Published on January 14, 2008
Start of the Slovenian Semester at the JRC in Ispra prof.dr. Žiga Turk Government Office for Growth Ljubljana, Slovenia <#>
It's good to be in Ispra … demonstration how Europe can work together how we can achieve synergies among knowledge, institutions, people quot;synergy for Europequot; is a slogan of the Slovenian presidency 2
Synergos (gr.) joint, collaborative work in Slovenian: sinergija, SI.nergija, www.gov.SI Europe is about synergy 27*1 > 27 … = 50+ synergy – among member states, institutions, policies, generations, citizens – synergy with other global powers to solve global problems … climate change, poverty, peace synergies in the updated Lisbon strategy synergies in the Slovenian presidency 3
2008: Starting a new chapter in European history end of period of EU looking inward – treaty signed, form defined, – expansion from EU15 to EU27 – success of Euro time to look at the content, not form time to look outward time to shape, not respond to globalization time to get in shape 4
Slovenia taking the presidency young country from behind the iron curtain first new member state and first Slavic state having the presidency in 17 years from a republic in socialist Yugoslavia to member of EU, NATO, Eurozone, Schengen and presidency of OSCE and EUC in 2007: – highest GDP growth in Eurozone (6.5% in 2007), – historic lowest unemployment, – budget surplus 5
SLOVENIA - some facts • Population of 2 million • GDP per capita on a par with Greece, and much higher than new EU members • Track record of strong macroeconomic performance • Average annual growth of 4% in past 10 years; 5.2% in 2006, 6.5 in 2007 • Stable multi-party democracy • Joined the Euro area in January 2007 • EU presidency in the first half of 2008 • Invited to Join the OECD 6
Context - Lisbon Strategy Lisbon 1.0 (2000) – most competitive economy in the world – Japan and USA Lisbon 2.0 (2005) – growth and jobs – looking inward if it's not broken don't fix it … Lisbon 2.1 (2008) – framework for the modernization of Europe it is needed in 2008 7
We need to roll up some sleeves … LS 2.1 a strong message for the strategy, for reforms, for modernization to make Europe more – creative, – entrepreneurial dynamic market economy while caring – for people and – for the environment Europe cares! 8
Structure of Lisbon Strategy 2.1 citizen dimension (!) member state dimension open method of coordination European Union dimension (4) caring for the environemnt (1) innovation and creativity global dimension (new) (2) business environment si.nergy (3) caring for people (1) innovation and creativity (2) business environment (3) caring for people (4) caring for the environment 9
Focus in LS 2.1 knowledge, innovation and creativity – knowledge as 5th freedom, open Europen knowledge space – support for the EIT, JTIs, ERA – SME access, growth, competitiveness – keyword: entrepreneurship – SME policies (access to knowledge, moneey …) – internal market review jobs, human resources – flexibility, best person for the job, – talents, education energy and climate change – income or cost?, – time to for governments to lead by example 10
Knowledge, innovation, creativity <#>
West's Monopoly on Science and Technology Ending! United States graduated roughly 70,000 undergraduate engineers China graduated 600,000 and India 350,000. ½ of software developed in India ½ of Fortune 500 outsource software work to India new R&D centers of Microsoft, Cisco, Google, IBM … are in Asia, not Europe fear that by 2020 80% of scientific papers in sci&tech will be written by Asians out of top 10 universities 2 in Europe Asia (Singapore) is setting education 12 standards
(1) Knowledge as 5th freedom deepening of the European Research Area (ERA), successful introduction of the European Institute of Technology (EIT) and its KICs support of joint technology initiatives (JTI) free movement of knowledge / a single European knowledge space/market – Europe as a magnet for talents from all over the world but in particular from neighboring regions (blue card/visa policy), – single working efficient patent space and IPR space – open access to knowledge – open innovation, innovation 2.0 13
(1) Creativity In particular, the mature markets products and services do not compete only on technical excellence, but also on non-functional attributes such as design, brand as well as on perceived social, cultural, environmental or other ethical values. It is essential that European industries also seek its competitive advantage on such features, building on the rich European cultural background. The European greatest potential certainly lies in a balanced mix of technical excellence and extraordinary creativity of its citizens. Europe needs to invest more in a creative potential of its citizens and their education so as to become more conscientious consumers. In the core of the economy there are creative industries, which have the potential to add value to all other industries and must be better utilized through networks and clusters. 14
(1) Broadband as part of their NRPs, set national targets for high- speed internet usage aiming at a 30% penetration rate of the EU population 100% schools by 2010 telecoms review - competitive infrastructures broadband = 20mbits/s or more 15
Synergies with creativity innovation and creativity – not only engineers but designers, artists competitiveness – how to make talents entrepreneurial people – how to educate, attract and retain talent, – how to make talent entrepreneurial, – how to flexibly employ talents environment – make it into a value, make it into a business opportunity 16
Energy and climate change <#>
Target Setting is Cheap! quot;20-20-20 by 2020quot; EU Council 3/2007 quot;30% if the world followsquot; 40%! … EU parliament 80% … from 10 tons to 2 tons CO2 per European anyone remembers Kyoto? 18
Put the money where the mouth was: How much money exactly? 40 billion tons CO2 annually possible to reduce by 27 billion tons at cca. 35EUR/ton total: 1 trillion EUR somebody's cost someone else's income 19
Where do you want to be in this 1 trillion EUR business ? to pay your share of the trillion? to collect your share of the trillion? this is the synergy between quot;growth and jobs strategyquot; and quot;sustainable development strategyquot; 20
Synergies with Energy&Climate Change technology, innovation for renewable energy and energy efficiency climate change can create good business people need good environment, ageing issue, education, raising about environment energy and climate change core issues 21
Back to JRC … <#>
Joint Research Centers will continue to play a strong role vital role in policy making – homework: how much energy can the governments save in 3 years (buildings, car fleets) – energy policy, climate change, crop yields, food prices, inflation, economic growth, prosperity of the Europeans … – renewable energy, nuclear technology, safety … experiences for the EIT – another pan-European quot;knowledge organizationquot; framework programs – EU could use in-house strategy development teams and proposal evaluation teams 23
In conclusion … many synergies possible Europe we may not even know about the greatest potentials because we don't know about each other this is what semesters and council presidencies are also about learning about each other let's make good use of them let's do – something useful, efficient, dynamic – something good – and have some fun 24
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