Seeders and harvesters

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Information about Seeders and harvesters
Technology

Published on March 18, 2014

Author: mmpmm

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Every farmers use various types of seeders and harvesters for farming. M.M.Palitha Mahinda Munasinghe, Sri Lanka

SEEDERS AND HARVESTERS M.M.PALITHA MAHINDA MUNASINGHE FARM MECHANICAL INSTRUCTOR palithamahinda@yahoo.compalithamahinda@yahoo.com

05/10/2008mmpmm 2 It is a sowing device that precisely positions seeds in to the soil Before the introduction of the seed drill, the common practice was to "broadcast" seeds by hand Besides being wasteful, broadcasting was very imprecise and led to a poor distribution of seeds A seedling machine can improve the pre specified rows, distance between plant and planting depth Seedling Machine

Soybean and Peanut seederSoybean and Peanut seeder Metering rollers soybean seeder (left) peanut seeder (right) Peanut seeder (left) Soybean seeder(right) 05/10/2008mmpmm 3

 The shovel soil opener is pushed at an angle into the soil to meter the seed and retain them with the rectangular bar  The soil opener is twisted to make a hole, and the handle is released to let seed drop into the hole. As the soil opener is pulled out the hole is covered with soil  The planting operations for the jaws soil opener seeder are as follows  The jaws soil opener is pushed at an angle into the soil to meter seed and retain them inside the jaws  The handle is pushed to open the jaws and the seed are dropped & The seeder is lifted to cover the seed with soil 05/10/2008mmpmm 4

Soybean and Peanut seederSoybean and Peanut seeder Overall dimension 2100×1180×950 mm Weight 150 kg Volume of seed case 35L Volume of fertilizer case 26L Two number of row Seeding width 700-900mm (adjustable) Seeding depth 30-100mm (adjustable) Seed amount per delve 2-3 (adjustable) Rate of broken seeds 0.5% Seeding, fertilization and height and width of ridging are adjustable 05/10/2008mmpmm 5

Corn seeder 05/10/2008mmpmm 6 Seeding rows 3 Net Weight (KG) 148kg Capacity (acre/hr) 0.5-0.83 Dimension (cm) 155x140x110 Row spacing (mm) 450-650 Volume of Fertilizer tank (L) 14x3 Volume of seed tank (L) 9x3 Fertilization depth (mm) 60-80 Seeding depth (mm) 30-50

Metering system weighs 1.3 kg Seed hopper is 1.9 liter capacity SEED PLANTERSEED PLANTER Electronic seed metering Soil opener Bed skidsSpring steel arm 05/10/2008mmpmm 7

VEGETABLE SEEDERVEGETABLE SEEDER Design for small scale vegetable growers Seed metering system Soil openers Sowing depth adjustment Adjustment of row spacing 05/10/2008mmpmm 8

Adjustment of row spacingAdjustment of row spacing Unique soil openersUnique soil openers Full width bed rollersFull width bed rollers seed meteringseed metering 4 row seed drill fitted with 1 metering system, delivering seed to 4 outlets. A single lever sets the sowing depth of all soil openers at once (from 0-40mm). The Roller Seeder is available in four standard widths: 1000mm,1250mm , 1550mm and 1850mm . high density crops such as baby leaf salad, spinach and baby carrots VEGETABLE SEEDERVEGETABLE SEEDER 05/10/2008mmpmm 9

05/10/2008mmpmm 10 POTATO PLANTER …POTATO PLANTER … (FOUR RAW)(FOUR RAW)

05/10/2008mmpmm 11 2 & 4 ROW - SEMI AUTO POTATO PLANTER DESCRIPTION 2 - ROW PLANTER 4 - ROW PLANTER LENGTH 55" 112" WIDTH 61" 61" HEIGHT 54" 54" ROW TO ROW DISTANCE 24" 24" BLADE THICKNESS 6 MM 6 MM BLADE POSITION ADJUSTABLE 160 TO 180 MM ADJUSTABLE 160 TO 180 MM SEED GAP ADJUSTABLE 3" TO 6" ADJUSTABLE ADJUSTABLE 3" TO 6" ADJUSTABLE WHEEL POSITION 6 MM THICK PLATE 12" TO 20" 6 MM THICK PLATE 12" TO 20" GEAR MECHANISM 14 TEETH SPUR GEAR FITTED ON M.S. WHEEL &19 TEETH SPUR GEAR FITTED ON 1" DIA SHAFT 14 TEETH SPUR GEAR FITTED ON M.S. WHEEL &19 TEETH SPUR GEAR FITTED ON 1" DIA SHAFT ROTOR DIA 14.5" DIA HAVING 9 POSITIONING SLOTS 14.5" DIA HAVING 9 POSITIONING SLOTS

05/10/2008mmpmm 12 ……POTATO PLANTERPOTATO PLANTER ((Semi Automatic TWO RAW)TWO RAW) •Can plant almost all size of Potato seed •Seed movement is visible, thus avoid missing •Can plant cut-seed also •Three person are required to operate the machine •Output of the machine is 3 to 4 acre per day •Row to Row and seed to seed distance adjustable

05/10/2008mmpmm 13 Two Row Semi Automatic  Can plant almost all size of Potato seed  Seed movement is visible  Can plant cut-seed also  Three person are required to operate the machine  Output of the machine is 3 to 4 acre per day  Row to Row and seed to seed distance adjustable POTATO PLANTER ..POTATO PLANTER ..

 Back-Pack  Walk behind (Reaper)  Tractor Mounted  Self Propelled Wheel Type  Self Propelled Crawler Type 05/10/2008mmpmm 14 Harvesting Machines

Band saw cutting blade Hydraulic drive Cutting height adjustment Widths 1250mm, 1500mm and 1750mm Standard bin sizes 600mm x 400mm x 390mm (75 liter) LETTUCE HARVESTERLETTUCE HARVESTER 05/10/2008mmpmm 15

Tractor mounted turmericTractor mounted turmeric harvesterharvester 05/10/2008mmpmm 16

05/10/2008mmpmm 17 POTATO HARVESTER… Power Tiller Attached Type Parameters • Row spacing : 55-60mm • Productivity : 3-5mu/h • Working width : 0.53m • Working depth: 20-25cm • Total weight : 100kg • Potato-exposing rate: >96% • Breakage rate :<2% • Matched power: 8-15hp tractor

05/10/2008mmpmm 18 … POTATO HARVESTER Technical Details Length: 1650 mm Width: 2000 mm Height: 1200 mm Width of paddles: 600 mm Performance; Harvester Capacity: 1 dcr / h Working torque: 540 tour / sec

05/10/2008mmpmm 19 … POTATO HARVESTER Four-Wheel Tractor Attached Type Overall diamention:1450*1150*900 mm Structure weight: 230kg Matched power : 20-35HP (4W-Tractor) Working efficiency :3.5 mu/h The speed of drive shaft : 360 r/min Working depth: 20-30cm Harvesting width: 60-85cm Ridge distance: 90-120 cm Collecting rate : 99.5%

Sugarcane Harvester 05/10/2008mmpmm 20  Harvest cut every type of cane under various field conditions  Easy to Handle  Much Cheaper in cost & cut Cane  Cut as low as possible to the ground  High percentage of sucrose is available for better recovery

05/10/2008mmpmm 21Cane Thumper Sugarcane Harvester As a Small Tractor Attachment

∗ Single Cylinder 5.6kW diesel engine ∗ Consumption = 0.6 litres per hour ∗ Four forward and Three reverse gears (1km/hr – 5.5km/hr) ∗ Differential lock ∗ Easy handling ∗ Multi function including grass cutting 05/10/2008mmpmm 22 TECHNICAL DATATECHNICAL DATA

05/10/2008mmpmm 23 Sugarcane Harvester As a Tractor Attachment

• Connected to 3-point linkage • Adjustable skid heights for cutting on ridges • 170cm double action cutter bar • Belt driven off the PTO • Floating mechanism to follow the soil profile • 2-4 km/hr cutting speed • Multi function including grass mowing. 05/10/2008mmpmm 24 TECHNICAL DATATECHNICAL DATA

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