Ship Design mjh

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Information about Ship Design mjh

Published on November 5, 2007

Author: Davidson


Ship Design & Engineering:  Ship Design & Engineering Introduction:  Introduction Principles of ship design Basic ship structure, including forces Ship structural elements Compartment Numbering Submarine Design Piping Systems & Coloring Basic Design Considerations:  Basic Design Considerations Operation Employment Mission: task or job ship is designed to perform Armament: measure of offensive & defensive power of ship Protection: features designed to thwart or minimize destructiveness of enemy attack Maneuverability: rapid course/speed changes Cruising range: distance a ship can travel at cruising speed without refuel/reprovision Basic Design Considerations:  Basic Design Considerations Structural design & seaworthiness Stability: ability of ship to return to an upright position when heeled over Displacement: measured in tons of water Freeboard: vertical distance between top of hull and water line Hull shape Tradeoffs:  Tradeoffs Cost Life expectancy Port facilities Prime mover machinery/engineering design Special considerations fuel required crew size Basic Forces Acting on Ships:  Basic Forces Acting on Ships Stress Load per unit area (psi) Tension, compression, shear, torsion Strain Deformation per unit length Longitudinal Bending Sagging Hogging Stress:  Stress Def’n: load a member is carrying per unit area (psi) Types: Tension: axial stress exerted by pulling Compression: axial stress exerted by pressure on ends Shear: equal but opposite forces at right angle Torsion: stress caused by twisting motion Strain:  Strain Def’n: the distortion/deformation per unit length as a result of stress Measured in inches per inch (in/in) Sagging:  Sagging Condition where ship is supported more at its ends Compression of main deck Tension of the bottom/keel Hogging:  Hogging Condition where ship is supported more in its middle Tension of main deck Compression of bottom/keel Ship Structural Elements:  Ship Structural Elements Keel Centerline backbone of ship Runs the length of the ship Framing Ribs of ship, provide structural strength -> define form of ship Types: Transverse (extend outward from keel) Longitudinal (parallel to keel, run length of ship) Ship Structural Elements:  Ship Structural Elements Bottom Cellular region comprised of keel & framing Plating Skin over framework -> rectangular steel plates welded together Ship Structural Elements:  Ship Structural Elements Decks “Floors” of a ship (sometimes called “levels”) Horizontal partitions that form tiers Main deck is uppermost complete deck Bulkhead “Walls” of a ship Horizontal partitions that form compartments Can either be structural or non-structural (joiner) Ship Structural Elements:  Ship Structural Elements Ship Structural Elements:  Ship Structural Elements Doors Passage between spaces on SAME level Can be Water-Tight (sealed with “dogs”) Individually acting v. Quick-acting Hatches Passage between spaces on DIFFERENT levels Most are water-tight boundaries Compartment Numbering:  Compartment Numbering System used for ships built after 1949 4 main parts Deck Frame Compartment Use ex: 5 – 32 – 0 – E Deck Frame Compartment Use Compartment Numbering:  Compartment Numbering Deck: Meaning: “Space is located on this deck” Upper levels are 01,02… successively from main Main deck is 1 Lower decks are 2,3,4… successively from main Compartment Numbering:  Compartment Numbering Frame: Meaning: “Forward boundary of compartment is on or immediately aft of this frame number” Sequential number given to transverse frames fore to aft Compartment Numbering:  Compartment Numbering Compartment: Indicates position of compartment relative to centerline Centerline compartments are “0” Numbers follow in succession from centerline outboard Even numbers for Port side (2,4,6, …) Odd numbers for Starboard side (1,3,5, …) … 6 4 2 0 1 3 5 … Port Centerline Starboard Compartment Numbering:  Compartment Numbering Use: Letter that designates primary use of the space Examples “A”: Supply & Storage “C”: Control (ship control or fire control) “E”: Engineering “F”: Fuel tank “L”: Living “M”: Ammunition “T”: Trunk “V”: Void “W”: Water tank Submarine Design:  Submarine Design Hull (made of HY-80 or HY-90 steel) Watertight envelope designed to resist submergence pressure at CRUSH DEPTH Inner hull (pressure hull) Outer hull (non-pressure hull) Submarine Design:  Submarine Design Structural Members Similar to surface ship but rounded for submarine hull shape and THICKER All levels have expansion joints (varying submergence pressures) Piping & Valve Numbering Systems:  Piping & Valve Numbering Systems White Yellow Purple Dark Gray Light Gray/Tan Blue Light Blue Orange Steam Oil JP-5 HP Air LP Air Chillwater Feedwater Hydraulics Numbering system for valves similar to that for compartments (ie: MS-1, MS-2, etc.) Questions, Comments, Concerns?:  Questions, Comments, Concerns?

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