Safety In Construction

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Information about Safety In Construction
Education

Published on January 17, 2011

Author: meet_ajinkya

Source: authorstream.com

SAFETY IN CONSTRUCTION : SAFETY IN CONSTRUCTION BY AJINKYA JOSHI Slide 2: Cause of Deaths: Falling through fragile roofs and rooflights Falling from ladders, scaffolds and other work places Being struck by excavators, lift trucks or dumpers Being struck by falling loads and equipment Being crushed by collapsing structures The Construction Industry Construction Accidents : Construction Accidents 56% falls from height 21% trapped by something collapsing or overturning 10% struck by a moving vehicle 5% contact with electricity or electrical discharge 4% struck by a flying/falling object during machine lifting of materials 3% contact with moving machinery or material being machined 1% exposure to a hot or harmful substance Slide 4: Site Specific Issues: Working at Height Personal Protective Equipment Training Slide 6: Never allow more than one person on a ladder Use tool belts or hand lines to carry objects. Do not lean out from the ladder in any direction If you have a fear of heights – don’t climb a ladder Do not allow others to work under a ladder in use Safe Ladders Slide 7: Ladder AnglePortable Rung and Cleat Ladders Use at angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is ¼ the working length of the ladder (length along ladder between the foot and top support). Safe Use of Harnesses : Safe Use of Harnesses Fit – Harnesses have maximum weight allowance Are operatives wearing them correctly What can they anchor too? Need secure anchor point Choking – bad practice Lanyard Type – Traditionally sold with fall arrest lanyard Have operatives enough room to fall? Can they be rescued? Slide 13: ScaffoldingGeneral Requirements Must be capable of supporting four times the maximum intended load Do not alter or move while in use Protect workers on scaffolds from overhead hazards If higher than 10 ft., use guardrails, mid rails and toe boards Use wire mesh between the toe board and guardrail if people work or pass underneath Must be equipped with access ladder or equivalent Slide 16: All excavations deeper than 1.25meters MUST be shored or battered. Excavations deeper than 2 meters MUST have a guard rail or barrier Vehicles working too close to the side of the trench or rubble piled on the sides may cause collapse Vehicles tipping into the excavation must use stop blocks EXCAVATION WORK Slide 21: The weight of the load must be carefully estimated The crane must be fitted with an automatic safe load indicator (one that works) The crane must always work on a hard, level base The load must be properly fixed and secured NEVER, NEVER be carried with a load CRANE SAFETY Slide 24: Treat electricity with respect Check constantly that cables are not damaged or worn Keep trailing cables off the ground and away from water Never overload or use makeshift plugs and fuses ELECTRICITY Slide 25: Personal Protective Equipment Slide 26: Responsibilities Employer Assess workplace for hazards Provide Personal Protective Equipment Determine when to use Provide Personal Protective Equipment training for employees. Employee Use Personal Protective Equipment in accordance with training received and other instructions Inspect daily and maintain in a clean and reliable condition Slide 27: Examples of Personal Protective Equipment Body Part Protection Slide 28: Head Protection Slide 31: Causes of Head Injuries Falling objects such as tools Bumping head against objects, such as pipes or beams Contact with exposed electrical wiring or components Slide 32: Selecting the Right Hard Hat Class A General service (building construction, shipbuilding, lumbering) Good impact protection but limited voltage protection Class B Electrical / Utility work Protects against falling objects and high-voltage shock and burns Class C Designed for comfort, offers limited protection Protects against bumps from fixed objects, but does not protect against falling objects or electrical shock Slide 33: Eye Protection Slide 34: When must Eye Protection be Provided? When any of these hazards are present : Dust and other flying particles, such as metal shavings or sawdust Corrosive gases, vapors, and liquids Molten metal that may splash Potentially infectious materials such as blood or hazardous liquid chemicals that may splash Intense light from welding and lasers Slide 35: Eye Protection Protects against specific hazard (s) Comfortable to wear Does not restrict vision or movement Durable and easy to clean and disinfect Does not interfere with the function of other required Personal Protective Eqiupment Criteria for Selection :- Slide 37: Safety Glasses Made with metal/plastic safety frames Most operations require side shields Used for moderate impact from particles produced by jobs such as carpentry, woodworking, grinding, and scaling Slide 39: Goggles Protects eyes and area around the eyes from impact, dust, and splashes Some goggles fit over corrective lenses Slide 41: Face Shields Full face protection Protects face from dusts and splashes or sprays of hazardous liquids Does not protect from impact hazards Wear safety glasses or goggles underneath Slide 42: Leg Protection Slide 44: Safety Shoes Impact-resistant toes and heat-resistant soles protect against hot surfaces common in roofing and paving Some have metal insoles to protect against puncture wounds May be electrically conductive for use in explosive atmospheres, or nonconductive to protect from workplace electrical hazards Slide 45: Hand Protection Slide 47: When Must Hand Protection be Provided? Burns Bruises Abrasions Cuts Punctures Fractures Amputations Chemical Exposures When any of these are present: Training : Training Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS) Aim: Rid the construction industry of cowboys All workers obtain CSCS card which demonstrates basic health and safety training and experience in their trade Cards obtained by completion of health and safety touch screen test and industry accreditation or NVQ Slide 49: Thank You for Your Kind Attention

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