Sikhism Year 8

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Information about Sikhism Year 8

Published on July 9, 2007

Author: AscotEdu


Year 8 SikhismThis is the opening page of the Sikhism Resource File. To access the presentation right click your mouse and a box will open. When the box opens, click FULL SCREEN. To change pages simply click the left hand button on the mouse.:  Year 8 Sikhism This is the opening page of the Sikhism Resource File. To access the presentation right click your mouse and a box will open. When the box opens, click FULL SCREEN. To change pages simply click the left hand button on the mouse. ©Farmors’ School RE Department 2001 Sikhism:  Sikhism An exploration of their Beliefs and Values ©Farmors’ School RE Department 2001 Slide3:  Guru Nanak and the Origins of Sikhism. Guru Nanak was born in 1469 in a place called Talwandi, which is in the north of India. When Guru Nanak was born the main religions in the area were Hinduism and Islam. Guru Nanak was raised as a Hindu, and as he grew older he became very interested in religion. He was however not very happy with many of the customs of either the Hindus or the Muslims, and when he was thirty years of age a miraculous thing happened. When he went to bathe in the nearby river he disappeared and everyone were afraid that he had drowned. Three days later he re-appeared and his first words were 'There is neither Hindu nor Muslim. We are all God’s people.' Slide4:  Guru Gobind Singh was only nine years old when his father was executed and he had to take on the role of guru. He was the last human guru and probably the most famous. Gobind Rai, as he was originally called, was a clever linguist and a skilled horseman, archer and hunter. In the stylised paintings of him he is often seen on horseback. He was a great poet and a book of his poems known as the Dasam Granth (the Tenth Collection) ranks second only to the Guru Granth Sahib itself. He made two highly important contributions to Sikhism: he formed the Khalsa (the community of the pure) and elected the Adi Granth (which became the Guru Granth Sahib) to be the final guru. On his deathbed he took five coins and a coconut and placed them before the Adi Granth. This was the act of installing a new guru and, by doing this, he was naming the Adi Granth as his successor. The Adi Granth then became known as the Guru Granth Sahib. During his life, Mogul armies besieged him and the Sikhs in Anandpur and he was forced to leave with his wife. Many battles were fought between the Khalsa and the Moguls. During these battles, Guru Gobind Singh lost his four sons and his mother. Countless numbers of Sikhs were killed, but this did not stop more and more joining the ranks of the Khalsa. Guru Gobind Singh died of stab wounds in 1708. The Kirpan- one of the 5 K’s in Sikhism Slide5:  After Guru Nanak there were nine other Gurus. Guru Gobind Singh was the last Guru. Guru Nanak died in 1534. Draw a timeline to show the Ten Gurus. Illustrate your timeline with pictures of each of the Ten Gurus. (Remember that Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh are not pictured here) Slide6:  Guru Gobind Singh is the second most important of the human Sikh gurus. He was a skilled horseman, archer and hunter. At the festival of Baisakhi in 1699, Guru Gobind Singh decided to try something very serious to make the Sikhs strong and united together. He gathered all of the Sikhs together and holding his sword out he said, 'Which of you is ready to die for your faith and for your Guru? Let him come forward and give me his head.' Below is the story as a cartoon strip. Slide7:  Khanda: The Two-edged Sword Answer the following questions about the first meeting of the Khalsa. What did Guru Gobind Singh want to find out? Why? What would you have done if you had been there? Why do you think that the Khalsa was formed? When boys are born they are given the name SINGH and girls the name KAUR. Find out what these names mean. Slide8:  When the Khalsa was formed, Guru Gobind Singh gave the first five men symbols of their faith. The name of these symbols each begin with the letter K and they are known as the Five Ks. The Five Ks are Kara (bangle), Kachera (shorts), Kirpan (sword), Kesh (uncut hair), and Kangha (comb). Below is a picture of a Sikh wearing the 5Ks. Print this page and draw lines to link the description of the 5Ks to where they appear on the picture. This is used to keep the hair tidy. It is a symbol of discipline. A circle is a symbol of loyalty to one God and each other These have a practical meaning. They make it easier to move and fight in battle. This should never be cut This weapon is used to defend the Sikh beliefs. Slide9:  A Sikh Gurdwara may simply be a terraced house or a fabulous temple like that in Amritsar. A gurdwara is simply a place where the Sikh scriptures (the Guru Granth Sahib) are present. Many homes contain a gurdwara because they have their own copy of the Guru Granth Sahib. Like the Hindu temple shoes must be taken off before entering the building. The feature that attracts your eye is the gold canopy in the centre of the room, this holds the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy book) you can look at this in more detail later. Offerings of money, food and flowers are made at the foot of the Granth Sahib. The money is used to help in the up-keep of the Gurdwara and the food will be used in the large meal that follows a service in the Gurdwara. The Guru Granth Sahib is deliberately positioned so that worshippers can walk around the Granth Sahib, it is located opposite the entrance, this is significant because it should be the first thing that is seen when someone enters the Gurdwara. There are no seats in the Gurdwara, this is deliberate. The Granth Sahib should be higher than the Sikhs to give it a high status, the members of the Gurdwara show equality by being sat together, no-one has a special seat except the Sikh who is reading from the Granth Sahib at the time. A feature that is common to all gurdwaras is the Sikh flag, the nishan sahib. It contains the silver symbol you can see in the picture on the left, a double edged sword, two scimitar-like swords (curved swords) and a circle. The double edged sword, the Khanda, is a symbol of the teaching that Sikhs must fight for truth. The two scimitar swords, the kirpans, represent the spiritual and earthly worlds. The chakra or circle reminds the Sikh that God is one. The main purpose of the Gurdwara is to be a place where Sikhs can study the Guru Granth and to praise God. It is also used as a community centre for youth clubs and women's meetings. The gurdwara also serves as an education centre, teaching local Sikhs about their faith and language. Any traveller is welcome to a free meal at the gurdwara and can find temporary accommodation there. Slide10:  Slide11:  The Gurdwara The Gurdwara is the place where Sikhs go to worship. Gurdwaras can be any size or shape, but one thing they always have is a kitchen, or langar. People can come there for food, and you can even rest there for the night. Look closely at the picture and make a list of all of the things that you can see happening. From the picture, where do you think is the holiest part of the Gurdwara, and why? Why do you think everyone is sitting on the floor? Copy this picture into your project by clicking over the picture and then clicking ‘Edit’ on the toolbar. Click ‘Copy’. The picture can then be pasted into any document. Slide12:  The picture on the above shows a Sikh sitting on the takht (raised platform) which holds the Guru Granth Sahib (holy book, Guru means 'teacher'). The book is under a canopy called a palki, this is a way of showing respect to it. The opening verses of the Granth Sahib sums up the beliefs of Sikhs: 'There is one God Eternal truth is his name, Creator of all things and the all-pervading spirit. Fearless and without hatred, Timeless and formless. Beyond birth and death, Self-enlightened. By the grace of the Guru he is known. Slide13:  When Sikhs enter the Gurdwara they bow in front of the Granth Sahib until their knees and forehead touch the ground, it is like the human teachers of the past, it has it's own throne (the Palki). An offering of money or flowers is made to the Guru, and then the Sikh returns to his place, making sure that he doesn't turn his back on the Guru, he or she must sit making sure that their feet do not point towards the Guru Granth Sahib. The worshippers sit on the floor, only the Guru Granth has a higher position. It is uncommon for a Sikh family to have their own copy of the Guru Granth, this is because the book is respected so much. It has to be given a room of it's own with all the furnishings such as the Palki, it has to have it's own room at night and a 'bed' to be put on, each morning the owner of the house would have to get up before dawn, take a bath, open the book and read it, the same must happen at night. The man or woman who sits on the takht, facing the congregation and reading or chanting portions of the book, holds a fan of animal hairs called a Chauri which is waved over the book as it is read. This shows it's importance because in India the Chauri is waved over the heads of rulers and kings. Slide14:  Sikhism Question Sheet Draw a picture of the symbol that appears on the Sikh flag and explain what each part of the symbol represents. The Sikh place of worship is called a Gurdwara. Describe how the building is used and the different things it is used for. The Five K's Draw a table to show the 5K's. There should be a drawing of each one and an explanation of what the object is and the importance of each one for the Sikh community. The Guru Granth Sahib The Guru Granth Sahib is the Sikh holy book, but it is more than a book, it is a teacher, on the same level as a human teacher. Describe how the Guru Granth Sahib is treated, draw diagrams to help you (perhaps five). The Granth Sahib is placed under a canopy called a Palki, what is the importance of this? Worship in the Gurdwara Describe a typical act of worship in a Sikh Gurdwara. Draw a diagram of the Gurdwara, label it and explain why the Granth Sahib is positioned where it is in the Gurdwara. Slide15:  To print a slide go to FILE on the toolbar and click print. Click SLIDES button and enter the number of the slide you wish to print. This can only be done when the slide show has finished.

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