School Safety And Security

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Information about School Safety And Security

Published on August 20, 2008

Author: NCPC

Source: slideshare.net

Description

These PowerPoint presentations are intended for use by crime prevention practitioners who bring their experience and expertise to each topic. The presentations are not intended for public use or by individuals with no training or expertise in crime prevention. Each presentation is intended to educate, increase awareness, and teach prevention strategies. Presenters must discern whether their audiences require a more basic or advanced level of information.

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School Safety and Security National Crime Prevention Council 2006

Objectives School safety and security issues Factors affecting school safety Key components of school safety planning Engaging the community for safer schools

School safety and security issues

Factors affecting school safety

Key components of school safety planning

Engaging the community for safer schools

School Crime and Violence Youth are the most victimized people in the United States. Youth were victims of about 1.9 million nonfatal crimes while at school in 2003. Two-thirds of student victimization was by theft. One-third of student victimization was by violent crime. Source: Indicators of School Crime and Violence, U.S. Department of Education, 2005

Youth are the most victimized people in the United States.

Youth were victims of about 1.9 million nonfatal crimes while at school in 2003.

Two-thirds of student victimization was by theft.

One-third of student victimization was by violent crime.

School Crime and Safety Students say 7% were bullied 9% were threatened or injured with a weapon 13% reported being in a fight on school property 21% reported gangs in their schools 29% were offered or given drugs 36% saw hate graffiti; 12% were the victims of hate speech Source: Indicators of School Crime and Safety , U.S. Department of Education, 2005

Students say

7% were bullied

9% were threatened or injured with a weapon

13% reported being in a fight on school property

21% reported gangs in their schools

29% were offered or given drugs

36% saw hate graffiti; 12% were the victims of hate speech

School Crime and Safety *Violence includes rape, sexual assault, robbery, simple assault, and aggravated assault. Source: Indicators of School Crime and Violence , U.S. Department of Education, 2005

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Safety Belongingness and Love Esteem Self-Actualization - LEARNING

Impact on Achievement “Theft and violence at school and while going to and from school can lead to a disruptive and threatening environment, physical injury, and emotional stress, and can be an obstacle to student achievement.” Source: Elliott, Hamburg, and Williams , 1998

“Theft and violence at school and while going to and from school can lead to a disruptive and threatening environment, physical injury, and emotional stress, and can be an obstacle to student achievement.”

Factors Affecting Safety School security Hardware, technology, protocols, and policies School design Access control, natural surveillance, and territorial reinforcement School climate Values, norms, and attitudes

School security

Hardware, technology, protocols, and policies

School design

Access control, natural surveillance, and territorial reinforcement

School climate

Values, norms, and attitudes

School Climate Issues Bullying, intimidation, and isolation Harassment and prejudice Social cliques Theft and graffiti Lack of connectedness Disrespect between teachers/staff and students Lack of student reporting of crime and safety issues

Bullying, intimidation, and isolation

Harassment and prejudice

Social cliques

Theft and graffiti

Lack of connectedness

Disrespect between teachers/staff and students

Lack of student reporting of crime and safety issues

Safe Schools Positive school climate and atmosphere Clear and high academic and disciplinary expectations of students Strong student attachment to the school High levels of both student participation and parent involvement Values and practices that make everyone feel included; appreciation of diversity Source: Trends and Issues Affecting School Safety, 2001

Positive school climate and atmosphere

Clear and high academic and disciplinary expectations of students

Strong student attachment to the school

High levels of both student participation and parent involvement

Values and practices that make everyone feel included; appreciation of diversity

Safe Schools Building and grounds are well maintained. Students feel safe reporting crime and safety problems to staff. Disciplinary and safety problems are quickly and appropriately addressed. Access is controlled and visitors are monitored. All staff actively supervise students both inside and outside the classroom. All areas are safe by design or by staff supervision.

Building and grounds are well maintained.

Students feel safe reporting crime and safety problems to staff.

Disciplinary and safety problems are quickly and appropriately addressed.

Access is controlled and visitors are monitored.

All staff actively supervise students both inside and outside the classroom.

All areas are safe by design or by staff supervision.

Safe Schools Planning Establish a team. Assess needs. Prioritize needs. Develop and implement a plan.

Establish a team.

Assess needs.

Prioritize needs.

Develop and implement a plan.

Who Should Be Involved? Students School Administrators Staff, and Board Parents and Caregivers SRO, School Police Officers, and Local Law Enforcement Police and First Responders Elected Officials And Community Leaders Mental Health Professionals Social Workers Board of Education and District Staff Local Business Leaders Community-based Organizations Faith Community Juvenile Justice Neighborhood Watch and Crime Prevention Groups News Media

Needs Assessment Collect existing indicator data. Survey parents, staff, and students about their safety concerns. Assess climate, security, and design. Conduct an inventory of assets.

Collect existing indicator data.

Survey parents, staff, and students about their safety concerns.

Assess climate, security, and design.

Conduct an inventory of assets.

Prioritize Needs What’s important? What’s feasible?

What’s important?

What’s feasible?

Develop a Plan Set measurable objectives that include Time frame Desired change. Select effective programs and strategies. Break the plan down step-by-step.

Set measurable objectives that include

Time frame

Desired change.

Select effective programs and strategies.

Break the plan down step-by-step.

Engaging the Community Involve community members on the planning team. Gather their feedback through surveys. Involve them through a forum. Consult them as needed for expertise. Ask for their support of measures.

Involve community members on the planning team.

Gather their feedback through surveys.

Involve them through a forum.

Consult them as needed for expertise.

Ask for their support of measures.

Parents and Caregivers Program development and implementation Cultural/diversity programming Mentoring and volunteering (can serve as hallway, playground, and lunchroom monitors) Visitor check-in table Safety patrols to and from school Advocacy to elected officials and school board

Program development and implementation

Cultural/diversity programming

Mentoring and volunteering (can serve as hallway, playground, and lunchroom monitors)

Visitor check-in table

Safety patrols to and from school

Advocacy to elected officials and school board

Community Service Providers Identifying learning and behavioral problems Counseling Resolving conflicts and providing alternatives to violence Conducting parent education programs Teaching social skills Providing afterschool and in-school programming Providing safe havens for kids

Identifying learning and behavioral problems

Counseling

Resolving conflicts and providing alternatives to violence

Conducting parent education programs

Teaching social skills

Providing afterschool and in-school programming

Providing safe havens for kids

Law Enforcement and First Responders Information-sharing and collaboration Training for staff in emergency response Training for staff and School Resource Officers in warning signs Law-related education for students CPR and first aid classes for staff and students Mentoring and tutoring

Information-sharing and collaboration

Training for staff in emergency response

Training for staff and School Resource Officers in warning signs

Law-related education for students

CPR and first aid classes for staff and students

Mentoring and tutoring

Legal and Business Communities Legal alternatives and advice Supervise student courts and train students how to run them Afterschool employment or internships In-kind or monetary donations Mentoring and volunteering Staff training and education Safe havens for kids

Legal alternatives and advice

Supervise student courts and train students how to run them

Afterschool employment or internships

In-kind or monetary donations

Mentoring and volunteering

Staff training and education

Safe havens for kids

Community and State Leaders Speak at awareness-building events Provide influential leadership Build support in the community Provide expertise on available alternative and supplementary resources

Speak at awareness-building events

Provide influential leadership

Build support in the community

Provide expertise on available alternative and supplementary resources

Resources Stopping School Violence: A Dozen Things – A set of six reproducible tip sheets, one each for parents, students, teachers, law enforcement, principals, and others Caregivers’ Guide to School Safety and Security – An informational guide for parents and community members Safer Schools: Strategies for Educators and Law Enforcement Seeking To Prevent Violence Within Schools School Safety and Security Toolkit – A step-by-step guide to school safety planning; includes tools for assessing needs and developing an action plan (CD-ROM)

Stopping School Violence: A Dozen Things – A set of six reproducible tip sheets, one each for parents, students, teachers, law enforcement, principals, and others

Caregivers’ Guide to School Safety and Security – An informational guide for parents and community members

Safer Schools: Strategies for Educators and Law Enforcement Seeking To Prevent Violence Within Schools

School Safety and Security Toolkit – A step-by-step guide to school safety planning; includes tools for assessing needs and developing an action plan (CD-ROM)

Resources National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.org Youth Crime Watch of America www.ycwa.org National Criminal Justice Reference Service www.ncjrs.gov

National Crime Prevention Council

www.ncpc.org

Youth Crime Watch of America www.ycwa.org

National Criminal Justice Reference Service www.ncjrs.gov

National Crime Prevention Council 1000 Connecticut Avenue, NW Thirteenth Floor Washington, DC 20036 202-466-6272 www.ncpc.org www.mcgruff.org

1000 Connecticut Avenue, NW

Thirteenth Floor

Washington, DC 20036

202-466-6272

www.ncpc.org

www.mcgruff.org

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