Published on March 7, 2014
Harold Giddings Giddings Computer Services Social Engineering and Phishing Scams Avoiding Social Engineering Online
Overview • What is social engineering • What is phishing • What types of phishing are there • What do social engineers do • How do you protect yourself Feel free to ask questions Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
What Is Social Engineering? •Manipulation •Method to gain information •The Art of Deception Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
What Is Phishing? • A fake website, email, or sms used to obtain information • A method to obtain information • A form of deception • Used to commit ID theft (financial or social) Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
What Do Social Engineers Do | Tools Used •Manipulation •Theft •Information •Corporate Spies •Social Engineer Toolkit •Caller ID Spoofing •SMS Spoofing •Modified Web Servers •TinyURL Services •Fake IDS Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
Email Phishing An email from Wachovia, Wonder whats up with my account Be aware of emails like this, banks will never ask for your login details online. If concerned call your bank and NEVER respond to such emails Note: A good tip off (but not always accurate) is to see if it was marked as spam, usually these users use unverified smtp servers that will be marked as spam, use a more secure email service like Google’s Gmail service. Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely “Your account access will remain limited until the issue has been resolved please login to your account by clicking on the link below”
Website Phishing What is wrong with this picture? It appears to be the paypal login page…….right? Above you see the paypal login page, but look at the blown up image to right right and you’ll notice that the address bar does not read paypal.com This is a fake paypal spoof or clone (phish) that appears to be paypal in order to steal your money and account details Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
IM Phishing Fake IM’s can link you to phished websites to gain your login info The user send the victim a fake IM, telling him he uploaded some photos online The victim, concerned checks out the site, thinking he needs to login to the (fake) site to see the images, gives the social engineer his login details Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
TinyURL URL shorteners like Tinyurl.com can be useful to make long urls shorter for you to send in emails or im’s. But they can also be useful to Social Enginners and Phishers This site makes long urls short Ex: http://google.com/long_address_that_is_long is changed to http://tinyurl.com/shorter_url But that means the phisher can make a suspisous url look safe Ex: 422.214.171.124/facebook.php look like http://tinyurl.com/my_new_fb_pics Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
Phishing For More Fake or Phished websites can include java or browser exploits that give the social engineer full access to your pc To the right is an attacker using an iPhone 4 to make a fake facebook login page, shown above. Instead of taking the users login info, he uses a java exploit to access the entire machine Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
The Java Applet Some phished WebPages will use java applications to allow them FULL access to your computer Sometimes they are persistent, that’s a sign of an exploited java app Does the publisher match the site? Does the From address? Does the site have a good reason to run java? Ask yourself questions before doing something to save yourself trouble Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
Call Spoofing Some social engineers will call you using fake information trying to verify your account information Using free software or cheap online services anyone can fake their caller id Never talk about personally identifiable information unless you are Ask yourself if you know sure you know who your talking to, preferably only if you called them. person, if they sound the right. If you have an iPhone use apps like unhide to show the true caller id of the user Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
Resources http://www.secmaniac.com/ http://www.offensive-security.com/ http://www.backtrack-linux.org/ http://www.hak5.org http://www.remote-exploit.org http://www.metasploit.com http://www.exploit-db.com/ http://www.social-engineer.org/ http://www.darkreading.com/ http://www.spoofcard.com Security II: Turn off the Message Bar and run code safely
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