Published on March 5, 2008
How do the machines know what Tasty Wheat tasted like? Mouse – The Matrix
Short SEO History Short SEO History • Web1 0 Web1.0 • Web2.0 • Web3.0
Genesis • A story of the Internet by A story of the Internet, by • Solving the most important problems l i fl db • Greatly influenced by one man…
Tim Berners‐Lee Tim Berners Lee “the World Wide Web is Berners-Lee's alone. He designed it. He loosed it on the g world. And he more than anyone else has fought to keep it open, nonproprietary and free.” Time Magazine, 1999 Time Magazine 1999
The Problem The Problem • Where can I find the information? Where can I find the information? “Our ineptitude in getting at the record is largely caused by the artificiality of the systems of indexing ” indexing. The Atlantic Monthly, 1945
Archie, 1990 Archie, 1990 • Indexed file names and Indexed file names and • Returned results based on pattern matching
Web1.0 Web1 0
Web1.0 • Means HTML Means HTML • Is born in 1991, with the help of • Tim Berners‐Lee (TBL), who also founded i ( ) h l f d d • WWW Consortium (W3C) at MIT, and also • Created WWW Virtual Library – the 1st catalog
Yahoo Directory, 1994 Yahoo Directory, 1994 • Vertical = categories is like Vertical = categories... is like • “Show me all the stuff and I’ll handle it” • Manually indexed stuff, which was ll i d d ff hi h • OK for starters, but… • Websites quickly grew in number and • Y! started charging money for one listing Y! started charging money for one listing • Increasingly more money...
,1994 • First SE to fully search text First SE to fully search text • Bought by AOL, then • S ld Sold to Excite, which i hi h • Excite went bankrupt and • WebCrawler ends up bought by InfoSpace
Other Search Engines Other “Search Engines” • 1994, reaches 60mil pages in 96 1994 reaches 60mil pages in ‘96 • 1995, bought by Overture, bought by Y! • 1996, meta search, bought by Lycos 996 h b h b • 1997, bought by IAC/InterActiveCorp • 1999, bought by Overture, meaning Y!
Shopping fun, right? Shopping fun, right?
, 1998 , 1998 • Open Directory Project Open Directory Project • Each listing is checked and certified by a volunteer • The main source for Google Directory
Current State of Search Industry Current State of Search Industry
Web1.0 Problems • SE couldn’t understand text so SE couldn t understand text, so • They said “why don’t you implement some meta tags (description & keywords) so we can meta tags (description & keywords) so we can get a glimpse of what you’re saying” • Th The relevancy of a page with respect to a l f ih keyword was determined by a few factors, so • It was very easy to abuse and spam, therefore p q • Search Results had poor qualityy
Web2.0 Web2 0
Web2.0 • Is coined by Tim O’Reilly yet Is coined by... Tim O Reilly, yet • TBL later said that “web2.0” is a stupid, meaningless term and that he thought of it meaningless term and that he thought of it first in ’96 anyway
Web2.0 means Web2.0 means • which grew apart because of which grew apart because of • PageRank (1998) invented by • Larry & Sergei who adapted the algo from &S i h d d h l f • An MIT professor who had developed • A nasty mathematical formula for positioning y p keywords in a 3d space model based on the relevancy that one kw holds … whatever
PageRank actually means PageRank actually means • That a link is a vote and That a link is a vote and • Not all links are created equal, so • It matters who links to you h li k • Just like in our real life society
• Read the content of pages really well just that Read the content of pages really well, just that • Pages were crappy: –NNon‐standard coding t d d di – Ugly tech (like applets) – Senseless IA • So Google said: “don’t do evil and try to nicely format the info, according to W3C standards” (remember TBL)
Enter the SEO Enter the SEO
SEO • Is a multitude of practices aimed at facilitating Is a multitude of practices aimed at facilitating the indexing of pages by search engines • Evolves as the ranking algorithm changes and Evolves as the ranking algorithm changes, and • Of course, the algorithm is kept secret.
SEO actually means SEO actually means Courtesy of Kelly Ishikawa
SEO actually means SEO actually means • An on‐going battle between bots & SEO guys An on going battle between bots & SEO guys • Now 100+ factors influence ranking • And I’d like to take the time to talk about each d ’d lik k h i lk b h one of them in the following…
Just kidding Just kidding
My SEO Cheat Sheet My SEO Cheat Sheet • Consider: 1. Page Titles 2. URLs (mod_rewrite) 3. Anchor Text 4. Website Architecture (IA) 5. Link Title & Alt Images 6. Relevant content (text) 7. 7 Sitemap xml Sitemap.xml 8. Hosting 9. Freshness
Resources Matt Cutts Blog Mihai’s SEO Cheat Sheet :D
Web2.0 Problems • © for pictures articles books etc for pictures, articles, books, etc • PPC fraud • Privacy i • Search Engine SPAM • Link bombing • Paid links Paid links • But more important...
Web2.0 Problems • SE still don’t understand what the $#%@ SE still don t understand what the $#%@ you’re talking about • Crawling a website’s interface to extract info is Crawling a website s interface to extract info is almost insane
Web3.0 Web3 0
Web3.0 Web3.0 • Means semantic web semantic web • Attention migrates from syntax/formatting to semantics and semantics and • Meta Data (data about the data) becomes...
Web3.0 & Resource Description Resource Description Microformats Framework
Resource Description Framework Resource Description Framework • A kind of XML A kind of XML • RDF = Subject + Predicate + Object • S + P + O creates a Triple which O i l hi h • Can describe almost anything in the universe • Triples are connectable (eg: FOAF) • RDFa = XHTML + RDF (W3C compliant) RDFa XHTML + RDF (W3C compliant)
Microformats • hCalendar • hCard • rel‐tag • VoteLinks • XFN • Geo • hResume • hReview hR i • etc
Case Study Case Study
SPARQL • SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language • Standardized on 15th Jan 08 (1 month ago) and • Endorsed by?... TBL d db ? quot;Trying to use the Semantic Web without SPARQL is like trying to use a relational Q y g database without SQL“ TBL
Potential • With SPARQL you skip the presentation layer With SPARQL you skip the presentation layer • You can query ad‐hoc any API, so • You don’t need to crawl in advance, therefore d ’ d li d h f • Information will be as fresh as it gets
And possibilities And possibilities • Query: “I can has pizza?” Query: I can has pizza? • Returns: –Af i d f A friend of yours (XFN ‐ F b k) (XFN Facebook) – has a colleague (FOAF ‐ LinkedIN) who – said that they make good pizza (hReview ‐ yelp) at ( ) – a restaurant nearby (geo – Gmaps) – Tip: U2 in concert today (hCalendar ‐ upcoming)
Perhaps now we can see Perhaps now we can see • Why Social Networking Communities are Why Social Networking Communities are worth so much, even though most of them don’t have a revenue model – Facebook – LinkedIN – Meebo – Beebo – Pipu... • They/We are the databases of the future
Thanks! “Most of the right choices in SEO come from asking: What’s the best thing for the user?” g g Matt Cutts Mihai Gheza Mih i Gh Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
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