Published on March 10, 2014
Chapter 9.1 Washington Takes Office
Research areas/Rhode Island Connections •Gilbert Stuart •Nathanial Greene •Road to the Revolution
Warm up •List out three historical facts presented by the author Paul Caranci.
Warm Up •Why is it important that the nation have a well-organized government and strong economy?
Prior Knowledge •Why do you think the government has grown since Washington’s time?
Big Idea/Essential question? •What steps did Washington take to make the new government work?
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•What was Hamilton’s plan to reduce the nation’s debt and build the economy? Essential Question/Big Idea?
•What were the causes and results of the Whiskey Rebellion? Essential Question/Big Idea?
Homework •1. Read pages 284-286 •2. Complete page 286 (1-6)
Making the New Government Work
First Inauguration •Washington was inaugurated on April 30, 1789.
•A presidential inauguration is the ceremony in which the President takes the oath of office.
Oath…. • I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United
First Cabinet • Washington set a precedent, or an example for others to follow, by choosing well-known leaders to serve in the Cabinet.
Vocabulary •Precedent: an act or decision that sets examples for others to follow.
The First Cabinet •Congress created five departments to help the President.
• A coffee cabinet is an ice cream based beverage found almost exclusively in Rhode Island , consisting of coffee ice cream, coffee syrup, and milk. The ingredients are mixed in a drink blender or milkshake blender.
•Attorney General - Edmund Randolph •Foreign Affairs - John Jay •Secretary of State - Thomas Jefferson •Secretary of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton •Secretary of War - Henry Knox •Postmaster General - Samuel Osgood
Homework •Read pages 278- 282 •Complete Worksheet 9-1
The Judiciary Act • In 1789, Congress passed the Judiciary Act, which set up the federal court system.
Time in Office • Washington set another precedent when he decided not to run for a third term.
•Not until 1940 did any President seek a third term. (FDR)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
The Nation’s Debt pg. 280
Current National Debt • http://www.usdebtclock.org/
Hamilton’s Plan The problem: •The United States had a huge national debt —the total amount of money that a government owes to others. The national government and state governments had borrowed by issuing bonds.
•Bonds—certificates that promise to repay the money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date.
The debate •Hamilton—the federal government must repay both federal and state debts by buying up the old bonds and issuing new ones. The United States must repay all debts so it won’t lose the trust of investors.
•James Madison— Hamilton’s plan would reward speculators—people who invest in a risky venture in hopes of a large profit.
The compromise •Hamilton promised to support putting the nation’s capital in the South if southerners agreed to his plan for repaying state debts.
Whiskey Rebellion Causes •To raise money for the Treasury, Congress approved a tax on all liquor made and sold in the United States.
Whiskey Rebellion •Backcountry farmers grew corn. It was easier to get their product to market if they turned their corn into whiskey first.
Whiskey Rebellion •They hated the tax on whiskey. They rebelled, marching in protest and tarring and feathering tax collectors
Whiskey Rebellion •Washington called up the militia and sent them to put down the rebellion. The rebels fled back to their farms.
Whiskey Rebellion •The national government had shown that it would act firmly in times of crisis. It also showed that violence would not be tolerated.
•To help President Washington carry out his duties, the first Congress ...
a) passed the Judiciary Act. b) created the Bank of the United States. c) created five departments whose heads made up the Cabinet of advisors.
Hamilton thought the national government should pay off both national and state war debts because...
a) it showed the government would act firmly in a time of crisis. b) if it didn’t, it would lose the trust of future investors. c) it would protect local industry from foreign competition.
Homework •Study pages 278-282 •Review notes (Chapter 9-1) •Quiz
Question #1 Guided Reading and Review 9-1 •Departments of State, Treasury, War and offices of Attorney General and Postmaster General
Guided Reading and Review 9-1 #2 •The heads of the executive departments, serve as advisers to the president.
Guided Reading and Review 9-1 #3 •Set up federal court system. Set up Supreme Court with a Chief Justice and five Associate Justices.
Guided Reading and Review 9-1 #4 •Hamilton wanted the government to buy all national and state bonds and issue new bonds to pay off the old debts. Madison opposed.
Guided Reading and Review 9-1 #5 •The government established a national bank, issued paper money, made loans, and placed tariffs on foreign goods.
Guided Reading and Review 9-1#6 •Raise money for the Treasury.
Guided Reading and Review 9-1 #7 •Farmers who made whiskey from their corn crops protested the tax. The government sent troops against the rebels, who returned to their farms.
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