Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning

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Information about Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning
Business & Mgmt

Published on November 18, 2008

Author: mehmetcihangir

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning; Building the Right Relationships with the Right Customers

Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning Building the Right Relationships with the Right Customers Chapter 7

Learning Goals Learn the three steps of target marketing, market segmentation, target marketing, and market positioning Understand the major bases for segmenting consumer and business marketing strategy Know how companies identify attractive market segments and choose target marketing strategy Realize how companies position their products for maximum competitive advantage in the marketplace

Learn the three steps of target marketing, market segmentation, target marketing, and market positioning

Understand the major bases for segmenting consumer and business marketing strategy

Know how companies identify attractive market segments and choose target marketing strategy

Realize how companies position their products for maximum competitive advantage in the marketplace

Sells multiple brands within the same product category for a variety of products Brands feature a different mix of benefits and appeal to different segments Has also identified different niches within certain segments Product modifications are useful: Tide offers seven different product formulations to serve different niches’ needs Case Study Procter & Gamble

Sells multiple brands within the same product category for a variety of products

Brands feature a different mix of benefits and appeal to different segments

Has also identified different niches within certain segments

Product modifications are useful: Tide offers seven different product formulations to serve different niches’ needs

Steps in market segmentation, targeting and positioning Market Segmentation Identify bases for segmenting the market Develop segment profiles Target Marketing Develop measure of segment attractiveness Select target segments Market Positioning Develop positioning for target segments Develop a marketing mix for each segment Goal 1: Learn the three steps of target marketing

Market Segmentation

Identify bases for segmenting the market

Develop segment profiles

Target Marketing

Develop measure of segment attractiveness

Select target segments

Market Positioning

Develop positioning for target segments

Develop a marketing mix for each segment

Definition Market Segmentation: Dividing a market into distinct groups with distinct needs, characteristics, or behavior who might require separate products or marketing mixes. Goal 2: Understand the major bases for segmentation

Market Segmentation:

Dividing a market into distinct groups with distinct needs, characteristics, or behavior who might require separate products or marketing mixes.

Segmenting Consumer Markets Geographical segmentation Demographic segmentation Most popular segmentation Psychographic segmentation Lifestyle, social class, and personality-based segmentation Behavioral segmentation Goal 2: Understand the major bases for segmentation

Geographical segmentation

Demographic segmentation

Most popular segmentation

Psychographic segmentation

Lifestyle, social class, and personality-based segmentation

Behavioral segmentation

World region or country U.S. region State City Neighborhood City or metro size Density Climate Geographic Segmentation Variables Goal 2: Understand the major bases for segmentation

World region or country

U.S. region

State

City

Neighborhood

City or metro size

Density

Climate

Age Gender Family size Family life cycle Income Occupation Education Religion Race Generation Nationality Demographic Segmentation Variables Goal 2: Understand the major bases for segmentation

Age

Gender

Family size

Family life cycle

Income

Occupation

Education

Religion

Race

Generation

Nationality

Occasions Benefits User Status Attitude Toward the Product User Rates Loyalty Status Readiness Stage Behavioral Segmentation Variables Goal 2: Understand the major bases for segmentation

Occasions

Benefits

User Status

Attitude Toward the Product

User Rates

Loyalty Status

Readiness Stage

Segmenting Business Markets Demographic segmentation Industry, company size, location Operating variables Technology, usage status, customer capabilities Purchasing approaches Situational factors Urgency, specific application, size of order Personal characteristics Buyer-seller similarity, attitudes toward risk, loyalty Goal 2: Understand the major bases for segmentation

Demographic segmentation

Industry, company size, location

Operating variables

Technology, usage status, customer capabilities

Purchasing approaches

Situational factors

Urgency, specific application, size of order

Personal characteristics

Buyer-seller similarity, attitudes toward risk, loyalty

Segmenting International Markets Geographic segmentation Location or region Economic factors Population income or level of economic development Political and legal factors Type / stability of government, monetary regulations, amount of bureaucracy, etc. Cultural factors Language, religion, values, attitudes, customs, behavioral patterns Goal 2: Understand the major bases for segmentation

Geographic segmentation

Location or region

Economic factors

Population income or level of economic development

Political and legal factors

Type / stability of government, monetary regulations, amount of bureaucracy, etc.

Cultural factors

Language, religion, values, attitudes, customs, behavioral patterns

Requirements for Effective Segmentation Measurable Size, purchasing power, and profile of segment Accessible Can be reached and served Substantial Large and profitable enough to serve Differentiable Respond differently Actionable Effective programs can be developed Goal 2: Understand the major bases for segmentation

Measurable

Size, purchasing power, and profile of segment

Accessible

Can be reached and served

Substantial

Large and profitable enough to serve

Differentiable

Respond differently

Actionable

Effective programs can be developed

Target Marketing Target Market Consists of a set of buyers who share common needs or characteristics that the company decides to serve Goal 3: Know how companies identify and target attractive segments

Target Market

Consists of a set of buyers who share common needs or characteristics that the company decides to serve

Target Marketing Evaluating Market Segments Segment size and growth Segment structural attractiveness Level of competition Substitute products Power of buyers Powerful suppliers Company objectives and resources Goal 3: Know how companies identify and target attractive segments

Evaluating Market Segments

Segment size and growth

Segment structural attractiveness

Level of competition

Substitute products

Power of buyers

Powerful suppliers

Company objectives and resources

Target Marketing Selecting Target Market Segments Undifferentiated (mass) marketing Differentiated (segmented) marketing Concentrated (niche) marketing Micromarketing (local or individual) Goal 3: Know how companies identify and target attractive segments

Selecting Target Market Segments

Undifferentiated (mass) marketing

Differentiated (segmented) marketing

Concentrated (niche) marketing

Micromarketing (local or individual)

Choosing a Target Marketing Strategy Considerations include: Company resources The degree of product variability Product’s life-cycle stage Market variability Competitors’ marketing strategies Goal 3: Know how companies identify and target attractive segments

Considerations include:

Company resources

The degree of product variability

Product’s life-cycle stage

Market variability

Competitors’ marketing strategies

Target Marketing Socially Responsible Targeting Some segments, especially children, are at special risk Many potential abuses on the Internet, including fraud Internet shoppers Controversy occurs when the methods used are questionable Goal 3: Know how companies identify and target attractive segments

Socially Responsible Targeting

Some segments, especially children, are at special risk

Many potential abuses on the Internet, including fraud Internet shoppers

Controversy occurs when the methods used are questionable

Positioning Positioning: The place the product occupies in consumers’ minds relative to competing products. Typically defined by consumers on the basis of important attributes. Involves implanting the brand’s unique benefits and differentiation in the customer’s mind. Positioning maps that plot perceptions of brands are commonly used. Goal 4: Realize how companies position their products

Positioning:

The place the product occupies in consumers’ minds relative to competing products.

Typically defined by consumers on the basis of important attributes.

Involves implanting the brand’s unique benefits and differentiation in the customer’s mind.

Positioning maps that plot perceptions of brands are commonly used.

Identifying possible competitive advantages Choosing the right competitive advantage Choosing a positioning strategy Differentiation can be based on Products Services Channels People Image Choosing a Positioning Strategy Topics Goal 4: Realize how companies position their products

Identifying possible competitive advantages

Choosing the right competitive advantage

Choosing a positioning strategy

Differentiation can be based on

Products

Services

Channels

People

Image

Market Segmentation How many differences to promote? Unique selling proposition Several benefits Which differences to promote? Criteria include: Important Distinctive Superior Communicable Preemptive Affordable Profitable Identifying possible competitive advantages Choosing the right competitive advantage Choosing a positioning strategy Topics Goal 4: Realize how companies position their products

How many differences to promote?

Unique selling proposition

Several benefits

Which differences to promote? Criteria include:

Important

Distinctive

Superior

Communicable

Preemptive

Affordable

Profitable

Identifying possible competitive advantages

Choosing the right competitive advantage

Choosing a positioning strategy

Market Segmentation Value propositions represent the full positioning of the brand Possible value propositions: More for More More for the Same More for Less The Same for Less Less for Much Less Identifying possible competitive advantages Choosing the right competitive advantage Choosing a positioning strategy Topics Goal 4: Realize how companies position their products

Value propositions represent the full positioning of the brand

Possible value propositions:

More for More

More for the Same

More for Less

The Same for Less

Less for Much Less

Identifying possible competitive advantages

Choosing the right competitive advantage

Choosing a positioning strategy

Developing a Positioning Statement Positioning statements summarize the company or brand positioning EXAMPLE: To (target segment and need) our (brand) is (concept) that (point-of-difference) Goal 4: Realize how companies position their products

Positioning statements summarize the company or brand positioning

EXAMPLE: To (target segment and need) our (brand) is (concept) that (point-of-difference)

Communicating the Positioning Companies must be certain to DELIVER their value propositions. Positions must be monitored and adapted over time. Goal 4: Realize how companies position their products

Companies must be certain to DELIVER their value propositions.

Positions must be monitored and adapted over time.

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