S4c1 chapter 1-facts and figures related to property documentation.

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Information about S4c1 chapter 1-facts and figures related to property documentation.

Published on January 31, 2016

Author: DrShivu

Source: slideshare.net

1. Contentsof section4: Propertydocumentation. Chapter1-Facts and figuresrelatedtoPropertydocumentation. 1.1-F&F - Statesandterritoriesof India,andthe historybehindit. 1.2-F&F - Geographyof India 1.3-F&F – Populationdensityof India. 1.4-F&F – Populationof India. 1.5-F&F – Populationstructure anddynamics. 1.6-F&F – Religion,caste andlanguage inIndia. 1.7-F&F – Caste as the source of social identification. 1.8-F&F – Landand populationof Indiainthe world. 1.9-F&F – DemographictransitioninIndia. 1.10-F&F – People persquare kilometreof landinIndia. 1.11-F&F – Urban agglomerations. 1.12-F&F – Refugeesanddemographicchanges. 1.13-F&F – Urbanization. 1.14-F&F – Areaswithlowerpopulationdensity. 1.15-F&F – Rural India. 1.16-F&F – Scheduledcaste andscheduledtribesinIndia. 1.17-F&F – Dowryharassment. 1.18-F&F – Growthin percapita income. 1.19-F&F – FiguresrelatedtoIndia’spopulation. 1.20-F&F – Some relevantfigures. Views to make this ‘World’ developed and this ‘Earth’ as the lovely place for every ‘Human’. SECTION 4 PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION Truth lives long, False lives short, Let us work with truth.

2. Chapter 1: Facts and figures related to Property documentation: 1.1. F&F - States and territories of India, and the history behind it. [States and territories of India: India is a federal union of states, comprising twenty-eight states and seven unionterritories. The states and territoriesare further subdivided into districtsand so on. 1. Andhra Pradesh 2. Arunachal Pradesh 3. Assam 4. Bihar 5. Chhattisgarh 6. Goa 7. Gujarat 8. Haryana 9. Himachal Pradesh 10. Jammu and Kashmir 11. Jharkhand 12. Karnataka 13. Kerala 14. Madhya Pradesh

3. 15. Maharashtra 16. Manipur 17. Meghalaya 18. Mizoram 19. Nagaland 20. Orissa 21. Punjab 22. Rajasthan 23. Sikkim 24. Tamil Nadu 25. Tripura 26. Uttar Pradesh 27. Uttarakhand 28. West Bengal Union Territories: A. Andaman and Nicobar Islands B. Chandigarh C. Dadra and Nagar Haveli D. Daman and Diu E. Lakshadweep F. National Capital Territory of Delhi G. Puducherry Pre-1956; The subcontinent of India has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each imposingtheirownadministrative divisionsonthe region. ModernIndia's current administrative divisions are fairly recent developments, which began to develop during Britishcolonial rule of India. British India included almost all of present-dayIndia, Pakistan,andBangladesh, as well as the associated protectorate of Afghanistan and province, later colony, of Burma (Myanmar). During this period, regions of India were either directly ruled by the Britishor underthe control of local rajas. Independencein 1947 largelypreservedthese divisions,withthe provinces of Punjab and Bengal being divided between India and Pakistan. One of the first challenges for the new nation was the integration of the multitude of princely states into the union.

4. Followingindependence,however, instability soon arose in India. Many of the provinces had been created by the Britishtoserve theircolonial purposesandassuch didnot reflect either the will of India's citizens or the ethnic divisions found throughout the subcontinent. Ethnic tensionsspurredthe Indian Parliament to reorganize the countryalongethnicand linguistic lines in 1956 by means of the States Reorganization Act. After 1956; The formerFrenchand Portuguese colonies in India were incorporatedintothe Republic as the union territories of Pondicherry,Dadra,NagarHaveli, Goa, Daman, and Diu in 1962. Several new states and union territories have been created out of existing states since 1956. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganization Act. The Punjab Reorganization Act of 1966 divided the Punjab along linguistic and religious lines, creating a new Hindu and Hindi-speaking state of Haryana, transferring the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh, and designating Chandigarh, the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana, a union territory. Nagaland was made a state in 1962, Meghalaya and Himachal Pradesh in 1971, and Tripura and Manipur in 1972. Arunachal Pradesh was made a union territory in 1972. The Kingdomof Sikkimjoined the Indian Union as a state in 1975. Mizoram was made a state in 1986, and Goa and Arunachal Pradeshin 1987, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu became a separate union territory. In 2000 three new states were created; Chhattisgarh (November 1, 2000) was created out of eastern Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal (November 9, 2000), since renamed Uttarakhand, was created out of the Hilly regions of northwest Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand (15 November 2000) was created out of the southerndistricts of Bihar. The Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry (renamed to Puducherry) have since been given the right to elect their own legislatures and they are now counted as small states. Source[8] It isverymuch necessarytoconsiderall these history before we start forming the VPA. We need to start VPA in all the states and in the union territories, excluding the areas which come under

5. corporations(Citiesandtowns) where the people will be involved entirely in a different profession other than agriculture. By the historywe can come to knowIndiawas ruledbymanypeople like British,French,Portuguese, Dutch, andso on, inthe pre independence centuries.Isita boon or bad to the native Indian is many times discussed by many intelligent people. Many people may say the language English and the technology revolution had happened because of the entry of British to India. Technology and language entryishappeningnowalso,butwe retain our independence and administration. We are at lossdue to the entryof Britishbecause they have carried lot of natural and artificial wealth from Indiato theircountryduringtheiradministrationoverIndia.How didtheyenterin to the nation and whydidthey enter in to the nation we all know. Since the subcontinent of India has been ruled by many different ethnic groups through princes each imposing their own administrative through ministers and relatives. But these ministers and relatives of the princes were not faithful to the prince or sometimes the prince himself was not faithful to the people. British used this weakness effectivelyandoccupiedthe entire nationand ruled India for many centuries and made Indian very poor.Since the princes,ministersandthe relativesof the princesdidnothadthe sense on long term effect of helping the people from different nation other than business lead to loss of wealth and Indiabecame poor.Quarrel betweenthe adjacent ethnic groups or kingdoms, doing ‘Ashwamedha Yaga’ to depictthem as most powerful kingdom all lead to quarrel – wars – conflicts and landed up in the easy entry of people who looted the whole nation. So, it is very much necessary to create the VPA with uniform protocols and better administration through democracy from the level of VPA till the national level for effective development with ‘peace’.All the peopleandthe all the VPA should understand that ‘no one is superior and no one is inferior, all of them are working based on the principle of cooperation and coordination’ to make ourselvesbetterinthisrapidlydevelopingworld.Those areasare which are within the geographical area of India but does not want to go along with the main stream needs to be analyzed and they may be the potential dangertothe nationand the nation need to take the suitable measures for it. 1.2. F&F - Geography of India [Geography of India: Area - Ranked 7th; 3,287,263 km² (1,269,219.3 sq mi); 90.44% land, 9.56 % water. Borders - Total land borders: 15,106.70 km (9,387 mi), Bangladesh:4,096.70 km (2,546 mi),China (PRC):3,488 km (2,167 mi), Pakistan:3,323 km (2,065 mi), Nepal:1,751 km (1,088 mi), Myanmar : 1,643 km (1,021 mi), Bhutan:699 km (434 mi), Afghanistan:106 km (66 mi). Highest point - K2: 8,611 m (28,251 ft), lowest point - Kuttanad-2.2 m (−7.2 ft). Longest river -

6. Ganges–Brahmaputra; India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,993 km (1,860 mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,517 km (4,671 mi). Its borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh were delineated according to the Radcliffe Line, which was created in 1947 to partition India on religious lines before independence from British rule. Located to its west, Pakistan's border with India runs 3,323 km (2,065 mi), dividing the Punjab regionandalongthe boundariesof the Thar Desert and the Rann of Kutch. Both nations delineated a Line of Control (LoC) to serve as the informal boundary between the Indian and Pakistan- administeredareasof Kashmir.AccordingtoIndia's claim, it shares a 106 km (66 mi) border with Afghanistan in northwestern Kashmir, which is under Pakistani control. India's border with Bangladesh runs 4,096.70 km (2,546 mi).There are 92 enclavesof Bangladesh on Indian soil and 106 enclaves of India are on Bangladeshi soil. The Teen Bigha Corridor is a strip of land formerly belonging to India on the West Bengal–Bangladesh border which has been leased indefinitely to Bangladesh so that it can access its Dehgram–Angalpota enclaves. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is the effective borderbetweenIndiaandthe People's Republic of China.It traverses4,057 kmalongthe Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. Both nationsclaimthe Aksai Chin regionof northeastern Kashmir,whichfell intoChinese control during the Sino-Indian War of 1962.The border with Burma (Myanmar) 1,643 km(1,021 mi) alongthe southern borders of India's northeastern states. Located amidst the Himalayan range, India's border with Bhutan runs 699 km (434 mi). The border with Nepal runs 1,751 km (1,088 mi) along the foothills of the Himalayas in northern India. The Siliguri Corridor, narrowed sharply by the borders of Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh, connects

7. peninsular India with the northeastern states. The Ganges is the longest river in India and forms the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The Ganges-Brahmaputra system occupies most of northern, central and eastern India, while the Deccan Plateau occupies mostof southernIndia.Alongitswesternfrontieris the Thar Desert,whichisthe seventh-largestin the world. India'shighestpointsare K2 in the disputed region of Kashmir at 8,611 m (28,251 ft), followed by Kanchenjunga in Sikkim at 8,598 m (28,209 ft). Climate across India ranges from equatorial in the far south, to Alpine in the upper reaches of the Himalay. ModerngeographicchallengesforIndiainclude the dryingof riversand wetlands,erosion of highlands and mountains,desertification,risingsealevelsand alterations in the course of rivers. Source[9] Property documentation plays an important role in maintaining the geography of the nation as its own.By whichIndiawill knowwhatare the landbelongsto the nation. Writing maps and keeping it inthe libraryof the parliamenthouse will notmake the landasthe landof the nation. The people of India should be able to utilize the land in a productive way, and then only the land will be actively involvedinthe nation, otherwise we will tell our younger generation as it is belonging to us in the school syllabus, but people from different nation may be occupying that area without our knowledge. We have about fifteen thousand kilometers of land border that we need to protect, preserve andutilizethe landinside.Justkeeping an eye over it by the border security force will not solve the problem;people needtoutilizeall the landeffectively.We needthose lands especially for the sake of water sources. For example we wanted to utilize the water of river Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra,tributariesof IndusvalleywhichrunsinJammuandKashmirthe neighboringcountries may tell theyare our rivers,thenthe problemsrelated to borders will add to the existing problems of the borderand we will notbe able toutilize those waterthroughour RCS and there is problem of continuation of drought situation in most of the parts of India. It is very much necessary to create the VPA all over the nation in order to prevent the ‘modern geographic challenges for India like drying of rivers and wetlands, erosion of highlands and mountains, desertification, rising sea levels and alterations in the course of rivers’ by establishing VPA all overthe nationand convertingthinforestsintothickforestandimplantinguseful treesatall the possible placesespeciallyathighlands.Thisispossible onlybythe active participationof people in all the steps like in the process of plant implantation and its maintenance. Many a times the governmentmayspendmoneytoimplantthe plantsbutlongrunmaintenance will notbe done due to many reasons, VPA will solve all these problems.

8. 1.3. F&F – Population density of India. [Map showing the population density of each district in India, based on 2001 census. Boundary of Indian claim: The extent up to which the Indianadministrationclaimsasrightfullytheirs, but is not recognized by China and Pakistan. Line of Control: The defector administrative boundary recognized by the international community, but not by India, China and Pakistan. This boundary is a temporary solution to the ongoing conflict. The northern state of Jammu & Kashmir is claimed entirely by both India and Pakistan(AzadKashmir) and partly by China (Aksai Chin). It is currently divided between all three countries. The north eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh is almost entirelyclaimedbyChinaaspart of its territory. The state is recognized as a part of India by every country except China. A small area of Uttarakhand adjoining the Nepal border along the Sarda river is disputed between the two

9. countries. Source[10] We can see thatthe densityof the populationismore insome of the stateslike Uttarpradesh,Bihar, Haryana, Delhi,westBengal andKerala. It may be due to existence of old civilization, fertile lands and better water source With the establishmentof RCS-VPA-MV-MN all the places will have same access for irrigation and the earningsinall the places becomes equal thus the people may slowly migrate to all the places. The explanationmaybe ‘more peopleinone place will getlesser income because the total income will be dividedtoall the workingpeopleof the VPA’.Sothere isapossibilitythatpeople will migrate to VPA with lesser Working members. It is also seen that the northern part of the Jammu and Kashmir is colored brown depicting the doubtful attachmentof thisareato INDIA by the map creator. We are also aware about the border disputesbetweenIndiaandPakistan –China– Nepal – Bangladesh.Indiaasanation should involve all its land for productive work as an industry by creating new VPA. Only the border security force looking after the border continuously will not solve the problem. The people with the mind who love India should involve in those areas with some productive work, the government and the securityforce should support this programme, thus the India will retain its land. We know people migrate for many reasons, especially for job. If we create jobs through VPA where agriculture becomesthe industryandthe people get the job and property in the form of land, then only India can retainitslandand the land can be securedandthus the people inside the nationwill be secure. 1.4. F&F – Population of India. [Population of India, India Population Studies & research on India's population; The population in India as at 0:00 hours on 1st March 2001 stood at 1,027,015,247 persons. With this, Indiabecame onlythe second country in the world after China to cross the one billion mark. ( India is the 2nd most populated country in the world) India's estimated population to be 1,129,866,154, in July 2007.India's population rose by 21.34 % between 1991 to 2001. The sex ratio (i.e., number of femalesperthousand males) of population was 933, rising from 927 as at the 1991 Census. Total literacy rate in India was returned as 65.38%. Persons: 1,027,015,247. Males: 531,277,078.

10. Females: 495,738,169. Source[11] So, India has crossed billion in population long back. Every person needs good air, clean drinking water,nutritiousfood,asecure place tostay.As the populationgrowsinsucha fast phase,doall get these basic needs even if they work all the time? We see problems related to water, air pollution, people stayingwithhunger and children with malnutrition. That indicates that there is a mismatch betweenthe raise inpopulationandthe accessibilitytothe basicneedandthe income of the people even though they work for the entire day. RCS-VPA-MV-MN will solve these entire mismatches. It is possible increase the productivity, maintain good environment, and provide clean water through MV-MN, people will get better income andfoodthroughVPA,andwe can control the populationinabetterwaythrough VPA –VPH and people can have better family life with VPA. 1.5. F&F – Population structure and dynamics. [Population of India, India Population Structure and Dynamics; Populationof India; although India occupies only 2.4% of the world's land area, it supports over 15% of the world's population. Only China has a larger population. Almost 40% of Indians are younger than 15 years of age. About 70% of the people live in more than 550,000 villages, and the remainder in more than 200 towns and cities. Over thousands of years of its history, India has been invaded from the Iranian plateau, Central Asia, Arabia, Afghanistan, and the West; Indian people and culture have absorbedandchangedthese influencestoproduce a remarkable racial and cultural synthesis. Source[12] Decreasingthe populationtodecrease the densityof population,decreasing the number of villages and creating the less model village with better infrastructure to decrease the migration, better administrationbythe natives and better communication and coordination between adjacent VPA, thus create the situation in such a way no one invades in any way and create problems later as the lessons learn from the history. Property documentation with ‘family tree and PIN’ in VPA will decrease most of the problems like invasion.

11. 1.6. F&F – Religion, caste and language in India. [Population of India, India Population Religion, caste, and language are major determinantsof social andpolitical organization in India today. The government has recognized 18 languages as official; Hindi is the most widely spoken. Although83% of the people are Hindu,India also is the home of more than 120 million Muslims--one of the world's largest Muslim populations. The population also includes Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Parsis. The caste system reflects Indian occupational and religiouslydefinedhierarchies. Traditionally, there are four broad categories of castes (varnas), including a category of outcastes, earlier called "untouchables" but now commonly referred to as "dalits." Withinthese broadcategoriesthere are thousands of castes and sub castes, whose relative status varies from region to region. Source[12] Languageswill take itsownturndependinguponthe need of the world. The course will not change withthe peoplesefforts to retain some language and to eradicate some language, the technology, jobopportunity,education,needsof the peopleandthe life style of the people will decide aboutthe language and no one can change the path. The principlesof all the religionsare goodinits‘religiousbook’, but the understanding the same by the differentpeoplemaydifferandthe practicesof the people belongingtodifferentreligiondiffers. This difference in understanding and difference in practice always goes against the unity and development.We maysay ‘unityindiversity’inourspeech,butinreal practice thismaynot happen. So the governmentwhorunsthe nationshould focus these issues and ‘make all the religion as one and the uniformpracticesbyall the people’.Thiswill minimize all the religion related problems and all the people can live peacefully. To achieve these goals in a short period is difficult, but if the effortsare not putin thiswaythenthe numberof castes andreligionswillpopupindifferent places and many even in one place and it can hamper the normal function of the VPA. It is because differentgroupof people will ask holidays in different days of the week, different group of people will take breakat differenttime of the work to do their religious practices and so on. So eradicating the namesof religionand caste, but keeping the good morals which are present in all the religious books and making all the people do involve in their work with uniform work protocols all over the nation should be the first work we need to do on an emergency basis.

12. With VPA the socioeconomic status of all the people will become equal – this factor will help the societyinthe programme of eradication the religion and caste. Good principle from all the religion can be practicedwithoutthe name of anyreligion.Thinkerscanthinkand advise ‘what are the good practices’ and can advise the younger generation through the VPA. 1.7. F&F – Caste as the source of social identification. [Population of India, India Population; Despite economic modernization and laws countering discrimination against the lower end of the class structure, the caste system remains an important source of social identification for most Hindus and a potent factor in the political life of the country. IndiaPopulation:The 1991 final censuscount gave India a total population of 846,302,688. However, estimates of India's population vary widely. According to the PopulationDivision of the United Nations Department of International EconomicandSocial Affairs, the population had already reached 866 million in 1991. The Population Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) projected 896.5 million by mid-1993 with a 1.9 percent annual growth rate. The United States Bureau of the Census, assuming an annual population growth rate of 1.8 percent, put India's population in July 1995 at 936,545,814. These higher projections merit attention in light of the fact that the Planning Commission had estimatedafigure of 844 millionfor1991 while preparing the Eighth Five-Year Plan (FY 1992-96; see Population Projections, this ch.). Source[12] Withthe establishmentof VPA andPIN systemall the data’swill be automaticallygeneratedandit is accurate. No one will tell that this is not accurate and the real number is different. The need for repeated census will not arise.

13. 1.8. F&F – Land and population of India in the world. [Population of India, India Population India accounts for some 2.4 percent of the world's landmass but is home to about 16 percent of the global population. The magnitude of the annual increase in population can be seen in the fact that India adds almost the total populationof AustraliaorSri Lanka every year. A 1992 studyof India'spopulationnotesthatIndiahasmore people than all of Africa and also more than North America and South America together. Between 1947 and 1991, India's population more than doubled. Source[12] Lesslandand more populationwill leadtoincreasedutilizationof nature more thanitsregeneration, which in turn will lead to complications like desertification, deforestation, soil erosion, global warming, and water – air – noise pollution and so on. WithVPA and VPH, the population growth can be controlled well, thus we can minimize the injury on the nature and subsequent complication. 1.9. F&F –Demographic transition in India. [Population of India, India Population; Throughout the twentieth century, India has been in the midstof a demographictransition.Atthe beginningof the century, endemic disease, periodic epidemics, and famines kept the death rate high enough to balance out the highbirth rate. Between 1911 and 1920, the birth and deathrateswere virtuallyequal--about forty-eight births and forty-eight deaths per 1,000 populations. The increasing impact of curative and preventive medicine (especiallymassinoculations) broughta steady decline in the deathrate. By the mid-1990s, the estimatedbirthrate had fallen to twenty-eight per 1,000, and the estimated death rate had fallen to ten per 1,000. Clearly, the future configuration of India's population (indeed the future of India itself) depends on what happens to the birth rate (see fig. 8). Even the most optimistic projections do not suggest that the birth rate could drop below twenty per 1,000 before the year 2000. India's population is likely to exceed the 1 billion mark before the 2001 census. Source[12]

14. It is necessary to decrease both birth and death rate, it is better if we create the society with the populationwithbetterhealth –longlife – better working capability for longer period of age. This is possible whenthe peopledrinkcleanwatersowaterborndiseasesinjuringthe bodywill decrease,if the people breathgoodairthenpeople willhave healthylungwhichisworkingin a better condition for longtime anditsfunctioncan be boostedwithexercise, good food keeps the person strong and healthy,abetterfamilylifekeepseveryonehappyandprosperous.Achieving 100% vaccination goal will not be a problem. All these things can be achieved with VPA-MV-MN. 1.10. F&F – People per square kilometer of land in India. [Population of India, India Population: Population in India density has risen concomitantly with the massive increases in population. In 1901 India counted some seventy-seven persons per square kilometer; in 1981 there were 216 persons per square kilometer; by 1991 there were 267 persons per square kilometer--up almost 25 percent from the 1981 populationdensity(seetable 4,Appendix).India'saverage populationdensityishigher than that of any other nation of comparable size. The highest densities are not only in heavilyurbanizedregionsbutalsoinareasthat are mostly agricultural. Source[12] ‘Increasingpopulationdensity’isone of the worstindicatorswill leadtoadverse effects due to over usage of nature and subsequent complications? Since India is one of the countries with highest population density, vigorous methods to control the population need to be taken and this work becomes easy with VPA-VPH-MV-MN. 1.11. F&F – Urban agglomerations. [Population of India, India Population The 1991 census, which was carried out under the direction of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India (part of the Ministry of Home Affairs),inkeepingwiththe previous two censuses, used the term urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration forms a continuous urban spread and consists of a city or townand itsurban outgrowthoutside the statutorylimits. Or, urban agglomerate may be two or more adjoining citiesortownsand theiroutgrowths.A university campus or militarybase locatedon the outskirts of a city or town, whichoftenincreasesthe actual urban area of that city or

15. town, is an example of an urban agglomeration. In India urban agglomerations with a population of 1 million or more--there were twenty-four in 1991--are referred to as metropolitan areas. Places with a population of 100,000 or more are termed "cities" as compared with "towns," which have a population of less than 100,000. Including the metropolitan areas, there were 299 urban agglomerations with more than 100,000 populations in 1991. These large urbanagglomerationsare designatedas ClassI urban units.There were five other classes of urban agglomerations, towns, and villages based on the size of their populations: Class II (50,000 to 99,999), Class III (20,000 to 49,999), Class IV (10,000 to 19,999), Class V (5,000 to 9,999), and Class VI (villages of less than 5,000). The results of the 1991 census revealed that around 221 million, or 26.1 percent, of Indian's population lived in urban areas.Of this total, about 138 million people, or 16 percent, lived in the 299 urban agglomerations. In 1991 the twenty-four metropolitan cities accounted for 51 percent of India's total population living in Class I urban centers, with Bombay and Calcutta the largest at 12.6 million and 10.9 million, respectively. Source[12] ‘Urban agglomerations’ needs to be decreased; Various establishments have been evolved at the outskirtsof the citylike factories –governmentoffices – universities – training institutes and so on, but the people workinginthese establishmentswill stay in the urban areas and will add the burden on Urbanizationlike transportation,sanitation,housing,watersupplysystem,waste disposal and so on. With the establishment of VPA-MV-MN all such types of establishments can be dispersed all over the 40000 VPA thus the urban agglomerations can be decreased. 1.12. F&F –Refugees and demographic changes. [Population of India, India Population In the early 1990s, growth was the most dramatic in the citiesof central andsouthernIndia.Abouttwentycitiesin those two regions experienced a growth rate of more than 100 percent between 1981 and 1991. Areas subject to an influx of refugees also experienced noticeable demographicchanges.RefugeesfromBangladesh,Burma, and Sri Lanka contributed substantially to population growthin the regionsinwhichtheysettled. Less dramatic population increases occurred in areas where Tibetan

16. refugee settlements were founded after the Chinese annexation of Tibet in the 1950s. Source[12] The points to be evaluated in the above fact are that the growth rate of the cities. This can be controlledonlywiththe establishmentof VPA andthuspreventingthe rural tourban migration. And aboutthe refugee settlement,make them one among the Indians if they are willing and if they are compatible with the nation. Keeping them as refugees inside the nation for long run is not good. 1.13. F&F – Urbanization. [Population of India, India Population The majorityof districtshad urbanpopulations rangingon average from 15 to 40 percent in 1991. According to the 1991 census, urban clusters predominated in the upper part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain; in the Punjab and Haryana plains,andin part of western Uttar Pradesh. The lower part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain in southeastern Bihar, southern West Bengal, and northern Orissa also experienced increased urbanization. Similar increases occurred in the western coastal state of Gujarat and the union territory of Daman and Diu. In the Central Highlands in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, urbanization was most noticeable in the river basins and adjacentplateau regions of the Mahanadi, Narmada, and Tapti rivers.The coastal plainsandriver deltas of the east and west coasts also showed increased levels of urbanization. Source[12] Urbanizationpredominantlyoccurringnearriverbasinsand coastal areas are not good. The reasons for thistype of growthmay be due to betterwaterresources,increased productivity in agriculture - relatedindustries,export –import business, coastal product related business and industries and so on.Whatevermay be the reasonsbuttheyare not the ideal places for creating the MV. We need to selectthe place forMV at least5 to 6 kilometersawayfromthe natural riverpathways and from the coastal margin alongwiththe considerationof leveldifference betweenthe maximumflow of water in the rivers during flood seasons and the level of the future MV. We need to remember the sufferingthatthe people sufferredin the events like ‘floods and tsunamis’. With VPA –RCS people will get adequate water for agriculture – industry – domestic purposes in the MV (with better income) which will be constructed away from the places of natural calamities like floods and tsunamis.

17. 1.14. F&F – Areas with lower population density. [Population of India, India Population The hilly, inaccessible regions of the Peninsular Plateau, the northeast,andthe Himalayasremainsparselysettled. As a general rule, the lower the population density and the more remote the region,the more likely it is to count a substantial portion of tribal people among its population.Urbanizationinsome sparselysettled regions is more developed than would seem warranted at first glance at theirlimitednatural resources.Areasof western India that were formerly princely states (in Gujarat and the desert regions of Rajasthan) have substantial urban centersthatoriginatedaspolitical-administrative centers and since independence have continued to exercise hegemony over their hinterlands. Source[12] ‘Don’tleave anypart of the nationwhichmaybe hillyorremote’Itis the need of the nation. Nation has to involve every part of its land in an ‘active state’ through its activity by creating new VPA in every nook and corner of the nation. Identify the suitable profession in that area and make the people togetgoodincome fromthat profession.If we neglectsome part of the nation thinking that it is hilly and remote someone will take advantage through that then we will get the injury which may not be repairable. 1.15. F&F – Rural India. [Population of India, India Population The vast majority of Indians, nearly 625 million, or 73.9 percent, in 1991 lived in what are called villages of less than 5,000 people orinscattered hamlets and other rural settlements(seeThe Village Community,ch.5).The states with proportionately the greatest rural populations in 1991 were the states of Assam (88.9 percent), Sikkim (90.9 percent) and Himachal Pradesh (91.3 percent), and the tiny union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli (91.5 percent). Those with the smallest rural populations proportionatelywere the statesof Gujarat (65.5 percent), Maharashtra (61.3 percent), Goa (58.9 percent), and Mizoram (53.9 percent). Most of the other states and the unionterritory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were near the national average. Source[12]

18. ‘Almost74% of the people of Indiaare livinginplacescalledvillages or in scattered hamlets or rural settlements whose populations are less than 5000’ - If this is the case, then it is very difficult to provide all the infrastructure in a quality basis to all these villages will not work out, because the work load and the income generated for the skilled people like a scientist – doctor – engineer – officials - educationistwill be lessbythe lesspeople present in the village and thus it is no possible to maintain the skilled people in the each rural setup with less population. So the ideal way is to create the MV with the population of 50000 to 100000 and concentrate on optimum infrastructure ina scientificwayinwhichboththe skilledandsemiskilled people will get adequate work load and income andtheybeinggoingawayfromthe village will decrease.Populationmore thanone lakhand lessthan50000 ishavingitsown problems in its own ways. And this population group should be at least 15 to 20 kilometers apart. 1.16. F&F – Scheduled caste and scheduled tribes in India. [Population of India, India Population Two othercategoriesof India'spopulationthatare closely scrutinized by the national census are the Scheduled Castesand ScheduledTribes.The greatestconcentrations of ScheduledCaste membersin1991 livedinthe states of Andhra Pradesh (10.5 million, or nearly 16 percent of the state's population), Tamil Nadu (10.7 million, or 19 percent),Bihar (12.5 million, or 14 percent), West Bengal (16 million, or 24 percent), and Uttar Pradesh (29.3 million, or 21 percent). Together, these and other Scheduled Caste members comprised about 139 million people, or more than 16 percent of the total population of India. Scheduled Tribe members represented only 8 percent of the total population (about 68 million). They were found in 1991 in the greatest numbers in Orissa (7 million, or 23 percent of the state's population), Maharashtra (7.3 million, or 9 percent), and Madhya Pradesh (15.3 million, or 23 percent). In proportion, however, the populations of states in the northeast had the greatestconcentrationsof ScheduledTribe members. For example, 31 percent of the population of Tripura, 34 percent of Manipur, 64 percent of Arunachal Pradesh, 86 percent of Meghalaya, 88 percent of Nagaland, and 95 percent of Mizoram were Scheduled Tribe members. Other heavy concentrations were found in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, 79 percent of which was composed of Scheduled Tribe members, and Lakshadweep, with 94 percentof itspopulationbeingScheduledTribe members.

19. Source[12] Persistence of reservationsandcaste systemisgoingto‘compromise withthe qualityinsome fields’ and ‘the feel of separation’.Improvementof economy, uniform food habits, cleanliness, education makesall the people equal.We needtocreate the situation in such a way that there is no necessity for the people toaskfor caste certificate to claim for job or seat under reservation. That is possible withVPA-NES-MV-MN.Because everyfieldwillhave equal potential forearning – all will have equal opportunity for seat and job – all the people will have equal chances to get the opportunity they want – intelligent people will distribute in all the fields unlike the present situation (example: In presentsituationmajorityof the toprankingintelligentpeople aftertheirpre universityexamination will optonly formedical orengineeringthinkingthattheygetjobimmediatelyafterthe theirdegree and bettersalary. With NES the seats of degrees are decided based on the need of the society and thusall the degree holderswill getthe jobimmediatelyaftertheir degreeandall the degree holders salaryor income will be the same thusintelligentpeople will selectvarietiesof subjects according to theirinterestandthusintelligentpeople willbe distributedinthe fieldsandthere is no reservations for this. Nowthe interestof the studentis influenced by the ‘parents education, parents economy, theirsufferingorgainaftertheirdegree,unemploymentproblemsseenin various graduate people, absence of relation between the degree and the profession the degree holder does’ all these influences makes the intelligent person to act safely and choose only those degree which makes himself employable – able earn more. People from backward communities with poor basic education and in the absence of reservation may not get any good seat or job. People from upper community and with good knowledge and marks may not be serving the back ward people. So reservationmaybe the solutiontobringthe backward people tothe mainstreamof the society. But with the establishment of VPA-MV-MN all will have equal opportunity for seat and job, the only requirement needed by the person is the interest in that field. 1.17. F&F –Dowry harassment. [Dowry harassment

20. Source[13] Incidences like dowry harassment will not happen with the property division and documentation. Both the male and female will get their share after the death of their parents nothing to ask and nothing to give. Brothers may say we are not going to spend for the marriage because as a girl you are also going to get the equal share, thus the marriages becomes simple and registered with the PIN,thusunnecessaryexpenditureinthe name of marriage isgoing to decrease. Husband knows he will notgetanythingwithwhateveramountof harassment,the onlypossibility is they have to work and they have to earn for them. Let us look in to the instances like this. A judge is one of the most literate andknowledgeablepersoninthe society,andhe isharassinghiswife fordowryeventhough he knowshe law,and the consequences of harassing. The idea may be to get the property as much as possible when she is just came out of her house and when the parents are alive. With effective establishment of MV- MN and property documentation, both the male and female will get the equal share of property belonging to both the parents only after the death of both the parents. With this the brothers may say we will not spend much money for marriage and thus the marriagesmaybecome simple.Allthe people will know thattheygetthe propertybelongingtotheir parents only after the death of their parents and harassing the wife will not make any difference, thus no dowry related issues will arise. 1.18. F&F – Growth in per capita income. [Growth in per capita income raises India's rank. PRESS TRUST OF INDIA. JUNE 30:

21. Stating that public interest litigation cases – in education and environment - have been useful in securing people's economic and social rights, the UN report however expressed concern over shortagesof judgesand overwhelming backlogs of cases strangling the rule of law. There are more than 2,000 pendingcasesperjudge in India, it said. Source[14] The numberof casesgenerateditself will decrease with PIN based property documentation - VPA – MV – MN, and, all the pending cases can be solved with the establishment of VPA. 1.19. F&F – Figures related to India’s population. [India statistics, facts and figures Figures on India's population - total population: 1.06 billion people (mar 2004). - Daily population increase: about 50,000 people. - One baby born in India: every 1.25 seconds. - India's working age population (15-60 years): 610 million (estimate 2003). - Population dependent on agriculture for livelihood: 65 %. - Population living in approx 600,000 villages countrywide: 722.8 million people [2001]. - Population living in cities: 277.8 million people [2001]. - Population living a significant distance from a road: nearly 40 percent. [Sahara Time, Mar 2004]. - Population growth per year (1991 - 2001): India: 1.9 % -- Rajasthan: 2.5 %, Kerala: 0.9 %. - Population growth in India within decade 1991- 2001: 21.4 %. [HT Mar 04]. - PopulationgrowthinKeralawithindecade 1991- 2001: 9.42 % [HT Mar 04].

22. - Population density in Kerala: 819 people per sq km (3rd highest in India, after West Bengal and Bihar) [HT Mar 04]. - Population density in Ladakh: 1.3 people per sq km. - Delhi population: 1981: 6.2 million -- 2003: 13.5 million. - Population of Bangalore approx 2 decades ago: approx 2 million [BBC, Jan 2006]. - Current population of Bangalore: approx 8 million [BBC, Jan 2006]. - population of different religions (acc to figures by census commissioner, census of 2001): 80.5% Hindu, 13.4% Muslim, 2.3% Christian, 1.9% Sikh, 0.8% Buddhist, 0.4% Jain, 0.01% Zoroastrian, 1.3% other. - Loss of female births within past 2 decades causedby abortion and sex selection: estimate of more than 10 million [BBC, Jan 2006]. - Annual 'girl deficit'due toprenatal sex selection and selective abortion: 500,000 according to researchersforthe Lancet Journal [BBC, Jan 2006]. - Childsex ratioof 0-6 yearoldsacc to censusdata 2001 (numbers of females per 1000 males): Himachal: 1991:951, 2001: 897. --Spite Valley in HP: 2001: 1009 – Punjab: 1991: 875, 2001: 793 -- Haryana: 2001: 820 -- Sikkim: 2001: 986. Source[15] The total population can be slowly reduced, by educating the people about the ill effects of the population explosion through VPS and VPA, better health care for the couples - 100% couples adopting family planning techniques, when once they have one or two children - motivating the couples not to have more than two children will make the population to decrease slowly, the population growth rate to decrease and the population density to decrease. It is also possible to make the populationdensityequal all acrossthe nationbyestablishingthe VPA all acrossthe nation and utilizing all the land effectively. Both men and women in the age group of 18 to 60 can participate in the activities of the VPA, as VPWT, thus all the working age population ‘man power’ can be actively utilized in the process of

23. nation building. It ispossible toinvolvemore people inthe agriculture relatedindustry which are going to generate in their own village and less people in the segment of agriculture will bring more productivity by adopting science in agriculture. The total numberof villageswill decrease fromthe present 600000 villages to 20000 model villages and it will also attract the urban population due to its better infrastructure, health care and educationservices,thisalso makes the government investment in maintaining the infrastructure. All the MV and thus the all the population will be well connected to the road with CRS – CRTS systems. The population living in cities will decrease as there is reverse migration will begin with the establishment of the MV – MN. The caste and the religioussystemwillslowlyvanish; people may continue the practices which are essential formaintainingthe healthylife style andall unnecessarypracticeswill vanish.The day will come where all the activities will be done without the name of caste and religion. The male - female sex ratio becomes equal and all the female feticides will stop, as there is no difference in the opportunities for both the sex, in terms of earning, share in property and so on. ‘Rape’and‘bad name’andsuch thingswill nothave anyinfluenceonthe thinkingof the societyand onlythe ‘love andpeace’will remainsandthose wholove will stay together. The physiology in the brain and heart will work better than the physiology in genitals in maintaining the relations. If someone suffers, then the society who is attached to him / her will give the support to clean the things from both top (Mind) and from the bottom (Genitals) and they will have a normal life and those whomake mistake will getintothe trouble.The people who make mistakes will not be able to lead a normal life, if their mistake is proved. 1.20. F&F – Some relevant figures. [India statistics, facts and figures various Indian statistics - Positioninthe corruptionindex of 133 countries surveyed (2003): 83rd (survey by Transparency International). - Number of districts in India (2003): 593. - Number of families: 192 million. - Number of houses: 179 million. - Indianfamiliesliving in one-room-houses: 40 %. - Number of places of worship (temple, mosque, church etc): 2.4 million (more than schools,

24. colleges and hospitals combined). - Indian families who own a TV set: 32 %. - Illegal immigrants from Bangladesh: over 15 million. - Length of the Indo-Bangladesh border: 4096 km [Indian Express Oct 04]. - Literacy rate: 1990: 52 % (61.8% male; 33.7% fem) -- 2001: 65.4 %. - * newspaper readership in urban areas in 2006: 45% of urban population [DNA Aug 2006]. - * growth of newspaper readership from 2005 to 2006: 12.6million more readers [DNA Aug 2006]. - * average time spent on reading newspaper: 44 min [DNA Aug 06]. - * people listening to the radio: 27% of the total population [DNA Aug 06]. - Percentage of rain during 4 months summer monsoon: 80 % of yearly rainfall in India. - Numberof NRIs in Britain: 1, 3 million (NRI: Non Resident Indian). - Number of Indian nurses working in the UK: almost 10,000 [2004]. - Numberof additional villageselectrified in 2003: 6,350 (acc. to Ministry of Power). - number of single light connections released to "Below Poverty Lines" family: over 3 million (acc. to Ministry of Power) Source[15] Corruptionwill completelystop,asthe ‘note andcoin’isreplacedbythe ‘card and thumb’andas all the activities of all the people is recorded. All the districtswill remainasitis,the familiesandthe houses will be reorganized according to the love – affection – relation in MV. All the families will live in the house with at least three rooms in MV. The placesof worshipmayremainas it is and it depends on the way the local peoples are going to think.

25. There will one school andone hospital per MV, thus this number will come around 15000 to 20000, plusthe schoolsandthe hospitalswhichare atpresentworkinginthe urbanareasin goodcondition will remain. All the families will have a TV. There will not be any place for the illegal immigrants, as everything is recorded with PIN. Literacy rate will increase to near 100%. News paper reader ship / listening to radio news will come to near 100% both in urban and rural areas,as there isavailabilityof newspaperinall the places / literacy rate is near 100% / people get adequate time to read the news paper. All the people will prefer to work in India as there is better job opportunity, better life style and better future in India. All the MV will get24 hourelectrical supplywithadequate connectionanditwill be providedbythe RCS. Sources: [8]States and territories of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.mht; [9]Geography of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.mht; [10]Internet: File:India population density map en.svg. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:EmailUser/PlaneMad [11]Provisional Population Totals: India. Census of India 2001; Paper 1 of 2001; Source: Internet: Population of India - India Population.mht. [12] Internet: Population of India - India Population.mht. [13]Times of India news daily, 21.06.09, Page number 6; [14]Growth in per capita income raises India's rank.mht Copyright © 2000 Indian Express Newspapers (Bombay) Ltd. [15] Internet: India statistics facts and figures neoncarrot travelogue.

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