Social institutions ( Sociology )

60 %
40 %
Information about Social institutions ( Sociology )
Social Media

Published on February 14, 2014

Author: hcc79



Social Psychology

Sociology Social Psychology

Social Institutions       Definition Basic Considerations The Law and Politics Markets and Economics Education and Mobility Religion and Belief

Social Institutions  Definition: “Structures in society, manifested as groups of social positions and associated social relations, invested with legitimate authority, that serve to maintain and carry out essential social functions and perpetuate the social order. “

Social Institutions Basic Considerations  All institutions are structures composed of social groups.  A condition of social groups is the interrelationship of statuses.  All statuses are reflected in role behavior  Role behaviors are cognitively mediated by their occupants.  Hence, institutions are cognitively mediated structures.

Social Institutions The Law and Politics

Social Institutions (Law and Politics) Approaches to Deviance – Structural (e.g. Merton’s Structural Strain)  Innovator desires ends but hasn’t the means – Cognitive (e.g. Becker’s Labeling)  Attributions via sanctioned legal process

Social Institutions (Law and Politics: The Judicial Structure) Court System Federal: - The Supreme Court (1 @ 9) - Court of Appeals (11 @ 3) - District Courts (94 @ 1) - Bankruptcy Courts (94 @ 1) State: - Superior (58 @ 1) merged with municipal in 2001

Social Institutions (Law and Politics: The Judicial Structure) State Court System – Superior Court (58 @ 1)  One for each county – Municipal Court  Merged with Superior Courts in 2001

Social Institutions (Law and Politics) The Criminal Process          Arrest Preliminary Hearing Arraignment Pre-Trial Hearings Trial Verdict Sentencing Incarceration Parole

Social Institutions (Law and Politics) Social Psychological Considerations  Arrest and Arraignment – Memory / Cognitive consistency  Pre-Trail and Trial Judgments – Attribution of cause / Distributive Justice  Sentencing Practices – Labeling / Status Characteristics and Expectation states

Social Institutions Markets and Economics

Social Institutions (Markets and Economics ) Approaches to Markets – Structure (Adam Smith - Supply/Demand)  Production, Distribution & Consumption – Process (Arrow – Rational Choice)  Interpersonal Utility. Risk Preference

Social Institutions (Markets and Economics)  Disintermediation and The Monetary System: – The Federal Reserve – 13 Districts – Debt – Banks / Bonds – Equity – Stocks / VC

Social Institutions (Markets and Economics) Social Psychological Considerations  Production, Distribution & Consumption – Utility / Exchange Equity  Risk Preference – Opportunity Costs / Comparison Level  GNP – Generalized Exchange

Social Institutions (Markets and Economics)  Risk Preference Salience Reward Value CL Risk

Social Institutions (Markets and Economics)  Money and Meaning: Earned Income  Wages, Salaries Unearned Income  Dividends, Interest Capital Gains  Real & Personal Property Taxes To 40% To 77% To 28%

Social Institutions Education and Mobility

Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Structure (Status Attainment Model) – Parents Status, Education & 1st Job status Family SES Ability Ambition Education Grades

Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Social Psychological Considerations  Attribution and achievement – Status Characteristics and Success Attribution  Costs, Reward & Delayed Gratification – Delay as Dissonance Reduction  Role Modeling – Role Self Merger

Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Process (Soc Psych Model) Role Modeling Delayed Gratification Family SES Ambition Education Ability Self Attribution Grades

Social Institutions Religion and Belief

Social Institutions (Religion and Belief)  Structure – Hierarchically Organized (Bureaucracies) – Bound by Symbols, Belief and Ritual Symbols Organizations Ritual Beliefs However, cognitive mediation => disassociation from task => rise of denominations and ultimately cults and sects, where the membership is based more on the beliefs, symbols and ritual than on the organizational membership.

Social Institutions (Religion and Belief) Social Psychological Considerations  Belief – Dissonance Reduction  Symbols – Significant Symbols  Ritual – Intermittent Reinforcement / Reward

Social Institutions (Religion and Belief) • Process (Soc Psych Model) S-I’s Significance Intermittent Rewards Symbols Beliefs Ritual Dissonance Reduction Organization

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Topics in Sociology: Social Institutions

Topics in Sociology: Social Institutions. Social institutions are established or standardized patterns of rule-governed behavior.
Read more

Social Institutions, Social Institution Definition, Social ...

Social Institutions. A social institution is a complex, integrated set of social norms organized around the preservation of a basic societal value.
Read more

An Introduction to Sociology - American Sociological ...

This unit analyzes such major social institutions as the family, education, religion, the economy and work, government, and health care. Major questions ...
Read more

Social Institutions - Boundless - Cloud Powered Education

Learn more about social institutions in the Boundless open textbook. ... Sociology Textbooks Boundless Sociology Social Interaction Elements of Social ...
Read more

'what is a social institution in sociology'? | Yahoo Answers

Best Answer: social institutions are places that meet group needs. Such as church and School. For the person before me, family is not a social ...
Read more

Social Institutions (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

1. Accounts of Social Institutions. Any account of social institutions must begin by informally marking off social institutions from other ...
Read more

SparkNotes: Social Institutions: Introduction

A short biography describes 's life, times, and work. Also explains the historical and literary context that influenced Social Institutions.
Read more

Institution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sociology traditionally analyzed social institutions in terms of interlocking social roles and expectations. Social institutions created and were ...
Read more

SparkNotes: Social Institutions - SparkNotes: Today's Most ...

From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Social Institutions Study Guide has everything you need to ace ...
Read more