Schizophrenia

40 %
60 %
Information about Schizophrenia

Published on April 8, 2008

Author: Oxfordlibrary

Source: slideshare.net

Psychology Class: Schizophrenia April 8

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Prolonged maladaptive reaction to traumatic experience Traumatic event “Actual or threatened death, serious injury; threats to physical integrity of others.” “The person’s response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror.” Examples:

Prolonged maladaptive reaction to traumatic experience

Traumatic event

“Actual or threatened death, serious injury; threats to physical integrity of others.”

“The person’s response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror.”

Examples:

PTSD Symptoms Avoidance behavior Re-experience the trauma Impaired functioning Heightened arousal Emotional numbing

Avoidance behavior

Re-experience the trauma

Impaired functioning

Heightened arousal

Emotional numbing

PTSD Treatments CBT Repeated exposure to cues associated with trauma; Repeatedly talk about the traumatic experience; Re-experience the emotional aspects of the trauma; Visit related slides or films; Visit the scene of traumatic events; Cognitive restructuring Stress management skills (self-relaxation) Anger management skills EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)

CBT

Repeated exposure to cues associated with trauma;

Repeatedly talk about the traumatic experience;

Re-experience the emotional aspects of the trauma;

Visit related slides or films;

Visit the scene of traumatic events;

Cognitive restructuring

Stress management skills (self-relaxation)

Anger management skills

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)

Schizophrenia

Overview Psychotic disorder; psychosis Major disturbance in thought, perception emotion, behavior, and social functioning. Etiology: Diathesis of Schizophrenia Treatments: Biological and Psychological

Psychotic disorder; psychosis

Major disturbance in thought, perception emotion, behavior, and social functioning.

Etiology: Diathesis of Schizophrenia

Treatments: Biological and Psychological

Symptoms of Schizophrenia Positive symptoms Disorganized speech Delusions Hallucinations Negative symptoms Apathy Alogia Anhedonia Flat Affect Asociality

Positive symptoms

Disorganized speech

Delusions

Hallucinations

Negative symptoms

Apathy

Alogia

Anhedonia

Flat Affect

Asociality

Positive symptoms Disorganized speech Incoherence Loose association Neologism or word salads

Disorganized speech

Incoherence

Loose association

Neologism or word salads

Positive symptoms Delusions Sensations and thoughts are imposed by an external agent Thoughts are being broadcast Thoughts are stolen by an external thoughts Behavior is controlled by external force Impulses are controlled by external force

Delusions

Sensations and thoughts are imposed by an external agent

Thoughts are being broadcast

Thoughts are stolen by an external thoughts

Behavior is controlled by external force

Impulses are controlled by external force

Positive symptoms Hallucinations Hearing voices Reporting one’s own thoughts Arguing voices Voices commenting on behavior

Hallucinations

Hearing voices

Reporting one’s own thoughts

Arguing voices

Voices commenting on behavior

Negative Symptoms Apathy Alogia Anhedonia Flat Affect Asociality

Apathy

Alogia

Anhedonia

Flat Affect

Asociality

Other symptoms Catatonia Motor abnormalities Unusual activity Catatonic immobility Waxy flexibility Inappropriate affect

Catatonia

Motor abnormalities

Unusual activity

Catatonic immobility

Waxy flexibility

Inappropriate affect

Etiology Genetic basis Family and Twin studies (Gottesman, et al, 1987) 44.30 MZ twins 12.08 DZ twins 7.30 Siblings 9.35 Children 2.65 Nieces / nephews 2.84 Grandchildren 1.00 Spouse % with schizophrenia Relation to the person with schizophrenia

Genetic basis

Family and Twin studies (Gottesman, et al, 1987)

Genetic Genetic basis Adoption studies (Heston, 1966) 7 13 # of diagnosed neurotic 2 9 # of diagnosed psychopathic 0 9 # of diagnosed mentally defective 0 4 # of diagnosed schizophrenic 18% 66% % of clinical diagnosis 50 47 # of participants Control offspring 47 children of schizophrenic mothers (born btn 1915-45) Assessment

Genetic basis

Adoption studies (Heston, 1966)

Etiology: Genetic basis Is schizophrenia completely determined by genes?

Is schizophrenia completely determined by genes?

Etiology: Psychology explanation Expressed emotion (EE): Brown’s study (1966) Participants: patients with schizophrenia who returned to live with their families after hospitalization. Interviews were conducted with family members before the patients returned home. Families were classified into high EE or low EE. 9-month follow up: 58% relapsed in high EE families; 10% relapsed in low EE families.

Expressed emotion (EE):

Brown’s study (1966)

Participants: patients with schizophrenia who returned to live with their families after hospitalization.

Interviews were conducted with family members before the patients returned home.

Families were classified into high EE or low EE.

9-month follow up: 58% relapsed in high EE families; 10% relapsed in low EE families.

Expressed emotion Bidirectional The role of stress: Increased cortisol, increased dopamine activity; increased schizophrenia symptoms

Bidirectional

The role of stress:

Increased cortisol, increased dopamine activity; increased schizophrenia symptoms

Treatments Biological: antipsychotic drugs Drawbacks: ; side effects; noncompliance; high chance of relapse Psychological treatments Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Social Skills Training Family Therapy (reduced EE)

Biological: antipsychotic drugs

Drawbacks: ; side effects; noncompliance; high chance of relapse

Psychological treatments

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Social Skills Training

Family Therapy (reduced EE)

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Schizophrenie – Wikipedia

Schizophrenie bei Erwachsenen. Schizophrenien können sowohl schubweise als auch chronisch verlaufen, wobei die schubweise Verlaufsform häufiger ist.
Read more

Schizophrenia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality. [2] Common symptoms include false beliefs ...
Read more

Schizophrenia - NIMH » Home

Explore information on schizophrenia, including signs and symptoms, treatment, current science, and clinical trials.
Read more

NIMH » Schizophrenia - National Institute of Mental Health

A detailed booklet on schizophrenia that describes symptoms, causes, and treatments, with information on getting help and coping.
Read more

Schizophrenia: Symptoms, Types, Causes, and Early Warning ...

Schizophrenia Symptoms, Types, Causes, and Early Warning Signs In This Article. Schizophrenia is a challenging disorder that makes it difficult to ...
Read more

Schizophrenia Help & News for Families, Sufferers

Schizophrenia Support Forums and in-depth Treatment and Recovery information for families and individuals dealing with schizophrenia.
Read more

Schizophrenia: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Schizophrenia is a complex illness. Mental health experts are not sure what causes it. Genes may play a role. Schizophrenia occurs in just as ...
Read more

Schizophrenia – Wikipedia

Schizophrenia; Studioalbum von Sepultura; Label: Cogumelo Records: Format: LP: Genre: Thrash Metal, Death Metal: Anzahl der Titel: 9 10 (1 ...
Read more

Schizophrenia: MedlinePlus - National Library of Medicine ...

Schizophrenia is a serious brain illness. People who have it may hear voices that aren't there. They may think other people are trying to hurt them.
Read more

Schizophrenia and Psychosis - Psych Central

Schizophrenia is characterized by a broad range of unusual behaviors that cause profound disruption in the lives of people suffering from the condition, as ...
Read more