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SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture Week 8: Social Technology

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Information about SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture Week 8: Social Technology

Published on October 22, 2008

Author: Enkerli

Source: slideshare.net

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Week 8 – Social Technology: SCOT and SST SOCI/ANTH 441 – Material Culture October 22, 2008 Alexandre Enkerli

Intro Huge field Programmatic Preferred not to emphasize technology Some concepts are applicable to non-tech Interdisciplinarity

Huge field

Programmatic

Preferred not to emphasize technology

Some concepts are applicable to non-tech

Interdisciplinarity

Material Metaphors Jay David Bolter Turing’s Man Defining technologies “ A defining technology defines or redefines man's role in relation to nature.” (1984: 13) Pottery, clock, computer Peter Kemp , Unersetzliche (Irreplaceable/Unsubstitutable). The Ethics of Technology

Jay David Bolter Turing’s Man

Defining technologies

“ A defining technology defines or redefines man's role in relation to nature.” (1984: 13)

Pottery, clock, computer

Peter Kemp , Unersetzliche (Irreplaceable/Unsubstitutable). The Ethics of Technology

Defining Technology Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt to its environment

Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt to its environment

Technology as Material Culture Humans coping with/changing environment Tools Invented Manufactured objects Implied knowledge SST central to material culture

Humans coping with/changing environment

Tools

Invented

Manufactured objects

Implied knowledge

SST central to material culture

Geek Culture Observing Broad strokes Sounds stereotypical “ Gone Native”

Observing

Broad strokes

Sounds stereotypical

“ Gone Native”

Science Culture AI Hello world Turing Biological machines Nanotech Science-Fiction Genuine People Personalities (HHGttG)

AI

Hello world

Turing

Biological machines

Nanotech

Science-Fiction

Genuine People Personalities (HHGttG)

Engineers Troubleshooting Intellectualism Elitism Teamwork Stereotype of social awkwardness German engineers and Belgian artists

Troubleshooting

Intellectualism

Elitism

Teamwork

Stereotype of social awkwardness

German engineers and Belgian artists

Epistemology Think about how people think Kuhn and Foucault Paradigm and episteme “ Ways of Knowing” (William G. Perry) Dualism to relativism to constructionism

Think about how people think

Kuhn and Foucault

Paradigm and episteme

“ Ways of Knowing” (William G. Perry)

Dualism to relativism to constructionism

XKCD “ Impostor” http://xkcd.com/451/ “ Purity” http://xkcd.com/435/ “ Turn On” http://xkcd.com/474/

“ Impostor” http://xkcd.com/451/

“ Purity” http://xkcd.com/435/

“ Turn On” http://xkcd.com/474/

 

 

Tech World Losing jobs to robots Marrying robots in 50 years ? Technological singularity

Losing jobs to robots

Marrying robots in 50 years ?

Technological singularity

Neo-Evolutionism Teleological Deterministic Technocrats Positivism Reductionism Capitalism

Teleological

Deterministic

Technocrats

Positivism

Reductionism

Capitalism

Technological Adoption Acceptance “ Closure” in SCOT parlance “ Format Wars” Betamax HD-DVD

Acceptance

“ Closure” in SCOT parlance

“ Format Wars”

Betamax

HD-DVD

Adoption Patterns Early adopters Luddites Amish-style adoption http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amish#Modern_technology http://www.theonion.com/content/radio_news/amish_give_up Embedding in social life

Early adopters

Luddites

Amish-style adoption

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amish#Modern_technology

http://www.theonion.com/content/radio_news/amish_give_up

Embedding in social life

Civilization (Game)

SCOT Constructivism and relativism Burden of proof Methodology Explaining success, addressing failure Anti-positivism Anti-determinism

Constructivism and relativism

Burden of proof

Methodology

Explaining success, addressing failure

Anti-positivism

Anti-determinism

About Wikipedia Geek-friendly topics More sophomoric writing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_and_society Still thought-provoking Encouraging critical thinking

Geek-friendly topics

More sophomoric writing

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_and_society

Still thought-provoking

Encouraging critical thinking

Wikipedia Links http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_Technology_Studies http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_and_society http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociology_of_scientific_knowledge http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCOT http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_shaping_of_technology http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Structure_of_Scientific_Revolutions http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/As_We_May_Think

http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_Technology_Studies

http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_and_society

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociology_of_scientific_knowledge

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCOT

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_shaping_of_technology

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Structure_of_Scientific_Revolutions

http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/As_We_May_Think

Williams and Edge Pinch and Bijker Klein and Kleinman

Williams and Edge

Pinch and Bijker

Klein and Kleinman

TLAs and FLAs Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (SSK) Science and Technology Studies (STS) Structure of Scientific Revolutions (SSR) Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) Social Shaping of Technology (SST) Empirical Programme of Relativism (EPOR)

Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (SSK)

Science and Technology Studies (STS)

Structure of Scientific Revolutions (SSR)

Actor-Network Theory (ANT)

Social Construction of Technology (SCOT)

Social Shaping of Technology (SST)

Empirical Programme of Relativism (EPOR)

Authors Kuhn Weber Bijker Latour Callon Law

Kuhn

Weber

Bijker

Latour

Callon

Law

Implied Authors Foucault Piaget Bachelard Bloor Vannevar Bush

Foucault

Piaget

Bachelard

Bloor

Vannevar Bush

Vannevar Bush Enthusiasm Current relevance Digital/analog Mind/machine (mathematician) Predictions Futurism Moore's Law Some not (yet) successful Resistance to innovation Social causes

Enthusiasm

Current relevance

Digital/analog

Mind/machine (mathematician)

Predictions

Futurism

Moore's Law

Some not (yet) successful

Resistance to innovation

Social causes

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