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Staff Luncheon Geosources

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Information about Staff Luncheon Geosources

Published on August 9, 2007

Author: roycekitts

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This is a presentation for a staff luncheon. The topic is on geographic resources located in our library. This is to help inform staff of what materials are available to them and to library users.
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Geographic Sources Geographic Resources A tour of geographic sources, both print and online, used in providing reference services to library users Royce Kitts

Geographic Resources

A tour of geographic sources, both print and online, used in providing reference services to library users

Geographic Sources Geographic sources can… Help you locate a place Tell you how to get there Tell you about a location Inform you about current events Give you tips on business or recreational travel

Geographic sources can…

Help you locate a place

Tell you how to get there

Tell you about a location

Inform you about current events

Give you tips on business or recreational travel

Geographic Sources Geographic sources also deal with time periods They can be current and/or historical in nature They can also deal with historical geography in relation to genealogy, military history, and place name changes

Geographic sources also deal with time periods

They can be current and/or historical in nature

They can also deal with historical geography in relation to genealogy, military history, and place name changes

Geographic Sources Political Change The rate at which political changes occur in the world can make many print resources obsolete almost as soon as they are ordered However, even out-of-date materials can be useful, as they provide historical information that may not be available in more current materials

Political Change

The rate at which political changes occur in the world can make many print resources obsolete almost as soon as they are ordered

However, even out-of-date materials can be useful, as they provide historical information that may not be available in more current materials

Geographic Sources Search Strategies Reference librarians must be familiar with the geographical resources available to them They should also remain flexible and creative in their search techniques As always, a good reference interview can pinpoint the best resource for a given question

Search Strategies

Reference librarians must be familiar with the geographical resources available to them

They should also remain flexible and creative in their search techniques

As always, a good reference interview can pinpoint the best resource for a given question

Geographic Sources Scale With maps and atlases, it is important to consider scale Scale is that ratio of the distance on the map to the physical distance between the two points Scale can be critical, and will depend on the planned use of the map itself – the larger the scale, the less detail can be given on a single page

Scale

With maps and atlases, it is important to consider scale

Scale is that ratio of the distance on the map to the physical distance between the two points

Scale can be critical, and will depend on the planned use of the map itself – the larger the scale, the less detail can be given on a single page

Geographic Sources Projection Projection deals with how things on a flat map look differently than they would on a globe The most well-known example of map distortion is the Mercator Greenland Distortion. Greenland appears to be about the same size as Africa

Projection

Projection deals with how things on a flat map look differently than they would on a globe

The most well-known example of map distortion is the Mercator Greenland Distortion.

Greenland appears to be about the same size as Africa

Geographic Sources Projection (cont.) On a Mercator projection map, Greenland appears to be about the same size as Africa – which is actually 14 times larger

Projection (cont.)

On a Mercator projection map, Greenland appears to be about the same size as Africa – which is actually 14 times larger

Geographic Sources – Evaluation Colors and symbols Colors can be used to designate water, landforms and other man-made items For example, many maps use blue for water, green for vegetation, and black for man-made items Color can also be used to show elevation or population

Colors and symbols

Colors can be used to designate water, landforms and other man-made items

For example, many maps use blue for water, green for vegetation, and black for man-made items

Color can also be used to show elevation or population

Geographic Sources – Evaluation Symbols The larger the area covered by a map, the fewer symbols that can be used, in order to avoid clutter For example, a map of the U.S. printed on a single page may include only state boundaries and state capitals By contrast, a map of a single state can accommodate roads and other symbols for the different towns

Symbols

The larger the area covered by a map, the fewer symbols that can be used, in order to avoid clutter

For example, a map of the U.S. printed on a single page may include only state boundaries and state capitals

By contrast, a map of a single state can accommodate roads and other symbols for the different towns

Geographic Sources Other types of Geographic Sources

Other types of Geographic Sources

Geographic Sources Historical Atlases Popular historical atlases include: The Times Atlas of World History Historical Atlas of the United States Historical Atlas of Kansas Historical atlases can also focus on specific time periods and/or regions

Historical Atlases

Popular historical atlases include:

The Times Atlas of World History

Historical Atlas of the United States

Historical Atlas of Kansas

Historical atlases can also focus on specific time periods and/or regions

Geographic Sources Thematic Atlases Examples of thematic atlases include: Road atlases, such as The Rand McNally Road Atlas Mark Mattson's Atlas of the 1990 Census Patrick Moore's Atlas of the Universe Nicholas de Lange's Atlas of the Jewish World  

Thematic Atlases

Examples of thematic atlases include:

Road atlases, such as The Rand McNally Road Atlas

Mark Mattson's Atlas of the 1990 Census

Patrick Moore's Atlas of the Universe

Nicholas de Lange's Atlas of the Jewish World  

Geographic Sources Gazetteers A list of geographical names or features Can be appended to an atlas or published separately Can be locational or descriptive in nature As with maps and atlases, out-of-date gazetteers can provide valuable historical information 

Gazetteers

A list of geographical names or features

Can be appended to an atlas or published separately

Can be locational or descriptive in nature

As with maps and atlases, out-of-date gazetteers can provide valuable historical information 

Geographic Sources Here is a sample entry from the Historical Gazetteer of the United States Note that it includes: town name county region of state distance to nearest big city important events in town history

Here is a sample entry from the Historical Gazetteer of the United States

Note that it includes:

town name

county

region of state

distance to nearest big city

important events in town history

Geographic Sources Useful gazetteers include: The Columbia Gazetteer of the World Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary Rand McNally Commercial Atlas and Marketing Guide

Useful gazetteers include:

The Columbia Gazetteer of the World

Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary

Rand McNally Commercial Atlas and Marketing Guide

Geographic Sources Here is a sample entry from the Columbia Gazetteer of the World Note that it includes: name of place place type (town, city, village, etc.) state, national, and world location longitude and latitude major industry or goods manufactured some historical information

Here is a sample entry from the Columbia Gazetteer of the World

Note that it includes:

name of place

place type (town, city, village, etc.)

state, national, and world location

longitude and latitude

major industry or goods manufactured

some historical information

Geographic Sources Travel Guides Includes travel literature by publishers such as Fodor, Frommer, Lonely Planet Also includes the Let's Go series (Harvard Student Agencies) and Shoestring Guides (Lonely Planet) Additionally, includes specialized guides to tourist attractions, museums, trails, etc. 

Travel Guides

Includes travel literature by publishers such as Fodor, Frommer, Lonely Planet

Also includes the Let's Go series (Harvard Student Agencies) and Shoestring Guides (Lonely Planet)

Additionally, includes specialized guides to tourist attractions, museums, trails, etc. 

Geographic Sources Other Geographical Sources Other useful print sources for geographical reference include: Background Notes (U.S. Department of State) Longman Dictionary of Geography (Audrey Clark) The Weather Almanac

Other Geographical Sources

Other useful print sources for geographical reference include:

Background Notes (U.S. Department of State)

Longman Dictionary of Geography (Audrey Clark)

The Weather Almanac

Geographic Sources Online Resources

Online Resources

Geographic Sources – Online Resources Online Resources The online environment has allowed for a figurative explosion of map resources on the internet With the advent of new mobile technology devices, maps are everywhere you want to be Resources in the age of the World Wide Web

Online Resources

The online environment has allowed for a figurative explosion of map resources on the internet

With the advent of new mobile technology devices, maps are everywhere you want to be

Geographic Sources – Online Resources Google Would you expect anything less than Google to be at the center of emergent geographic innovations? In the age of 2.0 we call these innovations “mashups” Google Maps and Google Earth are currently at the front of this mash-up phenomenon

Google

Would you expect anything less than Google to be at the center of emergent geographic innovations?

In the age of 2.0 we call these innovations “mashups”

Google Maps and Google Earth are currently at the front of this mash-up phenomenon

Geographic Sources – Online Resources Mashups Geographic Mashups are combinations of maps with other digital content This screenshot is of the Darfur region in the Sudan In this example, each flame symbol stands for a village in Darfur that has been destroyed Clicking on the flame symbols will bring up information about that village or town

Mashups

Geographic Mashups are combinations of maps with other digital content

This screenshot is of the Darfur region in the Sudan

In this example, each flame symbol stands for a village in Darfur that has been destroyed

Clicking on the flame symbols will bring up information about that village or town

Geographic Sources – Online Resources Mashups (cont.) This is the information retrieved by clicking on one of the flame symbols in the previous example In this case, it tells us the location, status, and number of structures destroyed

Mashups (cont.)

This is the information retrieved by clicking on one of the flame symbols in the previous example

In this case, it tells us the location, status, and number of structures destroyed

Geographic Sources – Online Resources Mashups (cont.) This mashup is between Wikipedia and Google Earth Each little Wikipedia symbol is attached to a particular point of interest in New York City

Mashups (cont.)

This mashup is between Wikipedia and Google Earth

Each little Wikipedia symbol is attached to a particular point of interest in New York City

Geographic Sources – Online Resources Mashups (cont.) This is the kind of information found by clicking on one of the Wikipedia symbols in the previous example Provided is general information, location, history, and in this case an original drawing of the Brooklyn Bridge

Mashups (cont.)

This is the kind of information found by clicking on one of the Wikipedia symbols in the previous example

Provided is general information, location, history, and in this case an original drawing of the Brooklyn Bridge

Columbia Gazetteer http:// www.columbiagazetteer.org / Google Earth http:// earth.google.com / Google Maps http:// maps.google.com /maps Infoplease http:// www.infoplease.com /atlas/ Internet Public Library Maps http://www.ipl.org/div/subject/browse/ref42.50.00/ Library of Congress Map Collection http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/gmdhome.html MapQuest http:// www.mapquest.com / National Atlas http:// www.nationalatlas.gov / National Geographic Maps http:// plasma.nationalgeographic.com/mapmachine / Rand McNally http:// www.randmcnally.com / UN Atlas of the Oceans http:// www.oceansatlas.org / U.S. Gazetteer http:// www.census.gov/cgi -bin/gazetteer U.S. Geological Survey http:// www.usgs.gov / U.S. Census Bureau Maps and Cartographic Resources http:// www.census.gov /geo/www/maps/ Geographic Sources – Online Resources

Columbia Gazetteer

http:// www.columbiagazetteer.org /

Google Earth

http:// earth.google.com /

Google Maps

http:// maps.google.com /maps

Infoplease

http:// www.infoplease.com /atlas/

Internet Public Library Maps

http://www.ipl.org/div/subject/browse/ref42.50.00/

Library of Congress Map Collection

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/gmdhome.html

MapQuest

http:// www.mapquest.com /

National Atlas

http:// www.nationalatlas.gov /

National Geographic Maps

http:// plasma.nationalgeographic.com/mapmachine /

Rand McNally

http:// www.randmcnally.com /

UN Atlas of the Oceans

http:// www.oceansatlas.org /

U.S. Gazetteer

http:// www.census.gov/cgi -bin/gazetteer

U.S. Geological Survey

http:// www.usgs.gov /

U.S. Census Bureau Maps and Cartographic Resources

http:// www.census.gov /geo/www/maps/

Geographic Sources – Conclusion Thank you! Royce Kitts

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