Sketching

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Information about Sketching
Education

Published on January 8, 2008

Author: Soffia

Source: authorstream.com

PENCIL SKETCHING:  PENCIL SKETCHING Presentation by Dennis L. Law, ASLA Professor and Dean College of Architecture, Planning and Design Kansas State University Conte Crayon sketch by Dennis Law PENCIL SKETCHING:  PENCIL SKETCHING Equipment Technique Composition Examples Pencil sketch by Dennis Law PENCIL SKETCHING:  PENCIL SKETCHING Equipment Pencils Sharpening Paper Stump Erasers Pencil sketch by Dennis Law Equipment:  Equipment Pencils Hardness/softness Hard: 2H, H, & HB Soft: B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, & 6B Tone varies with paper, atmosphere, brand & subject. Equipment:  Equipment Sharpening the Pencil Never use a point, but rather use a wedge. Fuzzy wines are the best wines Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law Equipment:  Equipment Paper Aquabee Drawing 812 and Strathmore Alexis - rough and gives grained appearance to middle to light tones Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law Equipment:  Equipment Paper Aquabee Satin Finish - smooth - surfaced paper for great tones. Video - Expensive but the best Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law Equipment:  Equipment Stump Use very seldom Will be demonstrated in class Equipment:  Equipment Erasers Prefer kneaded eraser A drawing that needs a lot of correction by eraser is not going to be successful. PENCIL SKETCHING:  PENCIL SKETCHING Technique Preventing smudges Portrait versus Landscape Hard to soft Drawing smaller than you see Draw only shadows Composition Pencil sketch by Dennis Law TECHNIQUE:  TECHNIQUE Preventing Smudges Build a Bridge Start by laying out drawing with harder leads Start upper left-hand corner (right-handed people Upper right if left-handed Pencil sketch by Dennis Law TECHNIQUE:  TECHNIQUE Portrait versus Landscape Understand principles of composition Portrait is for vertical subjects Landscape is for horizontal subjects Sketch by Dennis Law TECHNIQUE:  TECHNIQUE Pointers Start with hard leads and move to softer as drawing develops Use no more than 3 leads weights Draw smaller than you see Draw only shadows and let white of the paper work Leave white around the drawing for composition PENCIL SKETCHING:  PENCIL SKETCHING Examples Materials Openings Windows Roof Shadows Plant materials Water Sketch by Dennis Law COMPOSITION:  COMPOSITION Examples Materials Openings Windows Roof Shadows Plant materials Water Sketch by Dennis Law EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Wood Boards: First, lay in the black tones with soft lead Keep strokes broad and firm. Bear down Sharp strokes to suggest shadows on edge of board A few diagonal strokes to relieve monotony of vertical boards EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Openings: Break up dark area with pencil strokes that have a variety of direction and value Leave some touches of clear white paper between some of the strokes EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Windows: Always variation in reflected light on windows Windows are generally black Vary darkness between panes Leave areas of white EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Roofs: First lay in tones Horizontal lines are predominate Lighten some shingles by erasing with kneaded eraser Darken lower edges to simulate shadows EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Shadows: Do not draw a line to show outlines of shadows Shadow darkest at edge of light Shadows are darker than shaded areas Undulate shadows to give depth where appropriate EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Plant Materials: Grasses Start with gray lines which represent blades Darken in the shadows at the bottom of the blades Put in seed heads as demonstrated Use sharp lines to cast shadow edge EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Plant Materials: Deciduous Trees Lightly (very) draw in basic geometric form Subdivide into leaf masses Cast shadows Draw in truck and major branches (white against shadows, black against sky) Tie to the ground EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Plant Materials: Coniferous Trees Begin with light vertical trunk Lightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom Draw needles and shadows Fill in truck Tie to the ground EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Plant Materials: Specialty plants Begin with light vertical trunk Lightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom Draw needles and shadows Fill in truck Tie to the ground EXAMPLES:  EXAMPLES Water Start with horizontal strokes, darkest nearest to shoreline Leave white or light areas below object to be reflected. Finish with series of vertical lines, darkest nearest to shore and lighten as you move away Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law EXERCISES:  EXERCISES Exercise one: EXERCISES:  EXERCISES Exercise two: EXERCISES:  EXERCISES Exercise three:

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