Standards and Future Directions - ACHIEVE workshop

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Information about Standards and Future Directions - ACHIEVE workshop
Technology

Published on January 23, 2009

Author: moiraclunie

Source: slideshare.net

Description

An overview of current and emerging standards for accessible information in digital formats. Part of a series of workshops jointly organised by RNZFB and ACHIEVE in 2008-2009.

RNZFB Standards and Future Directions

DAISY Open standard for digital books Digital Accessible Information System http://www.daisy.org International consortium of print disability organisations Working with International Digital Publishing Forum to align standards, http://www.openebook.org/

Open standard for digital books

Digital Accessible Information System

http://www.daisy.org

International consortium of print disability organisations

Working with International Digital Publishing Forum to align standards, http://www.openebook.org/

DAISY Open standard for digital books Based on web standards Structured audio, full text, multimedia Designed for many ways of access Flexibility of reading experience

Open standard for digital books

Based on web standards

Structured audio, full text, multimedia

Designed for many ways of access

Flexibility of reading experience

DAISY at RNZFB Recorded talking books as DAISY since 2002 DAISY Textbook Pilot Collaboration with NZETC Neil Jarvis on DAISY Board Standards development, software testing, Global Library, copyright reform, publisher collaboration

Recorded talking books as DAISY since 2002

DAISY Textbook Pilot

Collaboration with NZETC

Neil Jarvis on DAISY Board

Standards development, software testing, Global Library, copyright reform, publisher collaboration

Round Table Round Table on Information Access for People with Print Disabilities http://e-bility.com/roundtable/ Australia/ New Zealand Annual conference Standards for accessible formats – braille, e-text, large print, audio, describing visual material, exam guidelines E-text and large print guidelines being revised, due early 2009

Round Table on Information Access for People with Print Disabilities

http://e-bility.com/roundtable/

Australia/ New Zealand

Annual conference

Standards for accessible formats – braille, e-text, large print, audio, describing visual material, exam guidelines

E-text and large print guidelines being revised, due early 2009

Round Table e-text General principles for digital accessibility Guidance for plain text, word processing formats (RTF, Word, OpenDocument) Appendices of production tips

General principles for digital accessibility

Guidance for plain text, word processing formats (RTF, Word, OpenDocument)

Appendices of production tips

Round Table e-text Equivalence to print: Linearisation Structure and Semantics Text equivalents for visual elements Include all meaningful elements of print document Accuracy Metadata Use correct character sets Producer's Notes

Equivalence to print:

Linearisation

Structure and Semantics

Text equivalents for visual elements

Include all meaningful elements of print document

Accuracy

Metadata

Use correct character sets

Producer's Notes

Round Table e-text Clear visual design: simple and clear typeface adequately large default text size good spacing adequate colour contrast left-align avoid italics, underline and block capitals do not convey information solely through images or colours allow user to change defaults consistent appearance

Clear visual design:

simple and clear typeface

adequately large default text size

good spacing

adequate colour contrast

left-align

avoid italics, underline and block capitals

do not convey information solely through images or colours

allow user to change defaults

consistent appearance

Round Table e-text Follow existing standards: Semantic HTML WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines): http://www.w3.org/WAI/ DAISY: http://daisy.org/ Unicode: http://unicode.org/ Customise for an individual: adaptive technology limitations software availability varying levels of computer literacy reading preferences

Follow existing standards:

Semantic HTML

WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines): http://www.w3.org/WAI/

DAISY: http://daisy.org/

Unicode: http://unicode.org/

Customise for an individual:

adaptive technology limitations

software availability

varying levels of computer literacy

reading preferences

Web standards HTML designed for universal access “ The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect.” -Tim Berners-Lee

HTML designed for universal access

“ The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect.” -Tim Berners-Lee

Web standards: HTML Structure separated from presentation CSS stylesheets for visual appearance

Structure separated from presentation

CSS stylesheets for visual appearance

 

 

 

Accessible websites Can be designed for all Encourage web developers, lecturers, libraries to use accessible electronic systems

Can be designed for all

Encourage web developers, lecturers, libraries to use accessible electronic systems

Other e-text formats Word processing formats: Word, OpenDocument, RTF Plain text Maths formats: MathML, LaTeX Can be read electronically or converted to braille, large print, audio DAISY incorporates MathML http://www.daisy.org/projects/mathml/

Word processing formats: Word, OpenDocument, RTF

Plain text

Maths formats: MathML, LaTeX

Can be read electronically or converted to braille, large print, audio

DAISY incorporates MathML

http://www.daisy.org/projects/mathml/

Accessible PDF Electronic text, not scanned images “ Tagged” for reading order Text equivalents available for all images Only works with recent adaptive technology Not optimal for viewing on screen

Electronic text, not scanned images

“ Tagged” for reading order

Text equivalents available for all images

Only works with recent adaptive technology

Not optimal for viewing on screen

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