Published on October 1, 2014
SEILAF: WILDFIRE SIMULATOR READY FFOORR TTRRAAIINNIINNGG FCM 2012 FIRE COMPUTER MODELING Octubre 19th Santander (Spain) Manuel Quintero García. INDRA. Project Manager. Simulation and Support Systems Domingo Villalba Indurria. Head of SEILAF Forest Fire Training.
In three parts In three parts: • What´s SEILAF? • What it does? •• HHooww iitt wwoorrkkss?? CONCLUSIONS QUESTIONS
What´s SEILAF? SEILAF is a dynamic system forest fires behavior in various scenarios by creating a smart tactical environment where specific simulators in each position are designed iinntteerrooppeerraabbllee.. View slide
Where´s SEILAF? Aerópolis Aeronautical Technology Park. Sevilla. Simulation Area: 2,100 m2. Offices Area: 790 m2 per floor View slide
Which are its components? HOST FTD B-412 Pilot training Firefighting specific training Fligh in wildfire Drops with bamby or tanker Load of fire crews Basic Trainer Basic Trainer Command Post Wildfire Commander Air Operations Coordination
Specific firefighting developments -Multiple aerial, ground tactical entities and fire crew. - Automatic logical behavior to reduce instructor workload. - Realistic load capacity, mobility, transit and operation times. - Several extinguer agents to chose. - Tanker or bamby with different capacities. - Efficiency assessment in fire propagation
Fuel models Mod 1,2,3: Grass
Fuel models • Mod 4,5,6 • brush
Fuel models • Mod 7, 8, 9 • Woods
Fuel models • Mod 11 • pruned trees
Evolution of type flame solutions
What it does? • Ground fire
What it does? • Surface fire
What it does? • Crown fire
What it does? • Burned • Smoldering • Glowing
Extreme behavior • Torching • Spotting
What it does? Different kinds of smoke dispersion • Looping: unstable atmosphere, quickly dilution • Coning: stable atmosphere, ssllooww ddiilluuttiioonn • Fanning: Inversion, very slow dilution • Fumigation: down run
Research into smokes plumes
Research into smokes plumes
Smoke spread Looping: unstable atmosphere, quickly dilution.
Smoke spread Coning: stable atmosphere, slow dilution.
Smoke spread Fanning: Inversion, very slow dilution.
Smoke spread Fumigation: down run.
Wildfire Wildfire is a natural phenomenon involving complex chemical and physical processes. The range of length scales ffoorr eeaacchh pprroocceessss iiss large, from the submillimeter scale (combustion process) to the kilometer scale (convection process).
Topographic -Follow the slopes -Perimeter: valleys around mountains
Wind-driven - Follow the wind direction or alignment wind-slope. - Perimeter: elongated in the direction of the prevailing wind
Convection dominated - Follow convective behavior in addition local winds. - Perimeter: Large one.
How its work?
Conclusions • If you model the behavior of fire in self development is difficult, model their real-time visual effects is almost impossible. • If we join the response ttoo vvaarriioouuss ffiirree suppression actions and changes in the weather or fuel when they go from being forest to urban ones, the challenge is served.
Some questions? • Some questions?
Many thanks for your attention
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