Salah(5) Nawafil

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Information about Salah(5) Nawafil

Published on February 12, 2009

Author: Islamiculture

Source: slideshare.net

DR. IBRAHIM DREMALI Study of the book FIQH US-SUNNAH AMERICAN OPEN UNIVERSITY In cooperation with Islamic Center of Greater Austin and Sunnahfollowers.net بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

THEIR SIGNIFICANCE AND VIRTUES MANNER OF PERFORMING THEM THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF NAWAFIL PRAYERS At-TATAWWU Supererogatory / Nawafil Prayers Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

THEIR SIGNIFICANCE AND VIRTUES

MANNER OF PERFORMING THEM

THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF NAWAFIL PRAYERS

Hadith Qudsi (Holy Hadith) Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, " ALLAH said , 'I will declare war against him who shows hostility to a pious worshipper of Mine. And the most beloved things with which My slave comes nearer to Me, is what I have enjoined upon him; (obligatory deeds).... ... and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing Nawafil (voluntary deeds) until I love him, so I become his sense of hearing with which he hears, and his sense of sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he grips, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him, and if he asks My protection, I will protect him..." [Bukhari] Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said,

" ALLAH said , 'I will declare war against him who shows hostility to a pious worshipper of Mine. And the most beloved things with which My slave comes nearer to Me, is what I have enjoined upon him; (obligatory deeds)....

... and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing Nawafil (voluntary deeds) until I love him, so I become his sense of hearing with which he hears, and his sense of sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he grips, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him, and if he asks My protection, I will protect him..." [Bukhari]

Their Significance Makes up for any deficiencies in the obligatory prayers Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet said: "The first thing that the people will be called to account for on the Day of Resurrection will be the prayers. Our Lord will say to the angels although He knows better: 'Look into the salah of my servant to see if he observed it perfectly or been negligent in it. So if he observed it perfectly it will be recorded to his credit, but if he had been negligent in it in any way, Allah would say: See if My servant has any supererogatory prayers. Then if he has any supererogatory prayers, Allah would say: Make up the deficiency in My servant's obligatory prayer with his supererogatory prayers.' Thereafter all his actions will be examined in like manner" [Abu Dawood] Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

Makes up for any deficiencies in the obligatory prayers

Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet said: "The first thing that the people will be called to account for on the Day of Resurrection will be the prayers. Our Lord will say to the angels although He knows better: 'Look into the salah of my servant to see if he observed it perfectly or been negligent in it. So if he observed it perfectly it will be recorded to his credit, but if he had been negligent in it in any way, Allah would say: See if My servant has any supererogatory prayers. Then if he has any supererogatory prayers, Allah would say: Make up the deficiency in My servant's obligatory prayer with his supererogatory prayers.' Thereafter all his actions will be examined in like manner" [Abu Dawood]

Their Significance A source of elevation for you The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said: "Ask (anything)." Rabi'ah said: "I ask of you to be your companion in paradise." The Prophet said: “Anything else?" Rabi'ah said: "That is it." The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said to him: "Then help me by making many prostrations (i.e., supererogatory prayers)." [Muslim] Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

A source of elevation for you

The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said: "Ask (anything)." Rabi'ah said: "I ask of you to be your companion in paradise." The Prophet said: “Anything else?" Rabi'ah said: "That is it." The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said to him: "Then help me by making many prostrations (i.e., supererogatory prayers)." [Muslim]

Offering Nawafil Prayers in One's House A source of light for you in your homes The Messenger of Allah said: "The nawafil salah of a man in his house are a light; whoever wishes should lighten up his house." [Ahmad] The Prophet said: "Make some of your prayers in your houses and do not turn your houses into graves." [Ahmad and Abu Dawood] The Messenger of Allah said: "A person's salah in his house is better than his salah in my mosque, except for the fard salah." [Abu Dawood] Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

A source of light for you in your homes

The Messenger of Allah said: "The nawafil salah of a man in his house are a light; whoever wishes should lighten up his house." [Ahmad]

The Prophet said: "Make some of your prayers in your houses and do not turn your houses into graves." [Ahmad and Abu Dawood]

The Messenger of Allah said: "A person's salah in his house is better than his salah in my mosque, except for the fard salah." [Abu Dawood]

Elongating the Nawafil Prayers It is preferred to elongate the nawafil prayers "The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) would stand and pray until his feet or shanks swelled. When he was asked about it, he said: 'Should I not be a thankful slave?"' [Abu Dawood] Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

It is preferred to elongate the nawafil prayers

"The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) would stand and pray until his feet or shanks swelled. When he was asked about it, he said: 'Should I not be a thankful slave?"' [Abu Dawood]

Making Nawafil Prayers While Sitting Sitting during nawafil prayers is allowed 'Alqamah asked 'Aishah: "How did the Prophet perform two rak'at while sitting?" She replied: "He would recite while sitting and then when he wished to make ruku', he would stand and bow." [Muslim] Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

Sitting during nawafil prayers is allowed

'Alqamah asked 'Aishah: "How did the Prophet perform two rak'at while sitting?" She replied: "He would recite while sitting and then when he wished to make ruku', he would stand and bow." [Muslim]

Different Types of Nawafil The nawafil are those prayers which are in addition to the fard salah, as prayed by the Prophet. Nawafil may be divided into two types: general and specific prayers. The specific nawafil prayers are referred to as al-Sunan ar-Ratibah , or the sunnah prayers that have a specific order, number, and so on. These include the sunnah prayers of Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha. Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

The nawafil are those prayers which are in addition to the fard salah, as prayed by the Prophet.

Nawafil may be divided into two types: general and specific prayers.

The specific nawafil prayers are referred to as al-Sunan ar-Ratibah , or the sunnah prayers that have a specific order, number, and so on. These include the sunnah prayers of Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha.

Sunan ar-Ratibah or Specific Nawafil Two Rakat of Fajr The Sunnah of Dhuhr The Sunnah of Maghrib The Sunnah of Isha Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

Two Rakat of Fajr

The Sunnah of Dhuhr

The Sunnah of Maghrib

The Sunnah of Isha

Nonstressed Sunnah Prayers (As-Sunan Ghair Al-Mu'akkadah) Two or four rakat before Asr Two rakat before Maghrib Two rakat before Salatul Isha Separating The Obligatory Prayer From The Supererogatory Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers

Two or four rakat before Asr

Two rakat before Maghrib

Two rakat before Salatul Isha

Separating The Obligatory Prayer From The Supererogatory

Jazakum Allah Khayran Questions Fiqh us-Sunnah- Supererogatory Prayers May Allah increase our knowledge! AMEEN

Jazakum Allah Khayran

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