67 %
33 %
Information about sports

Published on January 23, 2008

Author: Tutu1


Sports and Angular Momentum:  Sports and Angular Momentum Dennis Silverman Bill Heidbrink U. C. Irvine Overview:  Overview Angular Motion Angular Momentum Moment of Inertia Conservation of Angular Momentum Sports body mechanics and angular momentum Angular Momentum and Stability How a baseball curves Angular Momentum:  Angular Momentum Linear momentum or quantity of motion is P = mv, and inertia given by mass m. m  v Rotation of a mass m about an axis, zero when on axis, so should involve distance from axis r Angular momentum L = r mv m r L Circular Motion:  Circular Motion The angle θ subtended by a distance s on the circumference of a circle of radius r r θ s Radians:  Radians Instead of measuring the angle θ in degrees (360 to a circle), we can measure in pizza pi slices such that there are 2π = 6.28 to a full circle So each radian slice is about a sixth of a circle or 57.3 degrees. Then we can write directly: s = θ r with θ in radians. When a complete circle is traversed, θ = 2π, and s = 2π r, the circumference. Angular Velocity:  Angular Velocity When a wheel is rotating uniformly about its axis, the angle θ changes at a rate called ω, while the distance s changes at a rate called its velocity v. Then s = r θ gives v = r ω. Angular Momentum and Moment of Inertia:  Angular Momentum and Moment of Inertia Let’s recall the angular momentum L = r m v = r m (ω r) L = m r² ω In a “rigid body”, all parts rotate at the same angular velocity ω, so we can sum mr² over all parts of the body, to give I = Σ mr², the moment of inertia of the body. The total angular momentum is then L = I ω. Conservation of Angular Momentum:  Conservation of Angular Momentum If there are no outside forces acting on a symmetrical rotating body, angular momentum is conserved, essentially by symmetry. The effect of a uniform gravitational field cancels out over the whole body, and angular momentum is still conserved. L also involves a direction, where the axis is the thumb if the motion is followed by the fingers of the right hand. Examples of Moment of Inertia:  Examples of Moment of Inertia Hammer thrower Stick about different rotation axes Diver Baseball bat Pop quiz Applications of Conservation of Angular Momentum:  Applications of Conservation of Angular Momentum If the moment of inertial I1 changes to I2 , say by shortening r, then the angular velocity must also change to conserve angular momentum. L = I1 ω1 = I2 ω2 Example: Rotating with weights out, pulling weights in shortens r, decreasing I and increasing ω. Examples of Changes in Moment of Inertia:  Examples of Changes in Moment of Inertia Pulling arms in to do spins in ice skating Tucking while diving to do rolls Bicycle wheel flip demo Space station video Rotating different parts of body:  Rotating different parts of body Ballet pirouette Balancing beam Ice skater balancing Falling cat or rabbit landing upright Rodeo bull rider Ski turns Ski jumping video Angular Momentum for Stability:  Angular Momentum for Stability Bicycle or motorcycle riding Football pass or lateral spinning Spinning top Frisbee Spinning gyroscopes for orbital orientation Helicopter Rifling of rifle barrel Earth rotation for daily constancy and seasons Curving of spinning balls:  Curving of spinning balls Bernoulli’s Equation (1738) Magnus Force (1852) Rayleigh Calculation (1877) Bernoulli’s Principle:  Bernoulli’s Principle Follow the flow of a certain constant volume of fluid ΔV =A*Δx, even though A and Δx change Pressure is P=F/A Energy input is Force*distance E = F*Δx=(PA)*Δx=P*ΔV kinetic energy is E=½ρv²ΔV So by energy conservation, P+½ρv² is a constant When v increases, P decreases, and vice-versa Δ Bernoulli’s Principal and Flight:  Bernoulli’s Principal and Flight Lift on an airplane wing v higher above wing, so pressure lower P lower P normal V higher Air around a rotating baseball, from ball’s top point of view:  Air around a rotating baseball, from ball’s top point of view Higher v, lower P on right Lower v, higher P on left So ball curves to right Pleft Pright Boundary layer Examples of curving balls:  Examples of curving balls Baseball curve pitch Baseball outfield throw with backspin for longer distance Tennis topspin to keep ball down Soccer (Beckham) curve around to goal Golf ball dimpling and backspin for range Deflection d = ½ a t² most at end of range

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages - News, Ergebnisse, Liveticker, Statistiken aus ...

Aktuelle Meldungen aus der Welt des Sports: Liveticker, Ergebnisse und Tabellen zu Fußball, Basketball, Handball, Biathlon, Golf, Tennis, Leichtathletik ...
Read more

ESPN: The Worldwide Leader in Sports

Visit ESPN to get up-to-the-minute sports news coverage, scores, highlights and commentary for NFL, MLB, NBA, College Football, NCAA Basketball and more.
Read more

Sportnachrichten – aktuelle News & Livestreams |

SPORT1 ist die Nummer 1-Plattform, wenn es um Livesport geht: Livestreams, Liveticker und aktuelle Berichterstattung aus allen Bereichen des Sports.
Read more

Yahoo Sports | Sports News, Scores, Fantasy Games

All the latest Sports News, Scores, Fantasy Games.
Read more

PLANET SPORTS Online-Shop • Sneaker/Streetwear/Sport

Planet Sports - Dein Action Sports Shop seit 1993. Planet Sports mit Sitz in München steht seit mehr als 20 Jahren für Know-How und Leidenschaft im ...
Read more

Sports News, Scores, Schedules ... - Fox Sports Network

Find live scores, player & team news, videos, rumors, stats, standings, schedules & fantasy games on FOX Sports.
Read more

Football Games, Results, Scores, Transfers, News | Sky Sports

Sky Sports Football - Live games, scores, latest football news, transfers, results, fixtures and team news from the Premier to the Champions League.
Read more

Sport | Spiele | EA SPORTS

EA SPORTS NHL 17 15. September 2016; Madden NFL 17 Mehr Madden Spiele anzeigen; NBA Live Mobile; EA SPORTS FIFA 17 Mehr FIFA Spiele anzeigen; EA SPORTS UFC 2
Read more

Sky Sports - Sports News, Transfers, Scores | Watch Live Sport

Watch the best live coverage of your favourite sports: Football, Golf, Rugby, Cricket, Tennis, F1, Boxing, plus the latest sports news, transfers & scores.
Read more

EA SPORTS | Sports video games | Football, Soccer, Golf ...

EA SPORTS | Sports video games | Football, Soccer, Golf ...
Read more