shiva T&T

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Published on July 6, 2009

Author: shiva_p5oauthor

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Slide 1: TRAVEL & TOURISM UNIT-5&10 Slide 2: NAME : Shiva Prasad. BATCH : B 5. ASSESSOR : Mr. M.SADATULLAH KHAN PLACE : Himayat Nagar Slide 3: TASK-1(P2a) The client Mr. Jack D’Souza has informed that he would want to go out on a vacation :- therefore you are required to make a presentation on at least four countries. Which should have some history and natural attractions .….{P2a} History of those countries. Natural tourist attraction and other if any. Slide 4: DIFFERENT TOURIST SPOTS Slide 6: GREECE Slide 7: The history of Greece traditionally encompasses the study of the Greek people, the areas they ruled historically, and the territory now composing the modern state of Greece. The scope of Greek habitation and rule has varied significantly through the ages, and as a consequence, the history of Greece is similarly elastic in what it includes. Each era has its own related sphere of interest. The word Greek, according to Aristotle, comes from the word Graikoi which was the pre-historic name of the Hellenes. The people who we call the Greeks, and live in a country we call Greece, actually call themselves Hellenes and live in a country called Hellas. HISTORY Slide 8: Attractions of Greece Acropolis of Athens Red Beach Temple of Zeus Plaka Market Vlihada Beach Slide 9: Church on Míkonos Gleaming whitewash deflects the sun’s rays from a Greek Orthodox church on the Greek island of Míkonos, keeping its interior cool and inviting. From 97 to 98 percent of the Greek population follows Orthodox Christianity. Slide 10: Acropolis of Athens The first democracies sprang up in ancient Greece nearly 3,000 years ago. The Acropolis in Athens, Greece, is made up of famous temples from ancient Greece. Things to consider at the Acropolis are the fact that you have to check any bag you are carrying before entering, and during the summer it can get pretty warm on the Acropolis during the peak daytime hours. Slide 11: Red Beach The Red Beach found on the Greek island of Santorini is a mesmerizing stretch of red sand that is set against a truly stunning backdrop of scaling red cliffs. The crystal-clear blue waters of the Aegean Sea uniquely contrast the stunning red-colored sands, all set against a prolific cliff background. Slide 12: Temple of Zeus The Temple of Zeus in Athens is located near the center of the city, just about a quarter of a mile to the southeast of the Acropolis, and within a quarter mile south of Syntagma Square and the Parliament Building. An interesting note in the history of the temple of Zeus is that Hadrian, upon dedicating the temple to Zeus, erected two large statues in the center of the building.  Both were large and one depicted Zeus, the other one Hadrian himself. Slide 13: Plaka Market The Plaka in Athens, is the city’s oldest neighborhood, and most of it has been relegated to foot traffic. Although every day shopping in Plaka is a good day, Sundays are when the masses arrive. Slide 14: Vlihada Beach On the Island of Santorini, the stunning vistas and relaxing beaches are mostly what attract visitors to this highly popular vacation destination Vlihada is a small, coastal village that can be found on the southern side of the island Slide 15: ITALY Slide 16: For thousands of years, Italy has been at the forefront of modern culture. The birthplace of the Roman Empire and fountainhead of the Renaissance, Italy has retained a prominent spot atop the global radar since long before the time of Caesar. Giuseppe Garibaldi formed the current kingdom of Italy in 1861, but the roots of Italian history date back to a largely undocumented tribe called the Etruscans. HISTORY Slide 17: Leaning Tower of Pisa Vatican museum Italian Opera Piazza Navona TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF ITALY Slide 18: The Tower of Pisa is the bell tower of the Cathedral. Its construction began in the august of 1173 and continued for about two hundred years, in full fidelity to the original project, whose architect is still uncertain. Both because of its inclination, and its beauty, from 1173 up to the present the Tower has been the object of very special attention. Leaning Tower of Pisa Slide 19: Located on the north side of Vatican City, a spiral ramp leads visitors inside the Vatican museum, a haphazard array of corridors and papal spaces. Even though the Renaissance paintings garner much of the praise heaped on the museum, the Vatican library holds an impressive and enchanting collection of crumbling documents, medieval treaties and antique books. Vatican Museum Slide 20: The history of Italian opera is forever interweave with the aristocratic leaders of the time - the musical form was derived from courtly entertainment in palaces all over the world and originally conceived as a recreational activity performed for only the very wealth Many Italian opera houses built during this time still exist today, and most of them still hold performances on a regular basis. Italian Opera Slide 21: Piazza Navona Rome  is one of the finest squares found in all of the city, and anywhere else, for that matter.  Three magnificent fountains occupy the Navona Square, built upon the ruins of the first century Stadium of Domition. This explains its long, oval shape and it is a place where ancient Romans used to watch a variety of games and races. Piazza Navona Slide 22: France Slide 23: France is an independent nation in Western Europe and the center of a large overseas administration. It is the third-largest European nation (after Russia and Ukraine). Since the 17th century, France has played a major role in European and world events. In the 20th century, it has experienced numerous crises, including the devastation of two world wars, political and social upheavals, and the loss of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa HISTORY Slide 24: A flea market or swap meet is a type of bazaar where inexpensive or secondhand goods are sold or bartered. The origins of the term are disputed, but some have observed that buyers and sellers may be as active as fleas, or that the original people and goods were infested. According to Word and Phrase Origins, the term was derived from the "Vallie Market" of Manhattan. Flea Market Slide 25: Considered by many to be the cultural heart of the city, this elaborately carved opera house surprises the senses with its fine architecture and interior design as well as its world-class performances GrandTheatreBordeaux Versailles used to be an unimportant village a few miles west of France until May 6, 1682 when King Louis XIV moved his court to the Palace of Versailles there. Versailles is now a very bourgeois suburb of Paris. Versailles and its Chateau Slide 26: The Paris Opera House (1861-1875) was Charles Garnier’s defining architectural work and combines a variety of decorative styles. Luxembourg Palace and Gardens Designed by Salomon de Brosse and constructed between 1615 and 1620, the Luxembourg Palace in Paris, France, anticipates the formalized, baroque design that typified later 17th-century French architecture. Paris Opera House Luxembourg Palace and Gardens Slide 27: Paris, France, is well known for its many upscale shops and trendy boutiques. Stores and galleries like the one shown here cater to visitors and affluent local residents alike. Paris Shopping France attracts more tourists than any other country in the world. Many come to see the city of Paris. Here, a tour boat carries sightseers on the Seine River in Paris. Tourism in France Slide 28: The Eiffel Tower is the best-known landmark in Paris. The tower rises nearly 1,000 feet (300 meters). When it was built in 1889, it was the tallest structure in the world. Eiffel Tower, Paris Slide 29: The Arc de Triomphe (Arch of Triumph) in Paris is the national war memorial of France. The arch stands at one end of a famous tree-lined boulevard, the Champs-Élysées. The Palace of Versailles was built in the 1600s as the home for French kings and queens. Today, the 1,300-room palace just outside Paris serves as a museum. Palace of Versailles Arc de Triomphe, Paris Slide 30: France remains a powerful and lively country. It is one of the most important countries in the United Nations. It is also a leading power in the European Union, an organization of European countries. Tourists never tire of Paris and other places in France. More people visit France each year than live there. Many member countries of the European Union use the same unit of money, or currency: the euro. Like the United States dollar, a euro is divided into 100 cents. TODAY’S FRANCE Slide 31: Notre Dame cathedral is located in the oldest part of Paris. It is one of the best-known cathedrals in the world. A modern glass pyramid marks the main entrance to the Louvre museum in Paris. The Louvre is one of the most famous museums in the world. It is housed in a magnificent palace. Notre Dame Cathedral Entrance to the Louvre Slide 32: SPAIN Slide 33: Picasso Museum Pamplona Guell Park Caves of Drach Toledo TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF SPAIN Slide 34: The Picasso Museum highlights include: Picasso’s childhood drawings made in La Coruna between the ages of 10 and 14, his blue period paintings, and his 44 cubist Las Meninas studies. Barcelona’s Picasso Museum is composed largely from the private collection of the artist’s longtime friend, Jaime Sabartes. Picasso Museum Slide 35: Of all of the beautiful and adventurous places to go in Mallorca Spain, the most famous tourist attraction is the Caves of Drach (Caves of the Dragon). The caves consist of 12 main areas and other impressive chambers such as the Black Cave, the White Cave, and the Luis Salvator Cave Caves of Drach The running of the bulls in Pamplona Spain was first made famous in Ernest Hemingway’s novel The Sun Also Rises. Since then, tourists have flocked to the Basque town of Pamplona Spain every June to sing, dance, drink, and careen down the town’s cobbled streets with a herd of angry and confused bulls charging behind them during the running of the bulls Pamplona. Pamplona Slide 36: Toledo is one of the most important centers of European medieval history More than religious architecture, Toledo is known for the imposing Alcazar fortress. Toledo Park Guell Barcelona is the perfect setting to enjoy a cold drink, play a game of Frisbee, or simply take in the fabulous views of the city and harbor. The serpentine bench at Guell Park that encircles the main ground is one of the most unique features of this Alice in Wonderland-like park Guell Park Slide 37: Toledo Guell Park Caves of Drach Pamplona Slide 38: Mr. Jack D’Souza & Family Slide 39: CUSTOMES & DOCUMENTATION TASK-2 Slide 40: A valid passport up to 3 months from the expiry of the visa Schengen Visa No compulsory vaccination and immunization needed Travel Documents for Greece,Italy, France & Spain Slide 41: Import Allowance: 200 cigarettes or cigars or 250 grams of tobacco 750ml of spirits (over 22% proof) or 2 liters of fortified or sparkling wine 60 grams of perfume 500 grams of coffee or 200 grams of coffee extracts; 100 grams of tea or 40 grams of tea extracts Prohibited items: Gold objects other than personal jewellery below 500 grams in weight CUSTOM RULES IN GRECE,ITALY, FRANCE & SPAIN, Slide 42: Three of the Countries which I selected needs only less Documents because we are carrying a common visa that is called Schengen Visa instead of carrying individual Visa’s for each country. A Schengen visa allows the holder to travel freely within the Schengen countries for a maximum stay up to 90 days in a 6 month period. Why European Countries have less Documentation ? Slide 43: The Schengen Visa has made traveling between its 15 European member countries much easier and less bureaucratic. Traveling on a Schengen Visa means that the visa holder can travel to any (or all) member countries using one single visa, thus avoiding the hassle and expense of obtaining individual visas for each country. This is particularly beneficial for persons who wish to visit several European countries on the same trip. The Schengen visa is a “visitor visa”. It is issued to citizens of countries who are required to obtain a visa before entering Europe.The purpose of the visit must be leisure, tourism, or business. Upon the issuance of the visa, the visa holder is allowed to enter all member countries and travel freely throughout the Schengen area. What is Schengen Visa ? Slide 44: Countries Accepting Schengen Visa Austria Malta Belgium the Netherlands The Czech Republic Norway Denmark Poland Estonia Portugal Finland Slovakia France Slovenia Germany Spain Greece Sweden Hungary Italy Ireland Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg and Switzerland Slide 45:  INFLIGHT MEAL SERVICES Slide 46: Types of Meal’s Slide 47: Food included will be pure vegetarian in any style like Indian, Chinese, Continental etc. Vegetarian Meal(VGML) Seafood Meal Seafood is served in the main course. Meal includes Appetizer , salad , Pan Fried Cod , Fresh fruit , Bread roll, cheese and biscuits Slide 48: This will include Bite-sized pieces of food liked by children, as they are easy to and digest and also it will nutritionally balanced. Child meal (CHML) Veg-Lacto meal (VLML) The meal will include vegetarian meal with diary products in it. Slide 49: Food will be prepared according to the muslim-shariat laws. Only halal meat is used. Muslim/Mohammedan meal (MOML) Slide 50: INFLIGHT FACILITIES OTHER THAN MEALS ARE : Slide 51: Stretcher service Bassinet In-flight nursing service Slide 52: Special In-flight Services Slide 53: FLIGHT DETAILSCOK-GRD Kochi to Greece Air India flight 098(AI) Departure: Kochi , India at 8:30am Arrival:  Greece,at12:45pm Class: Economy HAPPY JOURNEY Slide 54: Day -1,2. Departing from India by 8:30am, Arrival at Greece by 12:45pm.Mr. Sam,Our representative will guide to see Greece. Stay at hotel (Delphi Art) . Acropolis of Athen,Temple of Zeus, Red beach, Plaka Market , Vlihada Beach and to hotel . Day -3,4,5. From Greece Arrival by ship at Italy Mr. Joshi will guide in Italy. Refresh and stay at hotel Marriott. Visit to leaning tower of Pisa. Vatican museum visit. Spend an hour or two there. Visit to Piazza Navona and Italian opera .Night stay at hotel. Depart to Paris. Slide 55: Day-6,7. Arrival at Paris .Our representative, Mr. Joseph will guide in France. Refresh and night stay at Hotel de Paris Les Andelys .Disney land visit and to Bordeaux . Grand theatre visit and shopping. Night stay in Paris. Depart to Spain. Day-8,9,10 Arrival to Spain Mr. David will guide to see Spain. Stay at Victoria 4, Madrid. Visit to Toledo. Sight seeing by Eurail Pamplona , Barcelona ,Picasso museum Night stay at hotel . checking out the hotel and moving to airport. Depart to India 2am by Air Namibia(SW) Arrival at India by 12pm. Slide 56: Greece is also well known for its food and shopping.  Getting out into anyone of the Greek Islands on your cruise from Greece to Italy will give you the opportunity to explore a new culture, as well as give you a change to sample something new. France attracts more tourists than any other country in the world. Many come to see the city of Paris. Here, a tour boat carries sightseers on the Seine River in Paris. Greece ,Italy,France by the see Cruises Slide 57: Interrailnet.com offers InterRail Passes for all ages to travel by train in Europe. With the Global Pass you can explore 30 European countries by rail! Explore Europe by train Slide 58: In Spain every little town seems to have it’s own special characteristics and authentic treasures. From the breathtaking works of Gaudí in Barcelona, to the running of the bulls in Pamplona, to the world class museums of Madrid. Or would you rather relax at the long and sandy beaches .There’s more to Spain than you could ever imagine, no wonder the country attracts more than 50 million visitors each year. The national rail company RENFE covers a large number of lines which connect all the regions and main cities of Spain. They include high-speed trains like AVE, ALVIA, EUROMED and ALTARIA. From Madrid to Barcelona takes less than 3,5hours. Spain Tourist information Spain by train Slide 59: Eurail Train Ticket Slide 60: Delphi Art Hotel (Athens) Slide 61: Grand Hotel Flora Rome Marriott in Rome, Italy Slide 62: Hotel de Paris Les Andelys Slide 63: Hotel Victoria 4 SPAIN(Madrid) Slide 64: A COPY OF PRINTED TICKET – CLASS ECONOMY Slide 65: IATA is an international organization for Air Transport Association. It was founded by the airlines in April 1945 in Havana, Cuba. The main objective of the organization are to promote safe, reliable, secure travel and to assist airline companies to achieve lawful competition and uniformity in prices. WHAT IS IATA ? Slide 66: Promote the global harmonization of aircraft equipment Reduce concerns for environmental emissions Develop plan to address future airline training and qualification requirements IATA offers a suite of financial services to the airline industry and associated partners to help them contain costs, improve their cash flow and maximise revenues. Activities Of IATA Slide 67: The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) originate from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, IFTA and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. WHAT IS UFTAA ? Slide 68: To unite and consolidate the Federations of Travel Agents National Associations To represent the travel agents’ activities before various world-wide bodies, governmental authorities and suppliers UFTAA encourages the preparations and publications of legal, economical and social surveys in connection with the travel agency. Activities Of UFTAA Slide 69: The Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) is a membership association acting as a catalyst for the responsible development of the Asia Pacific travel and tourism industry. In partnership with PATA’s private and public sector members, we enhance the sustainable growth, value and quality of travel and tourism to, from and within the region. WHAT IS PATA ? Slide 70: PATA promotes developing and facilitating travel within the Pacific area region and the South-East Asia region including India. It provides the meeting point for all the people involved in the travel trade and all the activities related to it from a large number of countries. It provides up to date information on the field of tourism and the practical and theoretical experience in the field of tourism. Activities Of PATA Slide 71: The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, created as a permanent body on April 4,1947 for codifying the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. Its headquarters are located in the Quartier International of Montreal, Canada. The ICAO is composed of 185 member nations WHAT IS ICAO ? Slide 72: The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommended practices concerning air navigation, prevention of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation. Slide 73: Ensure the safe and orderly growth to international civil aviation throughout the world. Encourage the arts of the aircraft design and operation for the peaceful purposes. Encourage the development of the railways, airports and navigation facilities for ICAO Meets the needs of the people of the world for safety regular efficient, economical air transport. Activities Of ICAO Slide 74: In the year 1944 The Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviations developed. The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax. WHAT IS CHICAGO CONVENTION ? Slide 75: It governs relations between states on technical as well as commercial subjects connecting ICAO. They govern the air services, customs, Facilitation, Documentation, Technical assistances etc.. Activities Of Chicago Convention Slide 76: The principal purpose of the Warsaw Convention is to determine the liability of air carriers in the case of an accident, both in regards to passengers and also baggage and cargo. Originally signed in 1929 in Warsaw (hence the name), it was amended in 1955 at The Hague and in 1975 in Montreal. United States courts have held that, at least for some purposes, the Warsaw Convention is a different instrument from the Warsaw Convention as Amended by the Hague Protocol. WHAT IS WARSAW CONVENTION ? Slide 77: It deals with claimants which includes the liability of airlines death or injury to passengers and for loss, damage or delay to baggage and cargo in most international travel. Activities Of Warsaw Convention Slide 78: Alternative Countries TASK-4 Slide 80: MALAYSIA Capital : Kuala lumpur Souranded Area: 329.6 Population: 24.8 Literacy :88.7 Currency : Ringgit Official language: Bahasa Malaysia . There are many historical & natural attraction places. Slide 81: One of the most dynamic countries in Southeast Asia, Malaysia has developed their economy at a dramatic rate. Malaysia’s 13states are ruled by sultans and governors, from which a new king is chosen every five years. Malaysia posses a “plural society”, the term means people who live together, but keep their own culture, language, and way of life. HISTORY OF MALAYSIA Slide 82: Langkawi: The island of mystical legends Batu Feringgi Petronas Twin Towers  Sepang International F1 Circuit  Gunung Mulu Caves TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF MALAYSIA Slide 83: Langkawi-This cluster of 99 islands has the best of many worlds. Beautiful beaches, world-class infrastructure, mangroves rich in flora and fauna, ultra-cheap duty-free shopping and fascinating legends. Langkawi: The island of mystical legends Slide 84: Batu Ferringhi is situated along the coastal road north-west of Georgetown . It is lined with a string of international-standard resorts and is the most popular beach in Penang. Batu Feringgi Slide 85: The 88-storey Petronas Twin Towers, otherwise known as KLCC the world's tallest twin structures. These twin icon pierce the city skylines and are a truly magnificent sight. Petronas Twin Towers Slide 86: Sepang International F1 Circuit Slide 87: In step with the global rise in motor sports, Malaysia now has a challenging Formula 1 circuit just outside the KL International Airport. The circuit hosts international motoring events and is also available for private bookings. Sepang International F1 Circuit Slide 88: Mulu Caves National Park is home to one of the longest networks of caves in the world. Here lies the world’s largest underground chamber, the Sarawak Chamber, capable of accommodating forty Boeing 747 airplanes. Gunung Mulu Caves Slide 89: Capital : Singapore Souranded Area: 0.7 Population: 4.5 Literacy :92.5 Currency : Singapore $ Official language: Mandarin, English. There are many historical & natural attraction places. SINGAPORE Slide 90: In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles set up a British trading post in Singapore, formerly known as Temasek, which enabled the island to be a free trade centre for the East Indies. One of the World’s most densely populated countries, Singapore has a myriad of traditional cultures and buildings alongside towering skyscrapers and space-age shops. HISTORY OFSINGAPORE Slide 91: Chinatown Kampong Glam Arab Street Singapore Zoo Night Safari Tour Sentosa Island TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF SINGAPORE Slide 92: Singapore's Chinatown evolved around 1821 when the first Chinese junk arrived from Xiamen, Fujian province in China. Chinatown’s local name - Niu Che Shui (Bullock Cart Water) arose from the fact each household at that time had to collect fresh water from the wells in Ann Siang Hill and Spring Street, using bullock-drawn carts. Chinatown Slide 93: The Al Abrar Mosque along Telok Ayer Street, and the Jamae Mosque and Sri Mariamman Temple along South Bridge Road lay witness to the harmonious racial and religious atmosphere in Singapore. Chinatown can be divided into four main districts - Kreta Ayer, Telok Ayer, Tanjong Pagar and Bukit Pasoh - each with its own distinctive flavour. The heart of activity is in the Trengganu/Smith Streets area. Slide 94: Named after the Gelam tree which used to grow in the area, Kampong Glam was the historic seat of Malay royalty in Singapore. Today, the former Istana Kampong Glam (Sultan’s palace) has been converted into a heritage museum, the Malay heritage Centre, to showcase the rich history and culture of Singapore’s Malay community. A key building in Kampong Glam is Sultan Mosque (or Masjid Sultan) at Bussorah Street, the largest mosque in Singapore Kampong Glam Slide 95: Arab Street is the centre of the Muslim community where it used to be the main selling place of Muslim men’s headgear (or songkok), the holy Quran, prayer mats and textiles. Today, Arab Street is a designer’s dream locale! Glittery and lavish fashion items abound, like the finest lace, sparkling semi-precious stones, ostrich feathers, iron-on diamantes, gold thread, and wholesale bales of silk, organza and lame which dazzle in rainbow hues and intensities. Arab Street Slide 96: Singapore Zoo Night Safari Slide 97: The world's first nighttime zoo safari takes you through 40 hectares of secondary jungle adjoining Singapore Zoo, enhanced by subtle moonglow lighting. The mystery and drama of the tropical jungle comes alive after dusk, and you'll experience a thrilling sense of roaming through the jungle as you travel through the grounds by open tram. You'll pass a large reservoir and weave through habitats specially designed to replicate the natural environment, from the Himalayan foothills to the Southeast Asian rainforest and Indian subcontinent. Singapore Zoo Night Safari Tour Slide 98: Singapore's relaxing island resort. pink dolphins at play in the Dolphin Lagoon, Underwater World oceanarium. See “Images of Singapore” story and after dinner enjoy the multi-sensory sound and light water show “Songs of the Sea”. This action-packed, family-friendly afternoon tour to Sentosa Island is guaranteed to please children and adults alike. Sentosa Island Slide 99: Sentosa Island Kampong Glam Arab Street Singapore Chinatown Slide 100: JAPAN Slide 101: Japan, the Land of Rising Sun, stretch about 1,900km into the pacific Ocean. Ethnic Japanese makes up 99percent of the population. Its “ring of fire”, where the Earth’s plates collide, makes the country vulnerable to earthquakes and erupting volcanoes. Japan’s booming economy is a global phenomenon, and its future lies in new technology for the 21st century HISTORY OF JAPAN Slide 102: Tokyo Disneyland Hiroshima Aya Castle Japanese Sword museum Kyoto TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF JAPAN Slide 103: Tokyo Disneyland Slide 104: Tokyo Disneyland is a 115acre theme at the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. The park was constructed by Walt Disney. There are seven themed areas, each complementing each other yet unique in their style. Made up of the World Bazaar, the four classic Disneylands: Adventureland,Westernland, Fantasyland and Tomorrowland, and two mini lands, Critter Country and Mickey's Toontown. Tokyo Disneyland Slide 105: The name Hiroshima is synonymous with the horrors of a nuclear holocaust. The Peace Park commemorates the memories of all the victims with a Cenotaph listing all their names. The Atomic Bomb museum, with its macabre photographs of the city and its victims is not for the faint-hearted A memorial called the Children's Peace Memorial signifies the regeneration of Hiroshima Hiroshima Slide 106: Aya Castle (Aya-jo) is believed to have been built in the first half of the 14th century. It came to be called Aya Castle as the person who built this castle identified himself as Aya. The present three-storied castle tower was built in 1985. It houses a historical reference museum that exhibits armour worn by samurai in battle, swords, and ancient documents related to the castle. Aya Castle Slide 107: The Japanese Sword Museum collects and preserves 152 items, including swords such as the ones designated as National Treasures made by Nobuyoshi, Kuniyuki (Rai) and Kuniyuki (Taima), sword fittings, armor, and documents of metal working. Usually, exhibitions such as the "Koto (old sword) and Shinto (new sword) Exhibition" are held and the works of famous swordsmiths from the Heian to Edo Periods (782-1867) are on display. The Archives Room houses about 1,500 historical documents and archives on swords. Japanese Sword museum Slide 108: The spectacular sight of an eleven-story elevator at the train station, greets visitors to Kyoto. Kyoto, once the capital of Japan, has some of the most significant temples and shrines in Japan. The spectacular Kinkaku-ji, or literally the Golden Pavilion is covered with gold leaf, is mirrored in the small lake, which is nearby. The 17th century Nijo castl, the Kiyomizu Temple, and the Nanzen Temple are places to visit in this town also famed for its pottery. Kyoto Slide 109: Kyoto Japanese Sword museum Aya Castle Hiroshima Slide 110: CHINA Slide 111: China is the World’s oldest continuous civilization. The World’s Third largest Country, China covers a vast area of eastern Asia. It has, by far, the largest population in the World. Ruled by the Communist Party since 1949,China is divided into 22provinces,5 autonomous regions, & 3 special municipalities. HISTORY OF CHINA Slide 112: Temple of Heaven, Beijing The Great wall of China The Forbidden City Beijing National Stadium TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF CHINA Slide 113: The Temple was built in 1420 A.D. during the Ming Dynasty to offer sacrifice to Heaven. As Chinese emperors called themselves 'The Son of Heaven' ,they dared not to build their own dwelling, 'Forbidden City' bigger than a dwelling for Heaven. The Temple of Heaven is enclosed with a long wall. The northern part within the wall is semicircular symbolizing the heavens and the southern part is square symbolizing the earth. Temple of Heaven, Beijing Slide 114: The Great Wall of China Slide 115: The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire. Stretching from Central Asia to Yellow sea, the wall’s total length is 6,400km It is the world’s longest human-made structure. The Great Wall of China Slide 116: The Forbidden City Lying at the center of Beijing, the Forbidden City, called Gu Gong in Chinese, was the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Now known as the Palace Museum, it is to the north of Tiananmen Square. Rectangular in shape, it is the world's largest palace complex and covers 74 hectares. Surrounded by a six meter deep moat and a ten meter high wall are 9,999 rooms. The wall has a gate on each side. Opposite the Tiananmen Gate, to the north is the Gate of Divine Might (Shenwumen), which faces Jingshan Park. The distance between these two gates is 960 meters, while the distance between the gates in the east and west walls is 750 meters. Slide 117: The National Stadium, affectionately known as Bird's Nest, is situated in Olympic Green Village, Chaoyang District, Beijing. It was designed as the main stadium of 2008 Beijing Olympics. The National Stadium has been opened as a tourist attraction. Now, it's the center of international or domestic sports competition and recreation activities. Beijing National Stadium Slide 118: The Forbidden City Temple of Heaven, Beijing Simatai  3   Jinshanling  4   Gubeikou  5   Mutianyu  8   Jiankou (Arrow Nock)  9   Huanghuacheng  10   Juyongguan Pass  13   Badaling  14     Shui Guan (Water Pass) Great Wall Scene List Slide 119: Excluding US & UK citizens, everyone need a visa A valid passport is required with at least six months remaining beyond the date of entry. A return or onward ticket is needed. Vaccinations - International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever required if arriving from infected area. Travel Documents Documents required to visit Malaysia Slide 120: All visitors must hold a passport which is valid for at least six months after the date of departure. Indians need a visa International Certificate of Vaccination for Yellow Fever required if arriving from infected area within 5 days Documents required to visit Singapore Slide 121: A valid passport A return ticket is required by all visitors to Japan. Visas are required No vaccination is required One should take out travel insurance before visiting Japan, including insurance against medical costs, loss of belongings, theft, cancellation of journey. Documents required to visit Japan Slide 122: Visitors to China require a passport that is valid for at least six months prior to entry. A return ticket . All visitors are also required to fill in a health declaration certificate on arrival, entrance will be refused to HIV positive travelers. No vaccination is required. Documents required to visit china Slide 123: Free import : - 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 225 grams of tobacco; - max. 1 litre of wine, spirits or malt liquor; - max. 100 matches; - max. 3 pieces of new wearing apparel; - one pair of new footwear; - one unit of each portable electrical or battery operated appliance for personal care and hygiene;  Free export of reasonable quantities of tobacco products and alcoholic beverages. Import& Export regulations Import & Export regulations in Malaysia Slide 124: Visitors above 18 years of age arriving from any country (except Malaysia) who have spent more than 48 hours outside Singapore are allowed duty-free concessions of the following - 1 litre wine - 1 litre spirit and -1 litre of beer. All these items must be for personal consumption only. There are no duty-free concessions on cigarettes or other Import &export regulations in Singapore Slide 125: You are required to make an oral or a written declaration to Customs about the goods that you bring into Japan. When the amount of your goods exceeds the limit of tax exemption, submit the Declaration of your accompanied and unaccompanied baggage. Commercial goods and commercial samples are taxable and are not subject to tax exemption indicated below Alcoholic beverages-3 bottles Tobacco- 400 cigarettes, or 100 cigars, or 500 grams of other tobacco products Import & export regulation in Japan Slide 126: Free import 2 liters of alcoholic beverages ,400 cigarettes 50g of gold or silver 1 still camera and reasonable amount of film All the receipts of the valuable articles, such as jewelry, jade, gold and silver ornaments, handicrafts, artifacts, paintings and calligraphy, you bought in China should be kept for the exit check. Antiques are not permitted to leave China without the proper "Certificates for the Export of Cultural Relics" from the Chinese Authorities Import& Export regulations in China Slide 127: Intoxicating liquors containing more than 3.46 milligrams per liter in any lead or in any compound of copper. Daggers and flick knives. Broadcast receivers capable of receiving radio communication Cloth bearing the imprint or duplicate of any verses of the Quran. Pen, pencil, and other articles resembling syringes. Poisonous chemical Explosives and Fireworks Imitation arms, toy gun / pistols. Imitation hand grenades. Illicit drugs are strictly prohibited Prohibited items in Malaysia Slide 128: Intoxicating liquors and cigarettes marked with the words "SINGAPORE DUTY NOT PAID" on the labels, cartons or packets Cigarettes with the prefix "E" printed on the packets Chewing gum Chewing tobacco and imitation tobacco products Cigarette lighters of pistol or revolver shape Controlled drugs and psychotropic substances Endangered species of wildlife and their by-products Firecrackers Obscene articles, publications, video tapes/discs and software Reproduction of copyright publications, video tapes, video compact discs, laser discs, records or cassettes Seditious and treasonable materials Prohibited items in Singapore Slide 129: Heroin, cocaine, MDMA, opium, cannabis, stimulants, psychotropic substances, and other narcotic drugs (excluding those designated by Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Ordinance); Firearms ,bullets and pistol parts; Explosives Precursor materials for chemical weapons; Germs which are likely to be used for bio-terrorism; Counterfeit, altered, or imitation coins, paper money, bank notes, or securities, and forged credit cards; Books, drawings, carvings, and any other article which may harm public safety or morals Articles which infringe upon intellectual property rights. Prohibited items in Japan Slide 130: Radio transceivers and secure communication devices. The national currency of China, with every traveler restricted to carrying a total of 6,000 Endangered species of fauna and flora (including their specimens) as well as their seeds and reproductive materials. Explosives& weapons. Counterfeit currency bills & fake securities. Manuscripts, printed matters, films, photos, phonograph records, movies, audio tapes, video tapes, laser optic discs, computer memory media and other articles whose contents are related to State secrets of China. Prohibited items in China Slide 131: International Air Transport Association (IATA). Universal Federation of Travel Agent’s Association (UFTAA). How IATA & UFTAA Play An Important Role In Travel Industry ? TASK-5 Slide 132: Air transport is one of the most dynamic industries in the world. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is its global trade organization. Over 60 years, IATA has developed the commercial standards that built a global industry. Today, IATA’s mission is to represent, lead and serve the airline industry. Its members comprise some 230 airlines - the world’s leading passenger and cargo airlines among them - representing 93 percent of scheduled international air traffic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) IATA’s aim is to help airlines help themselves by simplifying processes and increasing passenger convenience while reducing costs and improving efficiency. The groundbreaking Simplifying the Business initiative is crucial in this area. Moreover, safety is IATA’s number one priority, and IATA’s goal is to continually improve safety standards, notably through IATA’s Operational Safety Audit (IOSA). Another main concern is to minimize the impact of air transport on environment : IATA’s aim is to help airlines help themselves by simplifying processes and increasing passenger convenience while reducing costs and improving efficiency. The groundbreaking Simplifying the Business initiative is crucial in this area. Moreover, safety is IATA’s number one priority, and IATA’s goal is to continually improve safety standards, notably through IATA’s Operational Safety Audit (IOSA). Another main concern is to minimize the impact of air transport on environment Slide 134: The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. Universal Federation of TravelAgent’s Association (UFTAA) Slide 135: UFTAA’s mission is to be an international forum where matters affecting the world travel industry are addressed, representing and defending the interests of incoming and outgoing tour operators, travel and tourism agencies before the governmental bodies, suppliers and other entities of international scope. It also aims at strengthening its members’ image and enhance the world travel and tourism industry and a sustainable tourism. - To comply with its mission, the Confederation develops the following functions: - To unite and consolidate the Federations of Travel Agents’ National Associations and to globally enhance the interests of their members ; - To represent the travel agents’ activities before various world-wide bodies, governmental authorities and suppliers ; Slide 136: - To work towards the adoption of measures that will ease travel for the consumer and to offer services to its member federations ; - To be an investigation and information centre supporting the member Federations’ work and to offer information for technological development ; - To offer, as a voluntary mechanism, an arbitration service which assists in solving conflicts resulting from commercial relations for which amicable settlement cannot be reached ; - To organize a world congress of travel agents and other meetings necessary to the exchange and transmission of knowledge. Slide 137: IATA is an acronym for International Air Transportation Association, and is an organization which is self owned. IATA identifies and develops operational solutions for all areas affecting aircrafts and airlines, either on ground or in flight. Key Features of IATA’s are as follows : Promote the global harmonization of aircraft equipment. Identify and mitigate priority operational cost issues. Identify reduction opportunities in fuel consumption. Reduce concerns for environmental emissions. Why IATA Is Considered As One Of The Best Organizations? Slide 138: For consumers, IATA simplifies the travel and shipping processes, while keeping costs down. Passengers can make one telephone call to reserve a ticket, pay in one currency and then use the ticket on several airlines in several countries. IATA allows airlines to operate safely, securely, efficiently and economically under clearly defined rules. IATA serves as an intermediary between airlines and passenger as well as cargo agents via neutrally applied agency service standards and centralized financial systems. A large network of industry suppliers and service providers gathered by IATA provides solid expertise to airlines in a variety of industry solutions.  For governments, IATA seeks to ensure they are well informed about the complexities of the aviation industry to ensure better, long-term decisions BENEFITS INVOLVED IN IATA Slide 139: I would like to Thank Mr.M.SADATULLAH KHAN for giving me this opportunity. Acknowledgement (I have done Research project in aviation) Slide 140: BIBLIOGRAPHY WWW.WIKIPEDIA.COM http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuala_Lumpur www.ahistoryofgreece.com/roman.htm http://travelmalaysiaguide.com/ WWW.ENCYCLOPEDIA.COM www.uftaa.com www.icao.int

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