Published on February 19, 2014
Sociology Applied in Transportation Planning Valdosta State University Spring 2014
Introductions • Semester Projects? • What do you think transportation planning is? 2
Agenda • • • • Transportation Planning Ethical Basis Legal Basis Public Participation Policies • Group Projects 3
What is Sociology? 4
What is Sociology? “…to improve people's lives and to resolve social problems.” 5
FHWA and Google Earth
What is Transportation Planning? 14
What is Transportation Planning? Transportation planning has been a rational model of defining goals, identifying problems, generating alternatives, evaluating alternatives, and developing implementation plans. However, planners are increasingly expected to adopt a multi-disciplinary approach, for example, the use of behavioral psychology to persuade drivers to abandon their automobiles and use other forms of transport instead. The role of the transport planner is shifting from a technical analysis to planning for sustainable and resilient economies, environments and societies. Source: paraphrased from Wikipedia: Transportation Planning; FHWA INVEST 15
Transportation Planning Process Cooperative Continuous Comprehensive
Continuous Performance Monitoring Systems Operations Goals Alternatives Project Development Evaluation Projects, Programs, Poli cies
Comprehensive Transportation Plan Bicycles Land Use Health Freight Safety Railroads Financial Sustainability Pedestrians Public Transit Shipping Ports Operations and Maintenance Security Air Quality Environmental Mitigation Public Involvem ent Aviation
Coordinated Federal Local State Regional Transportation Plan
Ethical Issues in Planning • American Planning Association – American Institute of Certified Planners • Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct • Overall Responsibility to the Public – Conscious of the rights of others – Seek social justice – Interrelatedness of decisions – Opportunity for impact – Long-range consequences of present actions 20
What is Sociology? “…to improve people's lives and to resolve social problems.” 21
Planning Ethics and Sociology • As a planner what ethical issues are faced that can impact peoples lives? • As a planner what ethical issues are faced that attempt to resolve social problems? 22
Legal Basis of Sociology in Planning • Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – “No person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activities receiving Federal financial assistance.” • Other laws – 23 USC 324, Sex Discrimination – Age Discrimination Act of 1975 – Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 23
What is Environmental Justice? 24
Legal Basis of Sociology in Planning • Executive Orders – EO 12898 – Environmental Justice • “[address] as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of…programs, policies and activities on minority and low-income populations.” – EO 13166 – Limited-English Proficiency • “persons with limited English proficiency can meaningfully access…services” 25
The Law and Sociology • How do planners address legal issues that impact peoples lives? • How do planners resolve social problems using the previously described laws? 26
Public Participation Policies • VLMPO Public Participation Plan – Required by federal law – “defines the process or framework for providing citizens, affected public agencies and other associated stakeholders with reasonable opportunities to be involved in the metropolitan transportation planning process.” 27
PPP Strategies • What can the VLMPO do to resolve social issues through these strategies? 28
PPP Strategies • Raise public awareness and understanding of the transportation planning process including the functions, responsibilities and programs of the MPO and identify how interested citizens can become involved. • Provide the public and others with early, ongoing and meaningful opportunities for involvement in the transportation planning process. 29
PPP Strategies • Maintain timely contact with key stakeholders and the public throughout the transportation planning process. • Identify, involve and mitigate impacts on traditionally underserved communities (those communities with high concentrations of minority, low-income, elderly or disabled populations) in the transportation planning process. 30
Social Media • How has Social Media changed society? – Public Outreach? – Engagement? • Is this good or bad? • Is it meaningful? 31
Sociology in Planning • Environmental Justice Analysis – Census Data – Equality in distribution of projects/funding throughout the community – Meeting the needs of the entire community • Mitigation Actions – Improve peoples lives, resolve social issues – Lessen any negative impacts – Promote positive impacts 32
Sociology in Planning https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=uHMsJjJrMxqUJM&tbnid=NWr0lDVwU7ymMM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cancercare.on.ca%2Ftoolbox%2Fpfac%2Fcommunicate%2Fexp erience%2F&ei=RjEvUrrRFdfe4AOhjYDIDw&bvm=bv.51773540,d.dmg&psig=AFQjCNEp9y6COLghvHGI23u_-AYAjaPW_g&ust=1378910839012727 33
Sociology in Planning • • • • • • W Hill Ave Overpass Widening of Forrest Street in Valdosta Food Deserts Student Education in Lowndes County Exercise Deserts Public Transportation in Valdosta/Lowndes County 35
Corey Hull, AICP Valdosta-Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Southern Georgia Regional Commission firstname.lastname@example.org 229-333-5277 36
Online Resources www.sgrc.us/transportation www.facebook.com/valdostalowndesmpo www.youtube.com/vlmpo www.twitter.com/vlmpo www.slideshare.net/vlmpo 37
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