Session 3.5 public private partnerships on tree domestication

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Information about Session 3.5 public private partnerships on tree domestication

Published on March 12, 2014

Author: agroforestry

Source: slideshare.net

Daniel A. Ofori Asaah, E., Peprah, T., Tsobeng, A., Tchoundjeu, Z., Munjuga, M., Rutatina, F., Anjarwalla, P., Mowo, J.G., Jamnadass, R. WORLD CONGRESS ON AGROFORESTRY 2014, 10-14 FEBRUARY 2014, DELHI, INDIA Public-Private partnerships on tree domestication for sustainable agroforestry and business innovations: Allanblackia species as a case study Contact: Daniel Ofori: d.ofori@cgiar.org World Agroforestry Centre, United Nations Avenue, Gigiri, Box 30677-00100, Nairobi, Kenya

Allanblackia tree, fruits and seeds

Importance of Allanblackia • Fatty acids consists mostly of oleic and stearic acids (40-51% and 45-58%, respectively) • Oil used locally for cooking, soap and ointments • Industrial scale in food products • Fruit for whisky, jam, juice • Wood for timber • The bark extracts for medicine (coughs, dysentery, diarrhea, toothache, aphrodisiac and pain reliever).

Demand and supply levels • Oil – EU Certification • Oil demand >100,000 tons/yr • Supply = 210 tons/yr Country Wild seed collection (tons) Oil from wild seed collection (tons) Tanzania 450 150 Ghana 110 40 Nigeria 60 20

Production/ income potential 1 tree 120 fruits 120 fruits 40 kg dry seeds 1kg dry seeds $0.40 1 tree/40kg seeds $16.00 40 kg dry seeds 12 kg oil 100,000 tons 8,333,333 trees Farmer income $133,333,333.33

The main challenges in production: • Wild harvesting cannot sustain supply to industry • Both the tree and its habitat are under threat • Very limited knowledge on Allanblackia cultivation • Lack of quality planting stocks • Propagation from seed; seed dormancy, dioecious • Long gestation period • Limited investment potential at small holder level

Challenges in research and development • Lack of funding for research and product development • Inadequate support from public and private sector in adoption and commercialization of research findings • Poor information flow from the research institutions to the end-users, thereby affecting negatively adoption of research findings and innovations • Scientists do not have skills required for business development

Public-private partnerships ( PPPs) • Established in 2002 • Multi-country PPP, multi institutions • Its main aim is to domesticate Allanblackia species in Africa through engagement of boundary partners

Main components of AB domestication • Sensitization and encouragement of farmers to participate in AB domestication • Range-wide germplasm collection, characterization, selection of superior germplasm, development of propagation methods and gene conservation • Ecology, abundance and sustainable harvesting • Integration of AB in farming systems and agroforestry development • Facilitate development of marketing networks and supply chain

Current members of the partnership • Unilever: Funding, product development & marketing • ICRAF: Domestication - selection, propagation, germplasm distribution & conservation & agroforestry development • Novel International: Supply chain, marketing, multiplication and distribution • NARS, Universities, ANR etc.: support R&D • IUCN: sustainable harvesting & biodiversity conservation • Farmers: Smallholder agroforestry systems • FORM: Pilot plantation - Ghana • RSSDA: Pilot plantation - Nigeria • UEBT: Certification of organic and fair trade standards

Marketing Supply chain and market development

Tree-to-treevariationin stearicand oleic acidcontent- Allanblackiafloribunda Allanblackia floribunda identified ‘‘plus trees’’ for fruit/seed production using the independent culling method on trees surveyed in four wild stands in Cameroon.

Diversity in fruit size – 58 trees selected AFS 1 AFS 3 AK 1 AK 2 ASN 11 ASN 12 ATB 1 AWA 2 AY 1 B 1 B 10 B 11 B 13 B 17 B 19 B 20 B 21 B 22 B 23 B 24 B 4 B 6B 9 BM K 13 BS 1 D 6 DB 12 DB 2 DB 4 DB 9 DM 1 DM 2 DM 4 GB 10 GB 11 GB 12 GB 34 K 2 K 5 KW 1 KW 2 LAHO 5 LAHO 1 LAHO 2 LAHO 3LAHO 4 M A 1 M A 4 M H1 M H2 M H3 M H4 M H5 M N 1 M N 3 M N 4 N 2 NB 1 NB 1 NB 3 NEN 11 NEN 14 NEN 16 NEN 18 NEN 19 NEN 20 NEN 21 NEN 22 NEN 23 NEN 24 NEN 25 NEN 26 NEN 27 NEN 28 NEN 29 NEN 30 NEN 4 NEN 6 NEN 9 NK 2 NK 6 NK 7 NK 9 NZA 1 NZA 11 NZA 12 NZA 2NZA 24 NZA 26 NZA 3 NZA 31 NZA 40 OT 1 OT 3 OT 5 OT 7 SA 1 SA 2 SA 48 TIA 1 TIA 13 TIA 14 TIA 17 TIA 2 TIA 3 TIA 4 TIA 6 TIA 7 TIA 9 WA 2 WA 4 WA 6 WAM K 1 WAM K 14 WAM K 15 WAM K 2 WAM K 3 WAM K 4 WAM K 5 WAM K 6 WAM K 7 WAM K 8 WAM K 9 WH1 WR 11 Axis 1 Axis2

Participatory tree domestication Research nursery RRC Satellite nurseryField planting

Smallholder farmers Country Farmers planting AB Seedlings planted Tanzania >500 >100,000 Ghana >200 >34,000 Cameroon >100 >3,500 Nigeria Farmer registration in progress 200,000

Benefits of PPP • Brings together stakeholders with different interests and organisational capacities • Shares resources for increasing cost-efficiency • Avoids duplications • Accelerates technology transfer, foster application by the private sector & increase private sector investments • Enhances adoption and impacts of research/ innovation

Achievements • Provision of quality germplasm • Development of supply chain • Market development • Product development - 2014

Constraints • Different modes of operation by different organizations • Financing not stable • Trust and release of information

Lessons learned • PPP improves linkages between research, actors in the value chain and end-users • Development of programs in close collaboration with strategic partners/ the private sector is beneficial • Promotion of a new species needs strong engagement with markets • Need for government policy support

Thank you for your attention

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