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Published on December 7, 2007

Author: Wen12

Source: authorstream.com

Secondhand Smoke and Vermont’s Cabaret Exemption Coalition for a Tobacco Free Vermont:  Secondhand Smoke and Vermont’s Cabaret Exemption Coalition for a Tobacco Free Vermont What is Secondhand Smoke?:  “Side stream” smoke given off by smoldering cigarettes, cigars and pipes “Mainstream smoke” that is exhaled by smokers What is Secondhand Smoke? Contents of Secondhand Smoke:  Contents of Secondhand Smoke Over 4000 chemicals 200 poisons Over 60 carcinogens - the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classified secondhand smoke as a Class A Carcinogen, which means it causes cancer in humans Chemicals in Secondhand Smoke:  Chemicals in Secondhand Smoke Ammonia Acetone Arsenic Benzene Carbon Monoxide Cyanide Formaldehyde Methane Naphthalene Nicotine Tar Toluene Other Uses for Chemicals Found in Secondhand Smoke:  Other Uses for Chemicals Found in Secondhand Smoke Ammonia – toilet cleaner Acetone – nail polish remover Arsenic – rat poison Benzene – rubber cement Carbon monoxide – car exhaust Cyanide – poisonous gas Formaldehyde – embalming dead bodies Naphthalene - mothballs Facts About Secondhand Smoke:  Facts About Secondhand Smoke It is the 3rd leading cause of preventable death in the U.S. It “slowly” kills 53,000 nonsmokers in the U.S every year. It kills one nonsmoker every ten minutes (at least one nonsmoker will die from exposure to secondhand smoke during the course of this presentation). Impacts of Secondhand Smoke:  Impacts of Secondhand Smoke After just minutes of exposure to secondhand smoke, a person's immune system is weakened, blood thickens and their heart beats faster. Impacts on children include Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), asthma induction and exacerbation, bronchitis and pneumonia, middle ear infection, chronic respiratory symptoms and low birth weight. “SECONDHAND SMOKE KILLS”:  “SECONDHAND SMOKE KILLS” The American Cancer Society The American Heart Association The National Cancer Institute The American Medical Association The American Lung Association Office of the Surgeon General Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Vermont’s Clean Indoor Air Act (1993) prohibits smoking in most public places.:  Vermont’s Clean Indoor Air Act (1993) prohibits smoking in most public places. Vermont’s Smoking in the Workplace Act (1987) generally prohibits smoking in the workplace. Cabaret Exemption:  Cabaret Exemption However, the Clean Indoor Air Act includes an exemption for bars and restaurants that receive more than 50% of their revenues from alcohol and/or entertainment sales. Therefore, it fails to protect many Vermont workers! Cabaret Exemption:  Cabaret Exemption This exemption denies the rights of bartenders, chefs, kitchen workers, wait staff, entertainers/musicians to a safe workplace and leaves them unprotected from the dangers of secondhand smoke. Bartenders:  Bartenders During an 8-hour shift, bartenders inhale the equivalent of half a pack of cigarettes. Bartenders face a 50% greater risk of dying from lung cancer, heart disease and other cancers, than other workers. Waitresses:  Waitresses Waitressing is THE MOST HAZARDOUS OCCUPATION for women. Compared to female workers in other occupations, waitresses are almost 4 times more likely to die of lung cancer. Smoke-Free Workplace Laws Do Not Harm Business:  Smoke-Free Workplace Laws Do Not Harm Business Scientific studies of smoke-free restaurant laws and ordinances from around the country have shown no negative impact on restaurant sales. Vermont’s passage of the Clean Indoor Air Act in 1993 did not harm restaurants. California’s Health, Labor and Business Leaders recently confirmed (Nov. 20, 2002) the 8-Year Success of Smoke-Free Workplaces:  California’s Health, Labor and Business Leaders recently confirmed (Nov. 20, 2002) the 8-Year Success of Smoke-Free Workplaces “We in California’s lodging industry were understandably nervous about the potential detrimental effects a smoking ban would have on our businesses, but none of the doomsday predictions happened. In fact tourism in California increased each year following the passage of AB 13.” [Smoke-free Workplace Law]:  “We in California’s lodging industry were understandably nervous about the potential detrimental effects a smoking ban would have on our businesses, but none of the doomsday predictions happened. In fact tourism in California increased each year following the passage of AB 13.” [Smoke-free Workplace Law] Jim Abrams Executive Vice President of the California Hotel and Lodging Association “The tobacco industry tried to scare our members into thinking their employers would lose business due to the smoking ban, and that they would lose their jobs. The restaurants, bars and hotels where our members work did not suffer any adverse effects from the smoking ban. If anything, it’s been good for business and customers as well as for our employees.”:  “The tobacco industry tried to scare our members into thinking their employers would lose business due to the smoking ban, and that they would lose their jobs. The restaurants, bars and hotels where our members work did not suffer any adverse effects from the smoking ban. If anything, it’s been good for business and customers as well as for our employees.” Michael Casey President, Hotel & Restaurant Employees, Local 2, AFL-CIO of San Francisco “…the economic arguments often used by the industry to scare off smoking ban activity were no longer working… These arguments simply had no credibility with the public which isn’t surprising when you consider that our dire predictions in the past rarely came true.”:  “…the economic arguments often used by the industry to scare off smoking ban activity were no longer working… These arguments simply had no credibility with the public which isn’t surprising when you consider that our dire predictions in the past rarely came true.” Philip Morris Ventilation Systems Do Not Protect Employees and Patrons:  Ventilation Systems Do Not Protect Employees and Patrons Honeywell, Inc., the leading manufacturer of ventilation products, refuses to support claims that ventilation equipment removes toxins in secondhand smoke from the air. Philip Morris has acknowledged that ventilation systems cannot eliminate the health risks from secondhand smoke. States in the U.S. are Prohibiting Smoking in All Public Places:  States in the U.S. are Prohibiting Smoking in All Public Places California and Delaware do not allow smoking in any public place – including bars. Florida just enacted a constitutional amendment requiring smokefree workplaces and public places - except for bars. U.S. Municipalities with Local Tobacco Control Ordinances: Cumulative Totals from the Americans for Nonsmoker’s Rights Foundation Local Tobacco Control Ordinance Database© October 16, 2002 :  U.S. Municipalities with Local Tobacco Control Ordinances: Cumulative Totals from the Americans for Nonsmoker’s Rights Foundation Local Tobacco Control Ordinance Database© October 16, 2002 Clean Indoor Air (any restrictions*):1 1,521 Workplaces, 100% Smokefree: 172 Workplaces (any restrictions*): 1,101 Restaurants, 100% Smokefree: 112 Restaurants (any restrictions*): 958 Free-Standing Bars, 100% Smokefree: 82 Free-Standing Bars (any restrictions*): 111 Workplaces, Restaurants, and Bars 100% Smokefree: 39 Enclosed Public Places, 100% Smokefree:2 357 Enclosed Public Places (any restrictions*): 717 1 Because many ordinances have overlapping provisions, subcategories are not mutually exclusive. Therefore, subtotals are not expected to add up to the total of each main category. 2 These communities require that the following public places be smokefree: Theater Lobbies, Bowling Centers, Retail Stores, Food Markets, Public Transportation, and Bingo Parlors. * “Any restrictions” includes ordinances that are 100% smokefree in addition to those that are not. Smokefree ordinances significantly increase the rate of smoking cessation and do so along a "dose-response" relationship - the stronger the ordinance, the higher the rate of cessation. :  Smokefree ordinances significantly increase the rate of smoking cessation and do so along a "dose-response" relationship - the stronger the ordinance, the higher the rate of cessation. Moskowitz, Lin, Hudes, "The Impact of Workplace Smoking Ordinances in California on Smoking Cessation." American Journal of Public Health, May 2000 Eliminating Vermont’s Cabaret Exemption Will Save Lives:  Eliminating Vermont’s Cabaret Exemption Will Save Lives By protecting workers and patrons from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. By helping smokers cut down or quit smoking as a result of the smoke-free workplace legislation. Resource Websites:  Resource Websites Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights www.no-smoke.org Tobacco Scam www.tobaccoscam.ucsf.edu CDC - Center for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov/tobacco

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