Strengthening Mutual Accountability through Agricultural Joint Sector Reviews

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Published on April 3, 2014

Author: resakss

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"Strengthening Mutual Accountability through Agricultural Joint Sector Reviews" presented by Godfrey Bahiigwa at 10th CAADP PP Meeting Durban, South Africa March 19-21, 2014

I Godfrey Bahiigwa IFPRI/ReSAKSS 10th CAADP PP Meeting Durban, South Africa March 19-21, 2014 Strengthening Mutual Accountability Through Agricultural Joint Sector Reviews

What is Mutual Accountability?  Mutual accountability is a process by which two or more parties hold one another accountable for the commitments they have voluntarily made to one another  Mutual accountability (MA) is a core principle of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP)  A mutual accountability framework (MAF) for CAADP was developed by NCPA in 2011 to guide mutual accountability processes at continental, regional and country levels

Principles of Mutual Accountability  A share vision or agenda among the cooperating parties  Common objectives and strategies aimed at achieving the vision  Jointly agreed performance indicators based on mutually agreed performance criteria  Genuine dialogue and debate process based on consent, common values and trust

Elements of an Effective Mutual Accountability Process  Evidence-based: need technical credibility to minimize biases  Ownership: all concerned stakeholders need to be involved from the start  Debate: open and transparent discussions  Behavior change – towards better performance outcomes based on evidence, ownership and debate

What is a Joint Sector Review (JSR)?  A joint sector review (JSR) is one way of operationalizing the mutual accountability framework at country level  The JSR process creates a platform to: » assess the performance and results of the agriculture sector » assist governments in setting sector policy and priorities » assess how well state and non state actors have implemented pledges and commitments (laid out in NAIPs, and other agreements)

Principles of a Joint Sector Review  National ownership and leadership  Relevance to NAIP or cooperation agreement  Inclusive participation  Commitment to results by all participants  Impartiality and evidence-based  Enhance national planning  Sensitivity to gender  Learning experience

What to monitor in a Joint Sector Review?  Development results e.g. income growth, poverty and hunger reduction, food and nutrition security, etc  Overall agricultural sector growth target, with specific subsector and commodity targets  Required financial and non-financial resources to effectively implement the plan  Policies, programs, institutions, and implementation processes  Linkages (including pathways to achieve the development results), enabling environment and assumptions

Building Blocks/Best Practices of a Joint Sector Review  Set up a JSR steering committee chaired by Ministry of Agriculture  Establish JSR secretariat  Develop terms of reference for the JSR  Mobilize resources  Constitute review team  Commission review studies  Prepare JSR report  Conduct JSR meeting  Draw implementation and follow-up plan for the recommendations from the JSR  Share JSR experience and lessons with other countries

Current Efforts to Strengthen MA/JSRs (1)  ReSAKSS being the main CAADP platform fro review, learning, and benchmarking has been designated by AUC and NPCA to support efforts to introduce JSR practices where they do not exist and improve their quality where they do.  Currently, country JSR assessment reports are produced for seven countries including Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Senegal, Tanzania.  Because most countries already carry out some type of sector review, the emphasis of the current effort is on value addition, building and improving on existing reports.  The reports are to be prepared by combined teams of IFPRI, ReSAKSS and national experts, based on data and input gathered locally.  The reports will be validated in technical meetings to be organized in each country and are expected to be ready by April 2014.

Current Efforts to Strengthen MA/JSRs (2)  Steps taken for country action: » IFPRI/ReSAKSS country teams established for the seven countries » Notification of countries by AUC/NPCA or RECs on purpose, activities, and outputs of review process through letters to Minsters of Agriculture » Sharing of JSR report outline and memo to countries describing what needs to be done and how » Schedule for the two-day national JSR workshop provided to IFPRI/ReSAKSS teams, also data collection instruments provided » Workshop dates already set for all the seven countries » Reports expected first week of April

Partnerships for JSR (1)  AUC/NPCA » led the process of producing JSR guidelines. » Provide political support to the IFPRI/ReSAKSS teams by communicating officially and introducing the teams and the purpose of their visits  ReSAKSS » Support strengthening/establishment of country SAKSS which will play important roles in future JSRs » Organize meetings with high level government officials and development partners and participate in launch activities » Carry out analytical work guided by the JSR concept note and gaps identified in consultation with the country team » Undertake training on JSRs in countries where needed » Assess capacity of country team and identify gaps » Provide additional support to governments in terms of planning and logistics and the launch of MA/JSRs  IFPRI » developed the JSR concept note to guide technical work needed to provide analysis and evidence to inform JSRs. » Utilize IFPRI research outputs to improve the quality of MA/JSR process in- country by providing research based evidence

Partnerships for JSR (2)  Country teams » Drive the MA/JSR processes in-country » Develop and create ownership of the JSR roadmap » Support IFPRI/ReSAKSS teams by setting up meetings with relevant people » Identification of knowledge gaps that will guide analytical work by IFPRI/ReSAKSS » Participate in analytical work for JSRs  Donors » Facilitate communication with national partners » Provide addition financial support to the SAKSS and JSR activities, based on needs identified by the country. » Identification of areas in NAIPs and cooperation agreements that require analytical support » Encouraging utilization and follow-up of findings from the MA/JSR process to inform debate and decision-making  RECs » Support IFPRI-ReSAKSS teams in member states

Thank You

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