Sprinkler Selection (2)

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Information about Sprinkler Selection (2)

Published on January 18, 2008

Author: sherylwil

Source: slideshare.net

Sprinkler Selection

Sprinkler Selection Spray Pop-up Shrub spray Rotating Impulse or Impact Pop-up Gear driven Bubblers and drip irrigation

Spray

Pop-up

Shrub spray

Rotating

Impulse or Impact

Pop-up Gear driven

Bubblers and drip irrigation

Considerations Goal – select the type that will cover the area properly using the least number of sprinklers Windy – low angle Arid climate – higher flow or multiple irrigation cycles Slopes Soil

Goal – select the type that will cover the area properly using the least number of sprinklers

Windy – low angle

Arid climate – higher flow or multiple irrigation cycles

Slopes

Soil

Precipitation Rate Don’t mix on one valve circuit Matched Precipitation Rate Sprinklers (MPR) See Rainbird Catalog 18-22 MPR Series (Stryker) Look for this feature

Don’t mix on one valve circuit

Matched Precipitation Rate Sprinklers (MPR)

See Rainbird Catalog 18-22 MPR Series

(Stryker) Look for this feature

Spray Heads For smaller areas For areas with enclosed borders Require tightly controlled spray Dense tree growth that would get in the way of rotor spray Mixed plantings needing different amounts of water

For smaller areas

For areas with enclosed borders

Require tightly controlled spray

Dense tree growth that would get in the way of rotor spray

Mixed plantings needing different amounts of water

Spray Heads Fixed spray heads Fan shaped pattern of water Spaced up to 18 feet apart Need between 20 and 30 PSI to operate properly

Fixed spray heads

Fan shaped pattern of water

Spaced up to 18 feet apart

Need between 20 and 30 PSI to operate properly

Typical (Standard) Spray Patterns

GPM Calculation for reduction of Spray heads Use the chart Actually just reducing the pressure Example: Modified 1.65 GPM 14 ft 25 PSI Original 1.85 GPM 15 ft 30 PSI

Use the chart

Actually just reducing the pressure

Example:

Other Spray Patterns Specialty Strips Center Side End Variable Arc Nozzle For occasional odd shaped, in between areas From 0 o to 360 0 Stream Spray - fingers of water

Specialty Strips

Center

Side

End

Variable Arc Nozzle

For occasional odd shaped, in between areas

From 0 o to 360 0

Stream Spray - fingers of water

Stream vs Fan Sprays slopes, tight fine grain soils PR - 1-4 in/hour PR - 1/3 – 1 1/2in/hour 5-18 feet 5-22 feet (small areas) 20-30 PSI 15-30 PSI (low) Fan Stream

Rotors Rotating streams of water Impact rotors – fire bursts of water Gear Driven rotors very quiet lower maintenance smaller in size Multi-stream rotors – expensive, much higher maintenance

Rotating streams of water

Impact rotors – fire bursts of water

Gear Driven rotors

very quiet

lower maintenance

smaller in size

Multi-stream rotors – expensive, much higher maintenance

Rotors Spacing – 18 – 55 feet apart 5 – 100 gpm PR – ¼ - 2 in/hour Require more water pressure to operate than spray heads (Stryker) water pressure at the head must exceed the distance between heads If you want 35 feet apart, be sure 35 PSI

Spacing – 18 – 55 feet apart

5 – 100 gpm

PR – ¼ - 2 in/hour

Require more water pressure to operate than spray heads

(Stryker) water pressure at the head must exceed the distance between heads

If you want 35 feet apart, be sure 35 PSI

Rotors - warning (Stryker) Don’t rely on manufacturers’ radius on charts If less than 6 GPM, maximum spacing should never be more than 35’ between sprinklers (Stryker) They don’t test with wind

(Stryker) Don’t rely on manufacturers’ radius on charts

If less than 6 GPM, maximum spacing should never be more than 35’ between sprinklers

(Stryker) They don’t test with wind

Rotor selection Select the appropriate Nozzle size for each rotor to match the precipitation rates The rotation speed is the same regardless of whether the rotor is adjusted to a full circle or a quarter circle If a quarter circle, passing over the same area 4 times in the same amount of time as 1 full circle

Select the appropriate Nozzle size for each rotor to match the precipitation rates

The rotation speed is the same regardless of whether the rotor is adjusted to a full circle or a quarter circle

If a quarter circle, passing over the same area 4 times in the same amount of time as 1 full circle

Rotor Precipitation Rates If the nozzle is the same the quarter circle will put down 4 times as much water on the area as a full circle To match: change the nozzle to cut the amount of water to ¼ Half circle – nozzle with ½ amount of the water of a full circle, etc. See Rainbird catalog pg. 74 & 75

If the nozzle is the same the quarter circle will put down 4 times as much water on the area as a full circle

To match: change the nozzle to cut the amount of water to ¼

Half circle – nozzle with ½ amount of the water of a full circle, etc.

See Rainbird catalog pg. 74 & 75

Rotor adjustment If you adjust the radius you need to adjust the nozzle too (Stryker) Don’t use rotors with nozzle flows less than 2.5 GPM except in corners (1/4 circle)

If you adjust the radius you need to adjust the nozzle too

(Stryker) Don’t use rotors with nozzle flows less than 2.5 GPM except in corners (1/4 circle)

GPM Calculation for reduction of Rotor heads GPM stays the same Doesn’t change the amount of the water coming out of the nozzle Use the pin to reduce the radius Uneven water, dry spots Should be reducing the GPM too, but you don’t Only use the radius adjustment screw on rotors when nothing else will work

GPM stays the same

Doesn’t change the amount of the water coming out of the nozzle

Use the pin to reduce the radius

Uneven water, dry spots

Should be reducing the GPM too, but you don’t

Only use the radius adjustment screw on rotors when nothing else will work

Stryker’s Cheat Chart – Rotors 20-29’ Spacing 3.2 GPM 30 PSI Full Circle 2.4 GPM 30 PSI ¾ circle 1.6 GPM 30 PSI ½ circle .8 GPM 30 PSI ¼ circle

Stryker’s Cheat Chart – Rotors 30-39’ Spacing 6.0 GPM 40 PSI Full Circle 4.5 GPM 40 PSI ¾ circle 3.0 GPM 40 PSI ½ circle 1.5 GPM 40 PSI ¼ circle

Stryker’s Cheat Chart – Rotors 40-55’ Spacing 11.0 GPM 55 PSI Full Circle 8.0 GPM 55 PSI ¾ circle 5.5 GPM 55 PSI ½ circle 3.0 GPM 55 PSI ¼ circle

How to decide Irrigation Water City Water Need 40 PSI minimum Lower PSI Costs more per sprinkler Less per sprinkler Less trenching More sprinklers, more trenching 18-55 feet apart Up to 18 feet apart Rotor Spray

Body Styles Pop-up Installed below ground Available 3”, 4”, 6” 12” above ground Need to clear the lawn height Shrub style On a ‘riser’ Use away from traffic patterns Cost the same

Pop-up

Installed below ground

Available 3”, 4”, 6” 12” above ground

Need to clear the lawn height

Shrub style

On a ‘riser’

Use away from traffic patterns

Cost the same

 

Metal or Plastic Metal is more durable Until 1970’s, metal was preferred material Now plastic is the most common Metal too expensive Some have a brass fitting (Stryker) not much difference today

Metal is more durable

Until 1970’s, metal was preferred material

Now plastic is the most common

Metal too expensive

Some have a brass fitting

(Stryker) not much difference today

What to look for Spring retraction Use a spring to pull the pop-up riser down into the case Stay away from gravity retraction Wiper Seal – soft plastic seal around the pop-up riser stem that seals the riser wo it won’t leak Keeps the dirt out 3” pop-up height or higher Most pros use 4” in lawn areas and 6”-12” in shrub areas

Spring retraction

Use a spring to pull the pop-up riser down into the case

Stay away from gravity retraction

Wiper Seal – soft plastic seal around the pop-up riser stem that seals the riser wo it won’t leak

Keeps the dirt out

3” pop-up height or higher

Most pros use 4” in lawn areas and 6”-12” in shrub areas

 

Pressure Requirements Spray Type (Stryker) When designing, use 30 PSI unless you know that it is lower If the pressure is lower, place sprinklers closer together Rotor Type Won’t work well with less than 30 PSI Drip Emitters Usually best at around 20 PSI

Spray Type

(Stryker) When designing, use 30 PSI unless you know that it is lower

If the pressure is lower, place sprinklers closer together

Rotor Type

Won’t work well with less than 30 PSI

Drip Emitters

Usually best at around 20 PSI

Mix and Match Don’t mix and match on the same valve Special valve to reduce the pressure for the lower pressure sprinklers Design for the high pressure

Don’t mix and match on the same valve

Special valve to reduce the pressure for the lower pressure sprinklers

Design for the high pressure

Trajectory of Water As water comes out of the sprinkler head, it travels in a curved path through the air to the ground.. Trajectories of spray include: 0 degree trajectory -- this flat spray can be used for throwing water under low shrubs 10 degree trajectory -- this low angle spray can be used in a high wind situation and for shrub and groundcover beds 22-26 degree of trajectory -- this is the standard trajectory thrown by most sprinklers 30-35 degree trajectory -- this is a special trajectory used for throwing water over plant material such as groundcovers and gardens

As water comes out of the sprinkler head, it travels in a curved path through the air to the ground.. Trajectories of spray include:

0 degree trajectory -- this flat spray can be used for throwing water under low shrubs

10 degree trajectory -- this low angle spray can be used in a high wind situation and for shrub and groundcover beds

22-26 degree of trajectory -- this is the standard trajectory thrown by most sprinklers

30-35 degree trajectory -- this is a special trajectory used for throwing water over plant material such as groundcovers and gardens

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