Safety Tip: Protect Workers from Abrasive Blasting Hazards

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Information about Safety Tip: Protect Workers from Abrasive Blasting Hazards
How-to & DIY

Published on November 15, 2013

Author: ComplianceSigns

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Use these workplace safety tips from OSHA to protect workers from hazards associated with abrasive blasting.

Workers who perform "sandblasting" or other abrasive blasting tasks are exposed to high levels of dust and noise, creating health hazards.

SAFETY TIP: Protecting Workers from Abrasive Blasting Hazards Abrasive blasting operations often create high levels of dust and noise. In addition, abrasive materials and surfaces being blasted may contain toxic materials (e.g., lead paint, silica) that are hazardous to workers. This tip sheet gives information on abrasive blasting materials, health hazards and worker protection condensed from an OSHA fact sheet. Before beginning work, identify hazards and work to eliminate them. Train abrasive blasters and support personnel on blasting health and safety hazards, how to use controls, personal hygiene practices, safe work practices and the use of PPE and respirators. Engineering Controls:        Use a less-toxic abrasive material Use abrasives that can be delivered with water (slurry) to reduce dust Use barriers and curtain walls to isolate the blasting operation from other workers Use blast rooms or blast cabinets for smaller operations Use restricted areas for non-enclosed blasting operations Keep coworkers away from the blaster Use exhaust ventilation systems in containment structures to capture dust Administrative Controls:      Perform routine cleanup using wet methods or HEPA filtered vacuuming to minimize accumulation of toxic dust Do not use compressed air to clean as this will create dust in the air Clean and decontaminate tarps and other equipment Schedule blasting when the least number of workers are present Avoid blasting in windy conditions to prevent spreading hazardous materials Personal Hygiene:      Prohibit eating, drinking, or using tobacco products in blasting areas Provide wash stations so workers can wash hands and face routinely and before eating, drinking, or smoking Vacuum or remove contaminated work clothes before eating, drinking or smoking Provide accommodations for end-of-shift showers and change areas with separate storage facilities for street clothes, protective clothing and equipment Keep contaminated clothing and equipment out of the clean change area

Personal Protective Equipment:           Use only respirators approved by NIOSH to provide protection from dusts produced during abrasive-blasting operations, such as Type CE airline respirator with positive pressure blasting helmet Support personnel involved in cleanup and other related activities may also need respiratory protection Workers should always wear: Hearing protection Eye and face protection Helmet Leather gloves that protect full forearm Aprons or coveralls Safety shoes or boots Alternative, less toxic blasting materials include:       Dry ice Plastic bead media Sponge Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) Ground walnut shells, ground corn cob and other biodegradable materials High pressure water Abrasive Blasting Safety Resources:     Read the full OSHA fact sheet. (pdf) Visit the NIOSH Abrasive Blasting page. Visit the OSHA Crystalline Silica resource page. Browse PPE safety signs and labels at ComplianceSigns.com. Get Social With Us: ComplianceSigns, Inc. - 56 S. Main Street, Chadwick, IL 61014 800-578-1245 www.ComplianceSigns.com

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