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Information about socialpolitical
Education

Published on February 20, 2008

Author: Teodora

Source: authorstream.com

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Biofuels:  Biofuels A social - political perspective Background © P. P. Bhojvaid Outline:  Outline National politics Congress State laws Public attitudes International politics Global implementations Third world exportation Global economy Congressional Biofuels Initiatives:  Congressional Biofuels Initiatives 2002 Farm Bill, Title 9 Funding for biofuel testing ($1 million) Grants for biorefineries Funding for biofuel education ($1 million/year) Congressional Biofuels Initiatives:  Congressional Biofuels Initiatives Energy Policy Act of 2005 Mentioned in 2007 State of the Union address R&D program for bioenergy (Section 932) Production incentives for cellulosic biofuels (Section 942) Tax credits for alternative fuel vehicles, alternative fueling stations, etc (Section 1341-8) Renewable fuels standard in gasoline (Section 1501) Congressional Biofuels Initiatives:  Congressional Biofuels Initiatives Advanced Energy Initiative of 2006 Funds research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of advanced energy technologies. Congressional Biofuels Initiatives:  Congressional Biofuels Initiatives Bills introduced in ‘07, as of October 19: 47 “alcohol as fuel” bills (23 in January) 4 passed house 1 passed house and senate 55 “biomass energy” bills 6 passed either house or senate 24 “cellulosic biofuel” bills 3 passed house 3 “algae” bills 1 passed house State Biofuels Initiatives:  State Biofuels Initiatives California (180 incentives and laws) Lower emission school bus grants Alternative fuel vehicle parking incentives Biodiesel blend use requirement (20% by end of 2007) Washington (95 incentives and laws) New York (94 incentives and laws) State Biofuels Initiatives:  State Biofuels Initiatives Only Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands have no alternative fuel laws or incentives Average of 42 laws and incentives per state, standard deviation of 29 Public Attitudes:  Public Attitudes Familiarity 91% familiarity with alternative fuel sources 2% have driven a vehicle that runs on alternative fuel 46% of pollers on an alternative energy website were aware of algae biofuel Public Attitudes:  Public Attitudes Support 82% favor government support for R&D 69% think government doesn’t do enough to support biofuel production 29% would use American-made biofuel even if it cost slightly more than conventional gasoline Public Attitudes:  Public Attitudes Reasons to use biofuel 81% to make America less dependent on foreign oil 73% to reduce gasoline prices 68% to create jobs in rural areas Public Attitudes:  Public Attitudes Reasons to not use biofuel High vehicle cost Perception that vehicles have a limited driving range Alternatives Conservation Stricter emissions standards International Policy:  International Policy We can model our biofuels policy on what other countries have done Developing countries are beginning to see biofuel as an attractive export commodity Brazil’s biofuel implementation:  Brazil’s biofuel implementation More than half of all vehicles in Brazil are flex-fuel 8 in 10 new cars are flex-fuel All gasoline contains 20% - 25% ethanol 2900 ethanol (blend) filling stations nationwide (compare to 600 in US) Directly provided 700,000 new jobs in 2004 (plus 3,500,000 indirect jobs) Brazil’s biofuel implementation:  Brazil’s biofuel implementation What can we learn? Use highly efficient crops like sugar cane (or Miscanthus giganteus) to avoid overfarming Brazil has become less dependent on strategic, political, and economic decisions of oil-rich countries by cutting imports Third world exportation:  Third world exportation Countries that will soon begin exporting biofuels to the United States Malaysia Thailand Uruguay Ghana Third world exportation:  Third world exportation Projected annual production potential by country Third world exportation:  Third world exportation Projected annual production cost by country Global Economy:  Global Economy American subsidies are bad for growing global economy International farmers cannot compete with American farmers backed by American taxpayers Increased world poverty Oil and gasoline are also devastating for global economy Unhealthy reliance on importation for a growing third world country Slide20:  © Married to the Sea http://www.marriedtothesea.com/

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