Spline Interpolation

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Information about Spline Interpolation

Published on January 6, 2008

Author: aiQUANT

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Basic spline interpolation

Interpolation Topic: Spline Interpolation Method Major: General

What is Interpolation ? Given (x 0 ,y 0 ), (x 1 ,y 1 ), …… (x n ,y n ), find the value of ‘y’ at a value of ‘x’ that is not given.

Interpolants Polynomials are the most common choice of interpolants because they are easy to: Evaluate Differentiate, and Integrate .

Polynomials are the most common choice of interpolants because they are easy to:

Evaluate

Differentiate, and

Integrate .

Why Splines ?

Why Splines ? Figure : Higher order polynomial interpolation is a bad idea

Linear Interpolation

Linear Interpolation (contd)

Example The upward velocity of a rocket is given as a function of time in Table 1. Find the velocity at t=16 seconds using linear splines. Table : Velocity as a function of time Figure : Velocity vs. time data for the rocket example 901.67 30 602.97 22.5 517.35 20 362.78 15 227.04 10 0 0 m/s s v(t) t

The upward velocity of a rocket is given as a function of time in Table 1. Find the velocity at t=16 seconds using linear splines.

Linear Interpolation

Quadratic Interpolation

Quadratic Interpolation (contd)

Quadratic Splines (contd)

Quadratic Splines (contd)

Quadratic Splines (contd)

Example The upward velocity of a rocket is given as a function of time in Table 1. Find the velocity at t=16 seconds using quadratic splines. Table : Velocity as a function of time Figure : Velocity vs. time data for the rocket example 901.67 30 602.97 22.5 517.35 20 362.78 15 227.04 10 0 0 m/s s v(t) t

The upward velocity of a rocket is given as a function of time in Table 1. Find the velocity at t=16 seconds using quadratic splines.

Solution

Solution (contd)

Solution (contd)

Solution (contd)

Solution (contd)

Solution (contd)

Distance from Velocity Profile Find the distance covered by the rocket from t=11s to t=16s

Find the distance covered by the rocket from t=11s to

t=16s

Acceleration from Velocity Profile , Find the acceleration of the rocket at t=16s. The quadratic spline valid at t=16 is given by

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