Solving Quiet Dilemmas in California - Ken Gray

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Information about Solving Quiet Dilemmas in California - Ken Gray
Education

Published on February 26, 2009

Author: ccpc

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Ken Gray is Professor Emeritus of the Workforce Education and Development Program at Penn State. Prior to this, he was the Superintendent of Schools for Vocational Technical High School System in the state of Connecticut, and has been a high school English teacher, guidance counselor, and vocational director. Dr. Gray is considered a national authority on high school and post-secondary career and technical education and the successful transition of youth into the workforce. He is the principle author of Other Ways to Win and Getting Real: Helping Teens Find Their Future.

Educating for Careers CA Career Pathways Consortia 2009 Career Pathways Solving Quiet Dilemmas in California

New Educational Goals College attendance or college success??? Academic maturity and career maturity The forth R = Reality

College attendance or college success???

Academic maturity and career maturity

The forth R = Reality

Career Maturity Defined By the tenth grade all students will have participated in activities designed to help them identify several career pathways. In the eleventh and twelfth grades all students will participate in activities that allow them to verify these choices, using the results to develop postsecondary plans.

By the tenth grade all students will have participated in activities designed to help them identify several career pathways.

In the eleventh and twelfth grades all students will participate in activities that allow them to verify these choices, using the results to develop postsecondary plans.

Parents/society ambivalence regarding career decision making Parents: “Do not follow in my footsteps.” Little involvement in career development. Supportive of Career exploration efforts of schools etc.

Parents:

“Do not follow in my footsteps.”

Little involvement in career development.

Supportive of Career exploration efforts of schools etc.

Parents/society ambivalence regarding career decision making Old Advice But Bad Advice Given Teens Postpone career choices as long as possible - You don’t want to close any doors. Do not worry about career/college major indecision - you will decide that in college.

Old Advice But Bad Advice Given Teens

Postpone career choices as long as possible - You don’t want to close any doors.

Do not worry about career/college major indecision - you will decide that in college.

Today’s Teens One Way to Win Mentality College as an entitlement Experience great deal of apprehension and confusion regarding career decisions Focus only on career interests, not reality.

One Way to Win Mentality

College as an entitlement

Experience great deal of apprehension and confusion regarding career decisions

Focus only on career interests, not reality.

Occupational Skills -Not Degrees- Provide Labor Market Advantage High Skill/ High Wage Low Skill/ Low Wage Work Ethics Academic Skills Occupational Skills

The fact is that large numbers of CA college graduates leave school as unsure of what they will do “when they grow up” (except perhaps continue to go to school) as they were when they started. How CA Postsecondary Education Systems Address Workforce Development (2007). CA Postsecondary Education commission

All my life I’ve always wanted to be somebody, but I see now I should have been more specific. Wagner, 1986 Other Ways to Win

Career Verification Activities Preferred by Teens Job Shadowing 71% Vocational Education 56% Internships 64% Unpaid employment 51% Paid employment 61% Guest speakers 36% Career focused academic class 60% Career interest inventories 17%

Making the Case for Career Pathways Promoting Student Success

Promoting Student Success

The Fate of 24 Ninth Graders in CA 7 drop out (29%) 5 graduate & go to work (30%); Dropouts & work bound = 50%

7 drop out (29%)

5 graduate & go to work (30%);

Dropouts & work bound = 50%

Dropouts Few are failing academically when they leave. Least likely to be employed. Most often cited reason for leaving . No connection between school and work

Few are failing academically when they leave.

Least likely to be employed.

Most often cited reason for leaving .

No connection between school and work

Career Education Is it Effective? Types: Career pathways, Career majors, cooperative education, internships, job shadowing, school sponsored enterprises, tech prep etc etc etc. Findings. More likely: to graduate from H.S to take ACT exams, go to college, particularly 2ys Tech PDK (Oct, 2004)

Types: Career pathways, Career majors, cooperative education, internships, job shadowing, school sponsored enterprises, tech prep etc etc etc.

Findings. More likely:

to graduate from H.S

to take ACT exams,

go to college, particularly 2ys Tech

PDK (Oct, 2004)

CTE and At-Risk Students A combination of 60% academic courses and 40% CTE is the most effective drop-out prevention program in the American high school. Career Pathways is a excellent feeder into CTE Plank, 2002:

A combination of 60% academic courses and 40% CTE is the most effective drop-out prevention program in the American high school.

Career Pathways is a excellent feeder into CTE

Plank, 2002:

Work Bound Unemployment rate five times national average unless they take career and technical education in high school. Only 9% reported getting help from school with after high school plans.

Unemployment rate five times national average unless they take career and technical education in high school.

Only 9% reported getting help from school with after high school plans.

Special Needs Students The right of self determination. “When acting on the basis of skills and attitudes, individuals have greater ability to take control of their lives and assume the role of successful adults”. (Council on Exceptional Children, 2005)

The right of self determination.

“When acting on the basis of skills and attitudes, individuals have greater ability to take control of their lives and assume the role of successful adults”.

(Council on Exceptional Children, 2005)

The Fate of 24 Ninth Graders 7 drop out (29%) 5 graduate & go to work (21%) 12 Enroll in college (50% not 70%) 4 Drop out freshman year 6 Graduate in five years (25%) 3 Take “gray collar” jobs, nationally 3 Win the one way to win game (13%)

7 drop out (29%)

5 graduate & go to work (21%)

12 Enroll in college (50% not 70%)

4 Drop out freshman year

6 Graduate in five years (25%)

3 Take “gray collar” jobs, nationally

3 Win the one way to win game (13%)

The High Skills/High Wage Workplace Semi-conductor Manufacturing Ratio: 1 to 2 to 7

University Graduates Employment 2000-2012 Supply Demand Employed University Grads 1, 439,264 670,000 47% Only 13% of all jobs will require just a BA degree (Dept of labor projections to 2016).

Supply Demand Employed

University Grads 1, 439,264 670,000 47%

Only 13% of all jobs will require just a BA degree (Dept of labor projections to 2016).

Career Education Is it Effective? Career maturity as measure by CMI correlates to college freshman GPA and persisting to the sophomore year. (Allen, 2007).

Career maturity as measure by CMI correlates to college freshman GPA and persisting to the sophomore year. (Allen, 2007).

Making the Case for Career Pathways Economic Development

Economic Development

The High Skills/High Wage Workplace 30% Ratio 1-3-2-4

What Types of Employees are Expected to Be in Short Supply Over the Next Years ? Source: “2005 Skills Gap Report: A Survey of the American Manufacturing Workforce” by National Association of Manufacturing

Economic Development Technicians , are the key to economic growth. Firms recruit engineers, but look to the local labor market for technicians.

Technicians , are the key to economic growth. Firms recruit engineers, but look to the local labor market for technicians.

Aerospace Career Technical Positions (partial) Inspector Technician, Electronic Research & Calibration Technician, Industrial Electronic Systems Technician, Instrumentation Controls Fabricator, Plastic, Senior Electrician, Maintenance Industrial Laboratory Assistant Mechanic, Heavy Duty Truck Mechanic, Solid Propellant Development Operator, Solid Rocket Motor Tool, Jig and Fixture Builder Technician, Vacuum Braze Furnace Technician, Test and Assembly Technician, Rocket Test "A" Operator, Solid Rocket Motor "A"” Operator, Solid Rocket Motor “B Technician, Primary Standards - Mechanical Technician, Inertial and Telemetry Systems Sheet Metal, Journeyman Process Camera Technician Photographer, Technical Photographer, Still Photographic Laboratory Processor Photo Etch Processor Metalsmith Metalsmith, Experimental Mechanic, Plastics Mechanic, Maintenance Mechanic, Crane Mechanic, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Machinist, Journeyman Machine Operator Machine Tool Repairer & Rebuilder Inspector, Tooling Inspector, Radiographic/NDT Grinder, Tool and Cutter Firefighter Fire Service Technician Electro-Mechanical Bench Fabricator Chemical Waste Technician

Inspector

Technician, Electronic Research & Calibration

Technician, Industrial Electronic Systems

Technician, Instrumentation Controls

Fabricator, Plastic, Senior

Electrician, Maintenance Industrial

Laboratory Assistant

Mechanic, Heavy Duty Truck

Mechanic, Solid Propellant Development

Operator, Solid Rocket Motor

Tool, Jig and Fixture Builder

Technician, Vacuum Braze Furnace

Technician, Test and Assembly

Technician, Rocket Test "A"

Operator, Solid Rocket Motor "A"”

Operator, Solid Rocket Motor “B

Technician, Primary Standards - Mechanical

Technician, Inertial and Telemetry Systems

Sheet Metal, Journeyman

Process Camera Technician

Photographer, Technical

Photographer, Still

Photographic Laboratory Processor

Photo Etch Processor

Metalsmith

Metalsmith, Experimental

Mechanic, Plastics

Mechanic, Maintenance

Mechanic, Crane

Mechanic, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

Machinist, Journeyman

Machine Operator

Machine Tool Repairer & Rebuilder

Inspector, Tooling

Inspector, Radiographic/NDT

Grinder, Tool and Cutter

Firefighter

Fire Service Technician

Electro-Mechanical Bench Fabricator

Chemical Waste Technician

Training Needs from Job Descriptions Calibration Technician “ Must have two years of college or trade school in electronics..” Test and Assembly Technician “ High school education and/or two years of trade or technical school . Four years experience as a mechanic in the rocket/aircraft field. Airframe and power plant license.” Sheet Metal Journeyman “ High school graduate or equivalent. Possess good working knowledge of shop mathematics and trigonometry .” Maintenance Mechanic “ High school graduate and preferably trade or vocational school training…”

Calibration Technician

“ Must have two years of college or trade school in electronics..”

Test and Assembly Technician

“ High school education and/or two years of trade or technical school . Four years experience as a mechanic in the rocket/aircraft field. Airframe and power plant license.”

Sheet Metal Journeyman

“ High school graduate or equivalent. Possess good working knowledge of shop mathematics and trigonometry .”

Maintenance Mechanic

“ High school graduate and preferably trade or vocational school training…”

Non-specific Investments in education beyond literacy will not 1. Grow the economy 2. Guarantee individual opportunity M. Porter

1. Grow the economy

2. Guarantee individual opportunity

M. Porter

To Find out what one is fitted to do and to secure an opportunity to do it, is the key to happiness . John Dewey One can not choice what one does not know about. Edwin Herr

To Find out what one is fitted to do and to secure an opportunity to do it, is the key to happiness . John Dewey

One can not choice what one does not know about. Edwin Herr

The Ethical Dilemma Institutional goals versus what is good for the client. Nutritional lies or reality check.

Institutional goals versus what is good for the client.

Nutritional lies or reality check.

References Allen, D. (2008). Career Maturity and College Persistence. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Penn State University. Gray K. & Herr, E. (2006) Other Ways to Win. 3ed . Corwin Press: Thousand Oaks, CA. Gray, K. (2008) Getting Real: Helping Teens Find Their Future. 2 nd . Corwin Press: Thousand Oaks CA Visher, M., Bhandari, R., & Medrich, M., (2004, October). High school career exploration programs: Do they work? Phi Delta Kappan  , 86 (2), 135-138.

Allen, D. (2008). Career Maturity and College Persistence. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Penn State University.

Gray K. & Herr, E. (2006) Other Ways to Win. 3ed . Corwin Press: Thousand Oaks, CA.

Gray, K. (2008) Getting Real: Helping Teens Find Their Future. 2 nd . Corwin Press: Thousand Oaks CA

Visher, M., Bhandari, R., & Medrich, M., (2004, October). High school career exploration programs: Do they work? Phi Delta Kappan  , 86 (2), 135-138.

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