Situated Computing U Korea Forum 20080924 Draft

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Information about Situated Computing U Korea Forum 20080924 Draft
Technology

Published on September 22, 2008

Author: gumption

Source: slideshare.net

Situated Computing vs. Ubiquitous Computing: The Importance of Place Joe McCarthy Principal Instigator, Strands Labs Seattle Co-Chair, UbiComp 2008 Program Committee Chair, UbiComp Steering Committee

Outline A Brief, Biased Review of Ubiquitous Computing Situated Computing Proactive Displays Future Prospects Question and Answers

A Brief, Biased Review of Ubiquitous Computing

Situated Computing

Proactive Displays

Future Prospects

Question and Answers

Strands: social recommendation & discovery http://blog.strands.com Strands develops technologies to better understand people's taste and help them discover things they like and didn't know about.

Principal Instigator: Definition ˈprin(t)-s(ə-)pəl adjective most important, consequential, or influential ˈin(t)-stə-ˌgā-tər Noun one who goads or urges forward : provocateur Alternate: Director, Strands Lab Seattle

Major Trends in Computing The Three Waves of Computing, Mark Weiser, 1990

Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , …

Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , …

Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into the office (from kraka.com)

Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into the kitchen Beyond Microwave Oven (Westinghouse) NCR Microwave Bank Electrolux ScreenFridge

Ubiquitous Computing and Toasters Simon Hackett & John Romkey Internet Toaster InterOp 1990 & 1991 Robin Southgate Weather Toaster Brunel Univ. (UK) June 2001 Joe Klingler ToAsTOr December 2002

Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into fields & streets Vineyard in Oregon Great Duck Island, Maine Phone booths in Seattle Store fronts in New York

Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into … people? Mexico Attorney General Spain Beach Club Cincinnati, OH Tommy Thompson Gov WI, Sec HHS, Applied Digital John Halamka, M.D., CIO Harvard Medical School ?

Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into … people?

Ubiquitous Computing: anything, anywhere, anyone Chris Oakley, The Catalogue http://www.chrisoakley.com/the_catalogue.html http://www.spychips.com

Everywhere vs. Certain Places ... … Ubiquitous Computing vs. Situated Computing

Ubiquitous vs. Situated Displays Elevators Taxis (London) Buses (Milwaukee, WI) Escalators Times Square (New York) Shibuya District (Tokyo)

Proactive Displays: Definition ( ˌ )prō- ˈ ak-tiv adjective acting in anticipation of future problems, needs, or changes di- ˈ splā noun a setting or presentation of something in open view Large visual or aural displays that can sense & respond in contextually appropriate ways to the people and/or activities going on in a place

Early examples of proactive displays Dangling String (PARC) Bus Mobile (UC Berkeley)

Proactive displays in the large Sunset @ 200MHz (PARC)

Proactive displays on the road Alaris E-boards (www.alaris.net)

Proactive displays on the wall Humanlocator.org

Proactive Displays in a store iCapture™ iGaze™ tru-media.com

Proactive displays in a store, circa 2054

Proactive Displays + Online Profiles Physical Tokens + Large Displays Better Real-world Interactions Bridging the gaps between people by bridging the gaps between the online and offline worlds = Large visual or aural displays that can sense & respond to the people and/or activities going on in a place

1st Generation Proactive Displays MUSICFX MusicFX: An Arbiter of Group Preferences for Computer-Supported Cooperative Workouts Joseph F. McCarthy and Theodore Anagnost 1998 ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW ‘98) A Multi-Agent System for Meting Out Influence in an Intelligent Environment M. V. Nagendra Prasad and Joseph F. McCarthy Eleventh Innovative Applications in Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI ‘99) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLgXLl4uGYk a group recommender system for selecting music in a fitness center

2nd Generation Proactive Displays Visual Awareness Location Tools (ACTIVEMAP & EVENTMANAGER) ActiveMap: A Visualization Tool for Location Awareness to Support Informal Interactions Joseph F. McCarthy and Eric S. Meidel First International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (HUC '99) EventManager: Support for the Peripheral Awareness of Events Joseph F. McCarthy and Theodore D. Anagnost. Second International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (HUC 2000) promoting greater awareness of the location and activities of coworkers

3rd Generation Proactive Displays UNICAST, OUTCAST, GROUPCAST: Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays UniCast, OutCast & GroupCast: Three Steps Toward Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays Joseph F. McCarthy, Tony J. Costa and Edy S. Liongosari Third International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 2001) Promoting Awareness of Work Activities through Peripheral Displays Elaine M. Huang, Joe Tullio, Tony J. Costa and Joseph F. McCarthy 2002 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computer Systems (CHI 2002) promoting awareness and interactions in the office

4th Generation Proactive Displays Augmenting the Social Space of an Academic Conference Joseph F. McCarthy, David W. McDonald, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM 2004 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2004) Proactive Displays: Supporting Awareness in Fluid Social Environments David W. McDonald, Joseph F. McCarthy, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interactions (TOCHI), Vol. 14, No. 4, January 2008 promoting awareness and interactions at a conference AUTOSPEAKERID, TICKET2TALK, NEIGHBORHOOD WINDOW

4th Generation Proactive Displays (v 2) promoting awareness and interactions at a variety of events TICKET2TALK (@ Interrelativity)

5th Generation Proactive Displays The Context, Content & Community Collage: Sharing Personal Digital Media in the Physical Workplace Joseph F. McCarthy, Ben Congleton, F. Maxwell Harper To appear: ACM 2008 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2008) promoting awareness and interactions in the office THE CONTEXT, CONTENT & COMMUNITY COLLAGE

A User-Generated Video on Proactive Displays http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5rU9cAiYsY

Creating C3 Collage Accounts

Interactions with displays

Locations (mock-up)

 

Positive / Negative Impact (Personal / Professional)

The Latest Generation of Proactive Displays Shortcomings of previous efforts Single sensors (Infrared, RFID, Bluetooth) Special-purpose profiles Special-purpose installations Goals of present / future efforts Multiple sensors (Cards, WiFi, SMS) Multi-purpose profiles Multi-purpose installations

Shortcomings of previous efforts

Single sensors (Infrared, RFID, Bluetooth)

Special-purpose profiles

Special-purpose installations

Goals of present / future efforts

Multiple sensors (Cards, WiFi, SMS)

Multi-purpose profiles

Multi-purpose installations

CoffeeStrands™: A Proactive Displays in a Café Proactive displays that enable café staff and customers to share digital representations of their interests and activities in the shared physical context of the coffeehouse, using loyalty cards, Bluetooth phones, SMS messages and/or laptops

Why Cafés? Connection, Community & Coffeehouses

The dark side of cafés, technology and community Cyber-nomads are “ hollowing out ” cafés that offer WiFi, rendering them “ physcially inhabited but psychologically evacuated” leaving people “ more isolated than they would be if the café were merely empty.” -- James E. Katz, Professor of Communications, Rutgers University

Our goals Take what coffeehouses already have Inviting spaces for people (including customers) to hang out Large displays, posters, cork bulletin boards Internet access Coffee, music, art, people, … Promotional signage & brochures Products / services to sell Add what many people really want Connect more effectively with others, creating a stronger sense of community Facilitate awareness, interactions and relationships Bring the richness of online social networking into a physical place A Place-Based Social Networking Service

Take what coffeehouses already have

Inviting spaces for people (including customers) to hang out

Large displays, posters, cork bulletin boards

Internet access

Coffee, music, art, people, …

Promotional signage & brochures

Products / services to sell

Add what many people really want

Connect more effectively with others, creating a stronger sense of community

Facilitate awareness, interactions and relationships

Bring the richness of online social networking into a physical place

How? Sensing Cards Phones (BT, SMS) WiFi laptops Other … Responding: user-generated content Tap into existing social media streams (Flickr, Twitter, …) Open physical, real-time channel (partyStrands, Wiffiti, …

Sensing

Cards

Phones (BT, SMS)

WiFi laptops

Other …

Responding: user-generated content

Tap into existing social media streams (Flickr, Twitter, …)

Open physical, real-time channel (partyStrands, Wiffiti, …

Which Café?: Trabant Coffee & Chai Lounge

Location matters

CoffeeStrands: System Architecture Display (Community Collage, or CoCo™) 3D dynamic collage of content Presence Detector(s) Loyalty card reader, Bluetooth, SMS, WiFi Web interface User profile maintenance & viewing Voting, commenting, flagging, messaging Admin: café content, moderation Database User profiles (contact info, media) History of content shown on display Metadata (votes, etc.) Web server Connects / controls all of the above Content selection algorithm

Display (Community Collage, or CoCo™)

3D dynamic collage of content

Presence Detector(s)

Loyalty card reader, Bluetooth, SMS, WiFi

Web interface

User profile maintenance & viewing

Voting, commenting, flagging, messaging

Admin: café content, moderation

Database

User profiles (contact info, media)

History of content shown on display

Metadata (votes, etc.)

Web server

Connects / controls all of the above

Content selection algorithm

CoffeeStrands: Welcome

CoffeeStrands: Stream (history)

CoffeeStrands: People

CoffeeStrands: My Profile

CoffeeStrands: My Profile (edit)

CoffeeStrands: My Stuff

CoCo in situ

CoffeeStrands: CoCo™ (Community Collage) display

CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: 3D semi-random pan

CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: greeting

CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: direct message

CoCo: Current Stats Feature Count (10-Sep-2008) Users 86 Items 1175 Comments 581 Votes 237 Check-ins 222

CoCo: Future Work Presence Detection: SMS check-in Other devices: Chumby, iPhone, CoffeeCam Multiple locations Incentives / Promotions Funtivities New visualization(s) Media linking Augmented profiles Favoriting / following Facebook integration Integration with Strands.com Ongoing challenge: how much of online social networking services to re-create

Presence Detection: SMS check-in

Other devices: Chumby, iPhone, CoffeeCam

Multiple locations

Incentives / Promotions

Funtivities

New visualization(s)

Media linking

Augmented profiles

Favoriting / following

Facebook integration

Integration with Strands.com

Ongoing challenge: how much of online social networking services to re-create

Conclusion Ubiquitous Computing holds great promise Situated Computing – ubiquitous computing in specific places - can increase benefits while decreasing risks Proactive Displays – a class of situated computing applications – can sense & respond to people in contextually appropriate ways, providing place-based social networking services in a variety of places: Workplaces Conferences Cafés The greatest promise for the future of ubiquitous computing is to open up new portals between the online and offline worlds , in ways that provide benefits for all stakeholders .

Ubiquitous Computing holds great promise

Situated Computing – ubiquitous computing in specific places - can increase benefits while decreasing risks

Proactive Displays – a class of situated computing applications – can sense & respond to people in contextually appropriate ways, providing place-based social networking services in a variety of places:

Workplaces

Conferences

Cafés

The greatest promise for the future of ubiquitous computing is to open up new portals between the online and offline worlds , in ways that provide benefits for all stakeholders .

Acknowledgements / Contact info For more information: http://labs.strands.com/seattle http://gumption.typepad.com/blog/strands http://interrelativity.com/joe [email_address] Yogi Patel Innovation Engineer Sameer Ahuja Former Intern (Virginia Tech) Shelly Farnham Researcher Richie Hazlewood Intern (Indiana Univ.) Josh Lind Designer/ Developer Dan Norman Designer Thanks! Questions?

For more information:

http://labs.strands.com/seattle

http://gumption.typepad.com/blog/strands

http://interrelativity.com/joe

[email_address]

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