Sanathana Dharma

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Information about Sanathana Dharma
Education

Published on May 22, 2009

Author: vision2020AD

Source: authorstream.com

Sanathana Dharma : Sanathana Dharma By Kishor Jagirdar kishorjagirdar@gmail.com What is “Dharma” : What is “Dharma” The root of the word dharma comes from dhri,which means to uphold or maintain. The Sanskrit says dharayati iti dharmaha, which translates as dharma is that which upholds. However, not only what is supported is dharma, but that which does the supporting is also dharma, dhriyate iti dharmaha. So dharma consists of both the force that sustains as well as what is sustained. It can also be said that there is the path of dharma as well as its conclusion, the object of dharma, or what we are seeking, the goal of life. So dharma is the means as well as the goal Meaning of Dharma : Meaning of Dharma Dharma is also said to be the force which maintains the universe. Where there is dharma there is harmony and balance individually, socially, and inter-galactically. So the path of dharma brings about the harmony and contentment that is also another aspect of what we are seeking. In this way, we want harmony inwardly, in our own consciousness, but we also cannot have individual peace unless there is harmony or cooperation socially, amongst the masses. So where there is no dharma, there is disharmony and a state of being that is out of balance. Lack of Dharma : Lack of Dharma Socially it means that without dharma, there is a lack of cooperation, along with escalating quarrel and fighting. This often manifests as a lack of distribution of resources, whereas some parts of the world may experience abundance of water, food or fuel, yet other parts are starving. Or by dishonest manipulation of supply and demand some necessities become priced so high that they are out of reach for the poor. When we act against the law of dharma, we disrupt the very harmony and cooperation that we want. In other words, we create a life for ourselves in which there is stress, confusion, discontent, and frustration Results of Lack of Dharma : Results of Lack of Dharma If we live on the basis of lust and greed, to accumulate possessions, money, and sensual pleasure by the demands of the mind and senses, it will become most difficult to follow the path of dharma. Of course, when this is the case, we often see that such people become increasingly discontent and out of balance, enamored by the illusory happiness in material existence. Doing what should not be done is called vidharma, which is a type of adharma or nondharmic activity. The conclusion, therefore, is that if we want happiness and peace we must learn how to live according to the path of dharma What is Sanathana : What is Sanathana When we add the word Sanatana to dharma, it expands the meaning and purpose. Sanatana means eternal. So Sanatana-dharma can mean the ancient path that has existed from time immemorial. It is the eternal path which has been given to humanity and comes from beyond the material dimension. Thus, Sanatana-dharma is the inter-dimensional path of progress for all living beings The true definition of Sanathana Dharma : The true definition of Sanathana Dharma Once we understand this properly, we can see that Sanatana-dharma is the basis of universal truth. This is the wisdom of humanity that is over 5000-8000 years old It can be applied to anyone at anytime and anywhere in the universe. Thus, many religions can and should include Sanatana-dharma within their approach and outlook. It does not matter in which religion you may be affiliated, you can still benefit and grow within the fold of Sanatana-dharma to reach a higher awareness and perception of your true potential and genuine spiritual identity. In this way, the whole world could reach a new stage in its social and spiritual development, as well as in harmony and cooperation. Terminologies-1 : Terminologies-1 ‘Aham Brahmo Asmi’ ‘Athatho Brahma Jignasa’ ‘Athithi Devo Bhavah’ ‘Matro - Pithro Devo Bhavah’ ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ ‘Satyame Jaiyethe’ ‘Dhridh Sankalp’ ‘Sarva Jena Sukhino Bhavanthu’ Terminologies 2 : Terminologies 2 Sativik,Rajos,Thamas Gunas Sadhana, Sewa, Smaran Sankirtana - Satsang ‘Aham Brahmo Asmi’ : ‘Aham Brahmo Asmi’ “I am the whole” means I am the cell in the body of the universe. The universe thinks, acts and perceives itself through me. It responds to my intentions. I am the element of GOD ‘Athatho Brahma Jignasa’ : ‘Athatho Brahma Jignasa’ The spirit of enquiry for the absolute truth The emptiness within cannot be without reason. The nomadic veins dont rush blood in search for serene pastures without reason. The question of life after death cannot be without reason. The question of truth cannot be without reason. This life cannot be without reason. Taittiriya Upanishad : Taittiriya Upanishad Taittiriya Upanishad that says, "Matru devo bhava, Pitru devo bhava, Acharya devo bhava, Atithi devo bhava," [Let you be one who worships mother, father, teachers and guests as God.] 'Atithi Devo Bhavah' : 'Atithi Devo Bhavah' The traditional treatment of a visitor in India is based on the mythological concept of "Atithi Devo Bhavah' (Guest is God).In Sanskrit, 'Atithi' means 'Guest' and 'Atithi Devo Bhavah' means 'Guest is God'. This mythological concept is symbolic representation of India's age old hospitality and is quite ancient & exist for centuries. Hospitality of Indian people is very well known. They are friendly and kind towards visitors / guests. Moreover, every Indian state has an unique distinct style of everything, be it language, food, dressing, dance, songs etc. But there is one thing in common among all the Indian people, they treat their guests as god as per their state tradition and rituals. ‘Matro - Pithro Devo Bhavah’ : ‘Matro - Pithro Devo Bhavah’ ‘Matro Devo Bhavah’ ‘Pithro Devo Bhavah’ Parents are another name for GOD. They are the most valuable asset I possess ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ : ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ The concept of the Guru-shishya parampara in Indian Culture has always been an important aspect of education or learning. In ancient India, when a child reached the seventh year, he was put under the tutelage of a suitable teacher. He moved into the Guru's ashram or house and stayed with him for the next few years acquiring in-depth knowledge. In the Indian tradition, any disciple paying respect to his elders through Abhivandan introduced himself not as his father's son, but as belonging to so and so Gurukul ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ conti : ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ conti The Guru's duty was not only to teach the student a specific subject, but also to develop the overall personality of the student. The Guru tried to develop the student's character, versatility, confidence, strength and overall vision of life. The ideal Guru was supposed to be the best friend of the student. He was supposed to be a friend, philosopher and guide! Ideally in the guru-shishya parampara, the relationship was unconditional - nothing was asked for in return as a pre-condition other than the acceptance of the shishya as a student! Acquisition of knowledge was helped in a value-rich environment with focus on the development of the entire self. ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ conti : ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ conti In the parampara, the leaning process determined the guru-shishya relationship. Acquisition of knowledge in a value-rich environment was undertaken in a formal framework under the Gurukul system, where the shishya surrendered himself to the guru. All learners, irrespective of their background, were equal under the constant supervision and tutelage of the guru. Rabindranath Tagore attempted to emulate the Gurukul system in his experiment at Shantiniketan. ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ conti : ‘Guru Shisya Parampara’ conti The process of learning and acquisition of knowledge also took place outside the formal framework. This was with practical understanding of life through real-time simple value based approach ‘Satyame Jaiyethe’ : ‘Satyame Jaiyethe’ The Upanishads have a tremendously beautiful statement, Satyame Jayate -- "Truth is always victorious." It is possible it may take a long time, you may not be able to see the victory in your own life... perhaps your children, or your children's children; but one day, TRUTH IS GOING TO WIN. Lies can win small battles here and there, but THE FINAL VICTORY IS GOING TO BE OF THE TRUTH. ‘Satyame Jaiyethe’ conti : ‘Satyame Jaiyethe’ conti If ones authority is somewhere else, one cannot have that much courage. If ones authority is within , if one feels that WHAT ONE IS FIGHTING FOR IS ONEs EXPERIENCED TRUTH -- and that it is NOT TO DESTROY THE WORLD, but TO CREATE A BETTER WORLD, a better humanity, better people, better individuals, better opportunities for growth for all -- THEN YOU ARE THE MAJORITY OF ONE, and the whole world is the minority of five billion people. Then it does not matter how many people are against you. IF THE TRUTH IS YOURS, THEN NOTHING MATTERS; no wavering ever comes to you, not even in your dreams ‘Satyame Jaiyethe’ conti : ‘Satyame Jaiyethe’ conti This conviction is not a belief. If it is a belief you will start doubting when you encounter condemnation from every side, from everywhere. This truth has to be a conviction of your own being. Then it does not matter -- EVEN IF GOD STANDS BEFORE YOU AND IS AGAINST YOU, it will not make any change, because TRUTH IS HIGHER THAN ANY HYPOTHESIS OF GOD. ‘Dhridh Sankalp’ : ‘Dhridh Sankalp’ This Sankalp is an agreement (Goal setting) between yourself and the divine deity. After taking Sankalp, you should perform Sadhana (Dedicated implementation) for the required number of days at the same time. There should NOT be any break of even a single day after taking Sankalp. You need to take Sankalp only on the first day (commitment of the goal). Dhridh – means determined Goal setting ‘Sarva Jena Sukhino Bhavanthu’ : ‘Sarva Jena Sukhino Bhavanthu’ On a national, ethnic, or racial level, dharma is an instrument of unity, not divisiveness. That which helps unite everyone and develop love and universal brotherhood is dharma. That which causes discord or disharmony or provokes hatred is adharma. That which works against or tries to destroy dharma is adharma. With this understanding we can perceive that certain religions that exist on this planet that encourage divisiveness between those that are “saved” and those that are supposedly going to hell, or which primarily focus on differences between their sect and others, are actually adharmic. ‘Sarva Jena Sukhino Bhavanthu’ : ‘Sarva Jena Sukhino Bhavanthu’ Those religions that do not teach that we are all spiritual beings, all children of the same God, all equal in the eyes of God, are adharmic. They may merely be limited in their depth of knowledge and awareness, but until they adopt the dharmic principles they will continue to produce disagreements, restlessness, harsh attitudes and even hatred amongst people in the name of religion. The reason is that they are absent of real transcendental knowledge and deep spiritual insights. Since such religions lack dharma, they will not be able to deliver one to dharma, or to the Absolute Truth. Thus, lack of peace and harmony amongst various religions will be commonplace until this is remedied. In this way, the path of dharma is more than a religion or belief system. It is the means to directly perceive and live according to that higher reality and spiritual unity between us all. ‘Sarva Jena Sukhino Bhavanthu’ : ‘Sarva Jena Sukhino Bhavanthu’ So we can see that the path of dharma is more of a way of life. Some people may say that Vedic dharma, or Hinduism, is another religion. Yet, if we understand this principle of dharma, we can see that it is not merely another religion or “ism”. It is a way of life that is lived with every moment and every breath. It is a matter of raising our consciousness to the highest level possible. It is a matter of understanding and living according to the Universal Spiritual principles that apply to everyone. Thus, we reach our fullest potential, which in the end is on the spiritual platform. For example, when one comes to the level of dharma, then all of his or her actions are in accordance with the dharma, the path of harmony and balance, in tune with the Divine. All actions that we indulge must lead to the practice of the ’Dharma’ that upholds the values of the society and thus creates the sense of well being for all establishing peace, harmony, Love and prosperity in spiritual growth. The GUNAS : The GUNAS Individual and Society The GUNAS : The GUNAS Sattvic Guna Sattva -denotes being calm, illuminating honest, strong willed,committed and ethical. It fetters the embodied being, The Jeevaatma or Purusha, by attachmentTo happiness and knowledge, The GUNAS : The GUNAS Rajos Guna Is characterized by intense and is born of desire and attachment. It binds the Jeeva by attachment To the fruits of work. The mind becomes engaged in hard work and deadlines Human traits: Greed, activity, restlessness, passion, and undertaking of (selfish) works arise when Rajos is predominant The GUNAS : The GUNAS Tamas Guna Tamas, the deluder of Jeeva, Is born of inertia. It binds by ignorance, laziness, and sleep. Human Traits: Ignorance, inactivity, carelessness, violence and delusion arise when Tamas is predominant The GUNAS : The GUNAS The fruit of good action Is said to be Saattvika and pure, The fruit of Raajasika action is pain, And the fruit of Tamasika action is ignorance. Knowledge arises from Sattva; Desires arise from Rajas; and negligence, Delusion, and ignorance arise from Tamas Sattva dominates by suppressing Rajas and Tamas; Rajas dominates by suppressing Sattva and Tamas; And Tamas dominates by suppressing Sattva and Rajas, Individual Exercise 1 : Individual Exercise 1 Why Do you call yourself Indian. What makes you an Indian. Who coined the word ‘INDIA’ Time: 5 minutes Group Exercise 2 : Group Exercise 2 What is Hinduism How did we get the identity of the ‘Hindu’ nation Time: 5 minutes The Truth : The Truth 2,400 years ago when the Greeks came in contact with Indus river habitation they named the river Indica and thus all who live beyond Indica are called gradually Indians The River Sindhu was pronounced by the Persians (Iranians) as H-I-N-D-U as they don’t have the phonetics of S-A in their script. Therefore, Hinduism is a way of living and not a religion. Lord Macaulay's Address to the British Parliament 2nd February 1835 : Lord Macaulay's Address to the British Parliament 2nd February 1835 Group Exercise 3 : Group Exercise 3 Name some 20 contributions made by India to the world from the ancient times 4,000 BCE till 18th century Time:10 minutes Sanathana Dharma and the World : Sanathana Dharma and the World Moksha is not the a final release from the body and the material bondage. Its a process that lasts a life time. Even deeper, it is a vision of existence. This vision holds that any form of constraint can be overcome through inner transformation. To be transformed, one must extricate oneself from the idea that externals define us. You are defined by who you are inside, by your level of awareness Sanathana Dharma and the World : Sanathana Dharma and the World This has been the prevailing vision of human existence for thousands of years, compared to which science and materialism are blips on the screen of history. India could make the difference in our current global crisis by taking people back to this vision. Sanathana Dharma reinventing the World : Sanathana Dharma reinventing the World To make that happen we have to be courageous enough to become global instead of provincial. We need a bold self-conception that cuts through stale orthodoxy. World wide the bitter truth is that seekers have embraced yoga, the Gita, enlightenment, Ayurveda in their craving for awakening, while at home these are increasingly being ignored. India, for all the day to day chaos, reigns supreme in the area of conciousness.It holds out the best hope for reinventing the world by reinventing our inner aspirations Group Exercise 5 : Group Exercise 5 What is your definition of PEACE Time: 2 minutes Vishwa Shanti – World Peace : Vishwa Shanti – World Peace “Its not a state where there is no conflict but a state of living where one is able to handle conflict effectively.” Group Exercise 6 : Group Exercise 6 What do you see as India contributing to the world leadership by 2020 AD 2050 AD 2075 AD Time: 10 minutes Jai Bharat : Jai Bharat Jai Hind

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