SAP R/3 4.6 LO230 capacity planning

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Published on October 7, 2014

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SAP R/3 4.6 LO230 capacity planning

1. LO230 Capacity Planning LO230 R/3 System Release 46C 05/08/2001 0

2. LO230 Capacity Planning.............................................................................................................................................0-1 Copyright ..................................................................................................................................................................0-2 Production Planning..............................................................................................................................................0-4 Prerequisites ..........................................................................................................................................................0-5 Target Audience....................................................................................................................................................0-6 Introduction...............................................................................................................................................................1-1 Course Goals .........................................................................................................................................................1-2 Course Objectives .................................................................................................................................................1-3 Course Content......................................................................................................................................................1-4 Overview Diagram 1.............................................................................................................................................1-5 Main Business Scenario ........................................................................................................................................1-6 Overview...................................................................................................................................................................2-1 Overview: Objectives............................................................................................................................................2-2 Overview Diagram 2.............................................................................................................................................2-3 Overview: Business Scenario................................................................................................................................2-4 Integration of Capacity Planning (1) .....................................................................................................................2-5 Capacity Planning Environment (1) ......................................................................................................................2-6 Planning Views .....................................................................................................................................................2-7 Capacity Planning / Elements ...............................................................................................................................2-8 Work Center Data .................................................................................................................................................2-9 Types of Display .................................................................................................................................................2-10 Overview: Summary ...........................................................................................................................................2-11 Capacity Evaluation ..................................................................................................................................................3-1 Capacity Evaluation: Objectives ...........................................................................................................................3-2 Overview Diagram 3.............................................................................................................................................3-3 Capacity Evaluation: Business Scenario ...............................................................................................................3-4 Capacity Planning Environment (2) ......................................................................................................................3-5 Procedure in Capacity Evaluation.........................................................................................................................3-6 Capacity Planning Phases .....................................................................................................................................3-7 Standard Overview................................................................................................................................................3-8 Selection and Display Parameters .........................................................................................................................3-9 Cumulated Display..............................................................................................................................................3-10 Period Split..........................................................................................................................................................3-11 Detailed Capacity List and its Functions.............................................................................................................3-12 Structure of a Profile ...........................................................................................................................................3-13 Structure of a Set.................................................................................................................................................3-14 Functions in the Variable Overview....................................................................................................................3-15 Capacity Planning Environment .........................................................................................................................3-16

3. Configuration Sequence Capacity Planning (1) ..................................................................................................3-17 Capacity Planning / Overall Profile Evaluations.................................................................................................3-18 User Parameters - Evaluation..............................................................................................................................3-19 Selection Profile (Capacity Evaluations) ............................................................................................................3-20 Options Profile (Capacity Evaluations)...............................................................................................................3-21 Extended Evaluation (Standard Overview) .........................................................................................................3-22 Extended Evaluation (Detailed Capacity List) ....................................................................................................3-23 Structure of a Profile (Extended Evaluation) ......................................................................................................3-24 Structure of a Set (Extended Evaluation) ............................................................................................................3-25 Capacity Evaluation: Summary...........................................................................................................................3-26 Data used in the exercises ...................................................................................................................................3-27 Capacity Evaluation Exercises ............................................................................................................................3-29 Capacity Evaluation Solutions ............................................................................................................................3-34 Capacity Leveling (Part 1) ........................................................................................................................................4-1 Capacity Leveling (Part 1): Objectives .................................................................................................................4-2 Capacity Evaluation ..............................................................................................................................................4-3 Capacity Leveling (Part 1): Business Scenario .....................................................................................................4-4 Capacity Planning Environment (3) ......................................................................................................................4-5 Capacity Leveling Measures .................................................................................................................................4-6 User Interface for Capacity Leveling ....................................................................................................................4-7 Capacity Planning Table (Tabular Form)..............................................................................................................4-8 Capacity Planning Table .......................................................................................................................................4-9 Dispatching .........................................................................................................................................................4-10 Dispatching Procedure ........................................................................................................................................4-11 Types of Dispatching (tabular)............................................................................................................................4-12 Capacity Leveling (part 1): Summary.................................................................................................................4-13 Capacity Leveling (Part 1) Exercises ..................................................................................................................4-14 Capacity Leveling (Part 1) Solutions ..................................................................................................................4-16 Available Capacity....................................................................................................................................................5-1 Available Capacity: Objectives.............................................................................................................................5-2 Overview Diagram 5.............................................................................................................................................5-3 Available Capacity: Business Scenario.................................................................................................................5-4 Capacity Planning Environment (4) ......................................................................................................................5-5 Capacities at a Work Center..................................................................................................................................5-6 Available Capacity at the Work Center.................................................................................................................5-7 From Work Time to Operating Time ....................................................................................................................5-8 Maintaining Available Capacity using Shift Sequences .......................................................................................5-9 Available Capacity in the Work Center ..............................................................................................................5-10 Available Capacity/Maintenance Variants..........................................................................................................5-11

4. Maintaining and Assigning Factory Calendar.....................................................................................................5-12 Work Center Hierarchy.......................................................................................................................................5-13 Configuration Sequence Capacitiy Planning (2) .................................................................................................5-14 Shift Sequences and Shifts ..................................................................................................................................5-15 Available Capacity: Summary ............................................................................................................................5-16 Available Capacity Exercises..............................................................................................................................5-17 Available Capacity Solutions ..............................................................................................................................5-21 Capacity Requirements and Reduction .....................................................................................................................6-1 Capacity Requirements and Reduction: Objectives ..............................................................................................6-2 Overview Diagram 6.............................................................................................................................................6-3 Business Scenario .................................................................................................................................................6-4 Capacity Planning Environment (5) ......................................................................................................................6-5 Planning Levels.....................................................................................................................................................6-6 Determining Capacity Requirements ....................................................................................................................6-7 Formulas ...............................................................................................................................................................6-8 Link between Formula and Standard Values ........................................................................................................6-9 Setting up a Formula ...........................................................................................................................................6-10 Examples of Formulas ........................................................................................................................................6-11 Capacity Reduction .............................................................................................................................................6-12 Determining Remaining Capacity Requirements................................................................................................6-13 Capacity Requirements and Reduction: Summary..............................................................................................6-14 Capacity Requirements and Reduction Exercises ...............................................................................................6-15 Capacity Requirements and Reduction Solutions ...............................................................................................6-18 Scheduling.................................................................................................................................................................7-1 Scheduling: Objectives..........................................................................................................................................7-2 Overview Diagram 7.............................................................................................................................................7-3 Scheduling: Business Scenario .............................................................................................................................7-4 Work Center and Lead Time Scheduling..............................................................................................................7-5 Lead Time Scheduling - Basics.............................................................................................................................7-6 Scheduling / Time Elements in an Order ..............................................................................................................7-7 Scheduling Types ..................................................................................................................................................7-8 Today Scheduling .................................................................................................................................................7-9 Scheduling / Performance Efficiency..................................................................................................................7-10 Correction of Execution Time.............................................................................................................................7-11 Distribution of Capacity Requirements...............................................................................................................7-12 Distribution Basis................................................................................................................................................7-13 Scheduling: Summary .........................................................................................................................................7-14 Scheduling Exercises ..........................................................................................................................................7-15 Scheduling Solutions...........................................................................................................................................7-17

5. Capacity Leveling (Part 2) ........................................................................................................................................8-1 Capacity Leveling (Part 2): Unit Objectives .........................................................................................................8-2 Overview Diagram (8) ..........................................................................................................................................8-3 Business Scenario .................................................................................................................................................8-4 Capacity Planning Environment (1) ......................................................................................................................8-5 Capacity Planning Table .......................................................................................................................................8-6 Types of Dispatching (Graphical) .........................................................................................................................8-7 Dispatching Operations.........................................................................................................................................8-8 Planning Details at the Work Center / Capacity....................................................................................................8-9 Lead Time Scheduling - Finite Scheduling.........................................................................................................8-10 Finite Scheduling ................................................................................................................................................8-11 Rescheduling / Deallocating ...............................................................................................................................8-12 Midpoint Scheduling I ........................................................................................................................................8-13 Midpoint Scheduling II .......................................................................................................................................8-14 Structure of a Profile (Leveling) .........................................................................................................................8-15 Dispatching to Freely-Definable Period split ......................................................................................................8-16 Enhanced Handling Functions 1 .........................................................................................................................8-17 Strategy Profile ...................................................................................................................................................8-18 Planning Direction ..............................................................................................................................................8-19 Dispatching at the Earliest Time .........................................................................................................................8-20 Planning Strategy: Strategy Profile .....................................................................................................................8-21 Treatment of Queue Time ...................................................................................................................................8-22 Use of Order Floats / Operation Floats ...............................................................................................................8-23 Various Functions ...............................................................................................................................................8-24 Configuration Sequence Capacity Planning (3) ..................................................................................................8-25 Capacity Leveling - Overall Profile ....................................................................................................................8-26 Standard Overall Profiles for Capacity Leveling ................................................................................................8-27 Control Profile.....................................................................................................................................................8-28 Selection Profile..................................................................................................................................................8-29 Planning- (Scheduling) Levels ............................................................................................................................8-30 Time Profile ........................................................................................................................................................8-31 Evaluation Profile ...............................................................................................................................................8-32 List Profile ..........................................................................................................................................................8-33 Profile for Capacity Planning Table (tab.) ..........................................................................................................8-34 Period Profile ......................................................................................................................................................8-35 Profile for Capacity Planning Table....................................................................................................................8-36 Check Report / Overall Profile............................................................................................................................8-37 Requirements Grouping ......................................................................................................................................8-38 Requirements Grouping - Example Group..........................................................................................................8-39

6. Cumulation of Available Capacity / Capacity Requirements..............................................................................8-40 Cumulation of Available Capacity using Period Split ........................................................................................8-41 Capacity Leveling (Part 2): Summary.................................................................................................................8-42 Capacity Leveling (Part 2) Exercises ..................................................................................................................8-43 Capacity Leveling (Part 2) Solutions ..................................................................................................................8-49 Extended Planning Functions....................................................................................................................................9-1 Extended Planning Functions: Unit Objectives.....................................................................................................9-2 Overview Diagram 9.............................................................................................................................................9-3 Business Scenario .................................................................................................................................................9-4 Sequencing 1.........................................................................................................................................................9-5 Sequencing 2.........................................................................................................................................................9-6 Sequencing 3.........................................................................................................................................................9-7 User Exits.............................................................................................................................................................9-8 Additional Functions 1..........................................................................................................................................9-9 Additional Functions 2........................................................................................................................................9-10 Material Stock Curves.........................................................................................................................................9-11 Planning in Non-Work Periods / Fixing..............................................................................................................9-12 Temporarily Saving Results of Planning ............................................................................................................9-13 Mass Processing..................................................................................................................................................9-14 Capacity Planning with Production Versions......................................................................................................9-15 Notes on Documentation.....................................................................................................................................9-16 Extended Planning Functions: Summary ............................................................................................................9-17 Extended Planning Functions Exercises..............................................................................................................9-18 Extended Planning Functions Solutions..............................................................................................................9-26 Detailed Planning....................................................................................................................................................10-1 Detailed Planning: Unit Objective ......................................................................................................................10-2 Overview Diagram 10.........................................................................................................................................10-3 Detailed Planning: Business Scenario.................................................................................................................10-4 Application Criteria for Splits .............................................................................................................................10-5 Levels of Detail ...................................................................................................................................................10-6 Capacity Assignments.........................................................................................................................................10-7 Qualifications - Objectives..................................................................................................................................10-8 Qualifications - Abilities Required .....................................................................................................................10-9 Qualifications - Assignments ............................................................................................................................10-10 Requirements Profiles .......................................................................................................................................10-11 Splitting and Allocating ....................................................................................................................................10-12 Ranking List ......................................................................................................................................................10-13 Types of Split ....................................................................................................................................................10-14 Confirmation of Splits.......................................................................................................................................10-15

7. Detailed Planning: Summary ............................................................................................................................10-16 Detailed Planning Exercises..............................................................................................................................10-17 Detailed Planning Solutions ..............................................................................................................................10-21 Integration ...............................................................................................................................................................11-1 Integration: Unit Objectives 1.............................................................................................................................11-2 Integration: Unit Objectives 2.............................................................................................................................11-3 Overview Diagram 11.........................................................................................................................................11-4 Integration: Business Scenario............................................................................................................................11-5 Integration of Capacity Planning (2) ...................................................................................................................11-6 CRP Along the Process Chain.............................................................................................................................11-7 Planning Phases...................................................................................................................................................11-8 Integrated Planning Levels..................................................................................................................................11-9 Simultaneous Use of Different Planning Levels ...............................................................................................11-10 Overall Profiles in the Applications ..................................................................................................................11-11 Integration Types ..............................................................................................................................................11-12 Integration: Sales and Distribution (SD) ...........................................................................................................11-13 Integration: Sales and Operations Planning - Planning Table (SOP) ................................................................11-14 Integration: MRP/MPS .....................................................................................................................................11-15 Integration: Long-term Planning 1....................................................................................................................11-16 Integration: Long-term Planning 2....................................................................................................................11-17 Available Capacity and Requirements Versions ...............................................................................................11-18 Integration: Repetitive Manufacturing (REM) ..................................................................................................11-19 Repetitive Manufacturing with Production Versions ........................................................................................11-20 Integration: Shop Floor Control (SFC) .............................................................................................................11-21 Integration: Unit Summary ...............................................................................................................................11-22 Integration Exercises.........................................................................................................................................11-23 Integration Solutions .........................................................................................................................................11-27 Appendix.................................................................................................................................................................12-1 Change Mode and GUI Status.............................................................................................................................12-2 Layout of the Planning Table..............................................................................................................................12-3 Chart Sequence ...................................................................................................................................................12-4 Chart Sequence (cont.) ........................................................................................................................................12-5 Actual Capacity Requirements............................................................................................................................12-6

8. LO230 LO230 Capacity Planning Capacity Planning  SAP AG 1999  SAP AG  R/3 System  Release 4.6B  March 2000  50034893

9. Copyright Copyright 2001 SAP AG. All rights reserved. Neither this training manual nor any part thereof may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means, or translated into another language, without the prior consent of SAP AG. The information contained in this document is subject to change and supplement without prior notice. All rights reserved.  SAP AG 1999  Trademarks:  Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors.  Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word® and SQL Server® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.  IBM®, DB2®, OS/2®, DB2/6000®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA®, RS/6000®, AIX®, S/390®, AS/400®, OS/390®, and OS/400® are registered trademarks of IBM Corporation.  ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation, California, USA.  INFORMIX®-OnLine for SAP and Informix® Dynamic ServerTM are registered trademarks of Informix Software Incorporated.  UNIX®, X/Open®, OSF/1®, and Motif® are registered trademarks of The Open Group.  HTML, DHTML, XML, XHTML are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web Consortium, Laboratory for Computer Science NE43-358, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 545 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139.  JAVA® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. , 901 San Antonio Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA.  JAVASCRIPT® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape.  SAP, SAP Logo, mySAP.com, mySAP.com Marketplace, mySAP.com Workplace, mySAP.com Business Scenarios, mySAP.com Application Hosting, WebFlow, R/2, R/3, RIVA, ABAP™, SAP Business Workflow, SAP EarlyWatch, SAP ArchiveLink, BAPI, SAPPHIRE, Management Cockpit, SEM, are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all

10. over the world. All other products mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.  Design: SAP Communications Media

11. Production Planning Level 2 Level 3 LO050 5 days Manufacturing Planning & Execution for Discrete & Repetitive  SAP AG 1999 LO980 3 days Engineering Change Management LO235 2 days KANBAN LO205 3 days LO985 3 days Classification LO955 3 days Batch Management LO230 5 days LO720 2 days CAP Calculation of Standard Values LO275 2 days Special Features of LIS in Production LO935 2 days Logistics Info Planning LO210 5 days Production Planning LO215 5 days LO225 3 days Repetitive Manufacturing Capacity Planning LO930 2 days Logistics Information System (LIS) Reporting LO206 3 days Basic Data Part 2 Basic Data for Discrete Manufacturing Production Orders LO990 5 days Variant Configuration Part 1 LO991 3 days Variant Configuration Part 2

12. Prerequisites  LO050 - Planning & control for discrete manufacturing and repetitive manufacturing  LO205 - Basic data for discrete manufacturing  LO215 - Prduction orders  SAP AG 1999

13. Target Audience  Participants  Members of the project team responsible for the implementation of capacity planning  Members of shop floor control  Duration: 5 days  SAP AG 1999 Notes to the user  The training materials are not teach-yourself programs. They complement the course instructor's explanations. On the sheets, there is space for you to write down additional information.

14. Introduction Contents:  Course goal  Course objectives  Course contents  Course overview diagram  Main business scenario  Introduction to course  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 1-1

15. Course Goals  SAP AG 1999 This course will enable you to:  Understand how to use capacity planning within PP  At the conclusion of this course you will be able to:  Describe connections between the elements of capacity planning  Use the capacity evaluation and the capacity planning tables  Make system settings (C) SAP AG LO230 1-2

16. Course Objectives  SAP AG 1999 This course will enable you to:  Create available capacities  Execute capacity evaluations  Execute leveling of capacity requirements (C) SAP AG LO230 1-3 and available capacities

17. Course Content Preface  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 1-4 Unit 7 Scheduling Unit 8 Capacity leveling (part 2) Unit 9 Extended planning functions Unit 10 Detailed planning Unit 11 Integration Unit 1 Introduction Unit 2 Overview Unit 3 Capacity evaluation Unit 4 Capacity leveling (part 1) Unit 5 Available capacity Unit 6 Capacity requirements / reduction Appendix

18. Work Center Introduction  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 1-5 Work Centers Jul' 98 W 26 W 27 W 28 W 29 Jul' 98 W 28 W 29 Mont. 1 Mont. 2 Material Order 100-500 18752 500-300 600001650 100-500 18770 500-300 600001699 Jun' 98 1310 1320 1330 Work Centers Overview Diagram 1  SAP AG Capaciitty evalluattiion Capaciitty llevelliing (partt 1) Avaiillablle capaciitty Capaciitty reqmtts // reducttiion Schedulliing Capaciitty llevelliing (partt 2) Exttended pllanniing ffuncttiions Dettaiilled pllanniing IInttegrattiion Overviiew

19. Main Business Scenario  SAP AG 1999  You are running a manufacturing company and (C) SAP AG LO230 1-6 aim to deliver materials for orders received by the dates promised. Thus you want to provide available capacity that is sufficient but not excessive to cover requirements generated by orders. This is why you are using capacity planning; for example to spot overloads in time or to carry out leveling for the requirements dates using the capacities available and to fix the requirements.

20. Overview Contents:  Integration of capacity planning  Capacity planning environment  Overview of elements and types of display  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 2-1

21. Overview: Objectives  SAP AG 1999 At the conclusion of this unit you will:  Have an overview of the integration of capacity planning in the PP System and the main elements of capacity planning. (C) SAP AG LO230 2-2

22. Overview Diagram 2 Arbeitsplatz / Work Center  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 2-3 Arbeitsplätze / Work Center Jul' 98 W 26 W 27 W 28 W 29 Jul' 98 W 28 W 29 Mont. 1 Mont. 2 Material Auftrag / Order 100-500 18752 500-300 600001650 100-500 18770 500-300 600001699 Jun' 98 1310 1320 1330 Arbeitsplätze IInttroducttiion Capaciitty evalluattiion Capaciitty llevelliing (partt 1)) Avaiillablle capaciitty Capaciitty reqmtts // -reducttiion Schedulliing Capaciitty llevelliing (partt 2) Exttended pllanniing ffuncttiions Dettaiilled pllanniing IInttegrattiion Overview

23. Overview: Business Scenario  SAP AG 1999  You are running a manufacturing company and need an overview of capacity planning. Therefore you want to find out about the capacity planning environment. You are particularly interested in the basic data such as the work center and the pegged requirements. (C) SAP AG LO230 2-4

24. Integration of Capacity Planning (1)  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 2-5 R//3 FII CO AM PS WF IS MM SD PD PM PP QM Client / Serrverr ABAP/4 PP - BD Basic Data PP - MPS Master Prod. Scheduling PP - MRP Mat. Reqmts Planning PP - CRP Capacity Reqmts Planning PP - SFC Shop Floor Control PP - PI Process Industries PP - SOP Sales and Operations Planning PP - REM Repetitive Manufacturing  The PP production planning component consists of several integrated components.  Capacity planning is flexible and can be adapted to the relevant point of view.  The user has a planning instrument he can use to help in planning limited resources on various planning levels (detailed, production-rate and rough-cut). It can be used for every application area and it has specially-defined functions.  Capacity leveling is an integrated component of the following R/3 applications.  SD Sales and distribution  SOP Sales and Operations Planning  MPS/MRP Master Production Scheduling / Material Requirements Planning  REM Repetitive Manufacturing  SFC Production Control  PD Personnel Planning and Development  PI Process Industries  PS Project System  PM/SM Plant Maintenance, Service Management

25. Basic data Production planning PM / PS  SAP AG 1999 Material Bill of material RArobueittisnpglan TskLstGrp C 1 10 Center 1 Calendar (C) SAP AG LO230 2-6 10 20 30 40 50 Scheduling Capacity requirements t Capacity evaluation/-leveling Available capacity t 4 20 30 A  Planned orders  Production orders  Process orders  SOP orders  Plant maint.  Projects Capacity Planning Environment (1)  With the help of R/3 basic data such as Material Masters, work plans and work centers, as well as planned orders and production orders, a database is created, which can show the available capacity and the capacity required.  Available capacity indicates which activity produces a capacity each day. A capacity is always assigned to at least one work center.  Capacity requirements shows how much capacity the individual orders need at a certain point in time. Capacity requirements are determined during lead time scheduling.  In Capacity evaluation, these requirements can now be compared with the available capacity.  In Capacity levelling, orders can be shared out to avoid overloading. This way it is possible to leverage the suitable resources or to plan optimal scheduling with sort criteria.

26. Planning Views  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 2-7 SOP MPS MRP/SFC Today Montths llatterr  There are different planning levels available for the individual application areas. For example, you can plan MRP requirements in the following three ways depending on how specific you want your planning to be: Rough-cut planning with a rough-cut planning profile Production-rate planning with a rate routing or a routing Detailed planning with a routing

27. Capacity Planning / Elements  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 2-8 Availlable capacity Scheduling Capaciitty rrequiirrementts Capacity evalluation and -lleveling Capacity reduction  The available capacity represents the capacity available for production.  Scheduling the sequence of operations determines the times for the capacity requirements.  The system calculates the capacity requirements using formulas and dates and quantities for production.  The capacity evaluation gives you an overview of the load and the requirements for production.  Capacity leveling allows you to achieve optimal planning and an optimal load.  Capacity reduction occurs when operations are confirmed or order quantities reduced or deleted.

28. General data Default values Capacity data Scheduling data Personnel system data  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 2-9 Basic data Default values Capacity Scheduling Assignments Work Center Data  Name and description  Standard values key  Effíciency rate key  Control key  Standard text key  Wage data  Available capacity  Formula key  Individual capacities  Scheduling basis  Queue and move time  Formula key  Labor  Positions  Qualifications  The work center contains several groups of data that are located on different screens. Only the most important ones are shown in this example.

29. Types of Display  SAP AG 1999 Capacity evaluation Diagrams (C) SAP AG LO230 2-10 Available capacity Capacity requirements Printing of standard overview and det. cap. list Planing table (tabular) Planning table (graphical)  Capacity planning uses several types of display. It uses evaluation lists, block diagrams, bar charts, line graphs and Gantt charts.  You can also carry out simulations with the planning tables.

30. Overview: Summary  SAP AG 1999  You have an overview of the integration, environment and elements of capacity planning. (C) SAP AG LO230 2-11

31. Capacity Evaluation Contents:  Capacity overviews  Order detail lists  Graphics  Printing functions  System settings  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-1

32. Capacity Evaluation: Objectives  SAP AG 1999 At the conclusion of this topic you will know:  What options there are for comparing the capacity requirements with the available capacity  How to create new overall profiles (C) SAP AG LO230 3-2

33. Overview Diagram 3 Arbeitsplatz / Work Center  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-3 Arbeitsplätze / Work Center Jul' 98 W 26 W 27 W 28 W 29 Jul' 98 W 28 W 29 Mont. 1 Mont. 2 Material Auftrag / Order 100-500 18752 500-300 600001650 100-500 18770 500-300 600001699 Jun' 98 1310 1320 1330 Arbeitsplätze IInttroducttiion Capacity evaluation Capaciitty llevelliing (partt 1)) Avaiillablle capaciitty Capaciitty reqmtts // -reducttiion Schedulliing Capaciitty llevelliing (partt 2) Exttended pllanniing ffuncttiions Dettaiilled pllanniing IInttegrattiion Overviiew

34. Capacity Evaluation: Business Scenario  SAP AG 1999  You want to evaluate the work center load for (C) SAP AG LO230 3-4 production. You use the capacity evaluation functions to compare capacity requirements with available capacity. You can see the pegged requirements from the results of the evaluation and thus decide whether you need to take measures to keep to the production dates.

35. Capacity Planning Environment (2) Basiic datta Producttiion pllanniing PM // PS Matterriiall Bill of material  SAP AG 1999 RArobueittisnpglan TskLstGrp C 1 10 Center 1 Calendar (C) SAP AG LO230 3-5  Planned orders  Production orders  Process orders  SOP orders 10 20 30 40 50 Scheduling Capacity requirements t CCaappaaccitityy e evvaaluluaattioionn/-/-lelevveelilningg Available capacity t  Plant maint.  Projects 4 20 30 A Capacity evaluation/leveling  In the capacity evaluations, the capacity requirements are compared to the available capacity.  Capacity evaluation has to perform the following: Determination of available capacity Determination of capacity requirement Comparison of available capacity to capacity requirement

36.  SAP AG 1999 Settings Selection (C) SAP AG LO230 3-6 Accessing Capacity Planning Initial screen Capacity evaluation Standard overview Variable overview Detailed capacity list Work center  Load  Orders  ... Variable  Profile 1  ...  ... Procedure in Capacity Evaluation  Capacity evaluations are basically accessed using two menu options:The menu Work center view accesses evaluations for loads, orders, released orders, order in backlog or overloads.The menu Variable allows you to access evaluations using profiles created for your specific needs.  When accessing the capacity evaluation the settings are pulled from the overall profile.  This overall profile can be one provided by SAP or a user-specific profile.  To access the evaluation via the work center you can use standard profiles and user-specific profiles.  You can change display using the menu option Settings.  You can use the menu Selection to increase or restrict the selection criteria for the capacity evaluation.

37. Planning phase Rough-cut Medium Detailed  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-7 Characteristics Month Week Day WCtr area WCtr group Work ctr Incomplete Complete Time - Display of periods Location - Work center hierarchies Planning data Capacity Planning Phases  Capacity planning can use different planning phases. For example, the level of detail of planning can depend on how close the planning date is to the completion date.

38. Capacity evaluation Branch Work center Capacity Detailed capacity list  SAP AG 1999 Graphics Lists Printing (C) SAP AG LO230 3-8 t t Standard overview Detailed capacity list Variable overview Standard Overview  The standard overview compares the available capacity and the capacity requirements for the selected work centers for each capacity category. The loads and remaining available capacity are also listed.  From the standard overview you can generate graphics, print lists, maintain work centers and capacities and from the detailed capacity list you can process orders.  The standard overview can be limited using minimum and maximum load percentages. You can predefine these in the options profile.

39. Selection and Display Parameters Cumulated display Capacity unit Requirement unit Selection of period to be displayed Period split for display Requirement prioritizing and comparison of offers can be either static or dynamic  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-9 General yes / no Time unit Target / remaining requirement Time segment / Periods Hierarchy Distribution Through distribution keys  from work center in production orders  from operation or work center in network plans / maintenance orders  from standard setting of capacity planning per capacity category  The selection and display parameters can be predefined in profiles. They can, however, be changed in the menu settings.  You can only update the reading time section via Customizing.

40.  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-10 Available capacity Available capacity DD AA BB CC DD CC BB BB AA AA AA Display not cumulated Cumulated display Cumulated Display  The cumulated display has the following significance for the standard overview and the variable overview: For every period the capacity requirements and the available capacity result from the sum of the capacity requirements/available capacity in this and the preceding periods. The starting point for the cumulation is the first period displayed. In this way you get an overview of the period available for reducing the capacity requirements.

41. Period Split  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-11 Periods Days 10 20 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 1 2 1 Period duration 4 Days 1 Week 3 Weeks 1 Month  To display the evaluations you can choose between the following period displays:  Month  Week  Day  Factory calendar day  Posting period  You use the period duration to define the number of days or weeks for a period.

42. Detailed Capacity List and its Functions Capacity Evaluation Work center Capacity  SAP AG 1999 Graphics Lists Printing (C) SAP AG LO230 3-12 .. .. .. Order Stock-/ reqmts list Order Stock-/ requirements list t t Standard overview Detailed capacity list Variable overview Branch  In the detailed capacity list the orders and their operations are listed by period depending on the work center selected. They may be sorted, for example, by order number, date, and priority.  From this list you can make changes to the work center, the capacity and the order.  You can call up additional information on the material and the stock/requirements situation.  You can predefine the display using the list profile and change it using the settings menu.

43. Structure of a Profile Options profile Selection profile List profile Graphics profile Order set Initial set Capacity category set Work center set  SAP AG 1999 Overall profile  The overall profile contains the names of four subprofiles:  The selection profile determines which sets are used to generate the various selection screens and for what period the capacity requirements are read from the database.  The list profile defines the layout of the detailed capacity list and the variable overview.  The graphics profile defines the layout of the graphics.  In the options profile the default parameters are set for the type of display, the display period, the distribution and for branches in change or display mode.  The order set, the capacity category set and the work center set are used for the extended selection. (C) SAP AG LO230 3-13

44. Structure of a Set Work center Capacity cat. Capacity planner  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-14 Multi-dimension set Basic set Basic set Basic set Value Variable Variable Value PP-MONT1 &KAPLATZ &KAPART 101  It is important to distinguish between basic sets that always refer to one criterion and multidimension sets that group together any number of basic sets.  For example, which selection criteria are displayed in a dialog box for selection depends on the basic sets the multidimension set consists of.  Multidimension sets are always used in the selection profile, in the combinations and in the column definitions in the variable overview.  Whether and how you can specify values for a selection criterion is determined by the structure of the relevant basic set. You can use the basic set to specify: - whether an individual value or a value range can be specified - whether the criterion is assigned a fixed value and thus no user specification is required  Sets are specified in Customizing for capacity planning and grouped together in a selection profile or in a combination.  To make it possible to specify an individual value or a value range for a selection criterion, a variable must be defined for the individual value or for the upper and lower limit of the value range.  You create variables in Customizing for capacity planning.

45. Functions in the Variable Overview  SAP AG 1999 Capacity evaluation Graphics Lists Printing (C) SAP AG LO230 3-15 Detailed capacity list Standard overview Detailed capacity list Variable overview Branch  You can define the form and content of the variable overview. You use it to display any capacity data you wish.  In the first column appear the periods. In the following columns you can display, for example, capacity requirements, available capacities and formulas.  You can predefine the display using the list profile and change it using the settings menu.

46. Capacity Planning Environment Auftragskopf Arbeitsvorgänge Materialkomponenten Fertigungshilfsmittel Kosten Plan Sol Ist 20 50 100 Material That´s what  SAP AG 1999 Order Capacity 4 434518 759691 I want ! Display Maintain (C) SAP AG LO230 3-16 Display/maintain Detailed capacity list Goods receipt for order t t Work center Confirmation Stock/ reqmts list Pegged requirements  From the detailed capacity screen you can use the menu Environment to branch to further sections of PP in change mode or in display mode.  In the options profile in Customizing you can specify that the system is to branch to orders, the work center and the capacity in change mode or in display mode.  You can also get the system to branch by double-clicking on the fields for the order, the work center or the capacity.

47. Configuration Sequence Capacity Planning (1) M O O D D  SAP AG 1999 Maintaining and cumulating available capacity Creating work center hierarchies Defining distribution of requirements Profiles for capacity evaluations Profiles for capacity leveling/extended evaluation  Legend: M = Mandatory action (mandatory) O = Optional action (optional) D = Action completed as a result of default setting (C) SAP AG LO230 3-17

48. Capacity Planning / Overall Profile Evaluations  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-18 Overall profile Options profile Selection profile List profile Graphics profile  The overall profile contains four subprofiles.  In the options profile the default parameters are specified for the type of display, the display period, distribution and branching in display or change mode. Most of the settings can be changed in the application using the menu options Settings General for this evaluation run.  The selection profile determines which sets are accessed to generate the various selection screens and for which period the capacity requirements are read from the database.  The list profile specifies the layout of the detailed capacity list and the variable overview and determines which list is automatically displayed.  The graphics profile contains settings for the layout of the various graphics:  Determining the earliest/latest dates of operations  Sort sequence such as date, material number, order number  Displaying columns, bars or lines  The line display only makes sense for a cumulative display.

49. Overall profile evaluation Parameter / Std profile  SAP AG 1999 Work center view (C) SAP AG LO230 3-19 Load Orders Released Backlog Overload Variable CY1 CY2 CY3 CY4 CY5 CY7 SAPX911 SAPX912 SAPX913 SAPX914 SAPX915 User Parameters - Evaluation  An overall profile can be accessed with the user parameters CY1 - CY7 individually for every user.

50. Selection Profile (Capacity Evaluations) Overall profile Scheduling level: Work center set: Order set: Capacity reqmts category set:  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-20 Selection profile Selection control: Initial set: Selection period for reading from the database (KBED) Selection of KBED records according to detailed-, production rate- or rough-cut scheduling and specifying order categories (take account of scheduling levels table TCX00) Read KBED records for work center(s) Read KBED records for order type(s) Read KBED records for capacity reqmts categories Fields for initial screen Version of available capacity  You use the selection profile among other things to specify which sets are used to define the layout of the various dialog boxes.  You can also specify the database read period in the selection profile in the section Interval period. In the evaluation only those capacity requirements are read from the database where at least one date (for example, the earliest start date) falls in the period defined. The display period (see settings) must also lie in the database read period.  During the capacity evaluation you can specify another selection profile with the menu options Planning -> Profiles -> Selection profile.

51. Options Profile (Capacity Evaluations) Overall profile  SAP AG 1999 (C) SAP AG LO230 3-21 Options profile General settings: Cap. Unit, Remaining requirements, planned requirements, cumulated display, load restrictions Cumulating available capacity: Hierarchy: Yes / no, dynamic, hierarchy name Interval settings: Start / end of display, period split, cumulate backlog to Distribution of capacity requirements: From work center, operation or profile Goto: Work center, branches in display / change mode  The options profile groups together general settings. You can change most of these settings during the evaluation with the menu options: Settings -> General.  You can change the following parameters during the capacity evaluation using other menu options or a function key: Values for the minimum and maximum load displayed in the standard overview The standard distribution key for work orders and networks/maintenance orders  You cannot change the following parameters during the capacity evaluation: Date for dispatching the backlog: If remaining requirements are displayed then all the requirements whose finish dates lie before the date for dispatching the backlog are dispatched to the period that contains this date. Indicator "Production order": The indicator specifies whether you branch to production orders in display mode or in change mode. Indicator "Planned order": The indicator specifies whether you branch to planned orders in display mode or in change mode. Indicator "Work center": The indicator specifies whether you branch to work centers or capacities in display mode or in change mode.

52. Extended

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