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Slave trade

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Information about Slave trade
Education

Published on March 10, 2014

Author: marypardee

Source: slideshare.net

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Good Mafternoon! 3/10/14EQ: EQ: How did slavery influence the development of Latin America? HW: Finish Thumbprint cartoon SPONGE 1.Take a handout from the green tray and paste on to page 53 2.Update your TOC DateDate ## TitleTitle 3-10-14 53 Trade and Slavery

Directions • Fold your cartoon into 6 or 8 scenes-1st scene must say Columbian Exchange and have your name on it • Other scenes must use pictures and words to convey what the Columbian Exchange was. • All pictures must contain thumb- prints – be creative! • use a WASHABLE MARKER to color

Good Morning! 1/10/12Good Morning! 1/10/12 Looking at these images, what do they have in common and what do they have to do with slavery in Latin America?

Slavery and Triangle Trade

Triangle Trade

European Background • Portuguese started African slave trade in 1441 • First Africans in Hispanola in 1505 • 1450-1850 ~12 million Africans sent to Americas

Why Africans? • Native Americans dying off Some degree of disease resistance • No muskets and gunpowder • Africans participated in trade by enslaving others, selling debtors and criminals, and kidnapping • Skilled workers – Knew how to extract precious ore from mines – Familiar with soils and crops • Not familiar with the land—making

Portuguese Slave Trade • The Portuguese population was too small to provide a large number of colonists. • The sugar plantations required a large labor force. • Slaves filled this demand. Europeans and Africans Meet to Trade

Slave Trade and Sugar • Portuguese crop growers extended the use of slave labor to South America. • Because of this, Brazil would eventually become the wealthiest of the sugar-

European Slave Trade

Plantations • The first was established by the Spanish on Hispaniola in 1516. • Originally the predominant crop was sugar. In addition to sugar, plantations produced crops like tobacco, indigo, and cotton. • In the 1530s Portuguese began organizing plantations in Brazil, and Brazil became the world’s leading supplier of sugar.

Plantations• Labor intensive= HARD WORK • Relied almost exclusively on large amounts of slave labor supervised by small numbers of European or Euro- American managers. Brazilian sugar mill in the 1830s

Justification- Why?• Slavery made development of the New World profitable $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $

Slavery Expands • In 1518, the first shipment of slaves went directly from West Africa to the Caribbean where the slaves worked on sugar plantations. • By the 1520s, the Spanish had introduced slaves to Mexico, Peru, and Central America where they worked as farmers and miners. • By the early 17th century, the British had introduced slaves to North America.

Impact of Slave Trade on the Americas •Diverse Culture- Cultural Diffusion- Africans brought part of their culture (like music food, traditions, Language) to the Americas. •Made Latin American colonies (Brazil) wealthy

Triangular Trade

Exportation • Trip called the Middle Passage • 5000 miles, 3 wks. to 3 mos. • 20-25% died • Strip Africans’ self respect and self identity

Slave Master Brands

The Middle Passage

The Middle Passage

Inspection and Sale

First Slave Auction New Amsterdam (Dutch New York City - 17c)

Cape Coast Castle, W. Africa

What role did geography play inWhat role did geography play in thethe Triangle of Trade?Triangle of Trade?

Europeans began the Atlantic slave trade in the 1500s. Their colonies in the Americas needed labor to work on large plantations. European traders sold enslaved Africans to colonists. Families were split up, and many people died. By the time the slave trade ended in IMPACT ON WEST AFRICA

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