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Sec2 Chap6 Ww2[1]

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Information about Sec2 Chap6 Ww2[1]

Published on August 15, 2007

Author: donaldleo

Source: slideshare.net

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WORLD WAR II

WORLD WAR II WWI 8.5 million dead WWII 45 million dead

WWI 8.5 million dead

WWII 45 million dead

Germany after WWI Europe engulfed in war THE WAR IN EUROPE

Germany after WWI

Europe engulfed in war

Defeat of the Central Powers by the Allies Treaty of Versailles was signed by both parties Germany had to pay a large sum of money to the Allies for damage caused in WWI GERMANY AFTER WWI

Defeat of the Central Powers by the Allies

Treaty of Versailles was signed by both parties

Germany had to pay a large sum of money to the Allies for damage caused in WWI

Germany after WWI Blamed for WWI Very small army and navy allowed War Reparations - paid large sums of money for the damage they caused Lost its colonies and overseas possessions New German govt faced many problems Great hardship for Germans RISE OF GERMANY

Germany after WWI

Blamed for WWI

Very small army and navy allowed

War Reparations - paid large sums of money for the damage they caused

Lost its colonies and overseas possessions

New German govt faced many problems

Great hardship for Germans

Adolf Hitler Under these conditions arose a leader Known for his courage and bravery Formed the Nazi Party National Socialist German Workers’ Party Planned to make Germany rich and powerful again RISE OF GERMANY

Adolf Hitler

Under these conditions arose a leader

Known for his courage and bravery

Formed the Nazi Party

National Socialist German Workers’ Party

Planned to make Germany rich and powerful again

HITLER IN WWII

ADOLF HITLER

Mussolini While Hitler was building Germany, the same was happening in Italy Established a dictatorship in Italy Fascist Party was the only Party Secret Police arrested opposition Use of propaganda Public programmes Ambitious plans for Italy RISE OF ITALY

Mussolini

While Hitler was building Germany, the same was happening in Italy

Established a dictatorship in Italy

Fascist Party was the only Party

Secret Police arrested opposition

Use of propaganda

Public programmes

Ambitious plans for Italy

MUSSOLINI & HITLER

Austria Czechoslovakia Poland Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France HITLER & NAZI GERMANY

Austria

Czechoslovakia

Poland

Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France

By 1940, Britain was the only Allied country left in Europe to fight the Germans Unable to conquer Britain, Hitler turned to attack the Soviet Union Soviet Union, Britain became allies against the Axis Powers BRITAIN

By 1940, Britain was the only Allied country left in Europe to fight the Germans

Unable to conquer Britain, Hitler turned to attack the Soviet Union

Soviet Union, Britain became allies against the Axis Powers

Why Japan went to war The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour Sweeping into Southeast Asia The Battle for Malaya Fall of the “Impregnable” Fortress Reasons for the defeat of the British THE WAR IN ASIA-PACIFIC

Why Japan went to war

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour

Sweeping into Southeast Asia

The Battle for Malaya

Fall of the “Impregnable” Fortress

Reasons for the defeat of the British

Rising Ambitions 1894 : Attacked China; lost Taiwan and Korea 1904 : Defeated Russia; shocked the West WWI : Joined Allies 1931 : Great Depression As a result, Japan invaded Manchuria 1937 : Attacked China WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR

Rising Ambitions

1894 : Attacked China; lost Taiwan and Korea

1904 : Defeated Russia; shocked the West

WWI : Joined Allies

1931 : Great Depression

As a result, Japan invaded Manchuria

1937 : Attacked China

Rising Ambitions War with China dragged on Countries like the US stopped selling certain items like airplanes and oil products to Japan Japan turned its attention to SEA Rich in tin, oil, timber and rubber War machinery Japan’s calculation WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR

Rising Ambitions

War with China dragged on

Countries like the US stopped selling certain items like airplanes and oil products to Japan

Japan turned its attention to SEA

Rich in tin, oil, timber and rubber

War machinery

Japan’s calculation

Rising Ambitions 1941 - Invaded Indo-china for use as a base to launch its other invasions US protested and when Japan did nothing, the world reacted strongly More war materials such as iron, ammunition and oil were cut off from Japan Note that US was not involved in the war at this time WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR

Rising Ambitions

1941 - Invaded Indo-china for use as a base to launch its other invasions

US protested and when Japan did nothing, the world reacted strongly

More war materials such as iron, ammunition and oil were cut off from Japan

Note that US was not involved in the war at this time

US wanted Japan to withdraw from Indo-china and China Pacific Naval Fleet A display of US military might 7 Dec 1941 - Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour Simultaneous invasion of Malaya PEARL HARBOUR

US wanted Japan to withdraw from Indo-china and China

Pacific Naval Fleet

A display of US military might

7 Dec 1941 - Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour

Simultaneous invasion of Malaya

PEARL HARBOUR

Thailand Malaya Singapore Philippines Dutch East Indies Borneo, Sumatra & other islands British Burma JAPAN IN S. E. ASIA

Thailand

Malaya

Singapore

Philippines

Dutch East Indies

Borneo, Sumatra & other islands

British Burma

War in the air War in the sea War on land Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse JAPANESE INVASION OF MALAYA

War in the air

War in the sea

War on land

Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse



JAPANESE ZERO FIGHTER

JAPANESE ZERO FIGHTER

 

REPULSE & PRINCE OF WALES

30 Nov 1941 “ X-day December 8. Proceed with plan.” Lt-Gen Yamashita planned his campaign with the aid of crude school atlases, marking with pencilled crosses, the approximate positions of airfields. “ MATADOR” - Britain’s secret plan

30 Nov 1941

“ X-day December 8. Proceed with plan.”

Lt-Gen Yamashita planned his campaign with the aid of crude school atlases, marking with pencilled crosses, the approximate positions of airfields.

“ MATADOR” - Britain’s secret plan

1. Sinking of the PRINCE OF WALES/REPULSE 2. Battle for North Malaya – Kedah, Penang and Ipoh 3. Battle for Central Malaya – Slim River 4. Battle for Johore – Jemaluang, blowing up of part of the Causeway 5. Retreat to Singapore DEFEAT OF BRITISH IN MALAYA

1. Sinking of the PRINCE OF WALES/REPULSE

2. Battle for North Malaya – Kedah, Penang and Ipoh

3. Battle for Central Malaya – Slim River

4. Battle for Johore – Jemaluang, blowing up of part of the Causeway

5. Retreat to Singapore

KUANTAN JEMALUANG JOHOR BAHRU / 31 Jan 42 IPOH KL SLIM RIVER PENANG 15-16 Dec 41 MUAR GEMAS KLUANG MAJOR BATTLES JITRA 8 Dec 1941 KOTA BAHRU JAPANESE INVASION OF MALAYA

DEFEAT OF BRITISH IN MALAYA AIR British planes were old and outdated SEA The prince of Wales and the Repulse were destroyed by the Japanese EQUIPMENT Japanese tanks were better than British tanks TRAINING British soldiers were wrongly trained in jungle warfare PLANNING The British left too much valuable supplies for the Japanese WAR IN EUROPE Britain was involved in the war in Europe. Japan was not . MOBILITY The Japanese troops were more mobile - bicycles DEFENCE Lack of adequate defence preparartions COMPLA-CENCY The British looked down on the Japanese

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