Soviet Eastern Europe

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Information about Soviet Eastern Europe

Published on April 18, 2008

Author: beachta

Source: slideshare.net

SOVIET EASTERN EUROPE Eastview High School – AP European History McKay et. al, 8 th ed. – Ch30 section 3

Essential Questions What are the effects of Stalin’s policies on post WWII eastern Europe? What are the effects of de-Stalinization in the Soviet Union?

What are the effects of Stalin’s policies on post WWII eastern Europe?

What are the effects of de-Stalinization in the Soviet Union?

Stalin after World War II While the West surged ahead economically, Eastern Europe’s political, economic, and social developments were slow and uneven —nearly at a halt by the 1960s. Stalin’s last years The national unity of the war period ended in rigid dictatorship again . Similar to the totalitarianism of the 1930s. Stalin began a new series of purges and enforced cultural conformity. Soviet citizens living outside Russia were forced to return, and nearly a million of them, plus other Russians, died in labor camps . Culture, art, and the Jewish religion were attacked. Five-year plans were reintroduced ; heavy and military industry were given top priority, while consumer goods, housing, and agriculture were neglected. Stalin’s system was exported to Eastern Europe. Only Tito in Yugoslavia was able to build an eastern European communist state free from Stalinist control. Tito’s success led Stalin to purge the Communist parties of Eastern Europe in an attempt to increase their obedience to him.

While the West surged ahead economically, Eastern Europe’s political, economic, and social developments were slow and uneven —nearly at a halt by the 1960s.

Stalin’s last years

The national unity of the war period ended in rigid dictatorship again . Similar to the totalitarianism of the 1930s.

Stalin began a new series of purges and enforced cultural conformity.

Soviet citizens living outside Russia were forced to return, and nearly a million of them, plus other Russians, died in labor camps .

Culture, art, and the Jewish religion were attacked.

Five-year plans were reintroduced ; heavy and military industry were given top priority, while consumer goods, housing, and agriculture were neglected.

Stalin’s system was exported to Eastern Europe.

Only Tito in Yugoslavia was able to build an eastern European communist state free from Stalinist control.

Tito’s success led Stalin to purge the Communist parties of Eastern Europe in an attempt to increase their obedience to him.

Reform and de-Stalinization Khrushchev and fellow reformers won the leadership of Russia over the conservatives , who wanted to make as few changes as possible in the Stalinist system. Khrushchev denounced Stalin at the Twentieth Party Congress in 1956 and began a policy of liberalization. The Soviet standard of living was improved, and greater intellectual freedom was allowed . Nevertheless, Pasternak was not allowed to accept the Nobel Prize in 1958 for Doctor Zhivago . Solzhenitsyn’s book on life in a Stalinist camp, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, caused uproar when it was published in Russia in 1962 .

Khrushchev and fellow reformers won the leadership of Russia over the conservatives , who wanted to make as few changes as possible in the Stalinist system.

Khrushchev denounced Stalin at the Twentieth Party Congress in 1956 and began a policy of liberalization.

The Soviet standard of living was improved, and greater intellectual freedom was allowed .

Nevertheless, Pasternak was not allowed to accept the Nobel Prize in 1958 for Doctor Zhivago .

Solzhenitsyn’s book on life in a Stalinist camp, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, caused uproar when it was published in Russia in 1962 .

Peaceful Coexistence? Khrushchev pushed for “ peaceful coexistence ” with the West and a relaxation of cold war tensions . De-Stalinization caused revolution in Eastern Europe in 1956. Poland under Gomulka won greater autonomy. Hungary expelled Soviet troops in 1956 and declared its neutrality but was invaded by Russia and defeated.

Khrushchev pushed for “ peaceful coexistence ” with the West and a relaxation of cold war tensions .

De-Stalinization caused revolution in Eastern Europe in 1956.

Poland under Gomulka won greater autonomy.

Hungary expelled Soviet troops in 1956 and declared its neutrality but was invaded by Russia and defeated.

The fall of Krushchev Re -Stalinization began with Khrushchev’s fall (1964) . Khrushchev’s policy of de-Stalinization was opposed by conservatives , who saw it as a threat to the whole communist system. Khrushchev’s erratic foreign policy was also an issue—he was successful in building the Berlin wall but was forced to back down on the installation of missiles in Cuba . Brezhnev, who took over in 1964, stressed the ties with the Stalinist era and launched an arms buildup .

Re -Stalinization began with Khrushchev’s fall (1964) .

Khrushchev’s policy of de-Stalinization was opposed by conservatives , who saw it as a threat to the whole communist system.

Khrushchev’s erratic foreign policy was also an issue—he was successful in building the Berlin wall but was forced to back down on the installation of missiles in Cuba .

Brezhnev, who took over in 1964, stressed the ties with the Stalinist era and launched an arms buildup .

Questions for your review Where did the Big Three meet in 1943 to discuss the shaping of the postwar world? Culture and art were purged in violent campaigns: anti-western conformity was imposed…. Why? Stalin dies in 1953 – who comes into power? The most dangerous Western – Soviet confrontation of the Cold War occurred over Soviet missiles in Cuba… what are the consequences? What are the consequences of “de-Stalinization”: Why do conservatives overthrow Khrushchev? What factors lead to his ousting?

Where did the Big Three meet in 1943 to discuss the shaping of the postwar world?

Culture and art were purged in violent campaigns: anti-western conformity was imposed…. Why?

Stalin dies in 1953 – who comes into power?

The most dangerous Western – Soviet confrontation of the Cold War occurred over Soviet missiles in Cuba… what are the consequences?

What are the consequences of “de-Stalinization”:

Why do conservatives overthrow Khrushchev? What factors lead to his ousting?

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