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Published on January 22, 2008

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NSF SUPPORT OF THE SOCIAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND ECONOMIC SCIENCES :  NSF SUPPORT OF THE SOCIAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND ECONOMIC SCIENCES Dr. Deborah Winslow Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences National Science Foundation Slide2:  National Science Foundation Inspector General National Science Board Director Deputy Director Staff Offices Computer & Information Science & Engineering Engineering Geosciences Mathematical & Physical Sciences Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences (> 5% of research $s) Education & Human Resources Budget, Finance & Award Management Information Resource Management Biological Sciences Slide3:  Social and Economic Sciences Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences Office of the Director Science Resources Statistics Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences SBE Divisions Division of Social and Economic Sciences (SES):  Division of Social and Economic Sciences (SES) Supports research to develop and advance scientific knowledge focusing on economic, legal, political and social systems, organizations, and institutions Supports research on the intellectual and social contexts that govern the development and use of science and technology Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences Social and Economic Sciences :  Social and Economic Sciences FY06 Program Allocations Cross-Directorate Activities $3.5M Decision, Risk, & Management Sciences $6.2M Economics $22.7M Innovation and Organizational Change $2.2M Law and Social Science $4.2M Methodology, Measurement & Statistics $3.6M Political Science $7.2M Science and Society $7.6M Sociology $7.1M Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences Cross-Directorate Activities:  Cross-Directorate Activities Serves both divisions – SES and BCS Administers and coordinates programs to increase underrepresented groups in science and engineering Supports human resource development and infrastructure improvement Provides information on cross-NSF programs Program Officer: Linda Lopez Decision, Risk, and Management Sciences :  Decision, Risk, and Management Sciences Supports research that explores fundamental issues in judgment and decision making, risk analysis, management science, and organizational behavior Research must be relevant to an operational or applied context, grounded in theory, and based on empirical observation or subject to empirical validation Program Officers: Robert O’Connor, Jacqueline Meszaros and Jon Leland Economics:  Economics Supports EMPIRICAL and THEORETICAL economics and research on methods for rigorous research on economic behavior Supports research designed to improve the understanding of the PROCESSES and INSTITUTIONS of the U.S. economy and of the world system of which it is a part Subfields include: econometrics, economic history, finance, industrial organization, international economics, labor economics, public finance, macroeconomics, and mathematical economics Program Officers: Dan Newlon, Vincy Fon, George Von Furstenberg Innovation and Organizational Change:  Innovation and Organizational Change Supports research which uses theory combined with empirical validation Looks to expand the concepts, models and methodologies of change in organizations and institutions In FY06, IOC is particularly interested in studies that shed light on how best to organize for scientific knowledge creation when researchers must share critical resources, such as major instruments or IT infrastructure. Program Officer: Jacqueline Meszaros Law and Social Science:  Law and Social Science Supports social scientific studies of law & law-like systems of rules, institutions, processes, and behaviors Topics can include, but are not limited to research enhance the scientific understanding of the impact of law human behavior and interactions related to law the dynamics of legal decision making the nature, sources, and consequences of variations and changes in legal institutions Supports Doctoral Dissertation Research Grants Program Officer: Isaac Unah Methodology, Measurement, & Statistics:  Methodology, Measurement, & Statistics Seeks proposals that are interdisciplinary, methodologically innovative, and grounded in theory, such as: Models and methodology for social and behavioral research Statistical methodology/modeling directed towards the social and behavioral sciences Methodological aspects of procedures for data collection Program Officer: Cheryl Eavey Political Science :  Political Science Supports scientific research that advances knowledge and understanding of citizenship, government, and politics Substantive areas include, but are not limited to: American government and politics comparative government and politics international relations political behavior political economy political institutions Supports Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants Program Officers: Brian Humes and Phil Paolino Science and Society:  Science and Society Supports research on questions that arise in the interactions of engineering, science, technology, and society. Four components: Ethics and Values of Sci., Engineering, and Tech. (EVS) History and Philosophy of Science, Engineering and Technology (HPS) Social Studies of Sci., Engineering and Technology (SSS) Studies of Policy, Sci., Engineering, and Technology (SPS) Components overlap, but have different scientific and scholarly orientations to subject matter, as well as by different focuses within the subject area. Program Officers: Fred Kronz and Priscilla Regan Sociology :  Sociology The Sociology program supports theoretically-grounded research on systematic patterns of social relationships that examine the causes and consequences of human behavior, social structure and social change. Studies range from micro to macro levels of interaction. Topics include, but are not limited to: Stratification, labor markets, mobility, social change Organizations, networks, economic and workplace change Crime, delinquency, social organization and social control Race, ethnicity, social identity/interactions, culture, education Family, gender, population, migration, immigration Social movements, political processes, globalization and more The Program supports research that uses the range of social science methodologies — experimental, quantitative, qualitative and the combinations of multiple methods—for original data collection and secondary data analysis. Program Officers: Pat White and Paul Ciccantell Slide15:  SES Target Dates January 15 & August 15 Economics Law and Social Science Methodology, Measurement & Statist Political Science Sociology January 18 & August 18 Decision, Risk, & Management Sciences February 1 & August 1 Science and Society February 2 Innovation and Organizational Change Division of Behavioral & Cognitive Sciences:  Division of Behavioral & Cognitive Sciences Supports research to develop and advance scientific knowledge focusing on human cognition, language, social behavior, and culture Supports research on the interactions between human societies and the physical environment Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences:  Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences FY05 Program Allocations Archaeology & Archaeometry $6.4M Cultural Anthropology $3.4M Cognitive Neuroscience $7.1M Developmental & Learning Sciences $7.0M Geography & Regional Science $6.2M Linguistics $8.1M Perception, Action, & Cognition $6.5M Physical Anthropology $3.8M Social Psychology $5.5M Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences Archaeology:  Archaeology Supports Archaeological research that contributes to an anthropological understanding of the past Anthropologically significant archaeometric research Supports Doctoral Disseration Research Program Officer: John Yellen Cognitive Neuroscience:  Cognitive Neuroscience Program supports highly innovative and interdisciplinary proposals Proposals should aim to advance a rigorous understanding of how the human brain supports: thought perception affect action social processes and other aspects of cognition and behavior, including how such processes develop and change in the brain and through evolutionary time. Program Officer: Douglas Whalen Cultural Anthropology :  Cultural Anthropology Promotes research on the causes and consequences of human social and cultural variation Supports social scientific research of theoretical importance in all theoretical and empirical subfields of cultural anthropology Supports Doctoral Dissertation Research Supports training programs, workshops, and “risky” research Program Officer: Deborah Winslow Developmental and Learning Sciences :  Developmental and Learning Sciences Supports studies that increase our understanding of cognitive, social, and biological processes related to children and adolescents’ learning in formal and informal settings Supports research on learning and development that: Is multidisciplinary, multi-method, microgenetic, and longitudinal Develops new methods and theories Examines transfer of knowledge from one domain to another Assesses peer and family relations, social identities, and motivation Examines the impact of family, school, and community resources Assesses adolescents’ preparation for entry into the workforce investigates the role of demographic and cultural characteristics in children’s learning and development Program Officer: Amber Story Geographic and Regional Science:  Geographic and Regional Science Supports research on human, physical, and biotic systems on the Earth’s surface, as well as subfields Investigations into the nature, causes, and consequences of human activity within particular "places and spaces” are encouraged Both international & domestic projects which may contribute to related fields are also funded Supports Doctoral Diss. Research Program Officers: Tom Baerwald and Anne Chin Linguistics:  Linguistics Supports scientific research of all types that focus on human language as an object of investigation syntactic, semantic, phonetic, & phonological properties of individual languages and of language in general psychological processes involved in language use development of linguistic capacities in children social and cultural factors in language use, variation, and change acoustics of speech and the physiological and psychological processes involved in the production and perception of speech the biological bases of language in the brain Supports Doctoral Dissertation Research Program Officer: Joan Maling and Terry Langendoen Perception Action and Cognition :  Perception Action and Cognition Supports basic research on human cognitive and perceptual functions Topics include, but are not limited to: Attention Memory Spatial Cognition Language Processing Perceptual and Conceptual Development Visual, Auditory, and Tactile Perception Reasoning Research supported by the program encompasses a broad range of theoretical perspectives such as Symbolic Computation, Connectionism, and Dynamical Systems Program Officer: Christopher Kello Physical Anthropology:  Physical Anthropology Supports basic research in areas related to: Human Evolution Anthropological Genetics Human Adaptation Skeletal Biology Primate Biology Ecology and Behavior Grants are often characterized by: An underlying evolutionary framework A consideration of adaptation as a central theoretical theme Generalizable Results Serves as a bridge between the social and behavioral sciences and the natural and physical sciences Supports Doctoral Dissertation Research Program Officer: Richard Kay Social Psychology:  Social Psychology Supports research on human social behavior, including cultural differences and development over the life span Among the many research topics supported are: attitude formation and change social cognition personality processes interpersonal relations and group processes the self, emotion, social comparison and social influence the psychophysiological correlates of social behavior Program Officers: Amber Story and Kellina Craig - Henderson Slide28:  BCS Target Dates December 1 & July 1 Archaeology & Archaeometry Physical Anthropology January 15 & August 15 Cultural Anthropology January 15 & July 15 Cognitive Neuroscience Developmental & Learning Sciences Human Cognition & Perception Linguistics Social Psychology January 15 & August 15 Geography & Regional Science Slide30:  Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Awards Archaeology Cultural Anthropology Decision, Risk, & Management Science Economics Geography & Regional Science Law and Social Science Linguistics Physical Anthropology Political Science Science and Society Sociology Small grants to provide funds for items not normally provided through the student’s institution (varies a lot by program) Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences Dr. Marburger’s Challenge:  Dr. Marburger’s Challenge A new “social science of science policy” is needed to define appropriate data elements and to create models that can be useful to policy experts Global science and policy communities must collaborate on advancing a new interdisciplinary field of science policy studies Policymakers need predictability of outcomes Behavioral & Cognitive Sciences Scientific Basis of Individual and Team Innovation and Discovery:  Behavioral & Cognitive Sciences Scientific Basis of Individual and Team Innovation and Discovery Cognitive scientists, social psychologists and engineers discussed the psychological study of science and engineering Frontiers of collaborative research include: Memory and analogy mechanisms in creative design Computational models of creativity Models of synergy between individuals and teams Ways to build more innovative teams Management and leadership in innovation and creativity Impact of disciplinary cultures on transformative work Social & Economic Sciences Social Organization of Science and Science Policy:  Social & Economic Sciences Social Organization of Science and Science Policy Social scientists examined the organization and political, economic and social contexts in which science and science policy succeed or flounder Understanding interrelationships in the national innovation system How intellectual, social and physical organization influence creativity and innovation How scientific knowledge and expertise influence policy and decisions How global changes in economic, political, and social relationships influence the production and uses of science and technology How changes in science and technology influence patterns of globalization and well being NSF-WIDE PRIORITY AREAS :  NSF-WIDE PRIORITY AREAS International Polar Year Human and Social Dynamics Cyberinfrastructure Mathematical Sciences Nanoscale Science and Engineering Science of Learning Centers International Polar Year (IPY):  International Polar Year (IPY) International planning conducted by International Council for Science (ICSU) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) National Academy of Sciences (NAS) has spearheaded the U.S. IPY activity NSF designated to catalyze and coordinate U.S. agencies’ planning. Deadlines: 3/16/07 & 9/14/07 (Humans in Polar Regions only). Solicitation: 07-536. Contacts: Mark Weiss and Kaye Husbands IPY Vision :  IPY Vision Intense, time-limited (~March 2007- March 2009) campaign of polar observations, research, and analysis Multidisciplinary in scope and international in participation (preferred) Opportunity to move beyond traditional borders – whether national borders or disciplinary constraints – toward a new level of integrated, cooperative science SIGNIFICANT role for SBE sciences IPY Web Sites:  IPY Web Sites NSF Interagency http://www.us-ipy.gov/ US IPY Committee http://www.us-ipy.org/ ICUS IPY http://www.ipy.org/ International Arctic Social Sciences Association http://www.iassa.gl/ipy/alaska/ipy_home.htm Slide38:  Supports interdisciplinary approaches to understanding the complex dynamics within and among human and social systems, and their environments, at scales ranging from the cellular to the global and from nanoseconds to millennial Three areas of emphasis Agents of Change (AOC) Dynamics of Human Behavior (DHB) Decision Making, Risk and Uncertainty (DRU) Program Solicitation 06-604 Deadlines: ERCD – Jan 23, Type 2 – Feb 7, Type 1 – Feb 21 Human and Social Dynamics (HSD) Priority Area Cyberinfrastructure :  Coordinate aggregate of software, hardware and other technologies, as well as human expertise, required to support current and future discoveries in science and engineering. The challenge of this priority area is to integrate relevant and often disparate resources to provide a useful, usable, and enabling framework for research and discovery characterized by broad access and “end-to-end” coordination. Active Funding Opportunities: Broadening Participation in Computing (BPC) program - increase the number of students who are U.S. citizens and permanent residents receiving post secondary degrees in the computing disciplines. Three Components: Alliance, Demonstration Project,Supplements High Performance Computing System Acquisition: Towards a Petascale Computing Environment for Science and Engineering Enable work on computationally-challenging science and engineering applications Incorporate reliable, robust system software essential to optimal sustained performance Provide a high degree of stability and usability Cyberinfrastructure Slide40:  Mathematical Sciences Fundamental Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Advancing Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Mathematical and Statistical Challenges Posed by Large Data Sets Managing and Modeling Uncertainty Modeling Complex Nonlinear Systems Advancing Mathematical Sciences Education Special competition on Mathematical Social and Behavioral Sciences Nanoscale Science and Engineering :  Nanoscale Science and Engineering FY06 Active Nanostructures and Nanosystems (ANN) Research and Education Themes: Fundamental Nanoscale Phenomena and Processes in Active Nanostructures. Nanoscale Devices and System Architecture Hierarchical Nanomanufacturing Societal and Educational Issues Associated with Long-Term Nanoscale Science and Engineering Advances. Ethics Engineering in Science and Engineering:  Ethics Engineering in Science and Engineering Across six directorates Improve ethics education in all fields of science and engineering FY06 focus on improving ethics education for graduate students and on ethical issues in research, particularly in interdisciplinary or inter-institutional contexts Program Solicitation NSF 06-524 Science of Learning Centers:  Science of Learning Centers Extend the frontiers of knowledge on learning and create the intellectual, organizational, and physical infrastructure needed for the long-term advancement of learning research. Centers built around a unifying research focus and will incorporate a diverse, multidisciplinary environment involving appropriate partnerships with academia, industry, all levels of education, and other public and private entities. Science of Learning Centers :  Science of Learning Centers Center for Learning in Informal and Formal Environments (LIFE) Dr. John Bransford, University of Washington Center for Excellence for Learning in Education, Science, and Technology (CELEST) Dr. Stephen Grossberg, Boston University Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center for Robust Learning (PSLC) Dr. Kenneth R. Koedinger, Carnegie Mellon University Visual Language and Visual Learning (VL2) Dr. Thomas Allen, Gallaudet University The Temporal Dynamics of Learning Dr. Garrison Cottrell, University of California, San Diego Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center (SILC) Dr. Nora Newcombe, Temple University Proposals:  Proposals Proposal Preparation:  Proposal Preparation You write it. Your institution submits it. NSF reviews it. Compliance review In house reviews (sometimes) Ad hoc reviews (usually) Advisory panels Program officer recommendation Divisional Director review and recommendation Slide47:  Proposal Process & Timeline Proposal Processing Unit NSF Program Officer Returned as Inappropriate/Withdrawn Organization Award via DGA Decline 90 Days 6 months 30 days Proposal Preparation Time Proposal received by NSF Div. Dir. Concur Award Review of Proposal P.O. Recommend DGA Review & Processing of Award How Do You Learn the Rules?:  How Do You Learn the Rules? Read and follow instructions in the NSF Grant Proposal Guide. Publication is available online at http://www.nsf.gov Contact the relevant program officer(s). Phone numbers and e-mail addresses are available via WWW. Types of Support:  Types of Support Standard Research Grants Scholar’s Awards Postdoctoral Fellowships Small Grants for Training and Research Conference and Workshop Awards CAREER Grants Small Grants for Exploratory Research Slide50:  How to Develop a Proposal Determine your long-term research and education goals Develop your bright idea Survey the literature Contact Investigators working on topic Prepare a brief concept paper Discuss with colleagues/mentors Prepare to do the project Determine available resources Realistically assess needs Develop preliminary data Present to colleagues/mentors/students Slide51:  How to Develop a Proposal Determine possible funding sources Understand the ground rules Read carefully announcements and instructions Determine whether your project fits program scope Look over prior award abstracts Ascertain evaluation procedures and criteria Talk with NSF Program Officer Coordinate with your institution and sponsored research office Ask PIs for copies of proposals Slide52:  Budgets Amounts Reasonable for work -- Realistic Well Justified -- Need established In-line with program guidelines Eligible costs Personnel Equipment Travel Other Direct Costs, Subawards Facilities & Administrative Costs Think like program officer: Essential for research? Is it a good investment? Slide53:  Standard Review Criteria What is the intellectual merit and quality of the proposed activity? Importance Qualifications Creativity and originality Conception and organization Access to resources What are the broader impacts of the proposed activity? Training Diversity Infrastructure Dissemination/Public Awareness Societal Benefits A Competitive Project Description Includes::  A Competitive Project Description Includes: Explanation of theoretical context (references!) Contribution research will make Why are you qualified? Specification of the methods (references!) Plan for data analysis Research question drives project objectives. Everything tightly linked. When You Prepare a Proposal, Think Like Those Who Will Evaluate It:  When You Prepare a Proposal, Think Like Those Who Will Evaluate It External reviewers Specialists: relevant theory and technical details matter. Be up to date! Advisory panel members Generalists and specialists; so broader significance matters. Program officers We’re the investors, seeking “big bangs for our bucks.” What not to wear…or so many ways to disguise a good idea:  What not to wear…or so many ways to disguise a good idea Insignificant scientific question Unoriginal (“Another slice”) Unrealistic Scientific rationale not valid Diffuse, not specific enough Fishing expedition, no scientific basis Descriptive, no research question Alternative hypotheses not considered Human Subjects:  Human Subjects No award for a project involving human subjects can be made without prior Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval of the research activity. The PI may request Human Subjects evaluation from the IRB of a nearby institution. Human Subjects:  Human Subjects A tribal community may establish its own Institutional Review Board (IRB) following Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, Subpart A: The Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects (45 CFR 690) http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/docs/45cfr690.pdf A Final Reminder...:  A Final Reminder... If you have questions, contact: Your sponsored research office Your NSF program officer If you need additional information: Surf into the NSF Website at http://www.nsf.gov Questions?:  Questions? Contact: dwinslow@nsf.gov Slide65:  National Science Foundation

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