Published on November 6, 2014
1. Plantation Tamil Women in Sri Lanka – An Overview INDENTURED LABOUR ROUTE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE MAURITIUS OCTOBER 2014 Dr Chandrika Subramaniyan MA MPhil PhD LLB LLM MAICD Solicitor and Barrister (Supreme Court of NSW and High Court of Australia)
2. Plantation Tamils in Sri Lanka Today BBC Report : current status of Plantation Tamils is worse than the status existed during British period Badulla land slide October 2014 : best example
3. Landslide Badulla 2014
4. line houses of int IND. labour
5. EARLY HISTORY BRITISH COLONISATION early 1800 s 5.4 % - population in Sri Lanka
6. Women and Workforce WOMEN 75%-85% of the work force
7. sub contracted – power abuse KANKANIS recruitment of staff and management of staff
8. Research basis DESK TOP constraint in accessing the resources geographical location of the author
9. Characteristics of Plantation Industry THE POLITICAL STATUS OF PLANTATION TAMILS 1948 disenfranchised stateless and without citizenship right 1964 Srimavo Bandaranaike –Shastri divided - three categories • 525,000 - Indian-resident repatriates • 300,000 -entitled to SL citizenship • 150,000 residents statelessness would be addressed at a later date. In 2000, - 300,000 Tamils continued to be stateless
10. Citizenship Act 35 of 2003 POPULATION GROWTH? in three decades - population growth from 812,700 to 842,300????? N. Sathiya Moorthy, the Director and Senior Research Fellow, Observer Research Foundation.
11. The Living conditions L I V E IN “ L IN E RO OMS ” space constraints poor sanitation conditions and no privacy 6-12 or 24 line rooms /one line no windows or ventilation dark in nature health threats
12. Poverty among the plantation Tamils POVERTY 2002 - poverty recorded - 7% above the national level in the plantation sector -5% -the total Population of Sri Lanka lives
13. Wages in the plantation sector LABOUR AND WAGES workers and the management remained as “semi-bonded labour“ 2011, raised the plantation daily wage from 405 to 515 rupees
14. Literacy rate in the plantation sector CHILD LABOUR 37% - plantation children are in workforce contravening the rights of the children : in international covenants :CRC, ICERC and CERD Education : potential threat to the labour supply
15. Health in the plantation sector NEGLECTED HEALTH FACILITIES • no occupational health and safety measures • pesticides - no safety measures • no proper medical facilities • no health literacy • sexual harassment
16. women workers in the plantation UNIONS VS FEMALE WORKERS unions are dominated by male leaders women do most of the tea plucking 10-12 hrs No equal pay No structured hours of work and No work rights no opportunity for female union leaders. No understanding : needs of the women
17. Violence and harassment PHYSICAL VERBAL AND SEXUAL violence sexual harassment
18. Recommendations……. SYSTEMS NEEDED constitutional guarantee to ensure that the people and children of the plantation community enjoy their basic rights politicians and government should implement administrative reforms aiming to achieve social inclusion of the plantation Tamils
19. Recommendations……. SYSTEMS NEEDED Literacy programmes on citizenship basics, legal and voting rights Appropriate health education programmes Contd…..
20. Recommendations…… SYSTEMS NEEDED Need for a special authority with empathy to address the issues such as women’s rights and human rights affecting the Plantation Tamil community monthly wage system - includes medical assistance /allowances /insurances
21. Recommendations…… SYSTEMS NEEDED special health service Child protection measures identify issues in relation to the children and address breaches of international covenants
22. Recommendations…… HOUSING Needs improved living conditions : proper housing schemes with sanitation facilities.
23. THANK YOU DR CHANDRIKA SUBRAMANIYAN MA MP HI L P HD L L B L LM MA I C D SOLICITOR AND BARRISTER ( S U P R EME C O U R T O F N SW A N D H I G H C O U R T O F A U S T R A L I A ) MEDIATOR – AUS TRAL IA ARBI TRATOR & MEDIATOR – KUALALUMPUR ARBI TRATOR INDIAN COUNCI L OF ARBI TRATAT ION
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