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Sports and Self in Modern America

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Information about Sports and Self in Modern America
Sports

Published on January 14, 2009

Author: aSGuest10556

Source: authorstream.com

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Sports and Self in Modern America : Sports and Self in Modern America American Obsession with Sports and Fitness I. Sports: A New American God : I. Sports: A New American God The death of Jim Fixx -- “The Complete Book of Running” Fixx’s pre-death physical condition Rebuilding community through sports and defining happiness through fitness Sports as a powerful expression of identity Expansion of Organized Youth Sports Sports as a symbol of localism and community loyalty I. Sports: A New American God (cont) : I. Sports: A New American God (cont) The resurrection of American nationalism at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games Cultural currency crossing ethnic and socio-economic boundaries Sports as a means of cultural assimilation --Fernando Valenzuela II. Feminism and Sports : II. Feminism and Sports The older ideal of women’s sports Suzanne Lenglen: The improper pursuit of victory Helen Wills: The proper pursuit of victory Billy Jean King: The emancipated female athlete --Virginia Slims Women’s Tennis Circuit (1971) --Defeats Bobby Riggs in 1973 Significance of Title IX (1972) III. The Cult of Fitness : III. The Cult of Fitness Fitness as a means to individual happiness President John Kennedy as the symbol of fitness Kennedy obsession with sports Fifty-mile hike as a symbol of fitness Infatuation with the Mercury Astronauts --John Glenn Kenneth Cooper: The Scientific Father of Running III. The Cult of Fitness (cont) : III. The Cult of Fitness (cont) Cooper quantified fitness -- “twelve minutes test” Ready for Cooper’s Message: “Baby Boomers” getting older A New Word: “Aerobics” The expansion of the cult of fitness in the 1970’s and 1980’s --1970 NYC marathon (first): 125 runners --1986 marathon: 20,000 runners Popularity of the Triathlon IV. Obsession with Youth and Body Image : IV. Obsession with Youth and Body Image The 19th Century Body Image Ideal The Importance of Thinness in the 20th Century Advertisers use youth and thinness to sell products The mixed message of “consume” and “diet” The symbolism of dieting Dieting and Religion IV. Youth and Body Image (cont) : IV. Youth and Body Image (cont) Huge Profits for Fitness and Sporting Goods Industries . . . . . . And for Weight Loss Industry --Weight Watchers (1962) Plastic Surgery Binge in the 1980’s Preference for healthy choices in 1970’s and 1980’s Impact of these choices IV. Youth and Body Image (cont) : IV. Youth and Body Image (cont) Darker Side of this Body Image Obsession --Kathy Love Ormsby Obsessive Perfectionism --anorexia nervosa --Karen Carpenter --bulimia --ultra-distance running --Stu Mittleman V. Drugs and Sports : V. Drugs and Sports 19th Century Drug Use by Athletes Drugs and Cycling Discovery of Testosterone Soviet use of testosterone at the 1952 Olympics Dr. John Ziegler and anabolic steroids Dianabol Growing use of steroids in various sports V. Drugs and Sports (cont) : V. Drugs and Sports (cont) Popularity of Human Growth Hormone Risks involved in taking steroids and testosterone Steroids expanded in the 1980’s into the realm of college and high school athletics Steroid use in the subculture of Body Building The “lie” of healthfulness in the sport of Body Building VI. The “Other World” of Body Builders : VI. The “Other World” of Body Builders Body Builders as the ultimate image of the guy who gets the girl Body Builders and homosexual “hustling” Sports as the secular religion of America --Alberto Salazar Sports as a secular salvation or escape? VII. American Weightlifting, 1945-1960 : VII. American Weightlifting, 1945-1960 The Golden Age of American Weightlifting, 1945-1960 The leadership of Bob Hoffman Hoffman’s formula for success --Recruitment --Wholesome American values --Ethnic Diversity --Team Spirit Patronage of the York Barbell Company Little publicity and lots of misunderstanding Hoffman brings 1947 World Championships to Philadelphia VII. Weightlifting, 1945-1960 (cont) : VII. Weightlifting, 1945-1960 (cont) Olympic Victory in 1948 and 1952 The influence of the Cold War Hoffman’s “Hi-Proteen” Olympic Victory at Melbourne in 1956 American weightlifting finally receiving recognition Hoffman out of step with growing focus on physique competition Hoffman and the isometric craze Ultimate Russian domination of the sport following 1960 and the end of Hoffman’s “fatherly” leadership York, Pennsylvania: “Muscle Town” USA : York, Pennsylvania: “Muscle Town” USA

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