Cardiovascular disease Immune system disease Asthma Diabetes Slide22:  Digestive disorders Ulcers Skin complaints - psoriasis Headaches and migraines Pre-menstrual syndrome Depression Causes of Stress:  Causes of Stress External Stresses Internal Stresses External Stresses - Organisational:  External Stresses - Organisational Company take over Reductions / layoffs Major reorganisation Company sale / relocation Employee benefit cuts Mandatory overtime required Little input into decisions Mistake consequences severe Workloads vary Fast paced work React to changes Advancement difficult Red tape delays jobs Insufficient resources Pay below going rate Technology changes Employee benefits poor Workplace conditions Consistent poor performance Internal Stresses - Major Life Events:  Internal Stresses - Major Life Events Death of a loved one Divorce / separation Imprisonment Injury/illness ( self / family ) Marriage/ engagement Loss of job Retirement Pregnancy Sexual Problems Change in financial status Change of job / work Mortgage or loan Foreclosure of mortgage/loan Change in responsibilities Moving house Holidays Christmas Minor violations of the law RECOGNISE THE PROBLEM:  RECOGNISE THE PROBLEM The most important point is to recognise the source of the negative stress. This is not an admission of weakness or inability to cope! It is a way to identify the problem and plan measures to overcome it. STRESS CONTROL:  STRESS CONTROL A B C STRATEGY ABC STRATEGY:  ABC STRATEGY A = AWARENESS What causes you stress? How do you react? ABC STRATEGY:  ABC STRATEGY B = BALANCE There is a fine line between positive / negative stress How much can you cope with before it becomes negative ? ABC STRATEGY:  ABC STRATEGY C = CONTROL What can you do to help yourself combat the negative effects of stress ? Stress Management Techniques:  Stress Management Techniques Change your thinking Change your behaviour Change your lifestyle Change your Thinking:  Change your Thinking Re-framing Positive thinking Change your Behaviour:  Change your Behaviour Be assertive Get organised Ventilation Humour Diversion and distraction Time Management:  Time Management Make a list What MUST be done What SHOULD be done What would you LIKE to do Cut out time wasting Learn to drop unimportant activities Say no or delegate Slide35:  Plan your day Set achievable goals Don’t waste time making excuses for not doing something Change Your Lifestyle:  Change Your Lifestyle Diet Smoking & Alcohol Exercise Sleep Leisure Relaxation Conclusion:  Conclusion The stress must be optimum so that a person should feel highly energetic, motivated , which in turn leads to heightened perception, high involvement, hence, good health. The stress should neither be high nor low because low stress leads to boredom,, low performance hence dull health, whereas high leads to anxiety, nervousness, poor performance. So enjoy your life as it comes …………..and always be happy. Created by::  Created by:

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