Published on March 10, 2014
9.3 Political Parties Emerge
Big Idea... Why did many Americans distrust the idea of political parties?
Essential Question How did the views of Hamilton and Jefferson differ?
Guiding Questions…. Why did political parties develop?
Guiding Questions…. How did the election of 1796 increase political tensions?
Basis of economy/ Federalist (1) Manufacturing and trade
Basis of economy/ DR (5) Farming
Federal or state powers/ Federalist (2) The federal government has more power than state governments
Federal or state powers/ DR (6) Federal government as small as possible
Constitution/Federalist (3) loose
Constitution/ DR (7) Strict
Foreign Policy/Federalist (4) Pro-British
Foreign Policy/DR (8) Pro-French
Distrust of Political Parties Americans had seen how factions, or opposing groups within parties, worked in Britain. Members of factions were often more interested in personal gain than in public good.
Distrust of Political Parties Political parties could be a threat to national unity. They could lead to “jealousies and false alarms.”
Different Views of Hamilton and Jefferson
Issue: Manufacturing or Farming Hamilton: Thought the government should encourage manufacturing and trade. Favored cities and merchants.
http://www.c-span.org/video/? 182637-1/hamiltonburr-duel- 200th-anniversary
Aaron Burr 2-6-1756 9-14-1836
Weehawken, New Jersey, On July 11, 1804, the enemies met outside at the same spot where Hamilton's son had died. Both men fired, and Hamilton was mortally wounded by a shot right above the hip.
Alexander Hamilton 1-11-1755 7-12-1804
Issue: Manufacturing or Farming Jefferson: Thought farmers were the backbone of the nation. Feared manufacturing would concentrate power in the hands of a few wealthy Americans.
Issue: Federal or State power Hamilton: Federal government should have greater power than state governments. A strong federal government would increase commerce and keep the peace.
Issue: Federal or State power Jefferson: A small federal government would protect individual freedom. A strong federal government might take over powers the Constitution gave to the states.
Issue: Interpretation of the U.S. Constitution Hamilton: Preferred a loose interpretation of the Constitution. Believed the Constitution gave Congress the power to make all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out its duties. The Bank of the United States was necessary.
Issue: Interpretation of the U.S. Constitution Jefferson: Preferred a strict interpretation. Any power not specifically given to the federal government belonged to the states. The Bank of the United States was unconstitutional, or not permitted by the Constitution.
Why Political Parties Developed Hamilton and Jefferson clashed in private. Jefferson and James Madison decided to organize the supporters of their views. They met with leading New York politicians.
Why Political Parties Developed Leaders in other states organized to support either Hamilton or Jefferson. Jefferson’s supporters called themselves Democratic Republicans. Hamilton’s supporters were called Federalists. Newspapers began to take sides.
Election of 1796 Republican Candidates: Thomas Jefferson for President Aaron Burr for Vice President
Election of 1796 Federalists Candidates: • John Adams for President • Thomas Pinckney for Vice President
Amendment 12th -1804 22- 1951
One issue the first political parties clashed over was...
a) which should be stronger— the central government or the state governments. b) whether the United States should expand beyond its original borders. c) whether George Washington should be permitted to retire.
In 1796, the person with the most votes became President, and the person with the second highest number of votes became Vice President. One problem this caused in the election of 1796 was that...
a) candidates for President and Vice President had to run together on the same ticket. b) the views of the opposing candidates were the same. c) the people chosen as President and Vice President were from opposing parties.
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