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Rwanda Overview

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Information about Rwanda Overview

Published on April 10, 2008

Author: dmcdowell

Source: slideshare.net

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Rwanda A Story of Genocide

Background Small African nation Two ethnic groups lived in Rwanda: Hutus and Tutsis Generally lived peacefully until the Europeans came

Small African nation

Two ethnic groups lived in Rwanda: Hutus and Tutsis

Generally lived peacefully until the Europeans came

Background Hutus Majority - 80% Migrated from southern Africa General found themselves as laborers and farmers

Hutus

Majority - 80%

Migrated from southern Africa

General found themselves as laborers and farmers

Background Tutsis Minority - 20% Migrated from Northern Africa (Egypt) General found themselves as the elite and political rulers

Tutsis

Minority - 20%

Migrated from Northern Africa (Egypt)

General found themselves as the elite and political rulers

Background German colony until 1918 (end of WWI) Belgium took it over Put Tutsis in charge Handed out “ethnic identity cards” Education only open to Tutsis Hutus could only be laborers or low level workers

German colony until 1918 (end of WWI)

Belgium took it over

Put Tutsis in charge

Handed out “ethnic identity cards”

Education only open to Tutsis

Hutus could only be laborers or low level workers

Independence Once Belgium granted independence, Hutu majority took control Persecuted the Tutsis, many fled to neighboring countries

Once Belgium granted independence, Hutu majority took control

Persecuted the Tutsis, many fled to neighboring countries

Civil War Tutsis rebel group formed in neighboring countries and invaded Rwanda Hutu president compromises with Tutsis and agrees to share power 2500 United Nations troops sent to Rwanda to help keep peace

Tutsis rebel group formed in neighboring countries and invaded Rwanda

Hutu president compromises with Tutsis and agrees to share power

2500 United Nations troops sent to Rwanda to help keep peace

Assassination Unhappy with power sharing agreement, Hutu extremists start planning genocide On April 6, 1995, Rwandan President is assassinated Hutu extremists begin killing Tutsis

Unhappy with power sharing agreement, Hutu extremists start planning genocide

On April 6, 1995, Rwandan President is assassinated

Hutu extremists begin killing Tutsis

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