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Published on November 23, 2007

Author: worm

Source: authorstream.com

GIS APPLICATIONS IN EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING: NORTHWEST TURKEY :  GIS APPLICATIONS IN EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING: NORTHWEST TURKEY Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Texas at Austin by Ali Sari Main Topics of the Project:  Main Topics of the Project Seismicity of Turkey Seismotectonic of Turkey 1999 Turkey Earthquakes Seismic Hazard Analysis - Seismic Hazard Mapping (Input Energy, Spectral Acceleration) - Site Effects Slide3:  I. SEISMICITY OF TURKEY Historical and recent Earthquakes Epicenters Magnitudes or Intensities B.C. 550-A.D. 2001, Turkey and Adjacent Areas:  B.C. 550-A.D. 2001, Turkey and Adjacent Areas Slide5:  II. SEISMOTECTONIC OF TURKEY All Faults in Turkey:  All Faults in Turkey NAF System in Northwest Turkey:  NAF System in Northwest Turkey Slide8:  III. 1999 TURKEY EARTHQUAKES Kocaeli Earthquake, August 17, 1999 Duzce Earthquake, November 12, 1999 Slide9:  Kocaeli Earthquake, M7.4 Caused death of more than 30,000 people and damaged 50,000 buildings One of the largest recent earthquakes on record to hit a modern industrialized area Duzce Earthquake, M7.2 Caused death of more than 1,000 people and damaged 2,000 buildings 1999 Earthquakes and Damages :  1999 Earthquakes and Damages Strong Ground Motion Stations:  Strong Ground Motion Stations Slide13:  IV. SEISMIC HAZARD ANALYSIS Spectral Acceleration (Sa), input Energy (Ai); for four different periods Beside ArcGIS software; uthaz.for, uthazall.for, nehrp.for, fortran programs are used during analysis Algorithm for 0.3 sec. Sa with 5% Probability of Exceedance in 50 Years:  Algorithm for 0.3 sec. Sa with 5% Probability of Exceedance in 50 Years Turkey-pois-3hz.char.out 3hz5pcsa.out Poisson distribution Period, 0.3 sec. Characteristic Eq. 5 % Spectral Acc. Seismic Hazard Maps for Sa (pga, 0.2, 0.3, 1 sec.):  Seismic Hazard Maps for Sa (pga, 0.2, 0.3, 1 sec.) Airport, Istanbul:  T=0.6 sec. Sa, F=m*Sa Airport, Istanbul Slide18:  IV. SEISMIC HAZARD ANALYSIS Including Soil Effect Algorithm for 0.3 sec. Sa with 5% Probability of Exceedance in 50 Years including Site Effect:  Algorithm for 0.3 sec. Sa with 5% Probability of Exceedance in 50 Years including Site Effect A3hz5pcsa.out 5 % Spectral Acc. Amplified Seismic Hazard Maps for Sa (pga, 0.2, 0.3, 1 sec.):  Seismic Hazard Maps for Sa (pga, 0.2, 0.3, 1 sec.) Airport, Istanbul:  T=0.6 sec. NewSa, F=m*NewSa Airport, Istanbul Slide22:  Conclusions Northwest region of Turkey has high seismicity NAF system causes severe earthquakes in this region Seismic hazard analysis shows that the Sa and Ai values for Istanbul are high with 5 % probability of exceedance in 50 years Soft soil amplifies the Sa and Ai values. Slide23:  Acknowledges Dr. D. Maidment, Dr. L. Manuel (UT Austin) Mark Peterson (USGS, Colorado) Yesim Biro, M. Cem Ozbey (Kandilli Observatory, Turkey)

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