Safe Loading

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Information about Safe Loading

Published on November 7, 2008

Author: dotdoctor



Explains how to safely load a trailer with farm and construction equipment.

Many of your haulers are use to hauling construction and heavy equipment however these are used field items and not NEW equipment subject to dealer inspection. All items need to be treated like a new car would be treated in hauling and not a used vehicle. The main items to recap are: (1) Be sure to secure your crates together when double stacking for shipment. This is especially important on the end crates. Use wire tires for metal crates and 1x4 or similar on wooden crates at opposing ends. Mixing of wooden and metal crates in one stack is not advised. Side loading of crates insures a smoother and safer ride.

(2) Look for damage to crates that will prevent proper securement and advise driver. Remove and reload if necessary.

(3) Be sure to check all parts boxes, bags, etc... and be sure they are secure BEFORE loading. A couple of wire ties around the item to the crate will help keep it in place for the load. For heavier objects, several ties or metal banding should be used. Be sure to inspect at end of loading or after drivers secure their flatbed loads to be sure nothing has shifted and all is secure.

(4) Be sure ROPS are secure to crate when loading. Use additional strapping or banding if needed. (5) Remove plastic on tractors in open crates when shipped via flatbed to avoid blow off enroute.

(6) Be sure nothing can blow off or bounce loose during transit. (This load is questionable and should have items better secured.)

(7) Do use hooks on vehicles for tie down as often as possible.

(8) Be sure the driver uses protective devices when chaining / strapping the load so paint damage will not occur. Do not run straps / chains across hoods.

(9) Be sure the load is securely tied down with the proper rating and amount of straps / chains. Minimum is 1 strap / chain for each 10 feet. For van loads; be sure load straps and locks are in place as well as floor blockings.

(10) Crates as well as tractors should be secured to flatbed vehicles.

(11) Notes such as this -> are an excellent reminder to check your freight for both the shipper and the receiver. Stickers of a similar nature are coming soon for you to attack to pallets and shipments advising dealers to check their shipment at arrival and file notice of issue within 3 days. (12) Be sure to check vehicles with tracks for damage at time of receipt, after any moves and at time of shipping. A flag should be attached to the unit that tracks their condition. (13) Tie close hoods on units without latches to avoid damage in transit.

(14) Load units with installed canopies properly to prevent wind damage in transit.

(15) Be sure to tuck mirrors and other protruding parts before shipping. Tuck in a manner that will not facilitate door or windshield damage.

(16) Make sure booms are lowered and that the truck is not overheight BEFORE you allow it to depart the facility. A PVC pipe with a yard stick or similar method is a simple measure of the 13'6quot; height limitation. Do not allow overheight / overweight vehicles to depart without corrective actions. (17) Do not allow improperly secured loads to depart without corrective actions. KTC can be held liability if an accident or incident occurs enroute.

(18) Do not load units that are not properly in their crates. (19) Be careful with nails as to not puncture tires.

(20) Be sure rolling stock is chocked and blocked. Check for keys and manuals. Be sure these items are secure and will not blow off during transit. (21) If a dealer assists in a roll off unload; it is the driver's responsibility to re-check the load and insure all blocking and load protection devices are in place. Be sure tractors are in gear or have brakes applied if applicable.

(23) Make sure items are not touching and causing rubbing damage enroute. Remember these items are constantly moving due to road vibrations.

(22) Do note any damage on the BOL prior to the driver's signature and allow the driver the opportunity to note any damages he/she observed. Remember you can not deny the driver signing SLC if you do not offer the opportunity for him/her to observe the loading. (23) When receiving shipments be sure to inspect thoroughly and note all exceptions on BOL at time of receipt. Obtain driver’s signature. Severely damaged loads should be refused. (24) Additional load securement information can be found at: regulations/administration/fmcsr/fmcsrruletext.asp?section=393.102 Remember the shipper is also responsible for the load. Refuse to load a truck that the driver is insistent in the load being placed in an unsafe manner. Do your part to secure all items so that they remain on the vehicle, on the pallet and/or in their crates during transit. Load only safe trucks and safe loads. Require tarping if necessary. Load as to prevent damage to units, paint and accessorial items. Be sure all items are secured to pallets or crates and to the vehicle.

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