Published on February 20, 2014
Disclaimer: This is a general information presented intending to provide information only. Readers are required to exercise diligence before acting on the information therein. Immigration Law are constantly changing and applicants are required to seek specific legal guidance on their cases. Nothing in this presentation constitutes advise.
Program Flow • • • • • About us What is immigration Global migration statistics Indian context for immigration Who can migrate (investors/working professionals/students) • Restricts / Challenges • FAQs
About us • We are a global immigration and mobility practice • We provide quick, practical legal guidance on immigration issues • We cater to corporates and individuals • We provide immigration advise for UK, USA, Canada, Australia, Denmark, Portugal
What is migration? There is no universally accepted definition and consistency in the use of terminology to describe migration Any process of movement of people, ◦ either across an international border (i.e., international migration) or within a country (i.e., internal migration) ◦ permanently or an a temporary basis, ◦ whatever its causes
Trends Out of 6.9 Billion people in this world, 3% or 215 million, live outside their countries of birth (also called country of origin). ◦ United Nations That’s 1 in every 35 people in the world International Organization for Migration Source: United Nations Statistics, International Organisation for Migration
Trends - Top migrant destination USA Russian Fed. Germany Saudi Arabia Canada United Kingdom Spain France Australia India 42.7 million 12.3 million 10.7 million 7.3 million 7.2 million 6.9 million 6.9 million 6.7 million 5.5 million 5.4 million Source: www.peoplemov.in
Trends - Top source countries Mexico India Russian Fed. China Ukraine Bangladesh Pakistan United Kingdom Philippines Turkey 11.8 million 11.3 million 11.0 million 8.3 million 6.5 million 5.3 million 4.7 million 4.6 million 4.2 million 4.1 million The Philippine government encourages the migration of nurses to boost dollar remittances and ease unemployment. Remittances from overseas workers in 2007 was estimated at $17 billion Source: www.peoplemov.in
Trends - Top migration corridors Mexico – USA Russian Fed. – Ukraine Ukraine – Russian Fed. Bangladesh – India Turkey – Germany Kazakhstan – Russian Fed. Russian Fed. – Kazakhstan China – Hong Kong India – UAE China – USA 11.6 million 3.6 million 3.6 million 3.2 million 2.7 million 2.6 million 2.2 million 2.1 million 2.0 million 1.7 million Source: www.peoplemov.in
Development impact of international migration • Migration benefits all parties – the migrants, the destination country, and the origin country.
Migration boosts welfare for most households Global income gains of $356 billion (0.6%) 180 150 Change in real income in 2025, $ billion 120 90 60 143 139 162 30 0 -30 -88 -60 -90 Natives, highincome countries Old migrants, high-inc. countries . Residents, developing countries New migrants Source: Global Economic Prospects 2006
Development impact of international migration • Migration benefits all parties – the migrants, the destination country, and the origin country. • Benefits to countries of origin are mostly through remittances.
Remittances/capital flows to developing countries Other Development Authority Source: World Bank 2012
Top recipients of remittances $ billion, 2007 30 27 26 % of GDP, 2006 40 25 20 36 36 32 27 30 17 13 26 20 10 10 0 ur as H on d Re p a yr gy z K To ng a ol do v M Ta ji k is ta n Fr an ce Ph i li pp in es ex ic o M hi na C In d ia 0 Source: World Bank 2012
Downside of remittances • Large remittance flows may lead to currency appreciation and adverse effects on exports; but sterilization of inflows may not be an appropriate policy response • Remittances may create dependency • Remittance channels may be misused for money laundering and financing of terror
Development impact of international migration • Migration benefits all parties – the migrants, the destination country, and the origin country. • Benefits to countries of origin are mostly through remittances. • Emigration of skilled people may be a problem in small countries (brain drain) • Expats also provide business contact, trade network, technology, and capital to the origin country.
What migrants seek Most people migrate in search of three objectives: ◦ economic opportunity
What migrants seek Most people migrate in search of three objectives: ◦ economic opportunity ◦ cultural freedom
What migrants seek Most people migrate in search of three objectives: ◦ economic opportunity ◦ cultural freedom ◦ environmental comfort
Who can migrate • Refugees • Highly skilled migrants ▫ Qualified professionals with at least 3 – 5 years work experience • Investors ▫ At least Rs.2 CR and a good business idea can get you going • Students ▫ UG / PG / PhD
Restrictions - Rules • Regulations for Immigrations ▫ Countries pass laws on who should be allowed in ▫ Employers need to justify why they need workers from outside their country
Restrictions - Quotas • Canada ▫ Allows immigration in 15 job areas ▫ Cap of 300 visas only • Australia ▫ Cap of 1000 for each skilled category • USA ▫ Allows investors who have US$ 500,000 but only 10,000 visas globally Source: Various Government websites
Restrictions – Attitudes • Indifference from the locals towards the migrants • Hostility • Racial prejudices • Exploitation
“Development friendly” Migration policy - Origins • Encourage diaspora linkages • Encourage return migration – permanent, temporary and virtual • Integrate migration and remittances into development planning at national, regional and local levels • Encourage dual nationality
Closing thoughts • Migration can have both positive and negative impacts, depending on context, the type of migration, etc. • Lesser developed countries grapple with loss of ‘brightest and the best’ • Future migration trends are unpredictable in more developed countries, because future economic conditions are difficult to forecast. • Greater role of countries around the world in preventing conflicts • Developments in technology enabling prosperity ‘at home’
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