Information about someraj1-Project I Description

Example Finance PPT

There is no written report due for either of this semester’s projects.

Project 1 simulates the job of professional portfolio managers.

Your job is to advise high net-worth clients on investment decisions. This often involves “educating” the client.

Client is Medical Doctor, with little financial expertise, but serious cash ($1,000,000).

The stock market has declined significantly over the last year or so, and she believes now is the time to get in.

She gives you five stocks and asks which one she should invest in. How do you respond?

Project I: Finance Application The project is divided into three parts Calculate mean, standard deviation & beta for each asset. gather 5 years of historical monthly returns for your team’s five companies, the S&P 500 total return index. Calculate beta b/n each of your stocks and the market index. Put in table and explain to client. Also include a risk-free asset (the three month US Treasury Bill—you are given this in annual terms, you convert to monthly for table). Illustrate benefits of diversification with concrete example. You are provided with average annual returns and standard deviations for the S&P 500 and the 3-month T-bill. You create a portfolio with these two instruments weighted differently to illustrate the impact on risk (standard deviation). Analyze impact of correlations on diversification. Create table of correlation coefficients between all assets, and explain. Select asset pair with r closest to –1. Explain. Adjust graph in 2 with r = 1, and –1 instead of 0. Explain.

The project is divided into three parts

Calculate mean, standard deviation & beta for each asset.

gather 5 years of historical monthly returns for your team’s five companies, the S&P 500 total return index. Calculate beta b/n each of your stocks and the market index. Put in table and explain to client. Also include a risk-free asset (the three month US Treasury Bill—you are given this in annual terms, you convert to monthly for table).

Illustrate benefits of diversification with concrete example.

You are provided with average annual returns and standard deviations for the S&P 500 and the 3-month T-bill. You create a portfolio with these two instruments weighted differently to illustrate the impact on risk (standard deviation).

Analyze impact of correlations on diversification.

Create table of correlation coefficients between all assets, and explain. Select asset pair with r closest to –1. Explain.

Adjust graph in 2 with r = 1, and –1 instead of 0. Explain.

Part 1. Finding Beta (18.6 in text) One of the most important applications of linear regression is the market model. It is assumed that rate of return on a stock (R) is linearly related to the rate of return on the overall market. R = 0 + 1 R m + Rate of return on a particular stock Rate of return on some major stock index The beta coefficient measures how sensitive the stock’s rate of return is to changes in the level of the overall market.

One of the most important applications of linear regression is the market model.

It is assumed that rate of return on a stock (R) is linearly related to the rate of return on the overall market.

R = 0 + 1 R m +

Example 18.6 The market model Estimate the market model for Nortel, a stock traded in the Toronto Stock Exchange. Data consisted of monthly percentage return for Nortel and monthly percentage return for all the stocks. This is a measure of the stock’s market related risk. In this sample, for each 1% increase in the TSE return, the average increase in Nortel’s return is .8877%. This is a measure of the total risk embedded in the Nortel stock, that is market-related. Specifically, 31.37% of the variation in Nortel’s return are explained by the variation in the TSE’s returns.

Example 18.6 The market model

Estimate the market model for Nortel, a stock traded in the Toronto Stock Exchange.

Data consisted of monthly percentage return for Nortel and monthly percentage return for all the stocks.

Part 2. Diversification (Sect 7.5, Ex 7.8) Investment portfolio diversification An investor has decided to invest 60% of investable resources in Investment 1 (bond fund—conservative investment) and 40% in Investment 2 (stock fund, riskier but higher returns on average). Find the expected return on the portfolio If = 0, find the standard deviation of the portfolio.

Part 2. Diversification (Sect 7.5, Ex 7.8)

Investment portfolio diversification

An investor has decided to invest 60% of investable resources in Investment 1 (bond fund—conservative investment) and 40% in Investment 2 (stock fund, riskier but higher returns on average).

Find the expected return on the portfolio

If = 0, find the standard deviation of the portfolio.

The return on the portfolio can be represented by R p = w 1 R 1 + w 2 R 2 = .6(.15) + .4(.27) = .198 = 19.8% The relative weights are proportional to the amounts invested. The variance of the portfolio return is 2 (R p ) =w 1 2 2 1 + w 2 2 2 2 +2w 1 w 2 1 2 =(.60) 2 (.25) 2 +(.40) 2 (.40) 2 +2(.60)(.40)(0)(.25)(.40) 2 (R p )= 0.0481 (R p )=.2193 = 21.93%

The return on the portfolio can be represented by

R p = w 1 R 1 + w 2 R 2

= .6(.15) + .4(.27) = .198 = 19.8%

The variance of the portfolio return is

2 (R p ) =w 1 2 2 1 + w 2 2 2 2 +2w 1 w 2 1 2

=(.60) 2 (.25) 2 +(.40) 2 (.40) 2 +2(.60)(.40)(0)(.25)(.40)

2 (R p )= 0.0481

(R p )=.2193 = 21.93%

Part 2. Diversification (cont’d) Investment portfolio diversification Now assume your investor wants to see what kind of returns and risk she might assume is she invested 20% of investable resources in investment 1 (bond fund—conservative investment) and 80% in investment 2 (stock fund, riskier but higher returns on average). Find the expected return on the portfolio If = 0, find the standard deviation of the portfolio.

Part 2. Diversification (cont’d)

Investment portfolio diversification

Now assume your investor wants to see what kind of returns and risk she might assume is she invested 20% of investable resources in investment 1 (bond fund—conservative investment) and 80% in investment 2 (stock fund, riskier but higher returns on average).

Find the expected return on the portfolio

If = 0, find the standard deviation of the portfolio.

Part 2. Diversification (cont’d) Investment portfolio diversification Maintaining this last assumption (she invested 20% in Investment 1, and 80% in investment 2), but the correlation coefficient between bonds and stocks is now 1, not 0. Find the expected return on the portfolio Find the standard deviation of the portfolio.

Part 2. Diversification (cont’d)

Investment portfolio diversification

Maintaining this last assumption (she invested 20% in Investment 1, and 80% in investment 2), but the correlation coefficient between bonds and stocks is now 1, not 0.

Find the expected return on the portfolio

Find the standard deviation of the portfolio.

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