Published on March 10, 2014
Good Mafternoon! 3/10/14EQ: EQ: How did slavery influence the development of Latin America? HW: Finish Thumbprint cartoon SPONGE 1.Take a handout from the green tray and paste on to page 53 2.Update your TOC DateDate ## TitleTitle 3-10-14 53 Trade and Slavery
Directions • Fold your cartoon into 6 or 8 scenes-1st scene must say Columbian Exchange and have your name on it • Other scenes must use pictures and words to convey what the Columbian Exchange was. • All pictures must contain thumb- prints – be creative! • use a WASHABLE MARKER to color
Good Morning! 1/10/12Good Morning! 1/10/12 Looking at these images, what do they have in common and what do they have to do with slavery in Latin America?
Slavery and Triangle Trade
European Background • Portuguese started African slave trade in 1441 • First Africans in Hispanola in 1505 • 1450-1850 ~12 million Africans sent to Americas
Why Africans? • Native Americans dying off Some degree of disease resistance • No muskets and gunpowder • Africans participated in trade by enslaving others, selling debtors and criminals, and kidnapping • Skilled workers – Knew how to extract precious ore from mines – Familiar with soils and crops • Not familiar with the land—making
Portuguese Slave Trade • The Portuguese population was too small to provide a large number of colonists. • The sugar plantations required a large labor force. • Slaves filled this demand. Europeans and Africans Meet to Trade
Slave Trade and Sugar • Portuguese crop growers extended the use of slave labor to South America. • Because of this, Brazil would eventually become the wealthiest of the sugar-
European Slave Trade
Plantations • The first was established by the Spanish on Hispaniola in 1516. • Originally the predominant crop was sugar. In addition to sugar, plantations produced crops like tobacco, indigo, and cotton. • In the 1530s Portuguese began organizing plantations in Brazil, and Brazil became the world’s leading supplier of sugar.
Plantations• Labor intensive= HARD WORK • Relied almost exclusively on large amounts of slave labor supervised by small numbers of European or Euro- American managers. Brazilian sugar mill in the 1830s
Justification- Why?• Slavery made development of the New World profitable $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
Slavery Expands • In 1518, the first shipment of slaves went directly from West Africa to the Caribbean where the slaves worked on sugar plantations. • By the 1520s, the Spanish had introduced slaves to Mexico, Peru, and Central America where they worked as farmers and miners. • By the early 17th century, the British had introduced slaves to North America.
Impact of Slave Trade on the Americas •Diverse Culture- Cultural Diffusion- Africans brought part of their culture (like music food, traditions, Language) to the Americas. •Made Latin American colonies (Brazil) wealthy
Exportation • Trip called the Middle Passage • 5000 miles, 3 wks. to 3 mos. • 20-25% died • Strip Africans’ self respect and self identity
Slave Master Brands
The Middle Passage
The Middle Passage
Inspection and Sale
First Slave Auction New Amsterdam (Dutch New York City - 17c)
Cape Coast Castle, W. Africa
What role did geography play inWhat role did geography play in thethe Triangle of Trade?Triangle of Trade?
Europeans began the Atlantic slave trade in the 1500s. Their colonies in the Americas needed labor to work on large plantations. European traders sold enslaved Africans to colonists. Families were split up, and many people died. By the time the slave trade ended in IMPACT ON WEST AFRICA
The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 15th through 19th centuries. The vast majority of those ...
African states played a key role in the slave trade. Slavery was a common practice among Africans. There were three types: those who were slaves through ...
Übersetzung für slave trade im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch dict.cc.
The slave trade has been, and continues to be, an economic commodity based on human life. In the twenty-first century, this practice became known as "human ...
An introduction to various resources outlining the historical background to the slave trade.
Watch the African Slave Trade video clip of HISTORY's series Mankind The Story of All of Us. Find this and many more videos only on HISTORY.
Find out more about the history of Slavery in America, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on ...
1 Slavery and Slave Trade in West Africa, 1450-1930 Patrick Manning . Slavery and slave trade, 1450-1650 . In 1450, a West African population of perhaps 20 ...
Der Slave Trade Act (An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade; zitiert als: 47 Geo III Sess. 1 c. 36) wurde vom britischen Parlament am 25. März 1807 ...
12 Years a Slave. Regie: Steve McQueen, USA 2013; Literatur ... Philip D. Curtin: The Atlantic Slave Trade. A Census. University of Wisconsin Press, ...