Shattered Assumptions Broken Lives Andrew Davies

50 %
50 %
Information about Shattered Assumptions Broken Lives Andrew Davies

Published on January 11, 2008

Author: Renzo


Slide1:  ‘SHATTERED ASSUMPTIONS….. BROKEN LIVES’ Andrew Davies by UNDERSTANDING AND MANAGING TRAUMA Slide2:  Aims…. To facilitate a greater understanding of Trauma and it’s impact on individuals and organisations To facilitate a greater understanding of how individuals and organisations can manage and recover from the trauma of critical incidents To emphasize that traumas cannot always be prevented but can be contained and managed once they have occurred if efficient and effective policies and practices are adopted. Slide3:  “Every day in Africa an impala wakes up. It must run faster than the fastest lion or it will be killed. Every morning a lion wakes up and knows it must outrun the slowest impala or it will starve to death. Anonymous It doesn’t matter whether you are a lion or an impala… when the sun comes up you had better start running.” Our Context (Living and working in an unsafe world) Slide4:  Our Context…. South African life has been characterized by violence and crime both before and after the revocation of the apartheid system. In some ways, trauma (whether realized or anticipated) has become “part and parcel” of the South African psyche. The burden of overwhelming trauma and its consequences has been experienced by South African trauma counsellors for many years. Slide5:  Our Context… (The trauma of everyday life) Amongst the highest violent crime rates in the world (including murder, car-jacking, and violence in schools). Homicide accounts for 44.5% of deaths. The highest rates of rape, child abuse, and family violence in the world. Rampant HIV/AIDS infection rate. Large disparity between rich and poor. Limited and inadequate community resources. SA employees are at risk for exposure to incidents of traumatic stress. Slide6:  Definition of Trauma…. “A sudden, unexpected (unprepared for) event that is outside the range of normal human experience involves actual or threatened death or serious injury or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others and would be markedly distressing to anyone” The event is so unpleasant and shocking that the human mind and body react in an autonomic defensive manner. The traumatisation is caused by the event, not because of some failing or weakness in the person. Slide7:  Critical Incident Defined…. “A critical incident is an event that causes disruption to an organisation, creates significant danger or risk and traumatically affects individuals within the organisation” These are events with circumstances that are unusual or distressing and typically produce immediate and/or delayed emotional reactions that surpass the individual’s normal coping mechanisms and have the potential to interfere with usual functioning Examples include: explosions, accidents, civil unrest, assaults, fire, terror attacks, etc. Slide8:  The Psychological Impact of Trauma Stress is a reaction to an event or situation that places pressure upon a person. When demands become extremely threatening, overwhelming, or severe, they provide a heightened state of physical, cognitive, behavioural and emotional arousal commonly called “traumatic stress” Stress Traumatic Stress Slide9:  The experience of trauma shatters two basic assumptions about the self and the world: The belief in personal invulnerability or immortality The belief that the world is a meaningful and orderly place, and that events happen for a reason Violence, shatters a third belief: the trust that other human beings are fundamentally benign. These 3 assumptions (or illusions) allow people to function effectively & to relate to others. After trauma, individuals are left feeling vulnerable, helpless and out of control in a world that is no longer predictable. Shattered Assumptions (Janoff-Bullman) Slide10:  The Psychological Impact of Trauma OUTCRY Fear, sadness, rage DENIAL Refusing to face memory of incident INTRUSION Unbidden thoughts of the event WORKING THROUGH Facing the reality of what has happened COMPLETION Going on with life PTSD OVERWHELMED FLOODED STATES EXTREME AVOIDANCE PANIC OR EXHAUSTION PHASES IN THE REACTIONS TO TRAUMA Slide11:  The following reactions commonly occur in response to trauma (the response involves intense fear, helplessness or horror): Re-experiencing the trauma (recollections, physical reactivity) Avoidance or numbing (detachment, estrangement, forgetting) Increased arousal (startle response, irritability, sleep problems) Other symptoms (depression, guilt, cognitive problems) The signs & symptoms of PTSD People often respond to a stressful or traumatic experience with very strong feelings. They start saying, feeling and doing things that they did not do before Slide12:  Third level Second level First level Rescue & recovery personnel (fire, police ambulance etc) Grieving relatives, friends and colleagues of first level individuals Individuals directly experiencing the event who may or may not be physically injured 4th level casualties     The community/organisation as a whole   The Ripple Effect Slide13:  Definitions: Vicarious traumatization: The transmission of traumatic stress by observation and/or bearing witness to the stories of traumatic events. Secondary traumatization: The overwhelming traumatic effect resulting from exposure to the trauma of the victim. Burnout: A state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion caused by a depletion of ability to cope. Continuous traumatic stress: A term used in place of PTS when trauma is so pervasive and unremitting that it falls within the range of normal human experience. Slide14:  Creating and maintaining an effective, well-tested Critical Incident Management Plan is perhaps the surest way to limit damages and hasten recovery while keeping the individual functional and the company operational. A planned and structured model of crisis management will not only enhance an organisation ability to recover from financial losses and return more efficiently to full productivity, but will also assist the company to fulfil its moral responsibility to protect employees. Responding to the needs of employees in a compassionate, sensitive and helpful manner in the event of trauma affirms the value of employees to the company. A Duty of Care…… Slide15:  These services also facilitate the normalisation of personal experience Guidelines for Responding to Trauma Victims Trauma defusing and debriefing services are vital in assisting individuals to process the traumatic experience through an integrated, appropriate and effective method of intervention Slide16:  “…. relieving the emotional suffering of clients automatically includes absorbing information that is about suffering…. Often it includes absorbing that suffering as well” (Figley, 1995) A Note on Caring…… Slide17:  Defusing is the ventilation of thoughts and emotions associated with the crisis event, and should be provided as soon as possible after the initial impact of the critical event to mitigate the effects of the trauma and promote recovery Defusing PHASES Introductory Phase Exploration Phase Information Phase Do’s & don’ts Cross cultural considerations Slide18:  Education about stress reactions Emotional ventilation The promotion of cognitive reassurance that the stress response . is controllable and that recovery is likely Mobilisation of resources within & outside the individual or group Preparation for future Intervention to assist in recovery from traumatic stress Screening for people who need additional support Psychological debriefing is an established multi-phase group crisis intervention process to help individuals work through their thoughts, reactions, & symptoms followed by training in coping techniques. It is not therapy but Involves: Debriefing Slide19:  “Healers must understand that caring does not only mean caring for others; it also means caring for oneself. We must be aware of our limits and know when it is necessary to nurture ourselves… No one can heal without being healed” (Elizabeth Kubler-Ross) Slide20:  “We are not invulnerable, but if we maintain a strong sense of community among ourselves, we can be resilient” (Catherall, 2001) Slide21:  Thank you

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

PPT – SHATTERED ASSUMPTIONS.. PowerPoint presentation ...

Read more

Andrew Davis - IMDb

Andrew Davis (I) Director | Cinematographer | Writer. View Resume | Official Photos ...
Read more

Shattered (2007) - IMDb

Information about the movie Shattered (2007) on IMDb. A perfect family's dynamic is ruined by a kidnapper's brutally efficient plot. Directed by Mike Barker.
Read more

PowerPoint Presentation - Services SETA

‘SHATTERED ASSUMPTIONS….. BROKEN LIVES’ UNDERSTANDING AND MANAGING TRAUMA by Andrew Davies Aims…. To facilitate a greater understanding of Trauma ...
Read more

Shattered assumptions, coping and religiosity in intimate ...

Shattered assumptions, coping and religiosity in intimate partner violence survivors: A partial explanation for variation in PTSD symptoms? Download.
Read more

Shattered Dreams: 7 Reasons Why Allen Iverson Went Broke ...

Remember when we reported that Allen Iverson went broke? ... Viola Davis; Vivica Fox; Meagan Good; ... Shattered Dreams: ...
Read more

Andrew DeSalvo - Silent Hill Wiki - Wikia

One of them was Andrew DeSalvo. ... Andrew was named after Albert DeSalvo, ... Prepare for the Ritual of the Holy Assumption.'
Read more

Morning Has Broken - A Hymn to this Earthly Paradise - YouTube

Andrew Gordon. Subscribe Subscribed ... Morning Has Broken ... Ron Davis 8,776 views.
Read more