Published on February 14, 2014
Sociology Social Psychology
Social Institutions Definition Basic Considerations The Law and Politics Markets and Economics Education and Mobility Religion and Belief
Social Institutions Definition: “Structures in society, manifested as groups of social positions and associated social relations, invested with legitimate authority, that serve to maintain and carry out essential social functions and perpetuate the social order. “
Social Institutions Basic Considerations All institutions are structures composed of social groups. A condition of social groups is the interrelationship of statuses. All statuses are reflected in role behavior Role behaviors are cognitively mediated by their occupants. Hence, institutions are cognitively mediated structures.
Social Institutions The Law and Politics
Social Institutions (Law and Politics) Approaches to Deviance – Structural (e.g. Merton’s Structural Strain) Innovator desires ends but hasn’t the means – Cognitive (e.g. Becker’s Labeling) Attributions via sanctioned legal process
Social Institutions (Law and Politics: The Judicial Structure) Court System Federal: - The Supreme Court (1 @ 9) - Court of Appeals (11 @ 3) - District Courts (94 @ 1) - Bankruptcy Courts (94 @ 1) State: - Superior (58 @ 1) merged with municipal in 2001
Social Institutions (Law and Politics: The Judicial Structure) State Court System – Superior Court (58 @ 1) One for each county – Municipal Court Merged with Superior Courts in 2001
Social Institutions (Law and Politics) The Criminal Process Arrest Preliminary Hearing Arraignment Pre-Trial Hearings Trial Verdict Sentencing Incarceration Parole
Social Institutions (Law and Politics) Social Psychological Considerations Arrest and Arraignment – Memory / Cognitive consistency Pre-Trail and Trial Judgments – Attribution of cause / Distributive Justice Sentencing Practices – Labeling / Status Characteristics and Expectation states
Social Institutions Markets and Economics
Social Institutions (Markets and Economics ) Approaches to Markets – Structure (Adam Smith - Supply/Demand) Production, Distribution & Consumption – Process (Arrow – Rational Choice) Interpersonal Utility. Risk Preference
Social Institutions (Markets and Economics) Disintermediation and The Monetary System: – The Federal Reserve – 13 Districts – Debt – Banks / Bonds – Equity – Stocks / VC
Social Institutions (Markets and Economics) Social Psychological Considerations Production, Distribution & Consumption – Utility / Exchange Equity Risk Preference – Opportunity Costs / Comparison Level GNP – Generalized Exchange
Social Institutions (Markets and Economics) Risk Preference Salience Reward Value CL Risk
Social Institutions (Markets and Economics) Money and Meaning: Earned Income Wages, Salaries Unearned Income Dividends, Interest Capital Gains Real & Personal Property Taxes To 40% To 77% To 28%
Social Institutions Education and Mobility
Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Structure (Status Attainment Model) – Parents Status, Education & 1st Job status Family SES Ability Ambition Education Grades
Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Social Psychological Considerations Attribution and achievement – Status Characteristics and Success Attribution Costs, Reward & Delayed Gratification – Delay as Dissonance Reduction Role Modeling – Role Self Merger
Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Process (Soc Psych Model) Role Modeling Delayed Gratification Family SES Ambition Education Ability Self Attribution Grades
Social Institutions Religion and Belief
Social Institutions (Religion and Belief) Structure – Hierarchically Organized (Bureaucracies) – Bound by Symbols, Belief and Ritual Symbols Organizations Ritual Beliefs However, cognitive mediation => disassociation from task => rise of denominations and ultimately cults and sects, where the membership is based more on the beliefs, symbols and ritual than on the organizational membership.
Social Institutions (Religion and Belief) Social Psychological Considerations Belief – Dissonance Reduction Symbols – Significant Symbols Ritual – Intermittent Reinforcement / Reward
Social Institutions (Religion and Belief) • Process (Soc Psych Model) S-I’s Significance Intermittent Rewards Symbols Beliefs Ritual Dissonance Reduction Organization
Topics in Sociology: Social Institutions. Social institutions are established or standardized patterns of rule-governed behavior.
Social Institutions. A social institution is a complex, integrated set of social norms organized around the preservation of a basic societal value.
This unit analyzes such major social institutions as the family, education, religion, the economy and work, government, and health care. Major questions ...
Learn more about social institutions in the Boundless open textbook. ... Sociology Textbooks Boundless Sociology Social Interaction Elements of Social ...
Best Answer: social institutions are places that meet group needs. Such as church and School. For the person before me, family is not a social ...
1. Accounts of Social Institutions. Any account of social institutions must begin by informally marking off social institutions from other ...
A short biography describes 's life, times, and work. Also explains the historical and literary context that influenced Social Institutions.
Sociology traditionally analyzed social institutions in terms of interlocking social roles and expectations. Social institutions created and were ...
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Social Institutions Study Guide has everything you need to ace ...