Sacred Scriptures

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Published on December 6, 2007

Author: DC_Cloepatra

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  Shruti Revelation of Cosmic and Eternal principles and processes Smruti Customization-Localization of Eternal principles and processes for current life style and integrated welfare, also called Purushartha Slide2:  Shruti’s The foundation of Hindu Traditions. Eternal truth realized by investigators of TRUTH, also called Rishi’s, Sages. Classification of Shruti’s is technically made in to four groups: Mantra, Braahmana, Aaranyaka, Upanishad. One way of organized arrangement of Shruti’s for convenience of study and application is the following: Rig-Veda, Yajur-veda, Sama Veda, Atharva Veda Upanishads Upanishads are organized sections dealing with Spiritual discussions. Upanishads show that Hinduism encourages questioning, dialogue, challenging in pursuit of TRUTH. Slide3:  Ten Upanishads are considered as major texts in view of their indepth coverage of the specific aspects, the mentioning of these works by many spiritual masters. This does not mean other upanishads are less important. Each text has its own significance. Ten major upanishads: Isha, Kena, Katha, Prashna, Munda, Mandukya, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Chandogya, Bruhadaranyaka. Issues deliberated in Upnaishads: Prime cause of Universe , Prime driving force of the universal activities, life, death, Post death life? , Spiritual meditation practices. Slide4:  Vedangas Darshanas Upavedas Itihas Dharm Shastras Puranas Panths Agamas These are deliberations In Specific periods Slide5:  Buddhism Sikhism Jainism The common message in all Panths and Purana’s: Sin= Causing Pain and suffering to others, blocking spiritual progress Punya = Helping to get freedom from suffering/pain, progress spiritually These are resources which help to identify specific formats of customization. There is a list of Puranas – numbers ranging from 18 to 46 /108. Slide6:  Shakta Vaishnava Shaiva Jain Ayur Medicine Gandharva Music Dhanur Defense Shilpa Architecture Slide7:  Vaisheshika Kanada Science of logic, futility of maya Sankhya Kapil Eliminate physical and mental pains and receive liberations Mimansa Jaimini Explains vedas are eternal and devine Vedanta Veda Vyas Explains the devine nature of soul, maya and creation Nyaya Gautama Logical quest for god, phases of creation Yoga Patanjili Practice of meditation and samadhi for renunciation Slide8:  Vyakarna Sanskrit Grammar Chanda Poetic Stanzas Nirukta Vedic Dictionary Shiksha How to pronounce vedic mantras Jyotisha Astrology, Astronomy Kalpa Sutra Rules related to performance of vedic religion Slide9:  Ramayana Valmiki Life history of Sita and Rama teaching ideal values Mahabharat Ved Vyas Story of Padavas, Kauravas and Sri Krishna Slide10:  Manu Smriti Parashara Smriti Yajnavalkya Smriti Other Smritis Brihaspati, Daksha, Gautama, Yama, Angira, Yogishwar, Pracheta, Shatatapa, Samvarta, Ushna, Shanka, Likhita, Vishnu, Harita, Atri Continued on next slide. Slide11:  Upasmritis Narada, Pulaha, Garga, Pulastya, Shaunaka, Granu, Boudhayana, Vishwamitra …etc. Artha Shastra Kautilya Economics, Politics, Law. Niti Shastra Chanakya, Vidura, Shukra. Tirukural Tamil Shavite Behavior, Conduct, Ethics. Slide12:  The essence of Vedas and upansihads is condensed into 700 concise shlokas. These provide a guidance to the science of self- realization. Slide13:  Sruti Dealing with internal principles Smruti Dealing with particular application of eternal principles. Slide14:  Vedas The foundation scriptures of Hindus. Eternal truth revealed to great sages. Classification of Vedas Rig - General knowledge Yajur – Knowledge of action Saam – Knowledge of worship Atharva – knowledge of science Upanishads Hinduism encourages questioning and Upanishads are recordings of such conversations and dialogs. Slide15:  Ishaa – Philosophy of God and God realization Mandukya – Niraakaar(without form) aspect of god Prashna – Questions like root cause of universe, functioning of vital force of life Aitareya – Atman and births of atman are described Kaushitaki – Course for souls after death, doctrine of prana and moksha Katha – Q&A between Yama and Nachiketa Taittariya – Tells more about the creation of god Brhadaranyaka – Negation of all conceptions of self Chhandogya – Sacrifices and other forms of worship Kena – Sacrifices and other forms of worship Slide16:  Vedangas Darshanas Upavedas Itihas Dharm Shastras Puranas Panths Agamas Slide17:  Buddhism Dhampad Tripitakas Sikhism Guru Granth Sahib Jainism Kalpa Sutra astadas puranesu vyasasya vachan dwiyam | paropkaraya poonayay, papaya parpidnam|| Main Puranas = 18 Upa-puranas = 46 Slide18:  Shakta Vaishnava Shaiva Jain Ayur Medicine Gandharva Music Dhanur Defense Shilpa Architecture Slide19:  Vaisheshika Kanada Science of logic, futility of maya Sankhya Kapil Eliminate physical and mental pains and receive liberations Mimansa Jaimini Explains vedas are eternal and devine Vedanta Veda Vyas Explains the devine nature of soul, maya and creation Nyaya Gautama Logical quest for god, phases of creation Yoga Patanjili Practice of meditation and samadhi for renunciation Slide20:  Vyakarna Sanskrit Grammer Chhanda Poetic Stanzas Nirukta Dictionary Shiksha How to pronounce vedic mantras Jyotishya Astrology, Astronomy Kalpa Sutra Types which give concise form of vedic religion Slide21:  Ramayan Valmiki Life history of Sita and Rama teaching ideal values Mahabharat Ved Vyas Story of Padavas, Kauravas and Sri Krishna Slide22:  Manu Smriti Useful for other yugas. Parashara Smriti Suitable for people of Kaliyuga. Yajnavalkya Smriti Useful for other yugas. Other Smritis Brihaspati, Daksha, Gautama, Yama, Angira, Yogishwar, Pracheta, Shatatapa, Samvarta, Ushna, Shanka, Likhita, Vishnu, Harita, Atri Continued on next slide. Slide23:  Upasmritis Narada, Pulaha, Garga, Pulastya, Shaunaka, Granu, Boudhayana, Vishwamitra …etc. Artha Shastra Kautilya Economics, Politics, Law. Niti Shastra Chanakya, Vidura, Shukra. Tirukural Tamil Shavite Behavior, Conduct, Ethics. Slide24:  The essence of into vedic knowledge has been crystallized into 700 concise shlokas, which provide a definitive guide to the science of self- realization.

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