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smallest butterflies

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Information about smallest butterflies
Science-Technology

Published on January 26, 2009

Author: aruntp

Source: authorstream.com

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Smallest Butterflies on Indian Subcontinent is the smallest in the World : Smallest Butterflies on Indian Subcontinent is the smallest in the World An aruntp presentation Insects are amongst the most fabulous creations of nature. There are approximately 800000 species of insects known; and many yet to be found. : Insects are amongst the most fabulous creations of nature. There are approximately 800000 species of insects known; and many yet to be found. Butterflies and Moths belong to the order “LEPIDOPTERA” : Butterflies and Moths belong to the order “LEPIDOPTERA” Lepidoptera meanslepis = scalepteron = wingsand are the only insects with wings covered by scales : Lepidoptera meanslepis = scalepteron = wingsand are the only insects with wings covered by scales Knowing ButterfliesAntennae of butterflies are clubbed (they have swellings at the tips.Butterflies may be scaly; but not hairy.The antennae of the Male and Female butterflies are similar. : Knowing ButterfliesAntennae of butterflies are clubbed (they have swellings at the tips.Butterflies may be scaly; but not hairy.The antennae of the Male and Female butterflies are similar. Major Families of Butterflies : Major Families of Butterflies Hesperidae (skippers) 3500 species Papiliondae (Swallowtails) 700 species Pieridae (Whites and Yellows) 1000 species Lycaenidae (Blues) 6000 species Nymphalidae (Brush footed butterflies) 6000 species The total number of species are approximate and is worldwide statistics. Diversity of Butterflies in India : Diversity of Butterflies in India Papilionidae 13 genera 107 species Pieridae 20 genera 109 species Nymphalidae 98 genera 521 species Lycaenidae 90 genera 443 species Hesperiidae 99 genera 321 species Total 320 genera 1501 species Stages in Butterflies life : Stages in Butterflies life As an Egg Transforming to Caterpillar Now the Pupa Then the flying Adult Butterfly Big and Small Butterflies : Big and Small Butterflies The smallest blues are no bigger than a fingernail and the largest swallowtails are larger than the smallest birds. The Tinnest Butterflies : The Tinnest Butterflies The Tinnest Butterflies in the world : The Grass Jewel and the Tiny Grass Blue (wingspans:15-22mm and 16-24mm respectively) are seen on Indian Sub-continent also The largest Butterflies : The largest Butterflies The worlds largest butterfly : The queen Alexandra’s Birdwing (ornithoptera alexandrae) measures about 250mm between its wingtips. This is uncommon in India but its other species Southern Birdwing is common in India with a wingspan of 140-190mm. Slide 12: The Smallest Butterfly in the Entire World Slide 13: The Second Smallest Butterfly in the World Slide 14: Both Grass Jewel and Tiny Grass Blue falls under Lycaenidae (blues) Slide 15: Grass Jewel (world’s smallest butterfly) Scientific Name : freyeria trochylus Wingspan : 15 to 22mm Coloration : Upperside as well as underside brown. Underside spotted with light brown. Markings: Metallic, Orange crowned spots at the margin Slide 16: Tiny Grass Blue (Second Smallest butterfly in the world) Scientific Name : zizula hylax Wingspan : 16 to 24mm Coloration : Upperside Pale blue, Underside white, greyish or light brown Markings : Spots narrow and fine Slide 17: Both these smallest butterflies prefers moist, yet open and sunny places in the grasslands, savannahs, scrub, deciduous and evergreen forest. Slide 18: Protecting grasslands; protects these species. Now becoming rare and rare because of Urbanization. Slide 19: Thank you End

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