Spanish indefinite pronouns (Spanish grammar and practice).

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Information about Spanish indefinite pronouns (Spanish grammar and practice).

Published on April 26, 2014

Author: marherrero61



An indefinite pronoun is one of a small group of pronouns such as everything (todo), nobody (nadie) and something (algo), which are used to refer to people or things in a general way without saying exactly who or what they are.

WHAT IS AN INDEFINITE PRONOUN? An indefinite pronoun is one of a small group of pronouns such as everything, nobody and something which are used to refer to people or things in a general way without saying exactly who or what they are.

SPANISH INDEFINITE PRONOUNS  ALGO (something, anything). Tengo algo para ti (I have something for you). ¿Viste algo? (Did you see anything).  ALGUIEN (somebody, anybody). Alguien me lo ha dicho (Somebody told me). ¿Has conocido a alguien? (Have you met anybody?). to use personal A before indefinite pronouns referring to people when they are the object of the verb: ¿Viste a alguien? (did you see anybody?) No vi a nadie (I didn’t see anybody).

SPANISH INDEFINITE PRONOUNS  CADA UNO / CADA UNA (each one, everybody). Le dio un libro a cada uno (He gave each one a book). ¡Cada uno a su casa! (Everybody home!).  ALGUNO / ALGUNA / ALGUNOS / ALGUNAS (some, a few) Algunos de los niños ya saben leer (Some of the children can already read). Conocimos a algunas de ellas en el curso (We met some of them during the course).

SPANISH INDEFINITE PRONOUNS  MUCHO / MUCHA / MUCHOS / MUCHAS (much/many) Muchas de las casas no tenían jardín (Many of the houses didn’t have a garden). Muchos de mis amigos hablan español (Many of my friends speak Spanish).  CUALQUIERA (anybody, any) Cualquiera puede hacerlo (Anybody can do it). Cualquiera de las explicaciones vale (Any of the explanations is valid).  NADA (nothing, anything) No dijo nada (He didn’t say anything).

SPANISH INDEFINITE PRONOUNS  NADIE (nobody, anybody) Carlos no quiere escuchar a nadie (Carlos doesn’t want to listen anybody).  NINGUNO / NINGUNA (none, any – referring to countable things) No conozco a ninguno de los invitados (I don’t know any guest). No me queda ninguno (I haven’t any left).  POCO / POCA / POCOS / POCAS (little, few) Solo unos pocos llegaron a tiempo (Only a few arrived on time).

You can never put un or una before otro or otra. SPANISH INDEFINITE PRONOUNS  OTRO / OTRA / OTROS / OTRAS (another one, others) No me gusta este modelo ¿Tienes otro? (I don’t like this model. Have you got another?)  TANTO / TANTA / TANTOS / TANTAS (so much, so many) - ¿Se oía mucho ruido? – No tanto (Was there a lot noise? – Not so much).  VARIOS / VARIAS (several) - Varios de ellos me gustan mucho (I like several of them very much).

to make those pronouns that have feminine and plural forms agree with the noun they refer to: He perdido mi goma pero tengo otra (I have lost my rubber but I have another one). SPANISH INDEFINITE PRONOUNS  TODO / TODA / TODOS / TODAS (all, everything) Lo ha estropeado todo (He has spoiled everything). Todo va bien (It’s all going well).  UNO... EL OTRO/ UNA ... LA OTRA / UNOS... LOS OTROS / UNAS... LAS OTRAS (the one... the other, some... the others) Uno dijo que sí y el otro que no (One said yes while the other said no). Unos cuestan 30 euros, los otros 40 euros (Some cost 30 euros, the others 40 euros).

SPANISH INDEFINITE PRONOUNS  Note that algo, alguien and alguno can NEVER be used after a negative such us no. Instead you must use the appropriate negative pronouns: nada, nadie, ninguno. No veo a nadie (I can’t see anybody). No tengo nada que hacer (I haven’t got anything to do).  You use nada, nadie and ninguno on their own without no to answer a question: - ¿Qué pasa? (What’s happening) - Nada (nothing).  You also use nada, nadie and ninguno on their own without no when they come before a verb: Nada lo asusta (Nothing frightens him). Nadie hablo (Nobody spoke). Ninguno de mis amigos quiso venir (None of my friends wanted to come).

Let’s practice!

TEST YOURSELF 1. In the following sentences, add personal “a” if it is needed. Leave the gap blank if it is not needed, and click to check your answers: 1.1 No vimos .......... nadie. 1.2 No conozco .......... nadie allí. 1.3 Me lo dijo .......... alguien. 1.4 Todavía no hemos invitado .......... nadie. 1.5 No sé si .......... alguien vendrá. 1.6 A mí no me lo había dicho ......... nadie. 1.7 Creo que .......... alguien debería decírselo. 1.8 Nunca se lo había dicho .......... nadie.a a a a

TEST YOURSELF 2. Mark the correct alternative, and click to check your answers. 2.1 No he visto a alguien / a nadie. 2.2 No quiero algo / nada. 2.3 -¿Quién te lo dijo? - A alguien / Alguien. 2.4 No me gusta ninguno / alguno. 2.5 Prefiero no contárselo a alguien / a nadie. 2.6 No quiero llamar a nadie / alguien. 2.7 Eso puede hacerlo cualguiera/cualquier. 1.8 No me debes nada / algo.

TEST YOURSELF 3. Some of these sentences have mistakes, identify and correct them. Finally click to check your answers: 3.1 Miguel no me dijo algo cuando llegó _________________________________ 3.2 Tengo un otro amigo que vive en Caracas _____________________________ 3.3 Carla habló con nadie durante la fiesta ________________________________ 3.4 Hay alguien en la puerta _______________________________________________ 3.5 El ejercicio puede hacerlo cualquiera __________________________________ 3.6 Algunos de las niñas estaban llorando _______________________________________ Miguel no me dijo nada... Tengo otro amigo.... Carla no habló con nadie.... Correcta Correcta Algunas de las niñas...

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